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Body Weakness Tips

Know How Angioplasty Can Help Combating Heart Disease!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Kolkata
Know How Angioplasty Can Help Combating Heart Disease!

When a person suffers from the typical symptoms of heart weakness that includes breathlessness, weakness, sudden sweating, discomfort while doing minor exertions, chest pain, pain radiating along the arms, back, neck and shoulders and other symptoms, the doctor will ask for investigations to study the heart.

The Heart is a muscular organ in the chest and like any other muscle in the body, it has its own unique blood vessel network that does the function of supplying nutrition to the heart muscles. Like any network, the Cardiac blood supply also begins with major vessels that branch off into minor and then very small blood vessels. It is these very small blood vessels that actually reach the muscle fiber to give nutrition.

When this is a problem with the free-flowing blood to reach the muscle cells, the strength of the heart muscles reduces and the overall heart functioning is in trouble. Until now, it was commonly believed that cholesterol deposits make blockages in the blood vessels that cut off nutrition supply causing the heart to go into disease stage. Today, extensive research has proved that there are many reasons for hampered blood supply to heart muscles, and plaque formation (blockages caused by cholesterol deposits) need not be the reason for heart attacks entirely. Blood vessel disease called Atherosclerosis is the root cause.

In modern times, if the patient consults a cardiologist, the first line of investigation prescribed is the Angiography. This procedure requires the patient to be admitted to the hospital. Under anesthesia, the Doctor will make a cut/incision in a major blood vessel of the thigh joint or the arm. He will then insert a tube called catheter into the blood vessel and guide it through the major arteries till it reaches the important position from where the blood vessels that supply nutritious blood to the heart muscles is reached. At this position, a dye is pushed into the blood flow and a series of specialized X-rays are taken that will show the blood vessels.

In these images, it is the Doctor’s expertise that will identify positions where the blood flow is reduced, or disturbed. The dye has a short life span and is able to show flow dynamics only up to the secondary blood vessel network. The Doctor will determine which part of the heart blood vessels are affected based on these images, the length of the plaque, position and kind of blockage and derive the damage to heart, based on these anatomical visuals. The catheter is then removed; the blood vessel opening stemmed and the patient has to remain immobile in the hospital till the blood vessel improves. The Doctor will prescribe a list of medication that includes beta-blockers, aspirins, statin and antibiotics.

Very often, if the Doctor decides, he will suggest the next procedure of Angioplasty immediately. This procedure involves pushing a mini wireframe tube called ‘stent’ or an inflatable balloon through the same catheter to the area of blockage. This balloon or stent is guided to the area of the blockage and mechanically expanded to push aside the plaque to help the blood flow resume. There are different kinds of balloon and stent procedures.

None of these procedures “removes” the blockage plaque. The procedure helps to resume blood flow in the major arteries only. 

No invasive therapy is safe and there is a lot of reports backed by Research Data from very reputed global authoritative organizations that highlight the unnecessary number of angio procedures being done as well as the side effects of these procedures within few months. (Many Stent Procedures Unnecessary” Heart Drugs Just as Good at Preventing Heart Attacks, Death in Some People, Study Shows By Charlene Laino: March 26, 2007 (New Orleans).

Can blockage affect a person after having angiography?

It is important for the patient and patient’s family to understand that the blockage formation process in the body does not reverse with angioplasty or even a Bypass procedure. The patient suffers from the same kind of symptoms as earlier when new blockages form in different sections of the coronary network or very often when a deposit/scar forms within the stent itself leading to hampered blood flow. This ‘reformation of blockages’ is referred to as restenosis. This is the greatest problem registered in current studies of patients after angio and bypass and this is seen within a few weeks to after 10 to 14 months of the procedure.

The reformation of blockages or further formation of new sites with blockages depends on the individual patient's health condition. Patients who are Diabetic, High BP, on certain kind of long term medication, obese, with bad lifestyle; all have the additional threat of secondary attacks.

Restenosis cannot be prevented with another stent or bypass procedure. The procedure only once again’ mechanically opens the blockage or in CABG, creates a bypass around the blocked blood vessel.

How can restenosis be prevented?

The only and best way to avoid restenosis is to make major changes in diet, exercise, weight management, stress management. It is also very important to be under the right kind of medication that will support the natural process done by the Liver and blood to reduce and wash out inflammation (that causes maximum problems in natural blood flow), repair blood vessels, reduce and remove existing blockages and scar tissue within blood vessels, add strength to the heart muscles.

