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Bladder Stone Diet Tips

Gall Bladder Stone

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, FACRSI (Colo-Rectal Surgery), Ph. D - Gastrointestinal Surgery, FAIS, DNB (General Surgery), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore
Gall Bladder Stone

Gall Bladder Stone

Courtesy -Dr.Kumar Parth (MBBS; MNAMS; FMAS; FAIS; FACRSI (Colo-Rectal Surgery) DNB; FSGE (Surgical Gastroenterology)

(Consultant Surgical Gastroenterologist), drkparth9@gmail.com, www.drparthgastro.com

Definition:   Presence of stones in the gallbladder is referred to as cholelithiasis.               

PredisposingFactors:

  • Genetics , Gender (more in women)
  • Body weight (Obesity), or rapid loss in weight , Fasting
  • Decreased motility (movement) of the gallbladder
  • Diet
  • Drugs : Cholesterol / Lipid lowering drugs , Estrogen
  • Diseases: Diabetes, blood disorder (Hemolytic anemia etc.)

Composition of Gall Bladder Stone:

Cholesterol Stone: Found in western world, causes accounted to diet rich in cholesterol.

Pigmented stone: generally found in diseases related to blood disorder

Mixed stone: Contains Calcium, magnesium, sodium phosphate ( most common type found in Asian population (India).

Symptoms :

  • (70–85%) are asymptomatic or "Silent Gall Stone"
  • Pain in right upper and central part of abdomen (may radiate to inter-scapular region) mostly after half an hour of food (seen more symptomatic after a fatty diet.)
  • post meal fullness, belching, upper abdominal discomfort
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
  • Clay colored stools or dark urine

Investigations required:

  • Blood - Liver Function test , Complete Blood Count,
  • Imaging -Ultrasound Of abdomen and if required MRI (MRCP) abdomen.
  • Complications of Gall Stone
  • Infection of gall bladder {Empyema(pus) / Mucocele of Gall bladder}
  • Perforation of gall bladder
  • Stone slipped in Common Bile Duct resulting in obstruction in the passage of bile leading to Jaundice
  • Stone from gall bladder slipped to common bile duct and entering into pancreatic duct through common channel of opening in Duodenum (small bowel) leading to Pancreatitis.

Indications for Surgery:

  • Symptomatic Gall stone with typical history of pain as mentioned above and proven with Imaging (ultrasound)
  • Asymptomatic or Silent gall stone (Found Incidentally during Ultrasound abdomen) - "DOES NOT REQUIRE SURGERY".

Asymptomatic or Silent gall stone requiring surgery in special circumstances are:

  • Pregnant lady diagnosed with gall stone during first trimester (incidental finding)
  • Any blood disorder and patient is going for any abdominal surgery for any reason.
  • Diabetes mellitus - as chances of infection are high on by ground of diabetes
  • Gall bladder polyp (a soft tissue growth in lumen of gall bladder) size > 1 cm or single stone measuring > 3 cms, as risk of Gall Bladder cancer increase by 10 fold in these cases.

Treatment: Surgery - Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (Key Hole Surgery) is Gold standard worldwide.

  • Safe surgery, there are no side effects of removing of gall bladder as one has to weigh the complication arising from a "symptomatic" gall stone disease.
  • Can be done as a day care surgery
  • Post surgery patients are advised to refrain from fatty meal for a week so as to acclimatize the body to a diluted bile. Normal activity is allowed from day 1 of post surgery.
1 person found this helpful

Gall Bladder!

Dr. Rachel Queenie Mallidi 88% (85 ratings)
BHMS, PG(hom) London, MBA (Healthcare)
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Gall Bladder!

Gall Bladder:

Gall Bladder is a small sac which is pear shaped and is present just underneath the Liver. It is connected to the Liver through a small duct called the bile duct, the gall bladder stores the bile which is secreted by the liver and sends it to the intestines to aid in the digestion of fats.

