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Benefits of Popcorn And Its Side Effects Tips

Cancer Causing Foods You Must Avoid!

Dr. Amit C 88% (41 ratings)
MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
General Physician, Ranchi
Cancer Causing Foods You Must Avoid!

The food you eat is critical for your overall well-being as cancers that often affect the human body are of gastrointestinal origin. Stick to organic and chemical free foods to live a healthier life, since they reduce the risk of cancer substantially. Regular consumption of the food items mentioned below increase your risk of developing cancer, as well as many other conditions and should be avoided at all costs.

  1. Microwave Popcorn: Most microwave popcorn bags are lined with c8, also known as Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA), which increases the risk of certain cancers such as kidney, testicular, bladder, pancreas and liver cancer notably. Microwave popcorn also contains an artificial or synthetic butter flavoring called diacetyl, which is extremely toxic and obstructs breathing.
  2. Canned Tomatoes: While tomatoes are considered to be cancer fighting foods, their canned counterparts are extremely unhealthy and may cause cancer. This is mainly due to the lining of the cans they are put in, which contains a chemical known as Bisphenol A or BPA that has been proven to elevate the risk of infertility as well as prostate and breast cancer. Due to the high acidic level. BPA leaks from the lining of the cans and penetrates into the fruit. Tomatoes should be cooked fresh or stored in glass jars.
  3. Processed/Grilled Red Meat: Processed meats such as sausages, prosciutto, bacon, pimento loaf, bologna, hot dog, etc., contain various chemicals and preservatives such as sodium nitrate. This is added to make the meat look fresh and appealing, but are, in fact, carcinogenic in nature. Moreover, you should also avoid grilling meat, since it releases a carcinogen known as heterocyclic aromatic amines, which is another dangerous food item that smoked meat contains as it picks up tar from the smoking process. 
  4. Farmed Salmon: It is imperative to avoid farmed salmon because they are fed unnatural diets that are contaminated with carcinogens, antibiotics, chemicals, pesticides and so on. They also harbor sea lice, 30 times greater in amount than wild salmon. High levels of PCBs, cancer causing dioxins, and mercury have been found in them. It is advisable to opt for wild sockeye salmon instead of farmed salmon.

7 Foods That Reduce Body Inflammation And Pain!

Dr. Priya Barai ( Gold Medalist ) 90% (1109 ratings)
BAMS, PG-Diploma In (Cosmetology & Laser Therapy)
Ayurveda, Kolhapur
7 Foods That Reduce Body Inflammation And Pain!

Inflammation or soojan in the body can make it difficult for you to follow your daily routine. According to Ayurveda, this is caused by an imbalance of the pitta dosha. As the pitta dosha increases, the heat in the body also increases leading to inflammation and other issues. To reduce the pitta dosha, one must consume foods that are not hot or warm in nature and increase the consumption of foods that have a cooling effect.

7 amazing foods that can really help:

  1. TurmericTurmeric contains an important anti-inflammatory compound known as curcumin. This can help reduce inflammation associated with arthritis, arteriosclerosis, asthma, and cancer. It also reduces the effects of inflammatory oxidants such as nitric oxide. Turmeric can be used to flavor foods or steeped into a tea.
  2. Flax: Nuts such as flax and pumpkin seeds are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. They also help cool the body. Some other nuts and seeds that you could include in your diet are almonds that have been soaked in water overnight and peeled, sunflower seeds, coconut and popcorn without salt. Avoid nuts such as brazilian nuts, chia seeds, cashew nuts, walnuts and sesame seeds as they can increase body temperature.
  3. GarlicGarlic is a wonder food that is very important in a pitta pacifying diet. Along with other nutrients, garlic contains allicin that has strong anti-inflammatory properties. Consuming garlic on a regular basis can also help protect a person against heart diseases by reducing inflammation in the veins and arteries.
  4. GingerAccording to Ayurveda, ginger is considered as an universal medicine. This herb has anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce inflammation. It also aids in digestion and promotes healthy blood circulation. The best way to consume ginger to fight inflammation is to steep it in a tea.
  5. Whole grains: To reduce the pitta dosha, you should include plenty of dry, sweet whole grains in your diet. This includes barley, oats, quinoa, wheat and rice. These foods are good sources of fiber and proteins. They also have a low glycemic index and help maintain body temperature.
  6. Leafy vegetables: Vegetables that reduce the pitta dosha are usually sweet and astringent. These vegetables are best eaten raw at mid-day when the digestive system is functioning at its peak. Lettuce, kale, leeks, collard greens and wheat grass are some of the vegetables that you must include in your diet. On the other hand, avoid spicy vegetables like green chillies, onions, and radishes.
  7. Tomatoes: Tomatoes contain lycopene that helps reduce inflammation in the lungs. This vegetable can be consumed raw or juiced but when cooked, the lycopene amount increases. However, avoid raw tomatoes as they can irritate the digestive system.

