Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Attachment Disorder Health Feed

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) - How To Tackle It?

Dr.Indranil Saha 93% (224ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) - How To Tackle It?

Are you suffering from seasonal depression triggered by the change in season? This condition is known as a seasonal affective disorder or SAD and primarily occurs during the winter. It usually starts when the days start getting colder and shorter. SAD requires treatment as it limits an affected person’s ability to smoothly carry out his or her everyday activities. Here are the several methods by which SAD can be treated or dealt with:

  1. Light therapy boxes: Light therapy boxes emit light which mimics sunshine in a particular way. This helps in recovery from SAD. The light from these therapy boxes are brighter than normal light bulbs and are of various wavelengths. The patient is required to sit in front of a light box for a period of 30 minutes every day. As a result, the circadian rhythms of the body get stimulated and the natural release of melatonin is suppressed. Light therapy is very effective when undertaken in the morning after waking up. It is a very common treatment used to cure SAD.
  2. Dawn simulators: Dawn simulators help in the management of SAD. These are devices which work as alarm clocks. However, instead of waking you up abruptly by means of a beep or loud music, they produce light which increases in intensity gradually, just like the sun. There are several models of dawn simulators which are available in the market. You should choose a dawn simulator, which uses a full spectrum light. This form depicts natural sunlight. For people with mild SAD, dawn simulators are as effective as light therapy.
  3. Consult a doctor: SAD is a type of depression and it is recommended that you consult a psychiatrist. Several screening questions are asked to a patient to determine his/her level of depression. A doctor will also observe whether your depression is because of SAD or any other factor.
  4. Antidepressants: In case, psychotherapy or light therapy fails to cure your SAD and the accompanying depression, you should take prescribed antidepressants. These medicines might help in overcoming your seasonal depression. Try to avoid medicines which make you feel sleepy. If you have SAD, you should take antidepressants every winter and not just during the winters when you feel the blues.

It is very important for you to recognise the symptoms of SAD when they start showing and consult a doctor immediately. This will prevent the symptoms from escalating and you will be able to get early treatment.

3453 people found this helpful

Avoiding Mingling With People - Could It Be A Sign Of APD!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Avoiding Mingling With People - Could It Be A Sign Of APD!

Don’t like social gatherings? Have you always been the one who avoids family get together? If your answer is affirmative, then you are probably suffering from Avoidant personality disorder (APD).  Avoidant personality disorder is a psychological condition wherein, one feels extremely shy. Becoming overly sensitive to rejection and developing feelings of inadequacy are common signs of this disorder. This disorder can lead to problems in your work life and relationships. 

Symptoms-
With APD, the commonly surfacing symptoms would include disapproval and disregard of situations and people, rejection and embarrassment. It generally gets very difficult for the one to get acquainted with new people and form intimate relationships. One generally ends up misinterpreting people’s comments and criticism thus, feeling angry and frustrated all the more. 

Causes-
The exact cause of APD has not been established yet. It is believed that environmental and genetic factors play a role in this disorder. People who are inherently shy and reserved are usually prone to developing this psychological anomaly. 

How do you treat APD?
In order to treat APD, you can opt for the following modes of treatment:

  1. PsychotherapyCognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment option for APD wherein, the doctor counsels on how to change one’s thinking patterns and thought process, thus, influencing his/her actions.
  2. Psychodynamic psychotherapy: Psychodynamic therapy involves you becoming aware of the unconscious thoughts. It helps you figure out how your past experiences frame your behavior. Your past emotional pains can be resolved with this technique so that you can move ahead with your life. 
  3. Medications: Anti-depressant medications used to treat depression and anxiety can be used to treat APD.
1312 people found this helpful

Parental Alienation - How To Safeguard Your Children?

Psychologist, Jalgaon
Parental Alienation - How To Safeguard Your Children?