When there are excess toxins in the liver there is concentration in the bile and this gets stored up in the bile thus leading to various kinds of gall bladder problems, such as- gall stones, infection and inflammation

Symptoms are as follows:

  • Pain – mild to severe pain in the right side of the abdomen which usually increases with deep inspiration and expiration, Nausea, Vomitings, Loose bowels or constipation, Excess Gas, Fainting, fever and so on.
  • In my practice I’ve found that people with obesity and high LDL cholesterol levels tend to have increased risk of gall stone or gall bladder problems, people who are obese also tend to have gall stones.
  • Now - a - days owing to the food and lifestyle habits almost every other person has small stones in the gall bladder which may not be quite a problem now but later may pose a threat if they increase in size
  • Solution:  to avoid these problems of gall bladder we don’t need heavy medications and procedures unless until the problem is very severe, as there is a saying “ a stitch in time saves nine” you can save your gall bladder when your body gives you the signals that it is not able to take more toxins for this you need to avoid certain foods which I list below and follow a good detoxification of liver every fortnight:

Foods to avoid-

High fatty fried foods, sugary foods, Alcohol, coffee and chocolate, many people love creamy foods which lead to obesity and thus gall bladder problems avoid those creams,

Foods to take-

Beans, lentils, beetroots, celery, apples, carrots, any green veggies, these will help your liver detoxify easily

If you’re already having a gall bladder problem, you need to immediately make changes in your diet and lifestyle habits or get ready to get the gall bladder removed which might make it more difficult to digest fats and you will gain even more weight.

Homoeopathic remedies such as Taraxacum and Cardus Marinus help in solving the gall bladder problems but you need to consult a homoeopathic physician before taking these medications for proper medical guidance.

Conclusion:

Avoid these above-mentioned foods and most of all stress try to be good yourself and love your body don’t force it to have more than what it can bear.

 

4 people found this helpful

5 Full-Proof Methods To Prevent Bladder Stones!

Dr. Ashok Sarin 90% (42 ratings)
MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
5 Full-Proof Methods To Prevent Bladder Stones!

Bladder stones, not to be confused with kidney stones, are formed when substances such as calcium oxalate found in urine coalesce into solid lumps and form deposits in the bladder. Though usually small enough to be excreted during urination, sometimes they get trapped in the neck of the bladder. In such cases, as the residues continue to grow larger, they cause extreme pain, infections, and may need surgical attention.

What causes bladder stones?
The most common causes of bladder stones are-

  1. A diet which is high in oxalic acid can cause bladder stones.
  2. Dehydration and a reduced intake of water cause bladder stones.
  3. A protracted use of a urinary catheter, infections of the urinary tract, or an injury that might have impaired bladder function can cause stones to form.
  4. Most often, stones originate somewhere else in the urinary tract and move downwards obstructing the neck of the bladder. There are significant hereditary factors at play here.

Symptoms-

  1. Blood in the urine usually apparent only in the last few drops.
  2. Interruption of the stream of urine and an inability to do so except in certain positions.
  3. Dark-coloured urine.

Diagnosis-

1.Physical Exam
The physician will physically examine to evaluate if the bladder or the rectum are enlarged.

2.Urinalysis
A sample of your urine will be tested for the presence of bacteria, blood and crystallized minerals.

3.CT scan
A CT scan to build a detailed image of the internal organs.

Treatment-

  1. If the size of the bladder stones is small then a simple increase in water and fluid intake should be enough to excrete them out naturally.
  2. If they are too large to flush out from the system naturally, they will either be broken down to smaller sizes using laser ray or similar other energies, or surgically removed.

In order to prevent bladder stones from recurring, here are 5 foolproof methods-

1.Increase the daily fluid intake
A sure-fire way to prevent bladder stones is to increase the amount of water you drink every day. The idea is to reduce the concentration of your urine. A minimum of 2-3 litres of water per day is absolutely necessary.

2.Urinate more often.
If you drink more water throughout the day, you are going to have to urinate more frequently anyway. Do not put it off because you are worried that you will be mocked for having an old lady’s bladder.

3.Laxatives.
If you feel like you are constipated, use a laxative. There is no shame in wanting to regulate your bowel movements.

4.Regular Tests.
Get a sample of your urine tested regularly to ensure that your kidneys and bladder are functioning properly and there are no irregularities.

