ASD or Autism Syndrome Disorder is an umbrella term that encompasses a range of syndromes such as autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome as well as a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder.
Autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders are more common in boys than in girls. The autism spectrum is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication skills, repetitive or restricted behaviour, and problems of speech. In fact, speech and language development issues are the commonest identifiers of autism and similar diseases.
Language, Speech and Communication Issues
While not all types of autism disorders exhibit these problems, they are prevalent in most people diagnosed with ASD. Even so, the extent of the problems is not homogenous and differs from person to person.
Speech and language, or in other words, the ability to communicate can be broken down into a few stages –
Firstly, the individual has to feel an urge or need to communicate
The need could arise if the individual wants to convey some thought or feeling or if he/she has to respond to a situation or to another person
Next, the brain produces a detailed and clear picture of the message
The message is then transformed more solidly into words
And in the last stage, through meaningful and structured language the words are articulated
During the entire process, quite a few faculties of the brain are involved, paying attention to the external stimuli, interpreting the sounds, images, smells or taste or the meaning of words uttered by others, figuring out the correct response, and modulating the emotional response on which will depend on the tone, pitch and volume of the person’s speech.
People with autism or ASD, usually face challenges in one or more of the steps explained above. For example – they may not be able to grasp or interpret societal structure or interpret norms of established communication, which makes them both unable and unwilling to interact with others – or maybe because they are unable to create a complete message in their brains, which means they are unable to respond accurately through speech. It could also be that they find it difficult to decode the messages that their sense organs are picking up or they are unable to learn a language. Some have problems with coordinating the movements of the tongue or lips or controlling their breathing.
Treatment of Speech and Language Problems in Autism
Since autism shows its signs and symptoms very early on in life, it is best that children are taken to therapy as soon as possible. A specialist or psychologist will meticulously asses the child. Treatment starts with pinpointing the issue and in which developmental stage it has manifested itself.
Usually, speech and language therapy is recommended for them.
Help them learn a language through means that they can grasp
Making the muscles of the mouth, lips, jaw and neck stronger to help articulate words
Comprehending emotions from facial expressions and body language
Controlling pitch and volume
Learning to enunciate words precisely and clearly
Communication through drawing
Answering questions fielded at them
Therapy is rewarding but at times can be challenging for both the child and his/her parents. That is why there will be family sessions, where parents will be made aware of their child’s unique needs. Unconditional support and love will be required to integrate children with ASD completely into the society.
Treatment for every child with neurodevelopmental disorders should be designed to meet their specific needs. A variety of therapy options have proven to be successful – but the two approaches that work exceptionally well together in improving the child’s social and communication skills are ABA therapy and speech therapy.
What is ABA Therapy?
ABA or Applied Behavioural Analysis is a widely accepted therapy for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The therapy focuses on enhancing specific behaviours, like communication and social skills, academics and reading, and adaptive learning skills, like hygiene, grooming, fine motor dexterity, domestic capabilities, and punctuality. ABA is effective for adults and children with psychological disorders in different settings, including homes, schools, and the workplace.
ABA therapy, through its multiple sessions of various programs, aims to equip the troubled individual, who is lagging behind his/her peers in learning with specialized instructions – thereby helping the child to acquire the necessary skills to live a successful life. Over time, the goal of the therapy is to reduce gradually or eliminate the need for instructions and support. In simpler words, the therapist aims to make the child aware of the foundation skills that are needed to respond appropriately and accurately throughout his/her life.
How does ABA work?
ABA therapy involves a variety of techniques to understand and change specific behaviours. It is based on teaching certain skills through positive reinforcement and observation.
A behaviour followed by something that is valued – for example, a reward – is likely to be repeated. This, over time, encourages positive behaviour change. The therapist will first identify goal behaviour. Every time the child successfully uses the skill or behaviour, he/she gets a meaningful reward – for example, a book or a toy, praise, the permission to watch a program on the TV etc.
Consequence, Behaviour, Antecedent
Understanding the consequences and antecedents is another essential part of the ABA program. The three steps, ‘A-B-C’s help us understand and teach behaviour.
An antecedent is what happens right before the target behaviour. It may either be verbal – a request or a command – or physical – an object or a toy, sound or light etc. An antecedent can come from the environment or from another person, or be internal – as a thought or feeling.
A resulting behaviour refers to the individual’s response or lack of it to the antecedent. It may be a verbal response or an action.
A consequence is what comes following the behaviour. It may include positive reinforcement of the expected behaviour or no reaction for inappropriate/incorrect responses.