One of the scariest fallouts of divorce is parental alienation for the child. In most cases, the custody of the child is passed on to the mother. In such cases, the child is very likely to be separated from the father. The child can develop a sense of alienation towards his father. The reverse is also true. Sometimes the feeling develops to such an extent that the child may refuse to meet the father or mother at all. This is the tragic fallout of a toxic divorce. 

Why It Happens

Parental alienation is common to children of divorced partners. Divorce alters the family structure dramatically. Children don’t have any say or control over such changes. They love both their parents and want to stay with both of them. Although many parents understand this, there are some that don’t. These are the people who stoke parental alienation in their children.

In their zeal to win over the confidence of their children, some parents take stern measures. They take recourse to measures like keeping the child away from its father/mother or speaking badly about the former partner in the presence of their children. Such measures can strike a sense of hatred among children about their father or mother. If one partner continues to engage in such activities, the child may develop a deep sense of alienation towards his separated father or mother. Parents should not use their children to fulfil an urge for vengeance on their former partners.

Immediate Requirement

The need of the hour is to protect children from parental alienation irrespective of the toxicity between the parents. However, protecting children from such abuse is easier said than done.

How to Protect Children from Parental Alienation?

Ways to help a child from parental alienation depends on the age of the child to a large extent. If the child has come out of its infancy and is able to learn and retain things, one needs to maintain the following:

  • Don’t ever speak badly of former partner, especially in front of the child.

  • Don’t ever try to go one up above the other partner, especially with gifts or punishments.

  • One needs to love the child unconditionally. Children love their parents unconditionally and parents need to reciprocate that in order to be in their reckoning.

  • If the person blames his/her children for something or the other, he or she may develop a sense of alienation.

  • Reminisce the fun times with the child. If possible, get together with a former partner and spend some happy moments.

  • One needs to be on time for routine visits with former partners. Children look forward to such visits. Dithering with such visits with children may develop a sense of parental alienation.

Parental alienation is one of the most difficult situations for children to deal with. They go through a mix of emotions, which is why both parents should understand the impact of divorce or separation on their children. It can even spoil the personality of the child. One should always comfort his/her child and avoid situations where a child needs to choose one of the parents.

2964 people found this helpful

Positive Benefits Of Having A Sibling!

Dr.Indranil Saha 93% (224ratings)
MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Positive Benefits Of Having A Sibling!

In most Indian homes, a family is not complete with just one child. Until about a couple of decades ago, a family with a single child was very rare. The most common response would be 'with whom the child will play'. Between the siblings, there is always so much love. Starting from getting attention from the parent to education at all stages of life, this is one relationship which just grows and grows. While it definitely is a feel-good factor, scientifically too, it has been proven to have multiple benefits.

Read on to know some benefits of having siblings and how it can help you stay healthy and positive.

  1. A constant companion: With a sibling around, there is no need to look for a play or study companion. There is always one available right in the same home. This provides for a happy, healthy equation with a lot of give and take that just extends through life.
  2. Continuous learning environment: With a sibling around, the learning never stops. There is a constant teacher/mentor-student relationship with the elder one having an upper hand and trying to teach the younger one all sorts of things from using chalk to spoon to math to magic.
  3. Sharing begins at home: Whether it is your toys or colours, stationary or chocolates, siblings share a lot of stuff and so from a very young age, there is a behaviour that encourages sharing of all sorts of things. Studies have shown that children with siblings show a lot more sympathy and are more open to sharing things as compared to single children.
  4. Builds selflessness: The next time you see two siblings, notice how the elder one is always so protective of the younger one. The elder one is willing to give up their chocolate just so the younger one smiles. Similarly, the younger one also would give up a toy so that the elder one is happy. This selflessness is ingrained in children with siblings, which extends into their other relationships too later in life.
  5. Tougher individuals: Problem-solving is something which gets built in early in life when children have siblings. This comes in handy later in life too, which makes them tougher individuals. They are also better skilled at negotiating, good at setting and achieving goals, managing relationships (both professional and personal), and are so more successful.