Afternoon Cravings - Quick Tips To Help You Curb Them!

PG Diploma in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Chandigarh
Afternoon Cravings - Quick Tips To Help You Curb Them!

Sometimes, you are just doing your work with a whole lot of concentration and suddenly as soon as the clock strikes 3 p.m. you get the munchies. The sudden, strong desires for food are called cravings and they strike you when you least expect it!

The reason for this might be a neurotransmitter named as  serotonin, which regulates your emotions, mood, sleep and, obviously, your appetite. Serotonin becomes slightly inactive by midday, which makes you crave salty and sweet snacks.

Here are some ways to curb your cravings:

  1. Don't skip breakfast, or lunch. Choose foods that take a long time to digest, so you can stay full for a longer duration. Whole grain bread and vegetables are good options.
  2. Don't go grocery shopping during this hour because you will end up buying junk food.
  3. Don't watch television as junk food advertisements will lead to cravings, as the images shown to promote these products, induces the desire, which eventually will lead to obesity
  4. If you can feel your cravings still, choose to do something else, such as go for a walk or get yourself really busy with something till the urge subsides.

But if all else fails, then you have no option, but to give in and it is okay to give in sometimes. However, you should do it right and not reach for the nearest package of processed food! Instead, substitute the candy bar, or potato chips with the following options:

  1. Vegetable soup
  2. One slice of wholegrain bread with unsweetened jam/peanut butter
  3. Dried or fresh fruits
  4. Sweetened/unsweetened high fibre cereal with low fat milk
  5. Low-fat granola bars
  6. Smoothies made from fresh fruit and skim milk
  7. Low-fat yoghurt with fresh fruits
  8. Unsalted, unbuttered popcorn
  9. Hot chocolate with skimmed milk made from low-fat cocoa powder

Basically, your body craves for carbs during the afternoon. And the trick is to choose complex carbs (carbohydrates that digest slowly) over simple carbs (carbohydrates that are easier to digest). From the list above, you can see that mostly complex carbs have been mentioned. In fact, eating complex carbs will trigger your serotonin levels which will provide you energy, return your focus and make you happier! So it is okay to snack, just don't open that packet of chips and remember to eat the right things.

Fissure - Overview Of It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Fissure - Overview Of It!

What is Fissure?

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining the anus which can cause pain and/or bleeding. The symptoms of an anal fissure are extreme pain during defecation and red blood streaking the stool. Patients may try to avoid defecation because of the pain. 

Symptoms of Fissure-

  • Pain while passing stools
  • Blood marked stool
  • Itching, swelling and irritation around the anus
  • A visible split or cut in the skin around the anus 

Causes of Fissure-

  • Extreme constipation
  • Hard dry stool
  • Diarrhea or Cancer
  • Chronic use of laxatives
  • Anus injury
  • Drug induced
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Risk factors of Fissure
  • Constipation
  • Childbirth
  • Infancy
  • Older Adults
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

Complications of Fissure-

  • Piles
  • Anorectal fistula
  • Anal Itching
  • Crohns diseases
  • Cancer
  • Anal abscess

Diagnosis of Fissure-

Fissures are diagnosed by simple rectal examination. Additional testing may be advised if other medical problems such as inflammatory bowel disease or infections are considered as a cause. 

