The birth control pill is one of the best inventions in the medical field. At the same time, it has been misused and abused also. Whether it is to avoid pregnancy or to fight other hormonal issues like ovarian cysts or even severe acne, birth control pills are used extensively for purposes beyond what they were originally meant for. There are a lot of hidden facts about the oral contraceptive pills (OCP) or the birth control pills (BCP). Read on to know more!
There are many different modes of contraception available to women today. Tubal ligation is considered the most effective amongst these. This involves permanently blocking the fallopian tubes by clipping, cutting or burning them. The only downside to this form of contraception is its permanence. Conceiving a child after tubal ligation is difficult but not impossible. The two modes of treatment available to women who have undergone this procedure are tubal ligation reversal and IVF.
As the name suggests, a tubal ligation reversal procedure reconnects the fallopian tubes. This procedure involves making a 10-15cm incision in the lower abdomen. Tiny stitches are then used to reconnect the two blocked ends of the fallopian tubes. This procedure is usually performed while the patient is under general anaesthesia and could involve a few days of hospital stay. A tubal ligation reversal procedure can also be performed as a keyhole procedure. This procedure gives a woman a chance to conceive naturally. The younger the woman is, the higher are her chances of conception after this procedure. In the case of patients over the age of 40 years, the chances of a successful conception after this procedure are very slim.
IVF or In vitro fertilization involves harvesting the eggs from the patient’s ovaries, fertilizing them in a lab and then reintroducing the embryo into the patient’s uterus. When it comes to assisted reproductive therapy, IVF is more successful than a reverse tubal ligation. Another advantage of IVF over reverse tubal ligation is the fact that with IVF the woman will still have an efficient form of birth control even after the pregnancy. IVF also does not need any hospitalization. One of the downsides of a reverse tubal ligation is the high risk of tubal ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus. This type of pregnancy cannot usually be taken to full term and can be life-threatening for the woman.
On the flip side, IVF can often need repeat cycles which often works out to be quite expensive. These costs can be an issue for a woman who wants more than one child. In the case of reverse tubal ligation, the costs are a one-time investment.
One of the other common side effects of IVF is multiple pregnancies. For women who do not want more than one child, this can again be a problem. Thus, both forms of treatment have their advantages and disadvantages.
The best form of treatment for you can be decided only by a fertility expert.
Oral contraceptives (the pill) are hormonal pills which are usually taken by women on a daily basis for contraception. They contain either two hormones combined (progestogen and estrogen) or a single hormone (progestogen).
When to start? - Usually from 1st or 5th day of menses.
How to take Pills? - Needs to be taken for 21 to 24 days in a month with 4 to 7 days pill-free period. It has to be taken daily at the same time each day preferably at night. If one pill is missed then it should be taken as soon as one remembers and the next pill should be taken at the scheduled time. If one misses two pills consecutively then there is a possibility of breakthrough bleeding in between and one should use other methods like condoms to prevent pregnancy in that particular month.
How do Pills act? - By suppressing ovulation (prevents the release of the egg which normally occurs every month), thickening of cervical mucus and blocking sperm penetration. Effectiveness of Pills - 92 to 99 %
USES - Mainly for contraception.
Other uses -
Common side effects –
1. Nausea; Usually, it disappears after a few days.
3. Breast pain and heaviness
4. Breakthrough bleeding
5. Weight gain in some cases. But nowadays pills are available which does not increase weight.
Risks are higher for women over 35 years who smoke. Nowadays as we are using very low dose pills this risk has become very negligible. Again the risk is much less as compared to the complications which can occur during pregnancy and after delivery.
Long-term non-contraceptive health benefits of using pills :
1. Protect against cancer of the lining of the uterus (endometrial cancer)
2. Protect against cancer of the ovaries
3. Protect against symptomatic pelvic inflammatory disease
4. Protect against ovarian cysts
5. Protect against iron-deficiency anaemia
6. Reduce menstrual cramps
7. Reduce menstrual bleeding problems
8. Reduce excess hair on face or body
9. Reduce symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome
10. Reduce symptoms of endometriosis
Myths and facts about OCPs -
Myth: Cancer- Pills cause cancers such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, and ovarian cancer.
Fact: The use of pills is proven to decrease the risk of two gynaecological cancers (ovarian and endometrial ie uterine).
Myth: Pills use lead to the general ill-health of women.