The relationship with a sibling just continues through life. The above are some pointers as to how having a sibling makes for a happy, healthier, and positive life. Anyone with a sibling would definitely vouch for these!!

2532 people found this helpful

Sibling Rivalry - How To Resolve It?

Dr.Sheba Singh 85% (10ratings)
PhD - Psychology, Masters in Psychology, BA - Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Sibling Rivalry - How To Resolve It?

While siblings are the force that breathes life into any family structure, it has also been seen as a challenge of sorts to manage siblings and bring out the best in each one of them. In any family unit, there are a number of entities who need to be nurtured in a certain way to ensure that their identities are not hampered by a "one size fits all" style of parenting. Every child is different and will need to be handled differently. Besides this, there are other related challenges that will contribute to the quality of the relationships between the siblings, as well as the rivalry that they may feel towards each other when it comes to attention, achievements and varied other factors.

Read on to know the ten tips to tackle sibling rivalry:

  1. Make Friends before Birth: encourage your first born to connect even before the birth of the new baby by including him or her in the changes you see and feel. Planning for the new baby with your first born will also help in such cases.
  2. Staying positive is a big factor that will help the children in feeling confident despite their different qualities and strengths.
  3. Comparison is a big no-no. Stay away from these kind of comparisons so that the children do not feel like they have to fight with each other for your praise.
  4. Time-Sharing: Ensure that you divide your time well and indulge each child in his or her area of interest so that they feel like you are always there for each of them.
  5. Harmonious Start to the day: this will ensure that the children have a special bond at the end of the day. Make sure that they help each other and divide chores accordingly. The older siblings should be given the care giving tasks while the younger ones should be taught to obey them and play along.
  6. Humour them: It is a known fact that humour is the best medicine that breaks even the most tension-filled atmosphere.
  7. Family Meetings: Hold family meetings to discuss important things and even intense fights so that everyone's needs and issues are addressed.
  8. Empathy: Teaching your child to empathize with others will help him or her steer clear of needless rivalry at home too.
  9. Ignore the Small: Let them figure out the smaller fights, yet always be there to address the bigger issues so that they know you are there for them.
  10. Equal Treatment: Treating them equally does not mean doing the same thing for each of them. It means giving them equal time and attention with personalized treatment to suit varied temperaments. This will also give them a lot of individual confidence which eventually kills any feelings of rivalry.
2387 people found this helpful

Relationship - Can Healthier Mind Help Us To Foster It?

Dr.Zafar A Khan 89% (56ratings)
PGD in Clinical Psychology, MA Clinical Psychology, Mphil Psychology, Diploma in HIV and Family Education
Psychologist, Bhopal
Relationship - Can Healthier Mind Help Us To Foster It?

Have you been emotionally invested in a relationship for quite some time? Have you faced continual fights and disagreements with your partner? Have these fights resulted in frustration or have they affected the natural course of your respective lives? If yes, it is time for you to reassess the effort or rather the kind of effort you put in to make things work. Quarrels are an integral part of any healthy and serious relationship. However, an overdose may lead to severed ties. It bruises your memory and leaves you too distraught to engage in an emotional attachment. The kind of mindset a person applies to his or her relationship determines the kind of treatment the person receives in the relationship. Hence, you must be very careful.

A healthier mindset can be adopted in the following ways:

1. To complain as least as possible: Keep low expectations from your partner. The most common reason for conflict in relationships is the list of expectations - which when left unfulfilled leads to complaining and nagging. What you do for your partner is what 'you think is the right thing' - but your partner may not hold the same perspective. 

2. Respecting and accepting your partner as he/she is - A package deal, will resolve many issues without debate. When pointed out in subtle ways, your partner will understand and try to change for you, if she/he wishes to.

3. Try to have a growth-oriented mindset: A growth-oriented mindset, as opposed to a fixed mindset, can always help. When you have a fixed mindset you easily give up on your partner or on the relationship. You tend to feel hopeless about the future and associate a lack of growth or change with your partner. A growth-oriented mindset endows you with hope. A situation is perceived as an occurrence in the present that need not necessarily be translated into future. Also, such a mindset expects both parties to accept and encourage change and growth of individuals in the relationship. Anything contrary can make your relationship boring.

