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Bleeding Tips

प्रेगनेंसी में ब्लीडिंग इन हिंदी - Pregnancy Me Bleeding In Hindi!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
प्रेगनेंसी में ब्लीडिंग इन हिंदी - Pregnancy Me Bleeding In Hindi!

गर्भावस्था में खून बहना सामान्य हो सकता है. पर कई बार यह सामान्य न होकर गर्भपात की शुरुआती का लक्षण होता है. वैसे गर्भावस्था के समय पीरियड्स बंद हो जाता है और खून बहना भी बंद हो जाता है. पर गर्भ धारण करने के बाद कुछ हफ्तों तक में कितने महिलाओं को हल्का खून या खून का धब्बा आते हैं, जो सामान्य है. ऐसा लगभग 25% गर्भवती महिलाओं में देखा जाता है. पर कभी-कभी इस प्रकार गर्भावस्था में खून बहना गर्भपात की शुरुआत का लक्षण रहता है. गर्भावस्था में खून बहने का कई कारण हो सकते हैं. इनमें से कुछ मुख्य कारण और बचाव निम्न हैं:

गर्भावस्था में खून बहने के कारण-

1. इम्प्लांटेशन ब्लीडिंग या स्ट्रीकिंग: - जब एक फर्टीलाइज्ड अंडा गर्भाशय के पास आता है तो हल्का खून बहता है. और सामान्यतः यह मासिक धर्म के समय होता है. जिस कारण कई बार महिला को पहले से यह मालुम भी नहीं रहती है कि वह गर्भवती है. और इस खून को वह मासिक धर्म का खून समझ बैठती है.

2. हार्मोन्स के कमी के कारण: - गर्भावस्था में कुछ खास हार्मोन्स मासिक धर्म या पीरियड्स को होने से रोकती है जिस कारण गर्भवस्था में पीरियड्स नहीं होती है. पर कई बार हार्मोन्स पूर्ण रूप से तैयार नहीं होता है जिस कारण गर्भावास्था में भी मासिक धर्म के समय यानि गर्भधारण के चौथे, आठवें या बारहवें सप्ताह में हल्का या अधिक खून आता है व पीरियड्स के तरह के ही दर्द व ऐंठन के लक्षण होते है. ऐसा सामान्यतः तीन माह के गर्भ तक ही होता है क्योंकि इसके बाद ओवरी के जगह प्लेसेंटा हार्मोन बनाना शुरू कर देते हैं. पर कुछ महिला को पुरे गर्भावस्था के दौरान खून का बहना जारी रहता है पर फिर भी वे तंदुरुस्त बच्चे को जन्म देती है.

3. भ्रूण की मृत्यु के कारण: - यदि गर्भ में भ्रूण की मृत्यु हो जाती है तो उस कारण भी गर्भावास्था में खून बह सकता है. ऐसी स्थिति पुरे गर्भावस्था के दौरान कभी भी हो सकती है. भ्रूण की मृत्यु यानि गर्भपात का कई कारण हो सकता है. ऐसा मूत्र पथ या गर्भाशय में संक्रमण से भी हो सकता है. शरीर में पानी का कमी, गलत दवा का प्रयोग या चोट लगने से भी ऐसा हो सकता है. इसके अलावा भारी सामान उठाना, गलत तरीका से सेक्स करना व मानसिक तनाव के कारण भी गर्भपात की संभावना होती है.

4. एक्टोपिक गर्भावस्था में: - अस्थानिक गर्भवस्था यानि एक्टोपिक (ectopic) गर्भावस्था में खून का आना व ऐंठन हो सकता है. जब निषेचित अंडा गर्भाशय के बाहर या फेलोपियन ट्यूब में आरोपित होता है तब उस स्थिति को एक्टोपिक गर्भावस्था कहते हैं. इस स्थिति में जब अंडा बड़ा होता है तो कई बार फेलोपियन ट्यूब फट जाता है जिस कारण खून बहता है. यह बहुत ही गंभीर स्थिति होती है.