Precautions & Precautions & Prevention of Fissure-

  • Sitz baths or warm water bath
  • Cleansing more gently
  • Avoid sports, such as fast walking and jogging
  • Avoid using toilet papers.
  • Avoid Smoking, drinking alcohol and coffee
  • Follow regular bowel habits
  • Treat diarrhea or constipation immediately
  • Maintain the anus clean and hygiene

Treatment of Fissure-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure
  • Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Fissure
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure
  • Surgical Treatment of Fissure
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fissure
  • Other Treatment of Fissure


Treatment of Fissure-

Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure-

Homeopathy has many medicines to relieve the uneasiness of Fissure. Homeopathic medicines are basically aimed at improving or increasing the healing process of the fissures. Following are some homeopathic remedies for fissure :-

  • Tarentula hispanica
  • Graphites
  • Nitric acid
  • Ratanhia
  • Paeonia
  • Silicea 

Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure-

During the acupuncture treatment, patients were not allowed to eat sharp and spicy food and also suggested to increase their use of high fiber foods. Acupuncture treatment is very helpful and successful for Fissure diseases. 

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Fissure-

Psychotherapy can improve the therapeutic possibilities of drugs, diet and surgery. Behavior therapy and psychotherapy may also prove helpful in the treatment of constipation which in turn reduces fissure. Hypnotherapy can be used to quickly relieve stress and other negative emotions. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure-

Allopathic remedy is used for the treatment of fissure or chronic anal fissure. Allopathic remedies reduce anal sphincter pressure, muscle weakness and improves anodermal blood flow which allows the fissure to heal.

Surgical Treatment of Fissure-

     Surgical procedure consists of a minor surgical operation to cut in anal muscle. This helps the fissure to heal by preventing pain and spasm. The purpose to cut this muscle, mainly control the bowel movements. The procedure of choice is called lateral sphincterotomy

 Dietary & Herbal & Herbal Treatment of Fissure-

  • Take plenty of water and fruit juices
  • Eat easily digestible food
  • Eat more vegetables
  • Eating a high-fiber diet.
  • Avoid hard foods(i.e. nuts, popcorn and chips)
  • Avoid to eat non-veg and fatty diet 

Other Treatment of Fissure-

  • Scratching at all costs. You could get sorer and infect the area.
  • Oily foods, spicy foods, junk foods and fast foods should be avoided.
  • Drinking alcohol, tea and coffee, and smoking should also be avoided. 

 

2 people found this helpful

Hip Joint Pain - How To Control It?

Dr. Abhijit Patil 89% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, D.Ortho
Orthopedist, Pune
Hip Joint Pain - How To Control It?

Get a diagnosis before anything else. It is really important to know what is causing your pain. See a doctor before you start doing any exercises or taking any medication. There are many reasons your hip could be in pain, including arthritis, bursitis, or an injury you've got while playing a sport. Always ask your doctor what you should and should not be doing, given the cause of your hip pain.

1. Ice your joints: Holding ice to your hips will reduce inflammation of your joints. You should hold an ice pack to the affected area for 15 minutes several times a day. If you find that the ice pack is uncomfortably cold, wrap it in a towel and then place it on the pained area.

2. Heat your joints if you have arthritis in your hips: Heating your joints can soothe the pain you feel. Consider taking a hot bath or shower, or soak in a hot tub if there is one available to you. You could also consider purchasing a hot pad that you can place directly on your hip. Do not use heat to soothe your joints if you have bursitis. Heat can cause hips affected by bursitis to actually become more inflamed.

3. Get some rest: If you have injured your hip, the best thing you can do is to simply give your hip time to heal. Avoid anything that causes you to feel pain in your hip. Instead, grab an ice pack, a bowl of popcorn and watch some movies. You should give your hip a rest for at least 24 to 48 hours.

4. Avoid high-impact activities: If you are in severe pain, chances are you won’t feel like running or jumping anyway, but it is good to keep in mind that these activities should be avoided. High-impact activities will cause your joints to become more inflamed, thus causing your more pain. Instead of running, try taking a brisk walk, as walking has much less of an impact on your joints.

5. Consider losing weight: The more your body weighs, the more weight your painful hip is burdened with supporting. Losing weight can help ease hip pain simply by removing some of that weight that stresses the cartilage and joints.