5.Eat fruits.
Get the essential sugar component of your diet from fresh fruits. Say no to saturated sugar and fizzy drinks. Opt for fruits with high water content like melons to add more fluids in your diet.

2942 people found this helpful

Gall Bladder Stone Colic

Dr. Subrata Gorai 87% (730 ratings)
BHMS, OCRT KOLKATA
Homeopath, Asansol
Gall Bladder Stone Colic
  • Last 10yrs I work on. Now I confidently tell yes possible kidney or gb stone or any stone any part of body remove successfully completed without surgary.
  •  Most of the doctor don't tell complication of surgary and post of surgery.
  • All you have net just go through one word must be worried (cbd) stone janerally its happened after 5 to 6 yr of surgery or some time gallbladder stone both. So don't panic I give you my what up no any body can send there report through what app and consult with me. 
  • My no eight one three one zero double three double two three. So don't hesitate just knoc me on what's app.
  • In emergency, two drug carry on your home 
  • Colocynth 1m 
  • And mag phos 12x
1 person found this helpful

Gall Bladder Stone And Its Complications!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar 89% (86 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCH - Surgical Gastroenterology, Ex assistant professor
Gastroenterologist, Patna
Gall Bladder Stone And Its Complications!

Although gall bladder stones are normal and easily removable, in a small percentage of people it can become serious with complicated implications. From severe blockage to moving into another part of the digestive system, gall bladder stones can wreak havoc. Here is a brief overview of some of the complicated cases that can arise out of gall bladder stones:

  1. Acute cholecystitis: For few people, gall bladder can lead to complete blockage of the bile duct. This leads to accumulation of bile inside the gall bladder resulting in inflammation and infection of the gall bladder. The medical term for this condition is known as acute cholecystitis. Some typical symptoms of this condition include sharp pain the upper abdomen that can travel to shoulder as well. This can be followed by high temperature and rapid heart bit. Studies have shown that one amongst seven people suffering from this condition also tend to suffer from Jaundice.
  2. Jaundice: Jaundice occurs due to the complete blockage of the bile duct and accumulation of bile in the gall bladder. Some typical symptoms of jaundice include pale stools, yellowish skin, and eyes, brown urine and itching. Most times, the stone gets away from the bile duct automatically. If, however, it doesn’t happen, it must be removed surgically.
  3. Acute cholangitis: When the bile duct gets blocked, it is subjected to bacterial infection. The medical term for this condition is known as acute cholangitis. Some of the symptoms of this condition include pain in the upper abdomen, chills, itchy skin, high temperature, and jaundice. This is followed by a general feeling of un-wellness most of the time.
  4. Acute pancreatitis: This is a condition that develops when the gall stone jumps from the gall bladder and obstructs the opening of the pancreas resulting in inflammation of the pancreas. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include a dull pain in the center of the stomach. The pain might become dull and constant. Some other symptoms of this condition include diarrhea, feeling sick, abdomen tenderness, loss of appetite etc.
  5. Gall bladder Cancer: This is another complication of gall stone. It is estimated that 3 out of 4 people suffering from gall cancer has a complication of gall stone. In this condition, the gall bladder is removed as a precaution for the cancer-spread. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include high temperature, jaundice, and abdominal pain.
  6. Gallstone ileus: This is a rare condition that occurs when the bowel gets obstructed by the gallstone. The latter can do that because of the opening called fistula which helps the stone to float to the bowel and obstructs it for good. A surgical intervention is necessary to treat this condition.

Laproscopy cholecystectomy for cholecystitis ( acute / chronic )

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones. The common opinion about treatment of acute cholecystitis is initially conservative treatment due to preventing complications of inflamation and following laparoscopic cholecystectomy after 6- 8 weeks. However with the increase of laparoscopic experience in recent years, early laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become more common.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1959 people found this helpful

Removal Of Gall Bladder Stone

Dr. Abhishek Saxena 92% (811 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Bhopal
Removal Of Gall Bladder Stone

The surefire remedy for the removal of the gallstones of the gall of pita is to take 4 glasses of apple juice (not a box) and eat 4 or 5 apples daily for 5 days daily and do not take dinner on six days. On this six day evening, a teaspoon rock salt is a glass of hot water. Take it once in the evening at 8 a. M. Once you take a spoon rock salt with a glass of water at 10 o'clock in the morning, half cup olive oil or sesame oil mixed with half cup of fresh nemo juice and mix it well in the morning.