4. Stop using labels: Labeling is an indecent way of identifying the problem with your partner or with the relationship in general. You should neither brand yourself as something or your partner as something else. Associating critical adjectives with one another is a way of demeaning your lover and can dissuade your partner from communicating his or her viewpoint.

5. Look for the trigger: Most quarrels result from a trigger. Trying to pinpoint the trigger with a cool head can actually be of use. This will make partners aware of their faults and instead of dodging the situation they will be able to deal with it better.

6. Try to rekindle the spark: Time, overburdening responsibilities or workload can make your relationship a routine affair. An element of secrecy and excitement is important. Therefore, desire should never take a backseat in your relationship. Try to fulfil your partner's desire and let him or her know about your expectations as well.

2684 people found this helpful

Toxic Relationships - Know More About Them!

Dr.Kavita Bhargava 89% (28ratings)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Integrated Clinical Hypnotherapist, Pursuing Transpersonal Regression Therapy, Neuro-Linguistic Programming Practitioner, Certification of Life Coach (CLC), Masters in Psychology - Clinical and Abnormal
Psychologist, Jaipur
Toxic Relationships - Know More About Them!

Relations are sweet, emerging, encouraging, and invigorating when there is love in them. Love brings with its feelings of caring for each other and sharing of emotions as well as things. But every relation may not have an element of love. Such relationships don’t last for long and become toxic in some time.

When a person is in a relationship, he/she don’t have any idea of where they are going. Everything seems rosy and the person may get carried away with love. But there may not be any love in the relationship at all. One needs to get rid of such relationships; the sooner the better. It is okay to get stuck in relationships, but if the person thinks that it is not going anywhere, he/she needs to cut it short. There is always a new opportunity at the end of a dark tunnel. But how does one know which relationship is toxic and which is not? Here is a guide on toxic relations.

1. Becoming Aggressive

If the person has seen his/her partner become aggressive at times, but are taking it lightly, think again. The person needs to tell his/her partner that this is not a way to talk. If he/she is still getting more aggressive, the person is no longer comfortable with such partners. One has lost the bond that makes up a relationship. It is better to give it a miss.

2. Engaging in Blame Game

To err is human, but to blame the partner for a fault of one’s own is engaging in a blame game. Jealousy too may have its part in the relationship. However, if one is experiencing excessive jealousy on the part of a lover, it is not okay. It erodes the trust that is paramount in a relation. People don’t have anything to hold on to in this relationship. Let us give it a miss.

3. Criticizing at Every Other Step

Nobody is perfect, but partners need to learn how to live with the imperfections of each other. It helps them to bond better and grow the feeling of love between them. If partners are criticizing every other step, one knows it; the love has gone in thin air. It has become a toxic relationship now. Had it been a positive criticism that helped get a step closer to perfection, one would have loved it. In a toxic relationship, criticism is done to express contempt for the partner, and not otherwise. There is no point sticking to such relations. It may well be a waste of time.

4. Arguing, But Not Communicating

If both the partners are yelling over each other and it is not getting anywhere, then the person is in a toxic relationship. In such a relationship, the persons are not in a state to communicate with each other effectively. The toxic relationship will not offer that person much. Don’t get upset and argue. Rather, cheer up and set on to forge a new relationship.

People may suffer depression, lose their self-confidence, don’t trust other people, or may destroy personality; in such cases, one needs to visit a counsellor. Counselling may help the person to get out of the toxic relationships and move on in life happily and effectively.

1711 people found this helpful

Healthier Mindset - Is This The Best Way To Ensure Better Relationships?

MA Psychology & Traning Counselling, Certificate in Hypnotherapy (CH)
Psychologist, Navi Mumbai
Healthier Mindset - Is This The Best Way To Ensure Better Relationships?