These new studies and treatment options should be searched out by the patient and his/her family to understand the reason of blockages, the possible need and safety of invasive procedures, the option to medicine based treatments before undertaking any invasive procedure. Remember, it is scientific research that has clearly proclaimed that less than 30 -20% of all the angio’s performed are necessary or have a lasting effect on their own.

877 people found this helpful

Chronic Diseases - How Is Homeopathy Effective In It?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Gurgaon
Chronic Diseases - How Is Homeopathy Effective In It?

The human body, like all living forms, goes through a lifecycle. Just as you see a plant from a small tender sapling to a tender tree to an old firm tree to a withering age where the branches grow weak and gradually break off.  The tree finally grows weak, becomes susceptible to attacks by worms and insects, and finally breaks down. The same is true for the human body too. While we always go through acute diseases due to infections, allergies and accidents, there is a bunch of diseases which affect us for longer durations. 

These chronic diseases can be due to various reasons - allergic, infective, autoimmune, structural, psychological, physiological, malignant, functional, psychosomatic, iatrogenic and many others. 

Homeopathy believes that each chronic disease has its own set of symptoms, many of which are not obvious. It is the entire set of symptoms which need to be unravelled and treated. Homeopathy believes in providing a holistic cure for the patient, not just the disease that is manifested.

With homeopathy, be ready to look at yourself slightly differently and holistically. Not many would believe that a problem in the lungs or the brain could be linked to watery eyes or skin eruptions.  The first discussion with a homeopath could run into a couple of hours covering a wide range of topics including personality type, fears, griefs, weather reactions, food desires, sleep and dream patterns, genetic factors, past sexual life, and a lot of physical/emotional parameters. For someone who is looking for a quick "medicine" to heal the current problem, this may sound absurd and even irritating. For homeopathy to work, it is important for the patient to understand how it aims to work. It takes a lot of patience and duration for the holistic treatment to take effect. The homeopath needs to identify the "direction of cure" based on these and monitor it over a period of time. In the initial phase, there could be an aggravation of symptoms, but that will soon subside. Homeopathy believes in "like treats like," so soon after the treatment begins, there could be increased symptoms in other, perceived non-related parts. The doctor would usually explain what to expect, so watch out for other erupting symptoms and keep your doctor informed.

One thing homeopathy patients vouch for is the pay-off on this patience.  Not many would have relapse of the symptoms as they are cured, not just given palliative care. Homeopathy does cure a lot of diseases, in the true sense of the word. 
 

1808 people found this helpful

Swimming Vs Running - Which One Should You Go For?

Dt.Priya Chelani 88% (293ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Nagpur
Swimming Vs Running - Which One Should You Go For?

Swimming or running? Having to prioritize between the two can be quite a daunting task. While swimming has its loyal followers, one cannot ignore the health benefits of running either. In fact, swimming and running are like two faces of the same coin. What is suitable for one may not be an ideal choice for another. While swimming may be helpful for some, others might benefit from running. Following the mad rush does not make any sense. Know what are your requirements, strengths, and weaknesses and then choose between the two.

This article is an attempt to clear your confusion and thus, help you choose between the two.

  1. Injury: Running and swimming can both result in an injury. However, running is more intense. Thus, chances and frequency of an injury (muscle cramps, ligament tear, sprain or fracture) are slightly more in the case of running. In comparison, swimming is less strenuous. There is less probability of a sprain or a fracture in swimming.
  2. Body workout: If you are looking for a complete body workout, swimming is what the doctors have just advised. The different strokes in swimming ensure maximum muscular movements. Every part of your body, from head toe, are involved in swimming. Running, however, is not a complete body workout.
  3. Joint problems: For people with joint problems or associated conditions such as arthritis (especially Rheumatoid Arthritis), running might be highly uncomfortable and risky, aggravating the problems further. Under such circumstances, swimming comes as a much-needed breather. Not only is it safe, but also comfortable (people with severe arthritis should, however, consult the doctor before swimming). Swimming is an excellent exercise for improving the motor skills and also building on the core strength.
  4. Calories burned: Finally some good news for the runners. If you are looking for a high-calorie burnout (where you have to sweat it out literally), running is what you just need. Swimming also helps to burn the calories, but running has a slightly higher impact. As per a survey, you burn close to 700 calories by running for seven miles per hour. Surprising, you burn only 550 calories (per hour) by swimming 50 yards per minute.
  5. Bone health: If swimming is good for the joints, running is important for your bones. Running plays a pivotal role in improving and increasing the bone density in a person.
  6. Hormonal affect: Swimming is believed to improve your cognitive abilities. Endorphins, also known as the "Feel Good" hormone is known to lift your spirits. It enhances your mood like never before. Swimming releases this important hormone in your body. No wonder you feel so good and relaxed after swimming.

Both swimming and running come with their own sets of merits and demerits. Choosing between the two can be an uphill task.

3414 people found this helpful

Chronic Diseases - How Effective Is Homeopathy In It?

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ghaziabad
Chronic Diseases - How Effective Is Homeopathy In It?

The human body, like all living forms, goes through a lifecycle. Just as you see a plant from a small tender sapling to a tender tree to an old firm tree to a withering age where the branches grow weak and gradually break off.  The tree finally grows weak, becomes susceptible to attacks by worms and insects, and finally breaks down. The same is true for the human body too. While we always go through acute diseases due to infections, allergies and accidents, there is a bunch of diseases which affect us for longer durations. 

These chronic diseases can be due to various reasons - allergic, infective, autoimmune, structural, psychological, physiological, malignant, functional, psychosomatic, iatrogenic and many others. 

Homeopathy believes that each chronic disease has its own set of symptoms, many of which are not obvious. It is the entire set of symptoms which need to be unravelled and treated. Homeopathy believes in providing a holistic cure for the patient, not just the disease that is manifested.

With homeopathy, be ready to look at yourself slightly differently and holistically. Not many would believe that a problem in the lungs or the brain could be linked to watery eyes or skin eruptions.  The first discussion with a homeopath could run into a couple of hours covering a wide range of topics including personality type, fears, griefs, weather reactions, food desires, sleep and dream patterns, genetic factors, past sexual life, and a lot of physical/emotional parameters. For someone who is looking for a quick "medicine" to heal the current problem, this may sound absurd and even irritating. For homeopathy to work, it is important for the patient to understand how it aims to work. It takes a lot of patience and duration for the holistic treatment to take effect. The homeopath needs to identify the "direction of cure" based on these and monitor it over a period of time. In the initial phase, there could be an aggravation of symptoms, but that will soon subside. Homeopathy believes in "like treats like," so soon after the treatment begins, there could be increased symptoms in other, perceived non-related parts. The doctor would usually explain what to expect, so watch out for other erupting symptoms and keep your doctor informed.

One thing homeopathy patients vouch for is the pay-off on this patience.  Not many would have a relapse of the symptoms as they are cured, not just given palliative care. Homeopathy does cure a lot of diseases, in the true sense of the word. 

1603 people found this helpful

Caring For Yourself After Surgery!

M. S. , MBBS
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Caring For Yourself After Surgery!

You probably think many more things can go wrong during surgery as compared to after surgery. However, you are wrong. The chances of infection after surgery are very high and it used to be the highest cause of unsuccessful surgery in the past before it was known just how deadly infection is. A doctor, however, cannot monitor everything afterwards. Therefore, it is crucial you know and takes care after the surgery.

Here are some ways in which you can do so:

1. Keep it dry
It is crucial that you keep the incision dry for whatever period of time the doctor tells you to keep it dry as otherwise the chances of infection increase dramatically. Some of the things you should do to keep it dry is to not take a bath, scrub the incisions or put lotions on it. In fact, you should also not expose it to sunlight.

2. Keep the incisions
You must trust your doctor as the doctor is trained and usually knows better than you. Therefore, if the doctor tells you to keep the incisions then keep them. Do not scrub, rub or put powder on them either.

3. Check for signs of infection
This may be the easiest thing to do as there are many symptoms of an infection. These include a change in the colour, size, or odour of the incision, fever, redness, hardening or heating of the surrounding area or in extreme cases more bleeding and pain than usual.

4. Changing a dressing
This is a major cause of infections among surgery patients and the only way to prevent it is to follow the doctor's instructions to a tee. Once again, trust your doctor and remember to wash your hands and put on medical gloves. Do not put alcohol, iodine or hydrogen peroxide either.

You must see your doctor if there are any changes in your body or a feeling of weakness, uneasyness, unwellness or fever.

1444 people found this helpful

Healthy Tip Of The Day!

Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition, Fellowship In Obesity Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Amritsar
Healthy Tip Of The Day!

I don't stop when I'm tired, I stop when I'm done! I don't work hard because I hate my body. I workout because I love it!

1 person found this helpful

Old Age Problems - How Can Counselling Be Of Help?

M.Sc - Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Old Age Problems - How Can Counselling Be Of Help?

Old age is the most fathomed stage of any human’s lifecycle. By the time all the hair are greyish white, teeth are weak, and falling off; there is almost nothing left to fuel the sparks of desire to live. It is scientifically proven that during old age an average human faces the maximum amount of problems.

When an individual is all old and wise, they often become victims of various psychological conditions, which include depression, loneliness, and anxiety. All these terms are overlooked as they are old people waiting for the death, but what their children and younger ones, fail to realize is that all they need is a little bit of guidance and counseling to feel better and stay happy and content till their last breath.

Why is counseling required in old age?

  • To get rid of the depressive lows: When a person turns old, he/she is compelled to let go of numerous things that he/she never wanted to live without. Some of these include—they are forced to retire from their job, they are distanced from their family, and they become entirely obsolete with no purpose for continuing their lives. All these situations often make the elderly feel that there is nothing left for them anymore. It makes them feel sad and depressed and at the same time might make them lonely. They know that they are not physically fit for the job, but they still have a feeling of uselessness deep down in their heart.
  • To rev up social interaction: By going to a counselor, the old people can speak their hearts out, feel connected to someone, and can seek help for the things that no one could understand. Counselors can suggest them activities that include social interaction and more, that could use up their free time and keep them occupied. They can recommend small yet efficient and meaningful exercises, which include reading books or watching movies to keep their mind diverted and distracted. A counselor can do wonders and provide excellent facilities, as well.
  • To get help in case of traumas: Counseling is also essential in case of individuals who have suffered a significant trauma in their old age. This includes losing a family member in some accident or being entirely neglected by one's own family. Even in India, many families consider their parents and grandparents to be a burden and send them to old age homes without thinking how they would feel. In such cases, counseling becomes essential to ensure that our elders have a stable mind and are satisfied with the life they have led.

Counseling at old age is not a shameful thing or activity in vain. It is very much essential to ensure that our elders are confident and happy during their last stage of life.

4478 people found this helpful

Brain Tumor - Know The Types & Symptoms Of It!

MBBS, DNB ( Radiation Oncology), Fellowship in Uro Oncology, Fellowship in Brachytherapy
Oncologist, Mumbai
Brain Tumor - Know The Types & Symptoms Of It!

Brain tumours vary in shape and size and the same is the case with their symptoms. The location of the tumour affects the symptoms greatly. Just like in any other type of a malignant tumour, brain tumour has a rapid growth and proliferation of abnormal cells that may have its origin in affected site or areas adjacent to it.

As per studies, every 2 in 1,00,000 people are said to be affected by brain tumour in India. However, it may come as a relief to some as not all brain tumors are cancerous or life threatening. Some are benign tumors and seldom pose any threat to the affected individual.

Types of Brain Tumor:

Brain tumors may be primary or secondary.

  1. Primary brain tumor: Here the abnormal mass of cells that originated in the brain do not metastasize to the other organs. Based on their location in the brain, the primary brain tumors may be of the following types.
    • Gliomas: One of the most common types of primary brain tumors, gliomas can have their origin in the spinal cord or the brain. Some of the common types of gliomas include Astrocytomas (originates in the cerebrum of the brain), Glioblastomas (these tumors form from the Astrocytes which form the supportive tissues of the brain), Ependymoma (these develop from the ependymal cells which are present within the CNS), Oligodendrogliomas (these tumors are found to arise from the oligodendrocytes).
    • Schwannomas: Also called as Acoustic neuromas, these primary brain tumors form on the nerves that play an important role in regulating the balance and hearing from the inner ear to the brain.
    • Meningiomas: These type of tumors are usually benign and have their origin in the meninges (membranes surrounding the spinal cord and the brain).
    • Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs): Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare malignant tumors that originate from the fetal(embryonic) cells in the brain.
    • Pituitary adenomas: As the name suggests, these tumors arise from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain.
    • Medulloblastomas: Common among the children, these malignant primary tumors develop in the brain (lower back) and gradually spread via the spinal fluid.
    • Other types of primary brain tumors include Craniopharyngiomas and the Germ cell tumors.
  2. Secondary brain tumors: Unlike the primary brain tumors, these tumors have their origin in the other body parts and organs (mostly in the lungs, skin, colon, breast, and kidney) and then gradually metastasize to the brain. The secondary brain tumors are found to be more common.

Symptoms or warning signs associated with brain tumors:

Some of the signs and symptoms that may be indicative of a brain tumor include

  1. People with brain tumors often get seizures (due to the irritation caused by the tumors in the brain).
  2. A headache (mild to severe depending on the part of the brain affected by the tumor).
  3. A person experiences numbness or a tingling sensation in the legs and arms.
  4. There may be difficulties in walking or balancing.
  5. A person finds it difficult to concentrate.
  6. There may be some problems with hearing, speech or even vision.
  7. A person may experience weakness restricted to only one part of the body.

The symptoms may not necessarily indicate a brain tumor but it is always wise not to neglect the symptoms either.

2534 people found this helpful

Day Hunger - How To Manage It?

MSC in Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Day Hunger - How To Manage It?

Many people feel hungry throughout the day. They are lethargic until they lay their hands on food. These sessions of hunger go on like a vicious circle and if not resisted it can lead to health issues.

Some ways are given below to prevent unnecessary hunger:

  1. A high- fibre diet can prevent unnecessary hunger - Your diet should be rich in fibre. The body takes a longer span of time to digest fibre-rich food. It also makes you feel full for hours together. Having fibre will keep your bowel movements in control and is therefore healthy. Remember to add extra fibre to your bowl of cereals or salad to keep pangs of hunger at bay.
     
  2. Divide one heavy meal into two smaller meals - Eating heavy meals and that too less frequently is really bad for your health. This can make you feel hungry time and again. To control the constant rumbling inside your tummy, you should divide one big meal into two or more smaller meals. For instance, if you were supposed to eat sandwiches, boiled eggs and soup for lunch, you should probably eat sandwiches at noon and eat the soup and eggs any time later in the day.
  3. Never be a fast eater - Jumping on your food is the worst way of tackling things. Research studies show how a human brain takes more than twenty minutes to tell your body it is full and satisfied. If you don't wish to overeat throughout the day, you must consume your food slowly. This way the brain takes more time in realizing it is full and thus further time in feeling subsequent hunger.
     
  4. Eat sufficiently during mealtime - Many tend to eat inadequately during mealtime and as soon as they are done with their food they feel hungry. It is important to fill yourself sufficiently when you are already eating. A person snacking on carrots and corns can keep away from binge eating.
     
  5. Drink more glasses of water - Every person should drink around three to four litres of water. Drinking water half an hour after a meal can keep your gustatory concerns in check for long. Water keeps you hydrated, helps in digestion and controls unnecessary hunger.
     
  6. Eat a good amount of protein - Protein makes you full in very little time and thus doesn't need to be consumed in great quantities. It will make you feel content for long as your blood sugar levels are in balance through protein consumption. Protein takes time to be digested.
1881 people found this helpful

Osteopenia - Know Symptoms Of It!

MS - Orthopaedics, AO Fellowship in Trauma, Fellow Spine Surgeon, fellow in Endoscopic Spine Surgery
Orthopedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Osteopenia - Know Symptoms Of It!

We may be lost in progression and may have a lot to achieve in life, there may be things that we just cannot let go off, such as success and in such a rush for advancement and success we may be overlooking health in the bargain. Though we may not realize it, as age progresses, the health takes a toll and the disease-fighting and sustenance abilities of the body also start to decline. One of the most common problems that a lot of people go through is the weakening of the bones.

There may be instances, particularly in women, where they may feel fatigued and tired and this is something that most women may ignore so that they may be able to concentrate on the other aspects of life. However, more than often, the problems that the women face are known to be symptoms of health issues such as Osteopenia. Osteopenia is a problem of the bones where they gradually lose their natural ability to make sufficient amount of calcium necessary for the health and safety of the bone structure and when the problem takes a severe turn it may lead to osteoporosis.

Knowing the symptoms:
The problem of osteopenia may not have obvious symptoms in the beginning but people who suffer from the problem may complain of the following issues:

  1. A lot of people may experience lower back pain when they are suffering from osteopenia.
  2. The back pain may also arise from the hunching of the back which is another symptom of the health issue.
  3. There have been instances of patients suffering from lowering of the height when they are suffering from the bone-related issue.
  4. The fracturing of bones becomes more likely for people who suffer from the problem.
  5. Lots of people may also end up losing teeth due to the issue.
  6. One of the biggest symptoms is that the patients of osteopenia usually also develop osteoporosis in the advanced stages of the issue.

Treating Osteopenia:
Though there is no confirmed cure for the issue, it is possible to be able to control the problem and limit its ill-effects or symptoms. With a revision of dietary habits to include foods that help in the increase of calcium, you may be able to control the problem to a great extent. It may also be possible to keep the issue under check by following healthy lifestyle habits such as quitting smoking or following regular exercise routines or taking the right treatment or medications as suggested by a specialist. Sometimes a disease can be a result of an underlying illness that you are unaware of, which is why self-diagnosis or treatment may not be advised and it is always wiser to take help from your physician.

3859 people found this helpful
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