6. Choose the right shoes: You should buy shoes that give you as much support as possible. Look for shoes that have great cushions, or have removable insoles so that you can add orthopaedics. The sole should have good shock absorption, should limit pronation (turning or rotating the foot) and will evenly distribute pressure along the length of your foot.

Know Cancer Causing Foods!

Dr. Meghanath Yenni 93% (150 ratings)
DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Visakhapatnam
Know Cancer Causing Foods!

The food you eat is critical for your overall wellbeing as a number of cancers that affect the human body are of gastrointestinal origin. Stick to organic and chemical free foods to live a healthier life since they reduce the risk of cancer substantially. Regular consumption of the food items mentioned below increase your risk of developing cancer, as well as many other conditions and should be avoided at all costs.

1. Microwave Popcorn- Most microwave-popcorn bags are lined with c8, also known as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) which increases the risk of certain cancers such as kidney, testicular, bladder, pancreas and liver cancer notably. Microwave popcorn also contains an artificial or synthetic butter flavoring called diacetyl which is extremely toxic and obstructs breathing.


2. Canned Tomatoes- While tomatoes are considered to be cancer fighting foods, their canned counterparts are extremely unhealthy and may cause cancer. This is mainly due to the lining of the cans they are put in which contains a chemical known as bisphenol-A or BPA that has been proven to elevate the risk of infertility as well as prostate and breast cancer. Due to their (tomatoes) high acidity, BPA leaks from the lining of the cans and penetrates into the fruit. Tomatoes should be cooked fresh or stored in glass jars.


3. Processed/Grilled Red Meat- Processed meats such as sausages, prosciutto, bacon, pimento loaf, bologna, hot dogs etc., contain various chemicals and preservatives such as sodium nitrate. This is added to make the meat look fresh and appealing but are, in fact, carcinogenic in nature. Moreover, you should also avoid grilling meat since it releases a carcinogen known as heterocyclic aromatic amines. Another dangerous food item includes smoked meat since it picks up tar from the smoking process. 


4. Farmed Salmon- It is imperative to avoid farmed salmon because they are fed unnatural diets that are contaminated with carcinogens, antibiotics, chemicals, pesticides and so on. They also harbor sea lice, 30 times greater in amount than wild salmon. High levels of PCBs, cancer causing dioxins, and mercury have been found in them. It is advisable to opt for wild sockeye salmon instead of farmed salmon

Foods That May Cause Cancer

Dr. Satish Kankariya 90% (49 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Sexologist, Nashik
Foods That May Cause Cancer

The food you eat is critical for your overall wellbeing as a number of cancers that affect the human body are of gastrointestinal origin. Stick to organic and chemical free foods to live a healthier life since they reduce the risk of cancer substantially. Regular consumption of the food items mentioned below increase your risk of developing cancer, as well as many other conditions and should be avoided at all costs.

1. Microwave Popcorn

Most microwave-popcorn bags are lined with c8, also known as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) which increases the risk of certain cancers such as kidney, testicular, bladder, pancreas and liver cancer notably. Microwave popcorn also contains an artificial or synthetic butter flavoring called diacetyl which is extremely toxic and obstructs breathing.

2. Canned Tomatoes

While tomatoes are considered to be cancer fighting foods, their canned counterparts are extremely unhealthy and may cause cancer. This is mainly due to the lining of the cans they are put in which contains a chemical known as bisphenol-A or BPA that has been proven to elevate the risk of infertility as well as prostate and breast cancer. Due to their (tomatoes) high acidity, BPA leaks from the lining of the cans and penetrates into the fruit. Tomatoes should be cooked fresh or stored in glass jars.

3. Processed/Grilled Red Meat

Processed meats such as sausages, prosciutto, bacon, pimento loaf, bologna, hot dogs etc., contain various chemicals and preservatives such as sodium nitrate. This is added to make the meat look fresh and appealing but are, in fact, carcinogenic in nature. Moreover, you should also avoid grilling meat since it releases a carcinogen known as heterocyclic aromatic amines. Another dangerous food item includes smoked meat since it picks up tar from the smoking process. 