Have you been emotionally invested in a relationship for quite some time? Have you faced continual fights and disagreements with your partner? Have these fights resulted in frustration or have they affected the natural course of your respective lives? If yes, it is time for you to reassess the effort or rather the kind of effort you put in to make things work.

Quarrels are an integral part of any healthy and serious relationship. However, an overdose may lead to severed ties. It bruises your memory and leaves you too distraught to engage in an emotional attachment. The kind of mindset a person applies to his or her relationship determines the kind of treatment the person receives in the relationship. Hence, you must be very careful.

A healthier mindset can be adopted in the following ways:

  1. To complain as least as possible: Keep low expectations from your partner. The most common reason for conflict in relationships is the list of expectations, which when left unfulfilled leads to complaining and nagging. What you do for your partner is what 'you think is the right thing',  but your partner may not hold the same perspective. 
  2. Respecting and accepting your partner as he/she is: A package deal, will resolve many issues without debate. When pointed out in subtle ways, your partner will understand and try to change for you, if she/he wishes to.
  3. Try to have a growth-oriented mindset: A growth-oriented mindset, as opposed to a fixed mindset, can always help. When you have a fixed mindset you easily give up on your partner or on the relationship. You tend to feel hopeless about the future and associate a lack of growth with your partner. A growth-oriented mindset endows you with hope. A situation is perceived as an occurrence in the present that need not necessarily be translated into future. Also, such a mindset expects both parties to accept and encourage change and growth of individuals in the relationship. Anything contrary can make your relationship boring.
  4. Stop using labels: Labeling is an indecent way of identifying the problem with your partner or with the relationship, in general. You should neither brand yourself as something or your partner as something else. Associating critical adjectives with one another is a way of demeaning your lover and can dissuade your partner from communicating his or her viewpoint.
  5. Look for the trigger: Most quarrels result from a trigger. Trying to pinpoint the trigger with a cool head can actually be of use. This will make partners aware of their faults and instead of dodging the situation they will be able to deal with it better.
  6. Try to rekindle the spark: Time, overburdening responsibilities or workload can make your relationship a routine affair. An element of secrecy and excitement is important. Therefore, desire should never take a backseat in your relationship. Try to fulfil your partner's desire and let him or her know about your expectations as well.
3645 people found this helpful

Can Changing Mindset Lead To Successful Relationship?

Dr.Vasavi Sunki 88% (10ratings)
(PHD) In Psychology, M.Sc In Psychology, PG Diploma In Rehabilitation Psychology, DIC, DIT, MHRM, PGDIRPM, Bachlor of arts
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Can Changing Mindset Lead To Successful Relationship?

Have you been emotionally invested in a relationship for quite some time? Have you faced continual fights and disagreements with your partner? Have these fights resulted in frustration or affected the natural course of your respective lives? If yes, it is time for you to reassess the effort or rather the kind of effort you put in to make things work. Quarrels are an integral part of any healthy and serious relationship. However, an overdose may lead to severed ties. It bruises your memory and leaves you too distraught to engage in an emotional attachment. The kind of mindset a person applies to his or her relationship determines the kind of treatment the person receives in the relationship. Hence, you must be very careful.

A healthier mindset can be adopted in the following ways:

1. To complain as least as possible: Keep low expectations from your partner. The most common reason for conflict in relationships is the list of expectations - which when left unfulfilled leads to complaining and nagging. What you do for your partner is what 'you think is the right thing' - but your partner may not hold the same perspective. 

2. Respecting and accepting your partner as he/she is - A package deal, will resolve many issues without debate. When pointed out in subtle ways, your partner will understand and try to change for you, if she/he wishes to.

3. Try to have a growth-oriented mindset: A growth-oriented mindset, as opposed to a fixed mindset, can always help. When you have a fixed mindset you easily give up on your partner or on the relationship. You tend to feel hopeless about future and associate a lack of growth or change with your partner. A growth-oriented mindset endows you with hope. A situation is perceived as an occurrence in the present that need not necessarily be translated into future. Also, such a mindset expects both parties to accept and encourage change and growth of individuals in the relationship. Anything contrary can make your relationship boring.