With repeated practice, the child will be able to replace the inappropriate behaviour with a more helpful one.
What is Speech Therapy?
Speech therapy focuses on upgrading a child’s speech and abilities to express and understand language. The therapy can help individuals with different types of speech disorders and language issues, like dyspraxia and dyslexia.
How does Speech Therapy work?
Speech therapy works by addressing the following problems –
Articulation – Difficulty forming sounds in syllables or speaking incorrectly to the extent that the listener is unable to understand the words spoken
Fluency – Problems (like stuttering) in which the flow of speech gets interrupted by partial-word repetitions, abnormal stoppages, or prolonged syllables and sounds
Voice or Resonance – Problems with the volume, quality, and pitch of voice that distract listeners from what is being said
Receptive Language Disorder – Difficulty receiving or understanding the language
Expressive Language Disorder – Trouble putting words together, inability to use language in a socially appropriate way, or limited vocabulary
Cognitive-communication Disorders – Trouble with communication skills, including attention, memory, perception, regulation, organization, and problem solving
How does Speech Therapy and ABA work together?
Speech therapy and ABA therapy together are important to ensure the success of the treatment for the child. From improved social skills to better intellectual abilities – both the therapies can help individuals adjust to normal life. Through the ‘twin approach’, children are able to develop emotional and social skills as their peers.
Children with certain psychological and speech disorders, who receive therapy, are more likely to remain in school. They have shown drastic improvement in academics and communication. Individuals have also shown remarkable improvement in areas, like imitation, non-verbal expression, matching, receptive language, and expressive language. Children have shown great performance on IQ tests after the therapy.
To achieve the desired outcome, parents and the therapist should work together to support the child.
World Autism Awareness Day is an internationally recognized day on 2 April every year, encouraging the Member States of the United Nations to take measures to raise awareness about people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) throughout the world. It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution "62/139. World Autism Awareness Day", passed in council on 1 November 2007, and adopted on 18 December 2007. It was proposed by the United Nations representative from Qatar, Her Highness Sheikha Mozah Bint Nasser Al-Missned, Consort of His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar, and supported by all member states.
World Autism Day is one of only seven official health-specific UN Days. The day itself brings individual autism organizations together all around the world to aid in things like research, diagnoses, treatment, and acceptance for those affected by this developmental disorder. This resolution was passed and adopted without a vote in the UN General Assembly, mainly as a supplement to previous UN initiatives to improve human rights.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or Autism is an umbrella term for a group of developmental disorders that are neurological in origin and cause social, communication and behavioural challenges. Autism is not a mental illness.
Autism is a disorder-look out at both the social and medical model of the disorder. The disorder is sometimes considered as an impairment. Impairment in one or more areas like physically, intellectually, cognitive and sensory wise and so and so forth. So, you think an answer is a person who is disabled. We can say who has impairment is disabled but it is not that simple to answer.
What is a medical model disorder?
A medical model disorder is the model is in which doctors or researchers, medical practitioners look into disorder and illness.
It’s basically a re-foundation of how we treat the sick, injured or disabled people in our society. However, it inserts two things. First, any deviation from the norm must be corrected (the average neuroticism non-disable norm) is bad and must be corrected. Whether or not, this results in any impairment or is not harmful in any way. Two, in the medical model of the disorder, the physician is central to the whole process and helps to understand the situation and getting people better.
Most autistic people have a special interest like someone have arts, some have an interest in signing. Some have an interest in dance and this list goes on for this passion. They learn from the world in which they develop and cure. Some doctors call their passion as an obsession. Basically, a topic an autistic is very interested in. They love it a lot. However, we may look that it is not a wrong way to be passionate about something you like or have a hobby to enjoy your free time. Stopping them to be normal as this autism is considered as a disorder in the society and forcing your child to improve like making more eye contact or other various ways will only degrade their passion inside them. So, this cure culture says that autistic children, they have to be a cure and if they cant cure they must be considered something that separates them from medical model disorder.
What is the social model disorder?
From the UK, we coined the term social model disorder. Because there are different aspect of the disorder as per able people and disable people in society. If a person has impairment like physical, social, or cognitive disorder. It’s not an impairment that makes them disable, its the social exclusion of impairment. Secondly, when it comes to understanding the reason, it becomes the topic of society for ill people. Children with autism can speak but they may have problems because of delayed language development. With effective early intervention, it is possible for them to develop their verbal skills.