5. मोलर गर्भावस्था में: - जब भ्रूण उचित तरीके से विकसित नहीं हो रहा हो पर प्लेसेंटा निर्मित करने वाली कुछ कोशिकाएं बढ़ना जारी रखते हैं तब इस स्थिति को मोलर गर्भावस्था कहते हैं. इस स्थिति में भी खून का बहना हो सकता है.

6. गर्भाशय का फटने के कारण: - कभी-कभी प्रसव से पहले या प्रसव के समय गर्भाशय फट जाता है जिस कारण गर्भ का भ्रूण पेट की ओर खिसक जाता है. यह स्थिति गर्भवती महिला व बच्चा दोनों के लिए खतरनाक स्थिति है. ऐसी स्थिति में भी खून बहता है.

7. गर्भावस्था के दौरान सेक्स या संभोग के कारण: - गर्भावस्था के दौरान सेक्स या संभोग करने के कारण भी खून बह सकता है जो कि सामान्य स्थिति है.

गर्भावस्था में खून बहना : क्या है बचाव-

यदि गर्भावस्था के दौरान खून का बहना शुरू हो जाता है तो जल्द ही अपने चिकित्सक से संपर्क कर उनसे सलाह लेना चाहिए. चिकित्सक जाँच कर यह बतायेंगे कि यह रक्तस्राव सामान्य स्थिति है या गंभीर है. फिर चिकित्सक के निर्देशानुसार जरुरत हो तो उचित ईलाज कराना चाहिए. इसके अलावा इस दौरान आराम करना चाहिए व ताकत लगने वाला कोई भी काम नहीं करना चाहिए. इस दौरान सेक्स या संभोग नहीं करना चाहिए. टेम्पोन का इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए. शरीर में पानी का कमी नहीं होने देना चाहिए. इसके लिए अधिक से अधिक पानी पीना चाहिए.
 

1 person found this helpful

Postmenopausal Bleeding - Is It Normal?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Agra
Postmenopausal Bleeding - Is It Normal?

Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women's gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.

If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.

Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB, as it is popularly called, can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.

  • Atrophic vaginitis: Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
  • Endometrial atrophy: Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
  • Polyps: Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding.
  • Infections: General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding.
  • Cancers: Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.

Diagnosis: As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding. Diagnostic methods could include the following:

  1. Physical examination
  2. Transvaginal ultrasound
  3. Endometrial biopsy
  4. Hysteroscopy
  5. Dilatation and Curettage

Treatment: Needless to say, this would depend on the diagnosis. For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy. For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient. Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.

Cancer: This would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery.  Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases. So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after a year of menopause, do not ignore it.

2 people found this helpful

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Dr. Meenakshi Gupta 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Md - Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Menstrual cycles are really hectic for a woman to tackle all the time. Sometimes they result to different abnormalities which can be caused due to a lot of various reasons. But if you are experiencing some serious problems every month then you should visit the doctor and do a checkup. You should never neglect any kind of medical disorder which is often related to your menstrual cycle.

One of the most common problem which many women face is abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a serious problem in which the bleeding from the uterus is longer than expected and can occur at irregular time. You may face bleeding at unusual times and randomly. So it becomes really hectic to manage if you have a hectic schedule.

Causes

Abnormal uterine bleeding can be caused due to a variety of reasons. Here are some of the most important of them which affects majority of the women.

● AUB can occur when the female ovaries do not release the egg.
● Thickening of the uterine wall or lining can also result to heavy bleeding at unusual times.
● Uterine polyps may also lead to bleeding.
● If the person is suffering from any cancer which has affected the ovaries, uterus, cervix, or vagina.
● If the women takes hormonal birth control pills.
Infection in the uterus or cervix can also lead to heavy unusual bleeding.

These are the most common causes of AUB which most of the women tend to experience. Now we will have a look at the symptoms of AUB which will help you to identify it.

Symptoms

Abnormal uterine bleeding can be identified if the following symptoms have been experienced.