Fact: A woman may experience short term side effects associated with the use of pills, including changes in bleeding patterns, headaches, and nausea. However such side effects are not a sign of illness, and usually, stop within the first few months of using pills. For a woman whose side-effects persist, different pill formulations can be tried. In women who are otherwise well, pill use may be continued for many years as there are no adverse effects related to long-term use. In fact, there are also long-term non-contraceptive health benefits of using pills as described above.
Myth: Infertility/Return to Fertility: Using pills will cause a long delay in conceiving or prevent them from being able to have children in the future.
Fact: Pills does not cause infertility. There is no evidence that pills delay a woman's return to fertility after she stops taking them. Women who stop using pills can become pregnant as quickly as women who stop using nonhormonal methods.
Myth: Pill Absorption: Belief that pills accumulates in the body and cause diseases and tumours, or get stored in the stomach, ovaries, or uterus and form stones.
Fact: After the pills are swallowed, they dissolve in the digestive system, and the hormones they contain are absorbed into the bloodstream. After they produce their contraceptive effect, the hormones are metabolised in the liver and gut and are then eliminated from the body. They do not accumulate in the body anywhere.
Myth: Promiscuity: Pill encourages infidelity, promiscuity, or prostitution in women.
Fact: There is no evidence that pills affect women’s sexual behaviour. The evidence on contraception in general shows that sexual behaviour is unrelated to contraceptive use. In fact, using contraception shows responsible behaviour in order to avoid unintended pregnancy.
Myth: Sexual Desire and Sexual Pleasure: Pill reduces sexual pleasure or interest in sex (loss of libido) or that they cause frigidity in women.
Fact: There is no evidence that pills affect a woman's sex drive.
Myth: Weight Changes: Pills cause women to gain or lose weight.
Fact: Most women do not gain or lose weight as a result of pill use. A woman's weight may fluctuate naturally due to changes in age or life circumstance. Because changes in weight are common, many women attribute their natural weight gain or loss to the use of pills. Although a very small number of pill users may report weight change, studies have found that, on average, pills do not affect weight. A few women experience sudden changes in weight when using pills. These changes reverse after they stop taking pills.
Myth: Body needs a break from OCPs at least once a year.
Fact: On the contrary, it may increase the risk of unwanted pregnancy.
Myth: There is no need to take the pill at the same time daily.
Fact: The pill has to be taken at the same time daily for:
Myth: In the case of bleeding/spotting between periods, one must stop using the pill.
Fact: This is temporary and no cause to worry and one should not stop using the pill.
Birth control pills are an icon of feminism. These little pills have given today's woman the power over their reproductive cycles and enables them to plan families in a better way. However, given the many different types of birth control pills available, it can get a little confusing to determin, which one is the best suited to you. Hence, it is essential to understand the difference between birth control pills.
Birth control pills can be categorised as progestin-only pills and pills that are a combination of progestin and oestrogen.
Combined oral contraceptive pills or “the pill” are a form of daily birth control. The pills contain two naturally-occurring hormones, an estrogen and a progesterone. There are many different types of pills available, each with slightly different types of hormones and hormone concentrations. Pills work to prevent pregnancy by preventing the egg from being released from the ovary, and also by changing the cervical mucous to prevent sperm from reaching an egg.
Pills must be taken every day, at the same time each day, to work properly. Pills are less effective when not taken perfectly. Try to associate taking your pills with something else that is regular and routine. For the typical woman using the pills, it is 91% effective at preventing pregnancy (9 pregnancies in 100 women using the pill for year).
What to do in the case of missed pills:
Advantages of pills:
Disadvantages of pills:
Risks of using pills:
Pills cannot be used by women who:
Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors or conditions, or of any other past or current medical problems or concerns. Your clinician will evaluate your history to help you decide if pills are the correct choice for you.
Warning signs – Call your healthcare provider or right away if you:
When you are feeling an arousal, it is an experience for your whole body and is not just limited to the vagina, which gets stimulated and blood flow is improved. A charged-up sex can even get your follicles stimulated and it is no surprise that the breasts are also going to be affected with sexual arousal and the act of intercourse.
Most women enjoy the stimulation of the breasts as they form an important erogenous zone of the female anatomy. But, enjoyment depends upon the way in which they are stimulated. Also there are times when the breasts are tender and an attempt to stimulate them causes pain. This usually occurs premenstrually, during pregnancy and in women using oral contraceptive pills, when the breasts are engorged due to hormonal influence.
Hence, it is best to ask the partner whether “to do or not to do”. Though most people are aware that the nipples get hardened during sexual arousal, it is not really the end of the game. With the rush of blood all over your body, most of which is directed towards your vagina, your boobs are bound to get adequate attention.