2 people found this helpful

Painful Bladder - Top Reasons You Must Know!

Dr. Tuleeka Sethi 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Painful Bladder - Top Reasons You Must Know!

The bladder is a muscular sac that is seated just above the pubic bone. The organ stores urine produced by the kidneys allows us the control the frequency of urination by the expansion and contraction of its muscles.

Pain in the bladder is usually caused due to one of three reasons:

  1. Interstitial cystitis: This is a chronic condition which affects more women than men. It makes the bladder inflamed and irritated. The bladder walls turn stiff because of this which makes it difficult for the bladder to expand. Interstitial cystitis may be caused by a defect in the lining of the bladder.
  2. Urinary tract infection: Urinary tract infections can affect a person at any age and may develop in the ureter, urethra, bladder or kidneys. However, it is most commonly seen in the bladder. This infection is caused by bacteria that enter the body through the urinary tract.
  3. Bladder cancer: Cancer that develops in the bladder is known as bladder cancer. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer cell. This begins in the innermost layer of the bladder lining. Pain during urination and discomfort in the lower pelvic region are common symptoms of this disease. Once the cause is diagnosed, antibiotic medication can help treat bladder pain.

Along with that, there are a few things you could do at home as well-

  1. Drink plenty of fluids: Ideally, we should drink 8-10 glasses of water a day. Water keeps the body hydrated and helps flush toxins from the body. It also helps dilute the urine. This can make urination less painful as concentrated urine may be acidic and difficult to pass. Water also helps prevent the formation of kidney stones and thus helps the kidneys function optimally.
  2. Urinate frequently: Do not try to control your urine. Holding urine in for extended periods of time allows bacteria to multiply within the body. It is also important to urinate after intercourse as sexual activities can push the bacteria present on the skin deeper into your body. This is important for both men and women.
  3. Dress comfortably: Avoid synthetic, tight fitting underwear and clothes. Instead wear, loose, comfortable clothes that are preferably made out of cotton. These clothes will help keep your skin dry and not allow bacteria to breed.
  4. Pain relievers and heating pads: Sometimes, antibiotics can take a day or two before addressing bladder pain. In such cases, pain relievers can help deal with the discomfort and cramps. Heating pads can also help soothe abdominal and lower back pain that results from bladder infections.
  5. Diet: It is recommended that alcohol tomatoes chocolates caffeinated beverages may contribute to bladder irritation and inflammation BB.
  6. Smoking: Smoking makes the bladder symptoms worse therefore should be avoided. 
  7. Certain stretching exercises: This also help to relieve PBS symptoms Drug therapy also used for this but takes around 6 months to relieve symptoms.
2918 people found this helpful

How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?

Dr. D.K. Agarwal 91% (206 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Faridabad
How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?

Hunner's ulcers, simply put are painful ulcers in your urinary bladder. These ulcers are inextricably linked to another disorder called the painful bladder syndrome or intestinal cystitis. They occur in 10 to 15 percent of people with interstitia cystitis. These, in fact, are red patches or lesions on the bladder wall which can stiffen tissue and cause reduced bladder capacity. Hunner’s ulcers bleed, ooze pus and can be of different sizes. The ulcers in the bladder can be extremely painful and uncomfortable.

These are called Hunner’s ulcers because they were first described by Dr. Guy LeRoy Hunner, a Johns Hopkins gynecologist, in 1915. Since Hunner’s ulcers are seen only in people with intestinal cystitis, it’s important to know more about this painful life-altering bladder disorder before we can even understand how to deal with them.