● If there is heavy bleeding or spotting from the vagina between periods
● If the Periods occur less than 28 days apart or more than 35 days apart.
● If the time period between the periods changes frequently each month.
● The bleeding may last for more days than normal or for more than a week.

So these are the symptoms of AUB which you should be well aware of and if you identify any of them, make sure you visit your doctor or gynaecologist for a checkup.

Risks

AUB can possess different risks to the women who are facing it. Even though most women tend to experience it at least once in their lifetime, sometimes it can become really serious and needs to be treated so that it does not affect your health in a negative way. The most common risks which are involved in Abnormal uterine bleeding are -

● If AUB is affecting the woman very frequently and if it is not treated properly, it can result to infertility or the condition which does not let a woman conceive.
● Women can also experience severe anemia due to heavy blood loss.
● Untreated AUB can be really dangerous and can also result to endometrial cancer.

So here are the different information related to Abnormal uterine bleeding which you should know about and if you experience anything serious related to it make sure you visit the doctor immediately.

Excessive Uterine Bleeding - 9 Causes Of It!

MBBS, DGO, FCPS - Mid & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
Excessive Uterine Bleeding - 9 Causes Of It!

Are you experiencing excessive uterine bleeding? Excessive uterine bleeding may occur between a woman’s periods or before the periods, after having sex, or due to the development of spotting or bleeding after attaining menopause. Any menstrual cycle, which lasts longer than 21–35 days is called excessive, and this is an abnormal form of uterine bleeding.

Causes of Excessive Uterine Bleeding:

The various causes of excessive uterine bleeding are as follows:

  1. One of the main causes is hormonal imbalance, as the balance between estrogen and progesterone gets disrupted. This balance is required for the regulation and development of the lining of endometrium or uterus lining. Because of the hormonal imbalance, the endometrium develops excessively causing heavy bleeding.

  2. Uterine fibroids, which are non cancerous tumours, may lead to prolonged and excessive uterine bleeding.

  3. Polyps are small benign developments on the uterus lining which cause heavy bleeding. They occur because of high levels of hormones.

  4. Adenomyosis is a condition which develops when the endometrium glands get embedded in the uterine muscle, leading to excessive uterine bleeding.

  5. Using intrauterine devices or IUDs may cause side effects as well.

  6. Several pregnancy complications may also lead to excess bleeding. Ectopic pregnancy is a common cause.

  7. Several uterine cancers, ovarian cancers and cervical conditions may be responsible as well. Inherited bleeding disorders such as von Willebrand’s disease is another likely cause.

  8. Several medicines and drugs, including NSAIDs and anticoagulants are a common cause.

  9. Medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, liver and kidney disease or thyroid problems can also cause excessive uterine bleeding.

Treatment:

There are different ways of treating excessive uterine bleeding, depending upon the cause of bleeding and the patient’s age.

  1. Medications: Several medicines are used for the treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding. Hormonal medicines and birth control pills are used to improve the regularity of periods. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also used to manage excessive uterine bleeding. Several antibiotics are also used.

  2. Surgery: In many cases, a woman has to undergo a surgery for the removal of polyps and fibroids, which cause excessive bleeding. Certain fibroids are removed via hysteroscopy and other techniques for treatment are used as well. Endometrial ablation can be carried out to manage the bleeding. This treatment aims at permanent reduction of the excess bleeding. Hysterectomy has to be carried out when other treatments are unsuccessful. This is a serious surgery and after it, a woman will no longer have periods, and she will not be able to conceive a child.

In case of excessive uterine bleeding, you must consult a doctor as soon as possible. This will enable early treatment and prevent the development of further complications.

1704 people found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - Homeopathic Remedies To Treat It Well!

BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
Uterine Fibroids - Homeopathic Remedies To Treat It Well!

Uterine Fibroids are mainly tumor growths in the lower muscle area of the uterus. The case is mostly found in teenagers and also in women who are in the age of childbearing. Normally, such tumors are not cancerous but they can be very painful at times.

