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Baby Nutrition Health Feed

The First Nutrition For Your Baby!

Breastfeeding a prerequisite ritual in the life of a newborn and the mother for the healthy growth of the baby for it is the first and the best nutritious food for a newborn.

The primary stage of nurturing the baby

The first three months of a child’s life is the most delicate period for both the mother and the child. Mothers have to go through a lot of unexpected experiences in the first few months of their motherhood – from a range of health issues to lactation and breastfeeding. In this turbulent period, a lot of suggestions and instructions are launched on the new mother regarding the care of her child. 

Worldwide, the first week of August is celebrated as the ‘breastfeeding’ awareness week. Many of us are aware of its essentiality and strive to care for our children in the best possible way; however, there is still a lack of awareness regarding exclusive breastfeeding, the duration for which a baby needs to be breastfed, and the diet of the mother during this period.

Advantage mammals, including us the humans

Breastfeeding is a unique and the best way of providing the right nutrition for a baby for healthy growth. It is unique to mammals in the animal world, including us, the humans. Several researchers have shown that exclusive breastfeeding of an infant for six months is the perfect way to feed the infant. If the baby is fed only and exclusively on breastmilk, no other additional food or water during these six months is required for the baby.

Exclusive breastfeeding has a set of advantages for the baby as well as the mother, and the advantages prove that exclusive breastfeeding is the best kickstarter for the baby’s growth.

The benefits of breastfeeding for the infants include

1.the best supply of all the nutrients an infant needs the first six months of life, thereby reducing infant mortality,

2. Helps in better development of sensory and cognitive abilities, leading to better intelligence quotient (IQ)

3. Rich in antibiotics, breast milk helps the baby in fighting infectious and chronic diseases

4. Reduces incidences of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity


Advantages of exclusive breastfeeding for the mother are: 

1. It helps in effectively spacing between the childbirths

2. Decreases the risk of ovarian and breast cancer

3. Absolutely an economical and safe way to feed a child

4. Helps in creating a bond between the mother and the child

5. Prevents postpartum depression that many women face after childbirth
 

The second best for your baby

There may be reasons when the mother is unable to lactate or breastfeed the baby due to medical reasons or some unforeseen situations, the human milk from the other lactating lady is the second best option. Dai maa or the nursing mother was a common practice in the Indian culture. The ‘human milk bank' may seem like a novel concept today, but it is the modern-world reincarnation of the age-old system.One should know that the milk-substitutes may provide the required nutrients, but the useful pro-health and anti-disease properties of human breast milk cannot be replaced. This is where the human milk banks play a critical role; a human milk bank provides milk to the premature or low weight infants, the babies who separated from their mothers due to some medical complications, or to the orphaned infants.

The breast milk is collected from healthy mothers, who are lactating for six months or less and who produce excess milk than required by their infant. The breast milk is extracted by mothers using ‘breast pumps' offering a safe method to extract the milk, and deposited with the milk bank. The milk is then screened, processed, pasteurised and stored under prescribed conditions before giving it to the babies who need it. It can be stored in tightly sealed containers at home, and it is to be given to the babies within 96 hours of collection to ensure that it delivers the best nutritional value.
 

Points to remember

In the sweet chaos of taking the best care of your child, few things are bound to slip away from your mind. Let me share a few tips to breastfeed and create a strong bond with your child successfully 

1. Breastfeeding the baby within the first hour of life is essential.

2. While breastfeeding, the position is crucial; tummy to tummy is the best position. 

3. Don’t use artificial teats or pacifiers to avoid confusion with the nipple.

4. Feed the baby on his/her demand, not by yours.

5. Skin to skin touch promotes milk production.

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Nutrition For Expectant Mothers

Nutrition For Expectant Mothers

A. Nutrition deserves special attention during pregnancy because of increased demand and specific role of different nutrients for the baby during pregnancy. 
B. A woman whose diet is adequate before pregnancy is usually able to come out with full term pregnancy 
Without elaborate modifications of her diet and lifestyle. For example, in diabetes, incidence of structural defects can be reduced to nil by bringing the blood glucose level under good control couple of months before conceiving.

C. Maternal nutrition taken during pregnancy are very important in supporting breastfeeding. Breast milk is best and complete food for baby during first four months as it also provides antibodies for protection against many infections. 
D. Undernourished mothers are prone to delivery before nine months. 
So, take good care of your health during pregnancy.

4 people found this helpful

Pregnancy Nutrition - Do You Think You Know It All?

Pregnancy Nutrition - Do You Think You Know It All?
It is recommended that most pregnant women take vitamin supplements, including folic acid, iron, and calcium. True or false? Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
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263 people took this quiz

Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz
167 people took this quiz

Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Pregnancy Nutrition IQ
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz
360 people took this quiz

Pregnancy Nutrition IQ!

