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Benefits of Beens And Its Side Effects Tips

What You Eat Affects Your Teeth?

Dr. Anju Thomas 85% (11 ratings)
BDS, MDS Prosthodontics
Dentist, Bangalore
What You Eat Affects Your Teeth?

Your mouth, teeth, and gums are more than just tools for eating. They’re essential for chewing and swallowing—the first steps in the digestion process.

Your mouth is your body’s initial point of contact with the nutrients you consume. So what you put in your mouth impacts not only your general health but also that of your teeth and gums. In fact, if your nutrition is poor, the first signs often show up in your mouth. Here are a few helpful things to know about how what you eat can impact your dental health. Your individual nutrition and calorie need depend on your age, gender, level of physical activity and other health factors, but according to MyPlate, a website from the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, an agency of U.S. Department of Agriculture, a balanced and healthy diet should include: Fruits and vegetables. Combined, these should cover half your plate at meals. Grains, At least half of the grains you eat should be whole grains, such as oatmeal, whole wheat bread, and brown rice. Dairy, Choose low-fat or fat-free dairy foods most often. Protein. Make lean protein choices, such as lean beef, skinless poultry, and fish. Vary your protein choices to also include eggs, beans, peas, and legumes. Eat at least eight ounces of seafood a week. In addition to diet, it’s also important to stay active for good health. Adults should get at least two and a half hours of moderate-intensity physical activity every week. The foods you eat and the beverages you drink can have a direct influence on the incidence and progression of tooth decay, depending upon:

  1.  The form of the food—whether it’s liquid, solid, sticky or slow to dissolve makes a difference.
  2. How often you eat sugary foods and beverages and how often you eat or drink acidic foods and beverages.
  3. The nutritional makeup of the food.
  4. The combination of the foods you eat and the order in which you eat them.
  5. Medical conditions you may have, such as gastrointestinal reflux and eating disorders, which can increase risk of cavities and weaken teeth

For dental health, it’s recommended that people limit eating and drinking between meals. Of course, sometimes eating between meals must happen. Unfortunately, most people choose foods like sweets and chips for snacks; foods that harm teeth by promoting tooth decay. If you do snack, make it a nutritious choice—such as cheese, yogurt, fruits, vegetables or nuts—for your overall health and the health of your teeth. 

Why Is Dialysis Required In Case Of Kidney Diseases?

Dr. Akanksha 84% (169 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Nephrologist, Noida
Why Is Dialysis Required In Case Of Kidney Diseases?

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on either side of a person’s spine, under the ribs and behind the stomach. The main function of kidneys is to filter the blood through renal arteries directly from the aorta and transfer blood back to the heart via the renal veins.

Interruptions in the functioning of kidneys may arise, when kidney failure takes places, which might occur from chronic problems which gradually lead the kidneys to stop functioning. Dialysis is a treatment procedure for kidney failure, through which excess water, soluble and toxins are removed from the blood. It is an artificial process followed, which would have been originally done by the kidneys. Before going into the details of dialysis, let’s take a look at some of the causes and symptoms of kidney failure.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure
Several symptoms can arise during kidney failure. Possible symptoms are as follows:

  • Amount of urine is reduced
  • Swelling on the ankles, legs and feet of a person, due to fluid retention occurring as a result of kidneys’ inability to remove waste.
  • Suffering from nausea on a persistent basis is a common symptom.

Causes Behind Kidney Failure
There are a number of causes behind the occurrence of kidney failure. They include:

  1. Diabetes mellitus
  2. Hypertension
  3. Small kidney by birth
  4. Diagram of dialysis machine and procedure

Treatment - Dialysis Requirement
Dialysis treatment is one of the primary procedures through which failed kidneys are treated. Dialysis, through the use of a machine, filters and purifies the blood, by taking the toxic substances and excess water out of it. There are two types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. We take a look at both the types through the descriptions below:

  • Hemodialysis: In this type of dialysis, blood gets passed on to the machine, from the patient’s body, through a sterile tube and into a filter, known as a dialysis membrane. This procedure requires a patient to have a specialized vascular tube, which is placed between an artery and a vein in the arm or leg. This is known as Cimino fistula. Then, needles get placed in the fistula and blood passes through the filter, on to the dialysis machine and back to the patient. In case, a patient needs dialysis before a fistula is placed, a large diameter catheter is placed into a large vein in the neck or on the leg to get dialysis done.
  • Peritoneal Dialysis: This type of dialysis uses the patients’ own body tissues inside the belly to act as the filter. The abdominal cavity is lined up with a special membrane known as the peritoneal membrane. Then a paeritoneal dialysis catheter gets placed through the abdominal wall into the abdominal cavity. After that, a special fluid called dialysate is then flushed into the abdominal cavity and help wash around the intestines. The membrane does the work of a filter between the fluid and blood stream. Through the use of different kinds of solutions, excess fluid and waste materials can get removed from the system through this process.
1 person found this helpful

What Diet Should A Pregnant Woman Follow?

Dt. Geeta Shenoy 87% (21 ratings)
Registered Dietician, Post Graduate Diploma In Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
What Diet Should A Pregnant Woman Follow?

When you are expecting, you are eating not only to nourish your body, but also to nourish the foetus growing within you. This has led to the common saying that when pregnancy, ‘eat for two’. However, more than the quantity you eat, it is important for you to make the right choices when it comes to what you are eating. Here are a few foods you should include in your diet to have a healthy pregnancy.

  1. Fruit and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins and minerals essential for your baby’s growth and development and to give you the energy you need. They also add fibre to your food and help prevent constipation thereby helping the digestive system function smoothly. To get the most benefits from fruits and vegetables, try eating them raw as much as possible.
  2. Starchy foods: Cereals and grains are essential carbohydrates that are needed when pregnant. To avoid excessive calorie intake, stay away from processed carbohydrates and instead pick whole grains, potatoes, unpolished rice, maize, millets etc to be part of your diet.
  3. ProteinProtein helps build muscle tissue and promotes development in the growing baby. It also helps with the development of the baby’s brain. Meat, fish, eggs, legumes, pulses and nuts are rich sources of proteins that should be essential parts of your diet. However, avoid excessive protein as it can lead to indigestion. Pick lean meats without skin and ensure that they are cooked properly before eating them. Avoid raw preparations such as sushi and raw oysters when pregnant.
  4. Dairy: To build strong bones your baby needs plenty of calcium. Calcium also helps regulate the use of fluids in your body. For this, it is essential that you have plenty of milk and milk products when pregnant. Wherever possible, choose fat-free variants to avoid excessive calorie intake.
  5. Lentils and nuts: Dried beans, lentils and nuts are rich sources of folic acid. Folic acid helps prevent congenital defects like spinal bifida etc that can affect the development of the baby’s spinal cord and brain. The liver is also a rich source of folic acid.

Not everything is good for you. Some things like saturate fats and foods that are high in sugar and salt content are best avoided when pregnant. These foods do not contribute much to your health but lead to weight gain, water retention (swelling of feet) and increased blood pressure especially during last trimester. You should also try and limit your caffeine intake when pregnant.

4 people found this helpful

Importance Of Zinc!

Dt. Surabhi Jain 91% (1769 ratings)
MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow

 

Zinc is an element that's undoubtedly necessary for a healthy system. A lack of metallic element will create an individual at risk of malady and ill health. It is liable for a variety of functions within the body, and it helps stimulate the activity of at least 100 different enzymes. Only a tiny low intake of this metallic element is important to reap the advantages. Currently, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for zinc is 8 milligrams (mg) a day for women and 11 mg a day for men. Zinc is of course found in many alternative foods, but it is also available as a dietary supplement.

Benefits-

Zinc is significant for a healthy system, correctly synthesizing DNA, promoting healthy growth during childhood, and healing wounds.

The following square measure a number of the health advantages of zinc:

1) Zinc and regulating immune function

According to the ECU Journal of medicine, the human body needs zinc to activate T lymphocytes (T cells).

So it indirectly helps in

• controlling and regulating immune responses

• attacking infected or cancerous cells

Zinc deficiency can severely impair immune system function.

2) Zinc for treating diarrhea

According to the World Health Organization, diarrhea kills an astonishing 1.6 million children under 5 every year. Zinc pills may help reduce diarrhea.

In my home, if my kids have Diarrhea first thing is Zinc and Sporolac. These two supplements make their immunity stronger and help 80 % time to totally treat the problem with home-cooked simple diet.

3) Zinc effects on learning and memory

Research conducted at the University of Toronto and revealed that zinc has a crucial role in regulation however neurons communicate with each other, affecting how memories are formed and how we learn.

4) Zinc to treat the common cold

Zinc lozenges were found to shorten the length of respiratory disorder episodes by up to forty percent in a  study by metabolism medication Journal.

In addition, a Cochrane review concluded that taking "zinc (lozenges or syrup) is beneficial in reducing the duration and severity of the common cold in healthy people when taken within 24 hours of onset of symptoms."

5) Zinc's role in wound healing

Zinc plays a task in maintaining skin integrity and structure. Patients experiencing chronic wounds or ulcers usually have deficient zinc metabolism and lower blood serum metallic element levels. Zinc is usually employed in skin creams for treating dermatitis or alternative skin irritations.

6) Zinc and diminished risk of age-related chronic problems

It has been best-known for many years that this metallic element features an important role in the immune system. Deficiency has been coupled with exaggerated inflammation in chronic disorders and triggering new inflammatory processes.

9) Zinc and fertility

Several studies and trials have coupled deficiency of zinc with low spermatozoan quality.

Recommended intake

Adequate intake is necessary because even gentle deficiency will impede growth, increase the risk of infection, and increase the risk of diarrhea and respiratory disease.

The suggested intake for youngsters 1-8 years recent ranges from 3-5 milligrams, increasing because the kid gets older.

Males 9-13 years recent need eight milligrams of the metallic element per day. After the age of fourteen, the necessity will increase to the eleven milligrams per day that's needed for all adult males. For females over the age of eight, the requirement stays stable at 8 milligrams per day, except for ages 14-18, where the recommendation increases to 9 milligrams per day.

The best sources of zinc are beans, animal meats, nuts, fish and other seafood, whole grain cereals, and dairy products. Zinc is added to some breakfast cereals and alternative fortified foods.

Vegetarians might need high intake than normal as it is attributable to low bioavailability of metallic element from plant-based foods.

Foods with the highest reported zinc content are:

• Raw oysters (Pacific), 3 ounces: 14.1 milligrams

• Beef, lean chuck roast, braised, 3 ounces: 7.0 milligrams

• Baked beans, canned, ½ cup: 6.9 milligrams

• Crab, King Alaskan, cooked, 3 ounces: 6.5 milligrams

• Ground beef, lean, 3 ounces: 5.3 milligrams

• Lobster, cooked, 3 ounces: 3.4 milligrams

• Pork loin, lean, cooked, 3 ounces: 2.9 milligrams

• wild rice, cooked, ½ cup: 2.2 milligrams

• Peas, green, cooked, 1 cup: 1.2 milligrams

• Yogurt, plain, 8 ounces: 1.3 milligrams

• pecans, 1 ounce: 1.3 milligrams

• peanuts, dry roasted, 1 ounce: 0.9 milligrams

Zinc supplements also are accessible within the sort of capsules and tablets. However, the tolerable higher limit for a metallic element is forty milligrams for males and females over eighteen years. Supplement kind won't give similar health advantages as intense the nutrient from food. First, try to get your daily zinc requirement from foods, then use supplements as a backup if necessary.

Deficiency- Chronic sicknesses like a polygenic disease, malignancy (cancer), liver disease, and sickle cell disease.

Zinc deficiency signs include:

• loss of appetite

• anemia

• slow wound healing

• skin conditions such as acne or eczema

• abnormal taste and smell

• depressed growth

• altered cognition

• depression (more research needed)

• diarrhea

• hair loss

Zinc deficiency throughout Pregnancy might increase the probabilities of a troublesome or prolonged birth.

Precautions-

Zinc has several health advantages, but excessive zinc intake can be harmful. Adverse effects of severely high metallic element intake might include:

• nausea

• vomiting

• loss of appetite

• stomach pains

• headaches

• diarrhea

1 person found this helpful

5 Filling Foods That Aren't Fattening

Dt. Kanchan Khurana 86% (10 ratings)
M.SC Food and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Noida
5 Filling Foods That Aren't Fattening

When you say weight loss, the first thing that comes to mind is the need to starve oneself and skip eating. This thought is very scary for people who are used to 4 regular meals a day. Feel good, because it is not just scary, it is false too. The idea is to eat healthy and low-calorie foods and not to stop eating completely. You should also learn to trick your body - eat something filling that will control and delay your hunger pangs. Your stomach is busy but not digesting something that adds a lot of calories into your system. Sounds great, isn't it?

Try these low-fat, filling foods and see the difference in how your body reacts :

1) Eggs - These are not just filled with protein , they also provide all the essential amino acids for your system. These amino acids have the ability to suppress hunger, and it will be quite some time before you start feeling hungry. Scrambled or hard-boiled or in any form you like, pick an egg if you have a choice and see the difference.

2) Oatmeal - Breakfast is considered as the most important meal of the day and try to make it as wholesome as possible. Oats, loaded with fiber, fills your stomach and prolongs your hunger pangs. Not just lower calories, these help control your body mass index (BMI). Oats can be cooked in different ways, and adding fruit or vegetables to make it more wholesome. Oats help in controlling cravings and oats in form of salads is a very healthy option.

3) Apples - With about 75 calories in each average-sized fruit, apple is packed with nutrients and accelerates weight loss. The ursolic acid contained in apples improves fat burning and promotes leaner muscle mass. Best eaten raw, you can also add it to oats or have a smoothie.

4) Beans - Packed with water, fiber, and protein, beans in any form will keep you full and is a great addition to your diet. Either as a soup, baked, or cooked in your preferred way, beans will help you eat less and lose more weight.

5) Nuts - While nuts are usually considered off the radar for people who are watching their weight, it is not true. Whether almonds, walnuts, cashews, pecans, or pistachios, nuts contain good (unsaturated) fats and are packed with fibers. They are packed with calories but you will feel full for a long time before you are hungry again, and that helps. A glass of water along with the nuts will prolong the digestion and keep your hunger pangs away for more hours.

If you are planning to lose some weight, eating these types of foods will definitely help you.

2773 people found this helpful

Foods That You Can Eat A Lot And Aren't Fattening!

Dr. Priyanka.D.Raheja 84% (44 ratings)
M.Sc - Food & Nutrition, Bsc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Foods That You Can Eat A Lot And Aren't Fattening!

When you say weight loss, the first thing that comes to mind is the need to starve oneself and skip eating. This thought is very scary for people who are used to 4 regular meals a day. Feel good, because it is not just scary, it is false too. The idea is to eat healthy and low-calorie foods and not to stop eating completely. You should also learn to trick your body - eat something filling that will control and delay your hunger pangs. Your stomach is busy but not digesting something that adds a lot of calories into your system. Sounds great, isn't it?

Try these low-fat, filling foods and see how different your body reacts.

Eggs - These are not just filled with protein and provide all the essential amino acids for your system. These amino acids have the ability to suppress hunger, and it will be quite some time before you start feeling hungry. Scrambled or hard-boiled or in any form you like, pick an egg if you have a choice and see the difference.

Oatmeal - Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day and try to make it as wholesome as possible. Oats, loaded with fiber, fills your stomach and prolongs your hunger pangs. Not just lower calories, these help control your body mass index (BMI). Oats can be cooked in different ways, and adding fruit or vegetables to make it more wholesome. Oats helps in controlling cravings and oats in form of salads is a very healthy option.

Apples - With about 75 calories in each average-sized fruit, apple is packed with nutrients and accelerates weight loss. The ursolic acid contained in apples improves fat burning and promotes leaner muscle mass. Best eaten raw, you can also add it to oats or have a smoothie.

Beans - Packed with water, fiber, and protein, beans in any form will keep you full and is a great addition to your diet. Either as a soup, baked, or cooked in your preferred way, beans will help you eat less and lose more weight.

Nuts - While nuts are usually considered off radar for people who are watching their weight, it is not true. Whether almonds, walnuts, cashews, pecans, or pistachios, nuts contain good (unsaturated) fats and are packed with fibers. They are packed with calories but you will feel full for a long time before you are hungry again, and that helps. A glass of water along with the nuts will prolong the digestion and keep your hunger pangs away for more hours.

If you are planning to lose some weight, eating these types of foods will definitely help you.

PCOS - How To Protect Yourself From Weight Gain?

Dt. Divita Dhingra 85% (10 ratings)
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
PCOS - How To Protect Yourself From Weight Gain?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. Polycystic means “many cysts,” and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid-filled and contain immature eggs. PCOS affects one in 4 women.

What are the causes behind it?
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.
Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce. 

PCOS Symptoms
PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment:

  • Irregular or missing menstrual periods
  • Infertility
  • Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist
  • Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne

Does PCOS increase weight?
The answer is a ‘YES’. Most PCOS patients are overweight and are asked to exercise which helps control the symptoms but a lot many people have a completely normal body type.

What are the risks associated with PCOS-related weight gain?
No matter what the cause, weight gain can be detrimental to your health. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop many of the problems associated with weight gain and insulin resistance, including:

Many of these conditions can lead to heart disease. In fact, women with PCOS are four to seven times more likely to have a heart attack than women of the same age without the condition.

Benefit of Weight Loss with PCOS

Modest weight loss will not cure PCOS, but it will help. Weight loss can restore the normal function of the ovaries and result in normal hormone production. This may, in turn, lead to improvements in symptoms of PCOS, such as excess hair growth, acne or scalp hair loss.

Protect Yourself From Weight Gain

  • Eat Right: A healthy diet low in complex carbohydrates, moderate protein and low fat is important, as this can help regulate blood sugar levels. 
  • Exercise: Start doing low-to-moderate activities like walking or swimming for 30-to-90 minutes per day because exercise (even without weight loss) has been shown to lower or get rid of insulin resistance.
  • Lose Weight: The more overweight you are the more likely you are to be insulin resistant whether you have PCOS or not. Losing just 5% of your bodyweight will help lower your insulin resistance.
  • Avoid Stress: Don’t over stress yourself as it increases the blood pressure level in your body and can’t help to resist with PCOS. So, try to stay as calm as possible.
  • Get more sleep (at least 7-to-9 hours in a day): Not getting enough sleep can also make your insulin resistance worse, which in turn acquires you the weight.

DIET:

2493 people found this helpful

How To Include Proteins To Your Breakfast?

Dt. Archna Gupta 89% (678 ratings)
PG Diploma in Nutrition & Dietetics, M.Sc.in Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad

How to include proteins to your Breakfast?

  • All of us are well aware that breakfast is the first important meal of the day. The second most important thing is to have frequent meals to keep our metabolism high. Our body goes into the rest mode for almost 8 to 10 hours after dinner when we are sleeping through the night. Hence, it becomes essential to eat a good, balanced meal which has the right proportion of carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibers, anti- oxidants etc.in the morning. More often than not it is a difficult task to incorporate all these nutrients in the morning breakfast due to our rush to get to work.But, one can always try to incorporate as many nutrients as we can out of the above if not all.
  • It is advised to include proteins in every meal. The inclusion of proteins to your breakfast becomes a challenging task especially if you are a vegetarian. Lacto or Ovo vegetarian breakfast can easily get proteins through the milk and eggs. The tough task is for vegetarians and vegans (those who limit dairy products).
  • Common Indian breakfast items are Poha (cooked Puffed Rice with some veggies), flat breads ,Upma, Idli and Dosa (steamed Rice pancakes), flat breads(Chapati), Rice, Porridge  etc. Today, I am going to tell you how we add proteins in our 1st meal of the day – breakfast.
  • Whenever we have options like steamed rice pancakes (Idli sambhar) or bread omelette we’re obviously getting proteins from the dish.  When we have options like Cooked Puff Rice, Upma, rice, cooked Wheat Flat breads (Chapati)  etc. without any side dish we need to add some proteins to it.

Here are few items which you can add:

  • Peanuts/ Groundnuts: A humble source of proteins and MUFA (mono unsaturated fatty acids) will add to proteins in breakfast. We can use in different forms as peanut butter, chutney etc. spread it on your bread or chapatti. Excellent to be added in pre workout meal. 100 g of Dry roasted peanuts will give 24-26 g of proteins.
  • Roasted Chana: Simple, easily available and can be stored. Just add a handful of black or brown Chana to your plate or have it on the go post breakfast. If you couple it up with peanuts it will be even better.
  • Mixed Sprouts: This one will need some preparation. Soak the sprouts for 6-8 hours, then drain the water and tie in the cloth for sprouts to come. Add handful of it either raw or steamed. Raw will give you good enzymes as compared to cooked ones. Whereas steamed will be easier to digest. Following are the rough values for sprouted and steamed sprouts.
  • Moong/ Green gram 2-3 g
  • Matki/ Moth bean 8 g
  • Chana/ Chick peas 9 g
  • Green peas: It is very to incorporate peas in any dish. Add it to your upma, poha, rice liberally. They will taste good as well as increase the protein value. Its green color also add to the visual effect.
  • 100 g of fresh green peas contain 5 g of protein
  • Nuts like (almond, walnut, cashew nut): Again a very handy option. Just adding them to your bowl of breakfast is very easy. They are rich in minerals like calcium, good fats like MUFA, omega 3 fatty acids. Don’t forget to soak and peel almond to avoid anti nutritional factors in the peel. Almond 21.2 g, Walnut 15.2 g
  • Sesame, flax, sunflower, pumpkin seeds: Dry roasted seeds can serve as a protein quotient of the meal. You can easily stock it in cool and dry place. You can have them as it is or grind to make into chutney. Dips like tahini can be made from sesame seeds.
  • Milk: You can just add a glass of milk to complete the protein quota of the meal. It goes well with roti, chapati, bread, cereals etc. It is better to go for low fat milk. If having cow’s milk make sure it is Desi cow’s milk. Make sure you’re not having it with salty or savory as milk and salt is not recommended to have together.1 cup of milk gives you 8 g protein on an average.
  • Curds/ Yogurt: Add a bowl of curds or yogurt to make your breakfast not only protein rich but yummy. We can mix poha, rice with it to give a better texture and taste. Fruits with yogurt can be another hit option and light still complete meal. 1 cup gives you 10-11 g proteins on an average.
  • Buttermilk: It is the best bet in summer. Having it post breakfast will help in digestion. It has good water content and therefore it will not be a concentrated source. Unlike milk it can be coupled with salty and savory options as well.
  • Cheese: I am yet to come across a person who doesn’t like cheese unless of course you are a vegan. We can add it with breads, chapatti, pancakes etc. You can use different varieties like cheese spread, cubes, and slices or just grate some cheese on your dish. People who are targeting weight gain can have it on regular basis. Those who are trying to lose weight should limit it once or twice in a week. 100 g will give approx. 20 g of proteins.
3 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer - Are You At Risk?

Dr. Ashpi Aloona Dogra 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgerygmc patiala, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mohali
Ovarian Cancer - Are You At Risk?

The cancer of the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. In women there are two ovaries present on each side of the uterus. These ovaries are as big as an almondin size and produce egg also known as ova. They also secrete the hormonesprogesterone and estrogen.

Ovarian cancer goes undetected until it spreads to the abdomen and pelvis. When detected at this stage then it might be fatal and the treatment gets difficult. An early stage ovarian cancer where the cancer is restricted in the ovaries is much easier to treat with high success rates.

Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer :

  1. Age - With increasing age the risk of ovarian cancer is higher and is more common in women who are 60 and above. It is less common in women below 40 years of age and develops often after menopause.Obesity Women who have a body mass index of 30 are at a risk of developing ovarian cancer.
  2. History of Reproduction - It is believed that women who conceive before 26 and carry the full term have a lower risk of ovarian cancer. However, the risk is higher in those women who get pregnant after 35 or who do not have a full term pregnancy. Also, breastfeeding the baby lowers the risk.
  3. Gene Mutation - Inherited gene mutation causes some percentage of ovarian cancer. These genes are called breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2). These were initially found in cases with breast cancer but also pose great risk for ovarian cancer. Also, gene mutation leading to Lynch syndrome plays an important role in increasing the risk of ovarian cancer.
  4. Family History - If a woman's mother, sister or daughter is suffering from ovarian cancer then she is at a higher risk of developing the same. The risk also increases if someone from the father’s side also has ovarian cancer.
  5. Fertility Drugs - Drugs like clomiphene citrate, if used for more than a year can increase the risk of the cancer. The risk is even higher if a woman taking the drug does not get pregnant.
  6. Hormone Therapy and Estrogen Therapy - Long term use and large doses of estrogen can cause an increased risk. However, if estrogen is used in combination with progesterone then the risk is less.
  7. Age of menstruation and menopause - If menstruation starts before 12 and menopause occurs before 52 then there is a higher risk of getting the cancer.
  8. Diet - A low fat vegetarian diet has less risk of the disease. Fresh fruit and vegetables should be included in diet along with pulses, rice, pasta, beans, cereals and breads.
2307 people found this helpful

Indoor & Outdoor Pollution - 11 Ways To Keep Yourself Safe!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Indoor & Outdoor Pollution - 11 Ways To Keep Yourself Safe!

Infamous for pollution, Delhi comes in the list of the top 10 most polluted cities on Earth. So, you need to take care of yourself as well as everyone you love. The environment is hazardous.

Where a satisfactory PM 2.5 (Fine Particles) count is between 50-100 micrograms per cubic meter, Delhiites are living in an average of 300-450 pollution level, which comes under the severe condition. Uneasy breathing, eye irritation, coughs and headaches are a few examples of living in such a polluted environment. Not only outdoors, but the indoor environment is also not good either.

According to a survey, breathing in such a polluted environment is somewhat similar about smoking 20 cigarettes a day. So, even if you are not a smoker, you are having 20 cigarettes without touching one. Air pollution is even more dangerous to kids and elders. No matter if they stay at home, school, some park, etc., the pollution level is near about similar and dangerous.

Industrial waste, crackers, chemicals, dust, wood burning, paints, household cleaning chemicals, etc., are the reasons for outdoor and indoor pollution.

While the condition is severe, there are 11 simple ways to reduce the risk and clean the environment around you:

  1. Avoid Morning Walks: Morning walk is good for health but not in the dense smoggy environment. It is observed that the climate is most hazardous in the morning time. You can enjoy the morning sleep in your bed and can go for a walk during the evening or some other time when smog is minimal.
  2. Good Quality Anti-Pollution Mask: While going outside, always wear good quality anti-pollution/anti-smog mask. Ordinary clothes or medical masks are useless. They are not able to filter out tiny particulate matters (PM). Use a mask that has filters for PM 2.5.
  3. Jaggery Consumption: Jaggery is very good for detoxing your lungs and gut. You can eat jaggery everyday. Use it in tea, coffee, milk and with any other meals as a replacement of sugar.
  4. Healthy Food Consumption: Consume healthy foods. Foods rich in Vitamin C (Broccoli, Spinach, Turnip Greens, etc.), omega 3 (Soybeans, Walnuts, Flaxseeds, etc.), and magnesium (seafood, black beans, etc.) are useful to reduce the impact of bad environment on health.
  5. House Ventilation: An exhaust system in a house can be helpful to clean the indoor air. Install chimney in kitchen and exhaust fans in the bathroom or storeroom to get rid of bad air. Keep windows and doors closed in the early morning. Allow fresh air circulation from 3 PM to 5 PM.
  6. Avoid Chemical Based Cleaners: Air fresheners, floor cleaners, scented candles, etc., contain chemicals and these increase indoor pollution. Avoid using them. Instead, use natural products for cleaning and scenting purposes.
  7. Stop Smoking: This is obvious if you want a healthy life and care for you and everyone you like and love.
  8. Avoid Construction Works: Construction work increases particulate matter in the environment. drilling, painting, etc., should be avoided wherever and whenever possible to prevent output door pollution.
  9. Air Purifying Appliances and Plants: Air purifiers are must nowadays to control indoor pollution. It’s good to children, aged people and everyone else at home.
  10. Use Water Spray While Dusting: Yes! Dusting releases small particles in the air, even when you use vacuum cleaners. To avoid this, you can use a few water sprays on carpets and on other things before you start dusting. This will make the dust settle down and prevent it from releasing into the air.
  11. Use Public Transport: Using public transport would be a great help to control air pollution. So, try to use buses, metro, or carpooling for travelling wherever possible.

All the 11 tips mentioned above are to safeguard you from pollution, both indoor and outdoor. We need to decrease carbon footprints so that this article becomes irrelevant in the future. For short distances, use bicycles. Don't burn plastic, crackers or anything unnecessary. Be aware of this serious condition and also help others understand it and encourage them to decrease their carbon footprint, so that the future gets better.

This is our city and we are responsible for its past, present, and future.

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