Symptoms of uterine fibroids
A slight pain in the lower abdomen during the menstruation period is normal due to passes of the blood. But if it is the case of uterine fibroids, then a number of other symptoms are also noticed. Some of the symptoms that are there in case of uterine fibroids are:

  • Prolonged amount of bleeding from the uterus,
  • Extensive pain in the uterus during the menstruation period,
  • Pressure is created on the urinary bladder that leads to urination at frequent intervals,
  • Constipation due to pressure on the rectum,
  • Anaemia and also chronic backache.

Medicines for uterine fibroids
Often many people take such pain situations to be normal and they try various natural home remedies to get instant relief. But such remedies provide temporary relief the symptoms start again after some time. There are some allopathic medicines that are also helpful in instant relief but for a complete cure, the patient needs to go for a surgery of the tumor. In case if you do not wish to go for the surgery procedure, then you can trust some of these homoeopathic medicine options.

  1. Calcarea Carbonica: This medicine is often prescribed to women to face problems of menstruation periods going on for long and excessive amount of bleeding. Such women also face from cold feet and chilling sensations during the menstruation period. Also, this medicine can be consumed by women who are a bit overweight.
  2. Thlaspi Bursa Pastoris: This particular medicine is for women who face menstruation period at short frequent intervals. It may also happen that the patient has not yet overcome the already over periods and again the periods may start after just a few days. This leads in lot of severe pain and cramps in the uterus as well as at the back. For such issues, Thlaspi Bursa Pastoris is the best option.
  3. Trillium Pendulum: There are many cases when other things such as the amount of blood and the frequency of the menstruation period may remain proper but the patient may face some other unusual problem. The medicine Trillium Pendulum is prescribed to patients who face a smelly menstruation discharge.
  4. Fraxinus Americana: This particular medicine is rarely prescribed because it is for patients with rare symptoms of uterine fibroids. There are some rare cases when the patient may feel sensations during the passes of the menstrual flow. This may get accompanied by cramps in the feet.

Uterine Fibroids is the most commonly found disease these days. But avoiding the symptoms can lead to severe cases and hence choosing a safe way of treatments such as homeopathic is the best solution.

3190 people found this helpful

Why Do Gums Bleed Even After Brushing Teeth Twice-Daily?

MDS - Orthodontics, BDS
Dentist, Meerut
Why Do Gums Bleed Even After Brushing Teeth Twice-Daily?

Bleeding gums are one of the basic sign of gum disease. Proper dental hygiene and nutritive diet are the cornerstones of healthy gums and teeth. If you suffer from bleeding gums, take the necessary steps to understand the underlying reason behind the condition and how to treat it.

Try following:

1. Apply a cold compress to the gums: as an instant solution for bleeding gums, you can apply a cold compress to the area.

2. Change your toothbrush and brushing technique: bleeding gums are often caused by using a brush whose bristles are too hard, or by brushing your gums too energetically.

3. Be careful when flossing: flossing is an important part of maintaining good oral hygiene and should be done at least once a day.

4. Avoid alcohol-based mouthwashes: using mouthwash is a great way to freshen up breath and eliminate bacteria from the mouth. However, alcohol-based mouthwashes are very drying, which can be annoying for swollen gums and cause them to bleed.

5. Brush and floss daily.

6. Eat a healthy diet.

7. Quit smoking.

8. Minimize stress.

9. See your dentist at least twice a year.
 

मसूड़ों के रोगों का उपचार - Masudo Ke Rogo Ka Upchaar!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
मसूड़ों के रोगों का उपचार - Masudo Ke Rogo Ka Upchaar!