Pregnancy Nutrition IQ!
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz
306 people took this quiz

Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz
1353 people took this quiz

Gain More Knowledge About Pregnancy Nutrition!

Gain More Knowledge About Pregnancy Nutrition!
It is recommended that most pregnant women take vitamin supplements, including folic acid, iron, and calcium. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz
1333 people took this quiz

Nutrition for young mother

Nutrition for young mother

Nutrition for young mother

Mother is the sun of the family, thus, she gives energy and life to the whole universe. The role of mother is most important amongst all the roles played by a woman.

The gratitude and appreciation cannot end till we all die because as we all know the first process of motherhood is named well as labour pains. As all mothers always only worry and focus on the health and system of whole family but a healthy mother can only take care and bring up a healthy family, Therefore all the women should give important to their health to the same level as to family members, we should specially focus on young mothers more as the whole body and life gets a turn of 360 degree in terms of:

Nutrition
Hormones
Body and lifestyle.
Like pregnancy, adequate nutrition of mother during lactation is of vital importance, as for almost next 6 months the infant is going get all his nutrition from mother's milk, thus, a young lactating mother needs extra nutrients to meet the baby's needs in addition to her own requirements. If the mother is malnourished, the secretions of milk are maintained at the cost of her own body reserves.

Thus, a complete well-balanced diet is important for a successful lactation ,where the breastfeed infant is growing well and maintaining appropriate biochemical indexes of nutritional status of mother and baby both.

Changes in terms of nutritional needs and hormones are very high in young mothers


Nutritional needs.

Energy: During first 6 months of lactation an additional 600 kcal per day is needed and later this reduces to approx 400kcal per day.

: Calcium requirement during lactation grows high due to added stress to the body of producing milk.
1000mg per day of calcium should be taken to satisfy both mother and baby needs.

: to maintain the volume of milk and portion of casein (milk protein) an additional amount of almost 15-18g per day should be added to the diet, during first 6 months.
For good quality protein has milk and milk products, egg, nuts, pulses, fish and chicken.

: As the basic calcium, protein and carbohydrate contents are maintained in the milk at cost of mother's body reserves, the vitamins like A, B, B2, b3, C, folic acid, vitamin-D, and vitamin B12 are if less in nursing mother's diet, then an evident nutritional deficiency can be observed in the infants health too.
: A supplement of vitamin-D (10µg/d) is recommended for women who avoid milk and other foods fortified with vitamin-D. Similarly, a supplement of vitamin B12 (2.6 µg/d) is recommended for completely vegetarian mothers.
Limitation in one nutrition may be a marker for another nutrient inadequacies (e.g. iron and foliate deficiencies often coexist)

The amount of water and liquids in a diet is also very important for sufficient secretion of about 850 ml milk/day.

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Pregnancy - Know Nutrition Required In It!

Pregnancy - Know Nutrition Required In It!

During pregnancy, a woman needs to take care of her body and her baby. One of the most important parts of pregnancy is the level of nutrition and diet of the woman. This has a direct bearing on the growth of the baby as well as the progression of the pregnancy. Nutrition is a matter of deciding what kind of food one should eat and the kind of food that one should stay away from, at this point. Weight management and looking after your sugar and blood pressure levels is also a part of this nutrition plan that you will follow during your pregnancy.

In case you are confused about the diet and nutrition plan that you must follow during your pregnancy, then here is a plan that you can use. Do remember to consult your doctor so that it may be customised as per your body and specific conditions.

  1. Grains: You will need to ingest at least seven to eight pounds of grains in a day. These may include wheat, rice, and other local grains like Ragi, Bajra, Jowar and other such grains. You must create a good balance of these grains. But do remember to find out if your doctor would recommend the use of grains, depending on the state of your health. You may also want to watch out for signs like constipation and loose motions in case your body is not able to tolerate excessive amounts of grains. You can also stick to cereal for breakfast and other grains for lunch and dinner. Try and create a mix of grains with which you can make rotis or flatbread to be had with vegetables.
  2. Fruit: You will need to have at least two cups of fruit a day. In case you are diabetic or you are suffering from gestational diabetes or even a high level of sugar, you may want to consult your doctor about the amount of fruit that you can have during the day. This is also a good substitute when you are having sugar cravings during your pregnancy. Try and have plenty of fruit and mix up the colours as the fibre will also help in dealing with any constipation that you may be going through.
  3. Vegetables: It is imperative to have at least three to four cups of vegetables a day when you are pregnant, as this will supply a lot of nutrients, minerals and vitamins to the growing baby. You may especially want to stick to vegetables like broccoli that have a high iron and folate content which can give a good amount of folic acid. This is usually required for good growth of the foetus. As with fruit, you will need to mix up the colours and have something from each colour group every day. You can combine this with some amount of meat as well.
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