4. Farmed Salmon

It is imperative to avoid farmed salmon because they are fed unnatural diets that are contaminated with carcinogens, antibiotics, chemicals, pesticides and so on. They also harbor sea lice, 30 times greater in amount than wild salmon. High levels of PCBs, cancer causing dioxins, and mercury have been found in them. It is advisable to opt for wild sockeye salmon instead of farmed salmon

2954 people found this helpful

Foods That Might Have Cancer Causing Effect!

Dr. Hariom Ahuja 88% (300 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Foods That Might Have Cancer Causing Effect!

The food you eat is critical for your overall wellbeing as a number of cancers that affect the human body are of gastrointestinal origin. Stick to organic and chemical free foods to live a healthier life since they reduce the risk of cancer substantially. Regular consumption of the food items mentioned below increase your risk of developing cancer as well as many other conditions and should be avoided at all costs.

1. Microwave Popcorn - Most microwave-popcorn bags are lined with c8, also known as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) which increases the risk of certain cancers such as kidney, testicular, bladder, pancreas and liver cancer notably. Microwave popcorn also contains an artificial or synthetic butter flavoring called diacetyl which is extremely toxic and obstructs breathing.

2. Canned Tomatoes - While tomatoes are considered to be cancer fighting foods, their canned counterparts are extremely unhealthy and may cause cancer. This is mainly due to the lining of the cans they are put in which contains a chemical known as bisphenol-A or BPA that has been proven to elevate the risk of infertility as well as prostate and breast cancer. Due to their (tomatoes) high acidity, BPA leaks from the lining of the cans and penetrates into the fruit. Tomatoes should be cooked fresh or stored in glass jars.

3. Processed/Grilled Red Meat - Processed meats such as sausages, prosciutto, bacon, pimento loaf, bologna, hot dogs etc., contain various chemicals and preservatives such as sodium nitrate. This is added to make the meat look fresh and appealing but are, in fact, carcinogenic in nature. Moreover, you should also avoid grilling meat since it releases a carcinogen known as heterocyclic aromatic amines. Another dangerous food item includes smoked meat since it picks up tar from the smoking process. 

4. Farmed Salmon - It is imperative to avoid farmed salmon because they are fed unnatural diets that are contaminated with carcinogens, antibiotics, chemicals, pesticides and so on. They also harbor sea lice, 30 times greater in amount than wild salmon. High levels of PCBs, cancer causing dioxins, and mercury have been found in them. It is advisable to opt for wild sockeye salmon instead of farmed salmon

3243 people found this helpful

Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

What is a foreign body (FB)?
Foreign body or FB is an object or piece of extraneous matter that has entered the body by accident or design. It is common to see certain items getting stuck in the ear, nose or throat especially, in young children. While most of the time they do not raise an alarm, however, sometimes they can lead to severe consequences like rupture of the eardrum or even choking.

How do FBs affect ear, nose and throat?

  • Children over 9 months develop an ability to pick up objects. As they explore the environment around them, they tend to put items such as peas, beans, marbles, beads, cotton, paper, etc, in their mouth, nose or ears. A similar trend can be seen in adults with mental disorders.
  • Trauma/ fall/accident can force FBs like rock, pebbles into the ear, nose or throat.
  • Adults while riding a bike or sleeping on the ground (campsites) can have insects: flies, ants, roaches fly into the nose or ear.
  • Choking occurs when FBs block the airway, common reasons are: not chewing the food properly, diseases like Parkinsonism, drinking alcohol or certain drugs that slowdowns the process of swallowing.

Foreign bodies in the ear
Symptoms: Pain in the ear, discharge or bleeding from the ear, feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear and dizziness and nausea in extreme cases.

Management:

  • Make sure the patient is sitting in an upright position, pull the pinna or outer semicircle of the ear towards the back. This can help you see the object clearly and also loosen it to wiggle out. If you can see the object clearly, use a tweezer to grasp the object and gently remove.
  • In case a live insect gets trapped inside the ear lie down and place few drops of warm vegetable or baby oil. Use oil only if symptoms of eardrum perforation like pain, bleeding/discharge from the ear is absent.
  • Tilting the head to the affected side can facilitate gravity to dislodge the object.

Foreign bodies in the nose:
Symptoms: 
Pain and difficulty in breathing from that side of the nose.
Management: Keep the uninvolved nostril closed by pressing a finger against the side of the nose and gently ask the person to blow from the affected nostril.

Foreign bodies in the throat:
Symptoms: Choking, inability to breathe and speak 
Management: Perform Heimlich maneuver, abdominal thrusts, if trained otherwise, it is advised to call for medical help immediately.

How can you prevent foreign bodies from entering your ear, nose, throat?

  • Discourage talking, playing, laughing when food is in the mouth.
  • Do not give whole grapes, popcorn, nuts to children below 3 years.
  • Keep small objects out of reach of small children.
  • Teach children to avoid placing objects into their nose, ears.
5770 people found this helpful

Treatment of Fissure!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Fissure!

Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure
Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure
Psychotherapy Treatment of Fissure
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure
Surgical Treatment of Fissure
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Fissure
Other Treatment of Fissure
What is Fissure
Symptoms of Fissure
Causes of Fissure
Risk factors of Fissure
Complications of Fissure
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Fissure
Precautions & Prevention of Fissure
Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathic Treatment of Fissure

Homeopathy has many medicines to relieve the uneasiness of Fissure. Homeopathic medicines are basically aimed at improving or increasing the healing process of the fissures. Following are some homeopathic remedies for fissure :-

Tarentula hispanica
Graphites
Nitric acid
Ratanhia
Paeonia
Silicea 

Acupuncture Treatment of Fissure

During the acupuncture treatment, patients were not allowed to eat sharp and spicy food and also suggested to increase their use of high fiber foods. Acupuncture treatment is very helpful and successful for Fissure diseases. 

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Fissure

Psychotherapy can improve the therapeutic possibilities of drugs, diet and surgery. Behavior therapy and psychotherapy may also prove helpful in the treatment of constipation which in turn reduces fissure. Hypnotherapy can be used to quickly relieve stress and other negative emotions. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Fissure

Allopathic remedy is used for the treatment of fissure or chronic anal fissure. Allopathic remedies reduce anal sphincter pressure, muscle weakness and improves anodermal blood flow which allows the fissure to heal.

Surgical Treatment of Fissure

 Surgical procedure consists of a minor surgical operation to cut in anal muscle. This helps the fissure to heal by preventing pain and spasm. The purpose to cut this muscle, mainly control the bowel movements. The procedure of choice is called lateral sphincterotomy

Dietary & Herbal & Herbal Treatment of Fissure

Take plenty of water and fruit juices
Eat easily digestible food
Eat more vegetables
Eating a high-fiber diet.
Avoid hard foods(i.e. nuts, popcorn and chips)
Avoid to eat non-veg and fatty diet 
Other Treatment of Fissure

Scratching at all costs. You could get sorer and infect the area.
Oily foods, spicy foods, junk foods and fast foods should be avoided.
Drinking alcohol, tea and coffee, and smoking should also be avoided. 

What is Fissure?

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining the anus which can cause pain and/or bleeding. The symptoms of an anal fissure are extreme pain during defecation and red blood streaking the stool. Patients may try to avoid defecation because of the pain. 

Symptoms of Fissure

Pain while passing stools
Blood marked stool
Itching, swelling and irritation around the anus
A visible split or cut in the skin around the anus 

Causes of Fissure

Extreme constipation
Hard dry stool
Diarrhea or Cancer
Chronic use of laxatives
Anus injury
Drug induced
Multiple pregnancies
Risk factors of Fissure
Constipation
Childbirth
Infancy
Older Adults
Crohn’s disease
Sexually transmitted dieases

Complications of Fissure

Piles
Anorectal fistula
Anal Itching
Crohns dieases
Cancer
Anal abscess

Diagnosis of Fissure

Fissures are diagnosed by simple rectal examination. Additional testing may be advised if other medical problems such as inflammatory bowel disease or infections are considered as a cause. 

Precautions & Precautions & Prevention of Fissure

Sitz baths or warm water bath
Cleansing more gently
Avoid sports, such as fast walking and jogging
Avoid using toilet papers.
Avoid Smoking, drinking alcohol and coffee
Follow regular bowel habits
Treat diarrhea or constipation immediately
Maintain the anus clean and hygiene

2 people found this helpful