So, here are a few things that happen to your breasts when you feel sexual arousal.
Birth control is defined as the measures that are taken by an individual in order to prevent pregnancy or reduce the likelihood of its occurrence. Nowadays, many birth control measures are available in the medicinal branch in order to be chosen as a safe and reliable mode of birth control.
To control the chances of unwanted pregnancy is a matter for both men and women. Hence, different birth control methods are available separately for both men and women so as to prevent or decrease the chances of pregnancy.
Birth control measures for men
There are majorly four methods available for the males which are described below:
The outer course is defined as performing sex without penetrating, i.e. the sex without penetrating into the vagina. This helps in preventing the sperms from entering into the vagina and hence, proven to be an effective method for controlling pregnancy. This method does not exert any side effects and causes no changes in hormonal balances.
Most of the population uses condoms and it is the best way to prevent the individuals from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) as it prevents the contact of skin. Condoms are the thin layered stretchy material containing latex that is used to cover the penis in order to prevent the semen from reaching eggs by collecting the semen while performing sex.
In this method, also known as pull out method, the male withdraws his penis just before ejaculation. It helps in preventing sperms from entering into the vagina and therefore preventing pregnancy. It is not the reliable method as pregnancy can occur even if the withdrawal of penis is done on time.
It is the permanent birth control measure and completely effective. It is a surgical procedure in which the vas deferens tube that is responsible for carrying sperms are blocked or closed. Therefore, the sperm could not be ejaculated and absorbed in the man's body.
Birth control measures for women
It can be done using various ways such as:
Birth control pills
There is a lot of promotion being done through social media regarding the use of birth control pills to prevent pregnancy. There are a variety of birth control pills. These pills are a combination of estrogen and progesterone or simply the composition of one of these two hormones. These pills have to be taken regularly to prevent pregnancy and different types of pills have a different working mechanism.
Fertility Awareness-based methods
These methods are useful in keeping track of ovulation. A woman is highly likely to get pregnant during the ovulation period. It helps women to keep her away from vaginal intercourse during the ovulation days or using preventive measures such as a condom or some other measure for birth control. It can be done using various methods such as cervical mucus method, temperature method and calendar method.
Also called as the morning after pill, it is one of the safest and most reliable methods to prevent pregnancy once having unprotected sex. So, if you aren’t using any birth control measure during sexual intercourse, you may use this as the birth control measure.
Birth control pills or contraceptive pills refer to a common form of oral medication which is used to prevent unwanted pregnancy among women. However, studies and medical researchers have proven that taking birth control pills also increase your risk of having breast cancer.
What do studies say?
Studies have proven the fact that the longer you regularly use birth control pills, the more will be your risk of developing breast cancer. Also, research reveals that women who had stopped using contraceptive pills about 10 years ago, their level of breast cancer risk had declined to such an extent as if they had never used the pills in the past.
What are the other factors that increase the risk of breast cancer?
If you have a family history of having breast cancer, then it is more likely that you may have the tendency to develop this disease. Breast cancer is a congenital disease, this means that it is mostly transmitted from the parents to the offspring. Along with a medical family history of having breast cancer, if you are consuming birth control pills, then it is more likely that you would develop the disease. So, it is always desirable that if you have a family history relating to breast cancer, then you should necessarily consult a specialist doctor before opting for oral medicine.
Menstrual cycles are a part and parcel of a woman’s life. Every woman knows the reasons behind these cycles and what to do during this time. But there are many other facets that are unknown to most women. This article highlights five important aspects of your menstrual cycle which you were probably not aware of till now.
Thus, these are some of the interesting facts that you need to know about your menstrual cycles. None of them are really threatening and can be controlled via medicines or supplements under medical supervision.
Anti-contraception medication pills and patches, when utilised accurately, are extremely useful in averting pregnancy. They are all right for most healthy women and can even be utilised to treat a couple of medical issues. In any case, as with all medications, there are have some potentially undesirable reactions and dangers.
The side effects include:
When you quit taking hormone-based anti-conception medications or patches, your menstrual period will probably be misbalanced. However, a portion of the cancer avoidance benefits gathered from years of medicine use may continue over the long term. These symptoms are unexpected in most women yet are intense when they do occur. That is the reason hormonal contraception techniques require medicine and routine checking. There is an increased danger of heart attacks and strokes, especially in smokers and women over the age of thirty-five.
Look for a doctor in case you feel abdominal pain, cough up blood, or feel swoon. A serious migraine or trouble talking could also be serious indications of a stroke.Side effects of different contraceptive methods.