4. Stop using labels: Labeling is an indecent way of identifying the problem with your partner or with the relationship in general. You should neither brand yourself as something or your partner as something else. Associating critical adjectives with one another is a way of demeaning your lover and can dissuade your partner from communicating his or her viewpoint.

5. Look for the trigger: Most quarrels result from a trigger. Trying to pinpoint the trigger with a cool head can actually be of use. This will make partners aware of their faults and instead of dodging the situation they will be able to deal with it better.

6. Try to rekindle the spark: Time, overburdening responsibilities or workload can make your relationship a routine affair. An element of secrecy and excitement is important. Therefore, desire should never take a backseat in your relationship. Try to fulfill your partner's desire and let him or her know about your expectations as well.

3999 people found this helpful

School Refusal - Symptoms, Causes & Treatments Of It!

Dr.Neha Salhotra 89% (26ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
School Refusal - Symptoms, Causes & Treatments Of It!

There is always a sense of anxiety, whenever we tend to start off with something new, as people are resistant to change. It is more so in the case of young children. School refusal refers to the refusal of children to attend school as a result of emotional distress. This school refusal can wreak a kind of havoc on families.

Elaborate on symptoms a little more and causes -

Symptoms - 

There are certain symptoms related to the refusal of children to attend schools. They include:

  • Often it comes in the form of tantrums
  • Frequent complaints of stomachaches, vomiting, nausea, exhaustion, headaches or diarrhea
  • There could be loud meltdowns in an overwhelming manner, which include their refusal to leave the house, running down the street to avoid getting inside the car or on the school bus
  • Children might even become aggressive and lash out at their parents with physical blows
  • Child feeling fearful of being alone in a room or dark

Causes - 

Some of the primary causes include:

  • It arises out of students having a feeling of separation from their parents and homely atmosphere, hence, leading to anxiety
  • It comes out of an emotional attachment which children tend to have with their parents, especially mothers
  • Children tend to feel scared with the thought of getting into an unknown atmosphere all of a sudden.
  • Consistent fear of criticism, ridiculing, confrontation or punishment by the teacher or any other person in the school
  • Having learning difficulties
  • Being afraid of qualifying the tests
  • Not feeling comfortable with school activities like singing, playing or attending school assembly
  • Fear of being ridiculed due to appearance, clothes, weight, etc.
  • Fear of being bullied by a class or schoolmate

How can children be helped to get rid of this problem?

The ideal treatment to help all those children struggling with school refusal includes a team approach. It will be beneficial to have a strong team which includes the class teacher, family and if possible, a mental health professionals. The steps include:

1. Assess: The very first step is to complete medical and psychological examination. Given the fact that school refusal is usually linked to an underlying anxiety or depressive disorder, it is necessary to get to the root of the problem and begin there. This would include both family and teacher questionnaires for interviews.

2. Cognitive behavioral therapy: This is a very structured form of therapy, which helps children to identify their maladaptive patterns of thought and also learn replacement behaviours. It would help children to confront and work through their anxiety.

3. Desensitization in a systematic manner: Those children who struggle with school refusal, need a graded approach to return to school. They can return for a some increased amount of time and then gradually build upon it.

4. Training for relaxation: This is extremely essential for all those children who struggle with anxiety. Some of the relaxation strategies include deep breathing, guided imagery and mindfulness, which kids practice at home and also utilize in school.

5. Plan for re-entry: The treatment team even creates a plan to help children re-enter the classroom. The plan includes contingencies to help the student during anxious moments throughout the day.

6. Routine and structure: Children who are anxious can even benefit from routines at home that are predictable. Establishing healthy sleeping habits and a regular sleep cycle during holidays and on weekends can yield positive results.

3738 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Attachment Disorder treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews