The hip joint is a ball and socket joint made up of the round head of thigh bone (femoral head) with the cup shaped socket (acetabulum) of the pelvis and Perthe’s Disease is an affliction of the hip joints in growing children. It is much more common in boys than girls, and occurs most commonly in children aged between 4 to 10 years. The cause of this problem is still unidentified.
In Perthes disease, changes affect the femoral head which can be seen on X-ray. These changes occur in three stages over 18 months to 2 years:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Menopause is a condition that marks the end of the menstrual cycle. It is a normal phenomenon that women experience with age. Menopause affects the bone health adversely. Bone health is directly tied to oestrogen, the hormone responsible for reproductive cycles, pain sensitivity. As a woman moves out of her fertile years there is an internal change in the reproductive system and the consequences can be seen and felt all over the body, including the bones.
The years just preceding menopause, with their hormonal fluctuations can set the stage for later health issues like bone weakening. As the oestrogen level drops, the bone density starts to decline which continues for a long period of time. The bone loss can become significant during perimenopause (the decades making up to menopause) and will speed up in the first few years of menopause.
The oestrogen level directly affects the process known as bone remodelling; the constant breakdown and the remodelling of the bone in the skeleton. With less oestrogen in the body cells called osteoclasts are able to absorb bone at a faster rate than osteoblasts (bone-building cells) are able to regenerate new bone. Thus the bone remodelling equation is no longer equal and the bone density continues to decline.
The osteoporosis risk after menopause is a serious one, yet so many women refuse to pay it much attention. Perhaps it’s because the bone damage isn’t visible, or that bone loss continues so gradually for so many years. While the bone loss cannot be completely halted, there is plenty that can be done to slow it down. Here are some ways to take care of your bone health before or after menopause.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Osteochondritis dissecans of Talus, more commonly known as OCD Talus, is a condition affecting the ankle. In it, a portion of the joint bone gets separated from the joint due to faulty blood supply. In some cases, the bone may remain in place and gradually repair itself over time. However, most of the times, the bone splinter falls into the joint, hindering mobility and causing great pain.
Symptoms of OCD Talus
Here is a look at some of the symptoms and signs which you are likely to encounter if you suffer from OCD Talus.
Treatment options for OCD Talus patients
While there are many different treatment methods for the condition, some are more effective than the others. At the initial stages of the disorder, the doctor may-
The treatment methods mentioned above usually work for children and young adults. However, people of advanced ages may suffer from additional complications. Surgery is a viable option and it can help patients in two ways. It can restore normal blood flow, which may be suppressed due to the bone splinter, and it can also repair the ankle joint.
OCD Talus affects a very limited number of people. Osteochondritis dissecans is more common in knees and elbow joints. Almost 75 percent of OCD cases affect the knee joint. However, if your ankles are affected, it may be just as severe and can greatly affect your ability to move properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Osteoporosis (meaning porous bones) refers to a medical condition in which the bones of an individual become thin and weak. The previous stage is called osteopenia (a precursor to osteoporosis). The bones become fragile and therefore start losing its strength. The medical researchers have reported that women are more prone to getting osteoporosis as compared to that of men, but that does not mean that men are completely immune to this disease. Where there are almost 50% women suffer from osteoporosis by the age of 60, there are about 30% of men who face the problem of osteoporosis.
Well, it has always been said that sooner you start taking care of your health especially bones, the better it is. Osteoporosis is a very common medical condition nowadays and major factors that are responsible for the increased prevalence of this disease is the lifestyle changes which include the living patterns and the diet changes.
What Causes Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis happens when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption. The body may fail to produce enough new bone, or too much old bone may be reabsorbed, or both. If calcium intake is not sufficient or if the body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissue may suffer. Thus, the bones may become porous, resulting in spongy and brittle, prone to fractures.
Other conditions that may lead to osteoporosis include overuse of corticosteroids (Cushing syndrome), thyroid problems, lack of muscle use, bone cancer, certain genetic disorders, use of certain medications, and dietary deficiency of calcium.
Risk factors for osteoporosis:
Women above 60 years of age.
Early menopause natural or surgical.
Rheumatoid arthritis itself is a risk factor for osteoporosis
Family History of osteoporosis.
Overuse of corticosteroids
Chronic Emotional stress
Foods That Cause Osteoporosis
Alcohol – Increases inflammation that can lead to more calcium being leached from bones.
Sweetened / Aerated drinks beverages – The sugary drinks like canned juices and aerated drinks like cola are the most dreadful drinks for your health especially bones, as these drinks extract the calcium from the bones. Carbonated drinks contain a lot of phosphates which is responsible for leaching of calcium from bones. It has been proven in a Harvard Study that the women just 16-20 years young had already started loss of bones as they were consuming a lot of carbonated drinks. Sugar is also responsible for inflammations.
Processed, red meat – A high intake of sodium and red meat may result in bone loss.
Natural Treatments for Osteoporosis:
1. Osteoporosis Diet
To help you get all the vitamins and minerals you need to build and maintain strong bones, it’s important to eat a varied diet with adequate calories to fuel all your body’s processes. Mainly calcium and vitamin D are important. Other Nutrients needed to prevent bone disorders include iron, vitamin C and magnesium. Iron deficiency (anaemia) is a risk factor for osteopenia and osteoporosis because iron is essential for collagen synthesis and vitamin D metabolism. Vitamin C plays a role in collagen formation. It also helps stimulate the cells that build bones, enhances calcium absorption, and helps vitamin D to work properly.
Foods that provide Calcium include: dairy products like yogurt, milk or paneer. salmon or sardines; dark leafy green vegetables; and other veggies like broccoli, Makhanas (puffed lotus seeds), sesame seeds, calcium.
Collagen protein: collagen is one component of bone that helps to build its framework and provide a flexible structure that can withstand pressure. Collagen is found naturally in things like bone broth or can be taken in protein powder form or supplement form.
Alkaline diet that helps protect bones. This means eating lots of veggies, fruit, sea vegetables and plant foods. Wheat grass is highly alkaline food.
It’s also best to lower the amount of sodium in your diet by eating more unprocessed/whole foods. It also helps to avoid things like: processed meats, fast foods, fried foods, canned goods, salty condiments or sauces, frozen meals, ready to eat meals etc. In addition, try to limit your intake of sugary products, sweetened drinks, alcohol and caffeine.
2. Practice Exercises:
To help maintain skeletal strength, it’s important to stay active. Osteoporosis has greater risk of fractures, so be careful while Exercising. Avoid strenuous and jerky movements. Exercise helps your body reduce the decline in bone mass associated with aging. It has many others benefits, too, such as contributing to hormone balance and a healthy body weight. Exercise is needed to keep muscles strong. It also helps with coordination and balance.
Weight-bearing exercises are the most beneficial for your bones, although this term often confuses people. Weight-bearing exercises include any type that “forces you to work against gravity” and that you practice with an upright posture. This way your bones and muscles must support your body weight.
To prevent and cure osteoporosis, yoga and Pranayama will be a great addition in your lifestyle. It will fix up your hormonal balance which is the root cause of problem. Oxygenation by breathing techniques will make your body alkaline and will help you in reducing bone sponginess. Cool, Calm and Clean environment and yoga practice – a wows combination for your health.
3. Take Supplements That Can Help Protect Bones
Ayurveda perspective of osteoporosis is, when vata (air) element is vitiated in our body and affects our bones is called Asthi Majja Kashaya. Traditionally used medicines for Asthi-majja kashaya (osteoporosis):Asthi shrinkhala ghrita, Shatavari, Ashwagandha churna, Shuddha guggulu, Mukta pisti, Praval pisti, Shankhabhama. Oil enemas (basti) particularly work on Asthi Dhatu (bones) and Majja Dhatu (bone marrow) along with Abhyangam therapy.
4. Maintain A Healthy Weight: Obesity can increase inflammation and contribute to hormonal changes that damage bones. Maintaining a healthy weight makes it easier to exercise and stay active into older age.
5. Get Enough Sunlight: Vitamin D helps improve calcium absorption. It’s best to obtain it via natural sunlight. To allow your body to make enough vitamin D to protect your bones, aim to get 15–20 minutes of sunshine on your bare skin daily.
Final Thoughts on Osteoporosis:
Osteopenia is a condition characterized by lower-than-normal bone density. It precedes osteoporosis and causes brittle, weaker than normal bones that are more likely to fracture on minor jerk.
Risk factors for osteopenia include: being a woman following menopause; dieting or calorie restriction; eating disorders; taking medications that interfere with mineral absorption; anaemia; smoking cigarettes; too little exercise; obesity and a family history.
Natural treatments and prevention include: balanced diet with enough calcium and vitamin D; getting regular & safe exercise; maintaining a healthy weight; not smoking; and preventing vitamin D deficiency by getting adequate sunlight exposure and sound sleep, maintaining alkalinity in body. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!