आपके मसूड़ों से नियमित रूप से खून का बहना आमतौर पर प्लेटलेट विकार या ल्यूकेमिया जैसे कुछ गंभीर बीमारियों का संकेत हो सकती है. ऐसा आमतौर पर मुंह में स्वच्छता न होने के कारण होता है. अक्सर देखा जाता है कि कई लोगों के मसूड़ों में सूजन आ जाता है. लेकिन इस बीमारी की शुरुआत को जिंजिवाइटिस के नाम से जाना जाता है. जिंजिवाइटिस के दौरान मसूड़ों में सूजन आ जाती है और उनसे खून बहने लगता है. यहाँ तक कि ये खून ब्रश या फ्लॉस करते समय कभी-कभी अपने-आप ही निकल पड़ता है. इकई बार ऐसा भी होता है कि मसूड़ों पर चोट लगने या अधिक गर्म पदार्थ व सख्त चीज़ें खाने से मसूड़ों पर पड़ने वाले दबाव के कारण भी मसूड़ों में सूजन उत्पन्न हो जाती है. इससे आपके मसूड़े ढीले-ढाले पड़ जातें हैं जिससे दांतों का काफी नुकसान हो सकता है. आइए मसूड़ों की बीमारियों के आयुर्वेदिक उपचार के बारे में जानें.

मसूड़ों के सूजन को दूर करने के उपाय-

1. बबूल की छाल – यदि आप मसूड़ों में होने वाले सूजन से बचना चाहते हैं तो आपको भी बबूल की छाल के उपयोग करना चाहिए. इससे मसूड़ों के सूजन को आसानी से समाप्त किया जा सकता है. इसके लिए बबूल की छाल के काढ़े से कुल्‍ला करें. इससे आपके मसूड़ों की सूजन कम होने लगेगती है.

2. अरंडी का तेल और कपूर – यदि आप अरंडी के तेल में थोड़ी मात्रा में कपूर मिला कर प्रतिदिन सुबह तथा शाम मसूड़ों की मालिश करें तो ऐसा करके भी मसूड़ों की सूजन कम होने लगती है.

3. अजवायन – अजवायन का उपयोग भी मसूड़ों की सूजन को दूर करने के लिए एक अच्छा विकल्प है. इसके लिए अजवायन को तवे पर भून कर पीसने के बाद इसमें 2-3 बूंद राई का तेल मिला कर हल्‍का-हल्‍का मसूड़ों पर मलें. ऐसा करने से मसूड़ों को आराम मिलता है साथ ही दांतों के अन्य रोग भी दूर किए जा सकते हैं.

4. अदरक और नमक – मसूड़ों से सम्बंधित समस्याओं को दुर करने के लिए थोड़े से अदरख में थोड़ा नमक मिलकर इसे अच्छे से पीस कर मिला लें. अब इस मिश्रण से धीरे-धीरे मसूड़ों को मले. इससे मसूड़ों की सूजन कम होने लगेगी.

5. नींबू का रस - नींबू के रस को ताजे पानी में नींबू में डाल लें. इसके बाद बाद इस पानी से कुल्‍ला करें. कुछ दिन इसका प्रयोग करें इससे मसूड़ों की सूजन दूर होने के साथ-साथ मुंह की दुर्गन्ध भी दूर होने लगती है.

6. प्याज - प्याज मसूड़ों की सूजन को दूर करने का अच्छा उपाय है. इसके सेवन के लिए प्याज में नमक मिलाकर खाने से एवं प्याज को पीसकर मसूड़ों पर दिन में करीब तीन बार मलने से मसूड़ों की सूजन ख़त्म हो जाती है तथा मसूड़े स्वस्थ बने रहते हैं.

7. फिटकरी - फिटकरी का प्रयोग भी मसूड़ों की सूजन को दूर करने का अच्छा उपाय है. इसके लिए फिटकरी के चूर्ण को मसूड़ों पर मले इससे मसूड़ों की सूजन को कम किया जा सकता है.
 

मसूड़ों से खून निकलने का उपचार
1. खट्टे फल:- यदि आपके मसूड़ों से खून बह रहा है तो इसका एक कारण आपके शरीर में विटामिन सी की कमी भी हो सकती है. ऐसे में विटामिन सी की आपूर्ति के लिए आपको खट्टे फल जैसे नारंगी, नींबू, आदि और सब्जियां विशेष कर ब्रॉकली और बंद गोभी आदि का सेवन करना चाहिए. इससे रक्तस्त्राव में कमी आएगी.

2. दूध:- हमारे मसूड़ों के लिए कैल्शियम भी आवश्यक होता है. कैल्शियम का सबसे अच्छा स्त्रोत दूध है. यदि आप दूध का सेवन करते हैं तो आपके मसूड़ों का रक्तस्त्राव ख़त्म हो सकता है. इसके लिए आप नियमित रूप से दूध का सेवन करते रहें.

3. कच्ची सब्जियां:- कई बार मसूड़ों में रक्त संचरण न होने के कारण भी रक्तस्त्राव होता है. इसके लिए आपको कच्ची सजियाँ चबाना एक अच्छा विकल्प हो सकता है. इससे आपका दांत भी साफ़ होता है. यदि आप नियमित रूप से कच्ची सब्जियां खाने की आदत डालें तो आप ऐसी परेशानियों से बच सकते हैं.

4. क्रैनबेरी और गेहूँ की घास का रस:- मसूड़ों से होने वाले रक्तस्त्राव से राहत पाने के लिए आप क्रैनबेरी या गेहूँ की घास का रस का उपयोग कर सकते हैं. इसका जूस जीवाणुरोधी गुणों से युक्त होता है जिससे कि आपके मसूड़ों से जिवाणुओं का खात्मा हो सकता है.

5. बेकिंग सोडा:- बेकिंग सोडा का उपयोग भी मसूड़ों की देखभाल के लिए किया जाता है. दरअसल बेकिंग सोडा का इस्तेमाल माइक्रोइंवायरनमेंट तैयार करके मुंह में ही बेक्‍टीरिया को मारने के लिए किया जाता है. आप चाहें तो इसे अपने मसूड़ों पर उंगली से भी लगा सकते हैं.

6. लौंग:- लौंग उन औषधीय जड़ी-बूटियों में से एक है जिसका इस्तेमाल हम प्राचीन काल से ही अपनी समस्याओं को दूर करने के लिए करते आ रहे हैं. जब भी आपको इस तरह की समस्या हो तो आपको एक लौंग अपने मुंह में रखना चाहिए. इससे राहत मिलती है. लेकिन यदि लम्बे समय तक ऐसा हो तो आपको चिकित्सक से सलाह लेनी चाहिए.

7. कपूर, पिपरमिंट का तेल:- मसूड़ों को स्वस्थ बनाने के कई तरीके हैं. उनमें से एक है कपूर और पिपरमिंट के तेल. इसका इस्‍तेमाल आप अपने मुंह की ताज़गी और स्‍वच्‍छता बनाये रखने के लिये कर सकते हैं.

8. कैलेंडूला की पत्‍ती और कैमोमाइल चाय:- मसूड़ों से निकलने वाले खून को रोकने के लिए ऐसी चाय पीनी चाहिए जिसमें कैलेंडुला और कैमोमाइल की पत्‍ती डाल कर पकायी जाए. क्योंकि ये मसूड़ों में खून आना रोकती है.

2 people found this helpful

Postmenopausal Bleeding - How To Treat It?

Dr. Lalita Rao 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS and DGO (Obstetrics & gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Postmenopausal Bleeding - How To Treat It?

Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women-s gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.

If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.
Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB as it is popularly called can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.


-        Atrophic vaginitis - Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
-        Endometrial atrophy - Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
-        Polyps - Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding
-        Infections - General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding
-        Cancers - Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.

Diagnosis: As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding.  Diagnostic methods could include the following:

-        Physical exam
-        Transvaginal ultrasound
-        Endometrial biopsy
-        Hysteroscopy
-        Dilatation and Curettage
 

Treatment: Needless to say, this would depend on the diagnosis.

For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy.

