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Bone Disease Health Feed

Calcium & Bone Disorders - How to Know If Your Are Suffering From Them?

Dr. G.K. Bedi 82% (26 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Calcium & Bone Disorders - How to Know If Your Are Suffering From Them?

Pregnancy places a lot of demand on the expectant mother. While the emotional demands are not very evident, the physical ones are. The mother has to ensure that the developing baby gets all the required nutrients through her. Some of them are very critical, and not getting adequate amounts of these manifest as problems, which cannot be rectified later. Calcium supply and associated problems that may arise is one such example.
If there is a reduced supply of calcium and the bones and teeth are not formed properly, taking any amount of calcium is not going to correct the situation later, after delivery.

  1. The bones which are forming in the developing baby are dependent on the mother for adequate supply of calcium. It is common knowledge that calcium is an integral component of bones, teeth, and skeleton. Hypocalcemia, which is a condition where there is reduced amounts of calcium in the body, can be quite severe during pregnancy.
  2. In addition to the growing baby’s needs, calcium also plays a vital role in the pregnant mother for muscular contractions, nerve conduction, hormone secretion, and blood clotting. So adequate intake of calcium during pregnancy is essential.

Now, the question arises as to how much calcium is good enough. For a normal female, about 1000 mg of calcium is required on a daily basis. This goes up by another 200 to 300 mg for a pregnant woman, especially during the third trimester when the bone and teeth formation is in full speed. This extra amount of calcium should be continued even after pregnancy, as calcium continues to be provided to the baby during the lactation phase.

Some of the symptoms of reduced calcium intake during pregnancy are aching muscles, brittle nails, weakened bones, severe cramping, and dry skin. If there is suspected hypocalcemia, it is best to seek medical advice. It is not advisable to take supplements without medical supervision. Increased amounts of calcium can produce a different set of symptoms.

While these are evident symptoms, there are other detrimental effects on the baby too. Calcium deficiency affects development of heart and associated structures and puts the newborn at a higher risk of developing hypertension. The baby’s fat percentage and triglycerides are also increased. The bone mineral density is reduced. The delivery period could be prolonged, as muscular contractions and nerve conduction are severely impacted when there is less calcium in the system. Recovery from labor is also delayed.

It is possible that you are taking adequate amounts of calcium, but its absorption is affected. Reducing caffeine intake helps in better absorption of calcium. Iron, which is often given during pregnancy, prevents calcium absorption and so needs to be spaced out. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions! 

792 people found this helpful

Hi, Please suggest Cubitus valgus bilateral ko kese sahi kr sakte hai ise sahi krne ke koi physical exercises hai kya please help me.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 91% (5056 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Consult a physiotherapist tp check with your range of motion of elbow. So that you can check with the elbow angle for better clarification, to confirm we can go for an xray and then decide whether you are eligible for army or not.
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My son age 13 has been diagnosed with 11. 5 mm sized radiolucent nidus with calcified centre noted in underlying cortex, cortical thickening is noted in the anterolateral aspect of the shaft of the right tibia. What is it? Is it cancerous. It is on his right leg shin.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 96% (6986 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Mostly it is benign...means which does not spread... But irrespective of the type as it being an abnormal thing it should be duly treated.. You can consult me through lybrate.
1 person found this helpful
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How Exercise Can Help Manage Bone And Joint Health?

Dr. Sharad Purohit 87% (87 ratings)
M.S in Orthopedic, Fellowship in arthroplasty & reconstructive surgery , D.N.B in Orthopedic, Fellowship in Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
How Exercise Can Help Manage Bone And Joint Health?

Staying healthy involves a wholesome state of being where the mind and body are in perfect sync. A less than properly functioning body can leave you in a state of potential depression after a certain point of time, while a depressive mind can leave you feeling less than stellar where you end up imagining and experiencing pain. The health of your bones and joints is one such area that requires even more care as you start growing older. Wear and tear is just one of the reasons for degeneration while fractures and injuries can lead to a sudden halt of normal functioning of the bones and joints too.

So how can you ensure bone and joint health in the long run? Follow our tips!

  1. Eating Right: Pick calcium rich food like dairy products that have a low fat content, including milk and yogurt. Also, have a daily dose of green, leafy vegetables and plenty of citrus fruit and juices for your fill of calcium. Further, food like eggs and soybeans which have lots of vitamin D can also help in retaining good bone and joint health. Vitamin C rich fruit like watermelon, oranges, squash and tomatoes also help in natural tissue and cartilage repair. And finally, get plenty of vitamin K to retain good bone density for a prolonged period with ingredients like leafy green vegetables, eggs and cheese.
  2. Exercise: This is the key to good bone and joint health. Much like machinery and tools, the bones and joints of your body can also wither with disuse and prolonged inactivity. Make sure that you indulge in exercises like long walks and muscle strengthening exercises which will give your joints and bones good amount of strength as well. Remember to speak with your doctor before you start a new exercise regime so that you avoid anything that may be harmful in case you have any other ailment. Low impact exercises will strengthen the spine, while fat burning and weight loss exercises will ensure that there is less pressure on the knees and lumbar area. Swimming and resistance building exercises can also be practised for these purposes.
  3. Abstinence: A major factor in promoting better bone and joint health is abstinence from all those things that can create problems in the long run, like smoking, drinking excessively and even too much consumption of caffeine and fatty food. All these things can create depletion of the natural bone mass. Also, switching to a lower heel for everyday wear footwear and changing your position during your time at your workstation are a few things that will go a long way.

Take care of your bones and joints the right way today, for a healthier tomorrow.

3 people found this helpful

Bone Cancer - What Should You Do?

Dr. Naga Kishore Maddula 92% (102 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Oncology
Oncologist, Guntur
Bone Cancer - What Should You Do?
Bone cancer primarily begins in any part of the bone and spread to other parts of the body or cancer may start in other organs and spread to the bone. Bone cancer occurs rarely in adults, but it is the sixth most common cancer in children. Attempt the following quiz to see how much do you know about bone cancer.
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54 people took this quiz

Hi, A 7 year child elbow joint has been disorder suggest me what we make well with plaster or other way.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 91% (5056 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Apply ice in the painful area which would definitely help to greater extent. And you can wear elbow brace which would help you to keep your elbow warm and will give you protection.
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Brittle Bones Disease - Common Types Of It!

Dr. Nitin Bansal 85% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Bathinda
Brittle Bones Disease - Common Types Of It!

Osteogenesis Imperfecta or brittle bone disease weakens bones and causes them to break easily. This condition is frequently seen in children at birth, but it only develops in children who have a history of brittle bone disease in their family. Depending on the severity of the development of the disease, children can face anything from a couple of bone fractures to hearing loss, problems in the spinal cord, permanent deformation of bone structure, and heart failure. About one in every 20,000 babies develops brittle bone disease and it is equally spread out throughout different ethnic groups and genders.

Causes
It is caused due to a defect in the gene that helps in the production of type 1 collagen, which is a protein used in the creation of bones. This defect of gene is hereditary and is thought to be caused due to certain genetic mutations.

Types
There are four main types of brittle bone disease, namely Type 1 OI, Type 2 OI, Type 3 OI, and Type 4 OI.

  • Type 1 is the most common and mild with development of fragile bones that are prone to fracture, and teeth problems such as cavities and dental cracks. It is not common among adults.
  • Type 2 is the most severe form of the disease and potentially fatal. The body is unable to produce needed collagen resulting in formation of narrow chest, underdeveloped lungs and ill structured ribs in babies.
  • Type 3 OI results in fracture in bones in children even before birth and may result in worsening of bone structure deformities as the child grows up.
  • Lastly, Type 4 has symptoms both severe and mild. It is similar to Type 3 as it is caused due to production of lower quality collagen. Children suffering from this type of brittle bone disease are born bow legged, but the condition reduces over time.

Symptoms
The symptoms experienced by patients suffering from this condition vary from type to type. It is common knowledge that the most glaring symptom is fragility in bones, but there are many other symptoms that may appear as the cases grow more severe. Some patients report development of deformities, while others experience fractured bones without apt injuries. Loose joints, bowed arms and legs, week teeth, abnormal curving of the upper section of the spine, scoliosis, loss of hearing, heart defects, blue sclera (thinning in the collagen fibers), and respiratory issues are also frequently documented symptoms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4185 people found this helpful

I do work daily. My weight had decreased form 111 to 105. But, after this pain stated in my all bones. What I do.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 91% (5056 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
I do work daily.
My weight had decreased form 111 to 105.
But, after this pain stated in my all bones.
What I do.
You need to improve the tone of the muscles in a rhythmical manner. If you do that with proper diet restriction nothing will happen to you. Body pain is there after gym activity due to tiredness and you need to consume good protein and iron diet in your body which will help you to break the fatigue and body pain. You have to reduce the weight by walking minimum 3-4 kms per day. Slowly reduce the weight and slowly avoid adding salt in the diet which will help you to prevent water retention in the body. Excess salt in general leads to water retention in the body which might be the reason for you legs to pain as the leg will automatically become oedematous. You have to take good diet along with rhythmical gym activity which will help you to have six pack in a month or 3 months. Ou need to improve the tone of the muscles in a rhythmical manner. If you do that with proper diet restriction nothing will happen to you. Body pain is there after gym activity due to tiredness and you need to consume good protein and iron diet in your body which will help you to break the fatigue and body pain.
1 person found this helpful
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I have cubtius varus in my left hand and I am applying for indian army technical branch as an officer it is a cause of rejection by medical board or not. Please advise

Dr. Anil Pratap Tanwar 91% (66 ratings)
Bachelor of physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Faridabad
There are Physical Therapy and Yoga exercises to reduce the carrying angle and Surgery is another option but you must consult your individual case with Doctors at the Medical Board before taking any further step.
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I'm 23 and doctors told me my cartilage has started to deteriorate due to high sugar consumption. I've read flax seeds are good for knees and joints. But should I consume raw flax seeds or roasted flax seeds. Which one is better for me?

Dr. Shashidhar 89% (4949 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
They can be taken in any form (you can try different ways) and enjoy the variety. Please ensure that the blood sugar is well controlled which is essential. Eat more of healthy foods (more natural and freshly prepared foods) and avoid junk and processed food and beverages. Avoid all types of stimulants like alcohol and tobacco etc. You can also take the help of physiotherapy so that you can avoid painkillers. If the pain persists then try Homeopathy as it is safe and does not cause any side-effects even if taken for long term. Homeopathy being holistic in its apprroch causes not only pain relief but also enhances immunty and general wellbeing. You can contact me for further information about Homeopathic treatment.
1 person found this helpful
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