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Bleeding Tips

Irregular Vaginal Bleeding - Know Causes Of It!

Irregular Vaginal Bleeding - Know Causes Of It!

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spots where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

-  Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in the regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause of this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.

-  Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the post-partum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.

-  Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through childbirth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.

-  Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.

-  Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.
 

What Causes Excessive Vaginal Bleeding?

What Causes Excessive Vaginal Bleeding?

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spots where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

-  Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in the regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause of this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.

- Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the post-partum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.

- Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through childbirth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.

- Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.

- Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.
 

Psoriasis - What Triggers It?

Psoriasis - What Triggers It?

One amongst many skin disorders, psoriasis affects nearly 2.8% of the Indian population. It is an autoimmune chronic skin condition, which causes rapid increase of skin cells. Due to this rapid build-up of skin cells, the surface of your skin becomes dry, scaly and flaky.

Types of Psoriasis-

  1. Plaque psoriasis- the most common type of psoriasis that is visible on the elbows, scalp, knees, and lower back. This particular form of psoriasis causes inflamed, red patches on the skin that are covered with silvery scales (plaques).
  2. Guttate psoriasis- appears on the thighs, legs and arms, trunk
  3. Inverse psoriasis- affects the skin under breasts, around genitals, armpit and groin
  4. Pustular psoriasis- affects smaller areas like the fingertips
  5. Erythrodermic psoriasis- most uncommon type of psoriasis covering the entire body

What triggers Psoriasis?
Psoriasis refers to an autoimmune condition. It occurs when the white blood cells (known as ‘T’ cells), instead of attacking and fighting the invading bacteria, attack your skin cells mistakenly.

Other factors triggering this condition include-

  1. Skin infections or strep throat
  2. Skin injuries
  3. Stress
  4. Alcohol consumption
  5. Smoking
  6. Deficiency of vitamin-D
  7. Certain medications

Psoriasis can also occur as the result of a genetic predisposition.

Symptoms-

  1. Inflamed, red patches on the skin
  2. Dry, flaky skin prone to bleeding
  3. Burning, itching sensation around the patches
  4. Pitted, thick nails
  5. Swollen joints
  6. Slivery scales on the red patches
  7. Soreness

Treating Psoriasis with Homeopathy-
Homeopathy plays a vital role in curing various skin problems including Psoriasis.

  1. It not only palliates the symptoms of the disease but also particularly aims towards rectifying the underlying cause.
  2. Homeopathic medicines are prepared from natural substances and extracts of medicinal plants- bark of spurge olive, potassium sulfate etc. The topical creams soothe your skin, reduce itching and inflammation and rejuvenate your skin naturally.
  3. Homeopathy can work wonders in situations where other conventional methods fail to yield effective results. For instance, certain medications or drugs may result in flare-ups or other adverse effects. But when it comes to Homeopathy, you can rest assured that the remedies are completely safe and long lasting.

In nearly 90% of all skin disorder cases, Homeopathy has shown remarkable results in treating the condition. So if you are looking for a permanent cure, opt for Homeopathic treatment.

International Women's Health Day - Ways To Take Care Of Yourself!

International Women's Health Day - Ways To Take Care Of Yourself!

As a woman, your body undergoes constant changes during the reproductive years and thereafter. Some of these changes can result in gynaecological problems if you don’t pay attention to your health. These illnesses are mostly caused by hormonal imbalance in the body. Some other causes are poor diet, inadequate sleep, lack of physical activity, ageing and stress.

Pre-menopausal gynaecological problems -

Here are some of the most common gynaecological health issues you might face in your childbearing years –

Uterine fibroids – These are non-cancerous growths in the uterus, which can induce pain and discomfort during menstruation.

Endometriosis – This refers to a painful condition, where the endometrial tissue lining inside the uterus grows outside.

Post-menopausal gynaecological problems between age 40 and 45 - 

  • Irregular bleeding – The vaginal discharge and bleeding are a part of your normal menstrual cycle. However, abnormal or irregular bleeding from the vagina after menopause may be an indication of a serious condition like tumours, cancer of the reproductive organs or polyps.
  • Menopause marks the end of your menstrual cycle. However, it is not the only change, which you go through.
  • After menopause, the level of oestrogen hormones gradually decreases, which in turn, leads to a host of health disorders, and related symptoms from emotional well-being to bone health.
  • Bone health is a major issue in postmenopausal women. Oestrogen is responsible for maintaining bone health. With the loss of hormone, the bones become weak and fragile. This puts them at greater risk of developing bone fractures and osteoporosis.

Ways to prevent gynaecological health issues in order to keep your oestrogen levels in check and maintain good health, you can adopt a few preventive measures –

Eat a Balanced Diet – Include whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Limit sugar, oil and saturated fat. You may also take vitamin supplements to stabilize hormone level in the body.

Exercise Regularly – Exercising regularly lowers the risk of several ailments including diabetes, heart disease and PCOS.

Quit SmokingSmoking increases your likelihood of stroke, cancer and heart disease. Besides, it may also trigger hot flashes and early menopause. Apart from following these, you should also opt for regular health checkups and tests once every 6 months.

"On this International Women’s Health Day, take a big step towards good health practices and hygiene to keep diseases at bay."

4800 people found this helpful

Postmenopausal Bleeding - How To Diagnose It?

Postmenopausal Bleeding - How To Diagnose It?

Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women-s gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.

If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.
Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB as it is popularly called can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.

-        Atrophic vaginitis - Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
-        Endometrial atrophy - Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
-        Polyps - Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding
-        Infections - General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding
-        Cancers - Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.

Diagnosis:

As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding.  Diagnostic methods could include the following:
-        Physical exam
-        Transvaginal ultrasound
-        Endometrial biopsy
-        Hysteroscopy
-        Dilatation and Curettage

Treatment:

Needless to say, this would depend on the diagnosis.

For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy.

For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient.
Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.
Cancer - this would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery.  Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases.

So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after ayear of menopause, do not ignore it.  

2617 people found this helpful

Excessive Vaginal Bleeding - Know Reasons Behind It!

Excessive Vaginal Bleeding - Know Reasons Behind It!

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spotting where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

- Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause for this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.

- Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the post-partum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.

- Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through child birth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.

- Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.

- Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.
 

2 people found this helpful

5 Reasons Behind Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding!

5 Reasons Behind Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding!

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spotting where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

  1. Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause for this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.
  2. Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the postpartum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.
  3. FibroidsUterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through childbirth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.
  4. Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.
  5. Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.

1052 people found this helpful

Fibroid Removal Before IVF - Is It Vital?

Fibroid Removal Before IVF - Is It Vital?

Fibroids are small lumps that develop in the muscle layers of the uterus. They are benign which means they will not become cancerous. They are relatively common. 30% of women below the age of 35 years and 20-80% women in the menopausal age bracket are affected by fibroids. They usually appear during the child-bearing years because that is when oestrogen levels peak.

Is surgery necessary?
Whether you need surgery depends on the symptoms. Sometimes the indicators of fibroids are insignificant and do not cause much discomfort. But you might require surgery if the symptoms include-

• Profuse bleeding during periods
Bleeding even when you are not menstruating
• Intense pain in the lower back or in your abdomen.
• Inability to urinate

Another reason why you might need surgery is certain kinds of fibroids reduce fertility. If you are trying to conceive and you have fibroids, you may find it difficult to become pregnant. And these fibroids also raise risks of miscarriage and labour complications. Moreover, the only remedy in such cases is surgery.

Some Surgery Options-
Your doctor may recommend any of the following procedures-
• Myolysis - 
The surgeon stops the blood supply to the fibroids during this simple procedure. Without blood and oxygen, they begin to shrivel up and die.

Endometrial Ablation - This surgery is recommended by doctors when a woman’s period lasts for longer than eight days and is accompanied by such heavy bleeding both during and between periods that it leads to anaemia. During this surgery, the doctor surgically removes the endometrial lining. This is a non-reversible procedure and women cannot conceive after undergoing it. That is why the pros and cons should be weighed carefully before making a decision.

Myomectomy - This surgery is ideal for women who do not want to eliminate the possibility of conceiving. This surgery does not lead to sterilization. Through either open surgery or laparoscopy, the doctor simply removes the fibroids and leaves the uterus unharmed.

When do you not need Surgery?
You do not need surgery if-

• Your symptoms are tolerable
• The fibroids do not get in the way of conception if you are trying to have a baby
• they are not likely to cause pregnancy complications

Non-Surgical Treatment Options
The most reliable treatment option is medication. Some medicines that your doctor may prescribe are-
Birth Control Pills-

Birth control pills regulate the hormonal cycle and are very effective in easing the pain and discomfort that accompany periods.

• Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs or NSAIDs-
Prostaglandins are lipids that are responsible for cramps, pain and heavy bleeding during periods. NSAIDs can inhibit its production and help with period pain. These medicines do not have an adverse effect on fertility.

• Pain medication-
Over-the-counter pain medicines can reduce pain and cramps during menstruation.

• IUDs-
Your doctor may suggest a progestin-releasing intrauterine device. It can keep the symptoms of fibroids under check and help with pain management. But they are not effective if the fibroids are large.

Fibroids can be harmless. But some of them can cause health complications. You should arrive at a decision regarding surgery only after careful consideration of the consequences.

3242 people found this helpful

Causes Of Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding!

Causes Of Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding!

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spotting where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

-  Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause for this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.

-  Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the post-partum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.

-  Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through child birth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.

-  Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.

-  Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.
 

1 person found this helpful

Is Postmenopausal Bleeding Normal?

Is Postmenopausal Bleeding Normal?

Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women-s gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.

If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.

Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB as it is popularly called can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.

-  Atrophic vaginitis - Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
-  Endometrial atrophy - Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
-  Polyps - Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding
-  Infections - General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding
-  Cancers - Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.

Diagnosis

As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding.  Diagnostic methods could include the following :

-        Physical exam
-        Transvaginal ultrasound
-        Endometrial biopsy
-        Hysteroscopy
-        Dilatation and Curettage

Treatment

Needless to say, this would depend on the diagnosis.

For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy.

For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient.

Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.

Cancer - this would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery.  Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases.

So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after ayear of menopause, do not ignore it.  

2695 people found this helpful
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