For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient.
Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.
Cancer - this would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery.  Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases.
So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after ayear of menopause, do not ignore it.  

3963 people found this helpful

Bleeding Of Gums And Bad Breath

Dr. Banashri Bordoloi Bhuyan 90% (11 ratings)
BDS (Implantologist)
Dentist, Guwahati
Bleeding Of Gums And Bad Breath

Talk of a healthy mouth and most people would think of a decay-free set of teeth. However, the overall oral health is more due to healthy gums and check tissue. The gums or the gingival largely determines the health of the teeth. They not just cover the teeth but also provide anchoring support to the teeth. The gums and the surrounding tissue are together called as Periodontium.

While infection of the gums is called gingivitis and is a minor issue, the periodontal inflammation is more severe and may even cause tooth mobility and eventually loss. Periodontal infection is a chronic condition and is one of the main causes of bad breath or halitosis too.

Pink, swollen gums are one of the first symptoms of poor oral health, gradually leading to spontaneous gum bleeding. Apart from poor oral health, other reasons for bleeding gums include pregnancy, diabetes, mouth ulcers, mouth breathing, chemotherapy, tobacco users, hormonal imbalance, and vigorous brushing. Most can be managed by simply improving oral hygiene practices. If periodontal involvement is identified, it is advisable to see the dentist.


Methods To Treat Bleeding Gums and Breath-
Listed below are some common methods to manage bleeding gums and bad breath.

 

  1. Brushing: Advisable at least twice a day, but preferably after each meal. Use of a soft-bristled toothbrush is equally important, as hard bristles only cause more bleeding. Follow each massage with a simple plain finger gum massage – this improves blood circulation and thereby gum health.
  2. Rinsing: Any mouthwash will do, and if you are outside and can’t find anything within reach, use water. It has been the oldest rinse and works wonders. Swish it around the teeth for about 30 seconds and spit it out. If a medicated one is used, avoid eating for 30 minutes after the rinse.
  3. Floss: This gives special attention to the surfaces between the teeth which attracts food lodgment and is more prone to decay. Flossing removes plaque from between the teeth and reduces caries and gum problems, thereby reducing the incidence of gum disease and bad breath.
2490 people found this helpful

Dental Decay & Bleeding Gums - An Insight!

PCAD, MCID Implant, BDS, Advanced Aesthetics
Dentist, Chandigarh
Dental Decay & Bleeding Gums - An Insight!

Tooth decay is one of the most common diseases affecting the oral cavity. Dental cavities is a highly prevalent condition, especially among children. In most cases, improper hygiene leads to deposition of food on the tooth. This in turn is acted upon by harmful bacteria, thus releasing acid that dissolves the tooth structure. In most cases, the decay starts on the outside of the tooth and gradually reaches the inner layers.

Gum diseases and bad breath

One would think that if you are decay free, you have a healthy mouth. However, overall oral health requires healthy gums as well. They cover the teeth and provide anchoring support to the jawbones. Minor infection (gingivitis) can progress to a severe condition (periodontitis), which causes teeth to shake and even fall out! It is one of the main causes of bad breath or halitosis too. Swelling of the gums gradually, leads to spontaneous bleeding, which is the first sign of trouble. This can be managed by simply improving oral hygiene. It is advisable to see the dentist.

Treat cavities and bleeding gums

Listed below are some common methods to manage bleeding gums and bad breath:

1. Brushing: Advisable at least twice a day using a soft bristled toothbrush.

2. Flossing: Flossing removes plaque from between the teeth and reduces chances of decay and gum problems

3. Eating Healthy: Bad food habits are one of the main reasons of bad breath. A bad digestive system manifests as bad breath and so eating healthy is very important for healthy gums. Adequate water, fiber, calcium and Vitamin C are essential for gum health, so ensure they find a place in your diet.

4. Annual Dental Visits: Visit your dentist once in 6 months. Simple procedures that do not require time or money like regular scaling will help improve the teeth and gum health while reduce bad breath issues.

 

4848 people found this helpful
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