Interstitial cystitis (IC)
IC is also called painful bladder syndrome. Another important thing to know about IC is that it strikes more women than men. IC is a chronic disorder and there’s no cure for it. It causes recurring bouts of pain and pressure in the urinary bladder and the pelvic area. This is often accompanied by an urgent and frequent need to urinate. Sufferers may have to rush to the ‘loo’ as much as 40, 50, or 60 times a day.

Diagnosis
Hunner's ulcers can only be accurately diagnosed by doing a cytoscopy which involves inserting a fibre-optic tube through the urethra to look at the bladder wall closely. During this procedure, a tissue sample from the bladder wall is usually also taken to rule out bladder cancer. Cytoscopy is usually done with hydrodistention under local anesthesia. This involves filling the bladder with a liquid for stretching it to provide a closer view of the bladder wall. Usually, a urologist performs this surgery along with a gynaecologist. IC and also Hunner’s ulcers are both a diagnosis of exclusion. This means that they’re diagnosed only after a number of other conditions have been ruled out.

Hence, the urologist will first take your thorough medical history, followed by a physical exam and a pelvic exam for women patients and perform tests for ruling out infection, and other disorders like bladder stones and cancer, kidney disease, multiple sclerosis, endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases amongst others. Only after these tests are inconclusive or uncertain and if there is blood in urine, will the urologist go for cystoscopy.


Treatment
There's no cure for IC, but Hunner’s ulcers can be cured by burning them off the bladder wall. Called fulguration, the process uses electricity or laser to burn the ulcers on the bladder wall. Resection is also used in which skin from around the Hunner’s ulcer is cut for removing both the ulcer and the inflamed tissue around it. The problem is that ulcers may recur in the same location.
So, managing IC becomes critical. Your doctor can try to treat the patient with one treatment or with a combination of treatment depending on the condition of the patient.

Pain medicines are the first line of treatment to manage Hunner’s ulcers and IC both, and many patients do go in for this. Patients also find relief by modifying their diet to remove foods and drinks like caffeinated beverages- tea, coffee, colas etc. Sodas, artificial sugars and fruit juices, especially Cranberry juice can trigger intense pain and discomfort, so these are usually contraindicated. Another important aspect is patient education about normal bladder function and tips on self-care and behavioural modifications like stress control to manage Hunner’s ulcers.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1815 people found this helpful

How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?

Dr. Sanjiv Saxena 90% (43 ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), MD, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
How Ulcer In Urinary Bladder Can Be Treated?

Hunner's ulcers, simply put are painful ulcers in your urinary bladder. These ulcers are inextricably linked to another disorder called the painful bladder syndrome or intestinal cystitis. They occur in 10 to 15 percent of people with interstitia cystitis. These, in fact, are red patches or lesions on the bladder wall which can stiffen tissue and cause reduced bladder capacity. Hunner’s ulcers bleed, ooze pus and can be of different sizes. The ulcers in the bladder can be extremely painful and uncomfortable.

These are called Hunner’s ulcers because they were first described by Dr. Guy LeRoy Hunner, a Johns Hopkins gynecologist, in 1915. Since Hunner’s ulcers are seen only in people with intestinal cystitis, it’s important to know more about this painful life-altering bladder disorder before we can even understand how to deal with them.

Interstitial cystitis (IC)
IC is also called painful bladder syndrome. Another important thing to know about IC is that it strikes more women than men. IC is a chronic disorder and there’s no cure for it. It causes recurring bouts of pain and pressure in the urinary bladder and the pelvic area. This is often accompanied by an urgent and frequent need to urinate. Sufferers may have to rush to the ‘loo’ as much as 40, 50, or 60 times a day.

Diagnosis
Hunner's ulcers can only be accurately diagnosed by doing a cytoscopy which involves inserting a fibre-optic tube through the urethra to look at the bladder wall closely. During this procedure, a tissue sample from the bladder wall is usually also taken to rule out bladder cancer. Cytoscopy is usually done with hydrodistention under local anesthesia. This involves filling the bladder with a liquid for stretching it to provide a closer view of the bladder wall. Usually, a urologist performs this surgery along with a gynaecologist. IC and also Hunner’s ulcers are both a diagnosis of exclusion. This means that they’re diagnosed only after a number of other conditions have been ruled out.

Hence, the urologist will first take your thorough medical history, followed by a physical exam and a pelvic exam for women patients and perform tests for ruling out infection, and other disorders like bladder stones and cancer, kidney disease, multiple sclerosis, endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases amongst others. Only after these tests are inconclusive or uncertain and if there is blood in urine, will the urologist go for cystoscopy.


Treatment
There's no cure for IC, but Hunner’s ulcers can be cured by burning them off the bladder wall. Called fulguration, the process uses electricity or laser to burn the ulcers on the bladder wall. Resection is also used in which skin from around the Hunner’s ulcer is cut for removing both the ulcer and the inflamed tissue around it. The problem is that ulcers may recur in the same location.
So, managing IC becomes critical. Your doctor can try to treat the patient with one treatment or with a combination of treatment depending on the condition of the patient.

Pain medicines are the first line of treatment to manage Hunner’s ulcers and IC both, and many patients do go in for this. Patients also find relief by modifying their diet to remove foods and drinks like caffeinated beverages- tea, coffee, colas etc. Sodas, artificial sugars and fruit juices, especially Cranberry juice can trigger intense pain and discomfort, so these are usually contraindicated. Another important aspect is patient education about normal bladder function and tips on self-care and behavioural modifications like stress control to manage Hunner’s ulcers. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

1871 people found this helpful

Gall Bladder Stones and Benefits Of Its Surgery

Dr. Apoorv Goel 92% (1537 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES(Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery), FMAS (Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery)
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Gall Bladder Stones and Benefits Of Its Surgery

The gallbladder is a small organ found beneath the right side of the liver and it works by collecting and concentrating BILE, a digestive fluid produced by the liver. The bile helps in digesting fats in the small intestine.

Gallbladder problems are usually caused due to the presence of gallstones in the gall bladder. These are small and hard stones made up of cholesterol and bile salts. You are more prone to get gallstones if you are-

  • Female
  • Over 40
  • Are pregnant
  • Have a family history of gallstones

The gallbladder is not an essential organ, and its removal is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on patients today. This is a low risk surgery and can even be performed on pregnant women.
In short, the primary advantages of surgically removing the gallbladder over nonsurgical treatment are that it can rule out gallstones and prevent gallbladder cancer in the future. And the removal of this organ is not associated with any impairment of digestion in people.

Benefits of Gallstone surgery
There are no known means through which you can prevent gallstones. And once you get gallstones, you will suffer from:

  1. Sharp abdominal pain
  2. Vomiting
  3. Indigestion
  4. Fever

These symptoms present themselves as the gallstones block the flow of bile out of the gallbladder, causing it to swell. You may also become more prone to jaundice.

Disadvantages of non-surgical treatments-
Non-surgical treatments are available for gallstones, but these are temporary. They include dietary adjustments and reduction of fat intake.

These treatments have a low success rate and symptoms usually continue unless the gallbladder is removed. Hence, surgical removal of the gallbladder is the time-honoured and safest treatment of gallbladder disease.

Types of Gallstone surgery

  • Open procedures- Until the early 1990s, gallstone removal was done through open cholecystectomy, in which the gallbladder was removed through a wide incision in the abdomen.
  • Nowadays, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard procedure. In this, small incisions are made to remove the gall bladder.
  • This type of surgery is done in patients who have inflammation in the gallbladder, but they have no gallstones. It is also being done in those who have gallstones, but no symptoms.Laparoscopy has replaced open cholecystectomy as it offers some significant advantages: shhort down time- You can leave the hospital and resume normal life much earlier, compared to open surgery.
    • Smaller incisions and less postoperative pain and disability.
    • Fewer complications.
    • Less expensive in the long term.

However, a few experts believe that the open procedure has a number of advantages over laparoscopy, like:

  • Faster to perform.
  • Less of a risk for bile duct injury compared with laparoscopy.

But all said and done, open surgery has more overall complications than laparoscopy. Another point to note, is that bile-duct injury rates with laparoscopy are declining steeply.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2864 people found this helpful
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