While autism cannot be cured, there are many treatment options that can help children cope with autism. The most effective treatment is an intensive, individualized intervention that includes behavioural, social and psychological components. Most of the children who receive appropriate intervention grow on to become fairly independent adults and lead a normal life. It is important to note that children with autism have a range of abilities that can be used to their advantage.
In some people, autism and epilepsy go hand in hand. But with new tools and techniques, it has become possible to cure such people. Cure for autism means the disappearance of the limiting symptom that is unique for each person. Cure for epilepsy means complete disappearance of seizure and no medication for epilepsy.
Therefore, how autism with epilepsy can be cured is a point of consideration here.
Reasons for Epilepsy in Autistic People -
People with epilepsy often experience seizures, which means that they have a temporary disturbance of mental functioning. It manifests due to Energy Disturbance in the energy fields of the autistic person. But, the trigger of the energy disturbance in such a person is the energy disturbance in the parents’ or caregivers’ energy field. The energy disturbance in the physical environment around the autistic person can also be a trigger.
The energy fields get disturbed as autistic people are born as energy sensitivity being and they have poor energy boundaries.
How Applied Intentional Epigenetics is Beneficial in Curing the Symptoms in Autism Along with Epilepsy?
Applied Intentional Epigenetics is a Biotechnology tool, which enables the reversing of symptoms in autism presented along with epilepsy.
Applied Intentional Epigenetics is the science and art of utilizing methods and techniques using the power of Intention in any way that helps epigenetic transformations in a person. It brings these transformations at the genes and DNA level of the person.
On the other hand, the Biotechnology tool involves using living organisms to make products through technological applications for a specific use. Epigenetics means to control the above genes. Biotechnology and epigenetics are connected through Intent or Intention. And the combination of two is for helping people with autism and epilepsy. It is also known as an intent healing which means healing using the power of Intention. It brings about the realignment in the energy fields of such people by rewiring the neural network in the brain and gut, reprogramming the DNA and erasing faulty cellular memories.
Result of Using the Intent Healing Tool -
People with autism along with epilepsy have shown positive results with the help of the intent healing process. These people have recovered completely from all the limiting symptoms of autism as well as symptoms of epilepsy. They were soon off the medicines once the healing session started. The entire process is done along with parents or caretakers under medical supervision. The process involves the healing of parents first and then the autistic child.
Where earlier people thought that autism along with epilepsy had no solution or only medication is the solution, now, with new discovery, they have understood that Intent Healing is the solution. Such healing has a permanent solution to the problem. The invention of such a healing process is a sigh of relief for children and families.
Autism is a disorder related to the development of the brain that creates difficulties in social interaction. There are various special schools present to help those children who are dealing with this condition. With this, they can advance and improve their educational life and participate in fields of their interests and talents.
The problem of autism starts in children usually in the early stages of their life. Later on, they experience the symptoms at the age of 18 to 24. There is a mixture of symptoms so sometimes it is difficult to identify the stage of the disease. Lack of facial expression, lack of social communication and interaction, poor eye contact, delayed speech, unaware of other’s feelings and many more are included in the symptoms of autism.
There are many treatments available. Therapy is one of them that benefit in curing the disorder of autism. The therapy improves behaviour, speech, and learning and development. Speech therapy and ABA therapy (Applied Behavior Analysis) are very common therapies that help in the development of social communication and interaction.
Speech therapy is a therapy that deals with the challenges of communication and language. It improves social, verbal, and non-verbal communication for people who are suffering from autism. The overall aim of this therapy is to help the person interact in more functional and useful ways. Speech therapy may work on these given below skills:
Responding to questions
Modulating the tone of voice
Making clearer speech sounds
Understanding body language
Strengthening the neck, jaw, and mouth muscles
Matching an image with its meaning
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy
This therapy is mostly used in clinics and schools to help the child reduce negative behaviours and learn positive behaviours. This method can be used to develop a number of skills such as communication skills, public dealing, and language skills. ABA is a very flexible treatment that can be provided at several different locations such as at home, clinics, schools, and in the community. It teaches skills that are helpful in everyday life and can also involve group instruction or one-to-one teaching.
One of the foremost strategies used in applied behaviour analysis (ABA) is positive reinforcement. Positive rewards encourage them to continue using the skill. So, the therapist can also recommend this therapy to the person suffering from autism.
Autism is a disorder linked to brain development that creates difficulties in social communication and interaction. There are several kinds of therapies given to the patients in order to cure the disorder. Speech therapy and ABA therapy are some of them which help in dealing with the challenges with communication and language. These therapies work effectively; it is advisable to consult a doctor before going for any of these therapies.