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Athlete's Foot Tips

Know More About Foot Deformity & Its Treatment!

Dr. Milind Ruke 87% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Certified Wound Specialist, Trainer in Podiatry Surgery, Fellowship in Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Surgery, Wound Management, CAQ (Hyperbaric Medicine), Post Graduate Certificate course in Diabetic Foot
Diabetic Foot Surgeon, Mumbai
Know More About Foot Deformity & Its Treatment!

Foot deformity is a broad concept which includes any problem that changes the structure and shape of the foot. This condition can be painful and damaging. It happens because of the misalignment of joints and bones. It can either be genetic or may be caused by some accident, weak bones, age factor, and others. These deformities can be treated to some extent with surgeries and medication.

Types of Foot Deformities-
There are various types of foot deformities which can be genetic, may develop with age, or may be caused by injury or infection.

● Flat Foot: It is usually inherited but might be the result of years of wear and tear or due to being overweight. They often complain about pain in the feet, or walking and running difficulties. This deformity is easily diagnosed and can be treated to some extent with some medication and using special kinds of shoes.

● Heel Spur: It is caused with the deposit of calcium underside the heel bone resulting in bony lump or protrusion. This kind of foot deformity can usually be seen among athletes. It develops over time due to age factor, extreme physical work, continuous standing diabetes or having high arches or flat foot. There are medications and exercises that can help in treating Heel Spur but if it becomes severe then surgery is needed.

● Bunions: It is a bony bump that develops at the base of the big toe around the joint. The toe gets out of place and sticks out. They can be caused due to wearing narrow shoes, injuries, congenital deformities, and others. It is usually treated by medications but can need surgery depending upon the severity of the problem.

● Clubfoot: It is often congenital where a newborn’s foot is out of position and shape. In clubfoot, the tissues attaching the muscles to the tendons or bone are undersized. Expecting mothers are advised to avoid unhealthy habit and environment.

● Hammertoe: This condition develops with an imbalance in the tendons, ligaments or muscles responsible to hold the toe straight. It is an unusual curve in the mid joint of the toe. It can be caused due to some trauma, disease or shoe type that one wear.

● High-Arched or Cavus Foot: It is an ailment where the foot has a high arch than usual. Due to this unusual high arch, an extra amount of burden or weight is placed on the heel and ball of the foot. Cavus Foot can develop at any age and causes instability and pain.

Take Away-

Foot Deformities includes any condition that causes the feet of an individual to get out of shape and position. It can either develop with age or may be inherited or may be caused due to an accident. One should not avoid if he/she experience any regular pain in the feet or finds any deformity.

2408 people found this helpful

Athlete's Foot - How To Get Rid Of It?

Dr. Pallavi Singh 88% (64 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, Vasyli Certification
Podiatrist, Mumbai
Athlete's Foot - How To Get Rid Of It?

Athlete's foot is a common form of a fungal infection. It most commonly occurs between the toes and is medically known as tinea pedis. The most common cause are sweaty feet which when enclosed inside a tight-fitting shoe for a prolonged time leads to this condition. The most common symptom of athlete's foot is a scaly rash which causes itching and burning on your foot. It is a contagious disease and is most commonly spread through towels or clothing of people who have that disease. It can also be spread through the floors which people with athlete's foot walk on. Here is everything you need to know about athlete's foot.

Causes

1. Dirty wet socks inside covered shoes
As mentioned earlier, athlete's foot is a contagious disease which originates from wearing dirty wet socks inside covered shoes. 

2. Infection
You may also get it by coming into contact with an infected person or their towels and/or clothing. Even walking on the same floor as they walk on may cause an infection.

Symptoms

1. Scaly red rash
There is usually a scaly red rash in between the toes when you have athlete's foot.

2. Itching
There will be severe itching throughout the persistence of this disease especially when you first take off your shoes.

3. Blisters and ulcers
This is not a very common symptom of athlete's foot. However, blisters and ulcers do occur on certain types of athlete's foot.

4. Chronic dryness and scaling
This occurs on the soles of the feet and then slowly starts spreading upwards. These symptoms only occur on the type of athlete's foot known as moccasin. Due to this, athlete's foot is often mistaken for eczema and sometimes even dry skin.

5. Spreading to the hand
Athlete's foot always starts in your legs and in some cases spread to your hands as well. The likelihood of athlete's foot spreading to your hand is increased if you scratch or pick at the areas of the foot infected.

Treatment

There are three stages of treatment and these depend on the severity of the infection.

1. Over-the-counter medicines
In the first stage of treatment, the doctor will simply prescribe over-the-counter antifungal ointments, sprays or powders.

2. Prescription medications
In the next stage of treatment, prescription medications need to be applied to your feet.

3. Antifungal pills
If nothing else works, only then should antifungal pills be prescribed.

3659 people found this helpful

एथलीट फुट के लक्षण, कारण, इलाज - Athlete's Foot Ke Lakshan, Karan, Ilaj!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 92% (193 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
एथलीट फुट के लक्षण, कारण, इलाज - Athlete's Foot Ke Lakshan, Karan, Ilaj!

एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस) एक कवक संक्रामक रोग है. इस रोग की शुरुवात आमतौर पर पैर की उंगलियों के बीच से होता है. आपको बता दें कि एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस) आमतौर पर उन लोगों में होता है जिनके पैर तंग-फिटिंग जूते के भीतर ही सीमित होते हैं. जाहीर है कि ऐसे में इन लोगों के पैर में बहुत पसीना आयेगा. फिर यही पसीने और उँगलियों की संकीर्णता आगे चलकर इस बीमारी के जन्म का कारण बनती है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम एथलीट फूट के विभिन्न आयामों पर एक नजर डालें ताकि इसे लेकर लोगों की जानकारी में वृद्धि हो सके.

कैसे फैलता है एथलीट फुट (टिनिया पेडीस)-

एथलीट फुट के लक्षणों में त्वचा पर दाने आना शामिल होता है. जिसमें आमतौर पर खुजली, चुभन और जलन होती है. यह एक संक्रामक बिमारी है जो दूषित फर्श, तौलिए या कपड़ों के माध्यम से फैल सकता है. एथलीट्स फुट अन्य कवक संक्रमणों से भी संबंधित है, जैसे कि दाद और जॉक खुजली. इसका उपचार ओवर-द-काउंटर एंटिफंगल दवाओं के साथ किया जा सकता है, लेकिन संक्रमण बार-बार हो सकता है. डॉक्टर द्वारा निर्धारित की गई दवाएं भी उपलब्ध हैं.

एथलीट फुट के कारण-

एथलीट फुट का कारण दाद और जोक खुजली फैलाने वाला कवक होता है. इस कवक के विकास को बढ़ावा देने में गीले मोज़े या नम मौसम सबसे ज्यादा जिम्मेदार होते हैं. एथलीट फुट संक्रामक है और प्रभावित व्यक्ति के संपर्क में आने से या दूषित तौलिये, फर्श या जूतों के माध्यम से भी फेल सकता है. आपको एथलीट फुट होने का जोखिम हो सकता है, अगर आप :
* एक आदमी हैं
* बार-बार नम्म मोज़ो या जूतों का इस्तेमाल करते हैं
* किसी कवक रोग से प्रभावित व्यक्ति की बिस्तर, चादर, कपड़े या जूते उपयोग करते हैं.
* अगर आप इन्फेक्शन फैलने के जोखिम वाली स्थान पर नंगे पैर चलते हैं (स्विमिंग पूल, लाकर रूम, सम्प्रदायक स्नान, सॉना, आदि)

एथलीट फुट के लक्षण-
एथलीट फुट आपकी त्वचा पर लाल चकत्ते पैदा कर देता है. यह चकत्ते आमतौर पर पैर के अँगूठों के बीच से शुरू होते हैं. चकत्तों में खुजली जूते और मोज़े उतारने के बाद और बढ़ जाती है. कुछ तरीके का एथलीट फुट छाले और अलसर की तरह दिखता है. ऐथलीट्स फुट की वजह से ड्राईनेस और पंजो की स्केलिंग भी हो सकती है जो पैर के ऊपरी ओर फैलती है. कई बार लोग इसे एक्ज़िमा या ड्राई स्किन समझने की गलती कर देते हैं. यह आपके एक या दोनों पैरों को प्रभावित कर सकता है और आपके हाथ की तरफ भी फ़ैल सकता है. विशेषतौर पर अगर आप प्रभावित क्षेत्र को छूते या खरोंचते हैं.

डॉक्टर से कब संपर्क करें?
अगर आपके पैरों पर लाल चकत्ते हों, जो हफ़्तों के सेल्फ ट्रीटमेंट के बाद भी ठीक न हो. यदि आपको डायबिटीज है और आपको एथलीट फुट होने का अंदेशा हो रहा हो या आपको अपने पैरों में अत्यधिक लाल चकत्ते, सूजन, पैरों से पानी आना या बुखार जैसे लक्षण दिखने लगें तो शीघ्र अपने डॉक्टर से संपर्क करें.

एथलीट फुट का इलाज
अगर आपका एथलीट फुट नरम है तो आपके डॉक्टर आपको ओवर-द-काउंटर एंटीफंगल मरहम, लोशन, पाउडर या स्प्रे निर्धारित कर सकते हैं. इसके बाद भी एथलीट्स फुट ठीक नहीं होता है तो आपको डॉक्टर द्वारा निर्धारित दवाइयों की आवश्कयता पड़ सकती है. गंभीर इन्फेक्शन के मामलो में, ओरल मेडिकेशन की ज़रुरत भी पड़ सकती है.

एथलीट फुट की जटिलताएं

एथलीट फुट आपके शरीर के कई हिस्सों में फ़ैल सकता है, जैसे कि :


* हाथ: - जो लोग प्रभावित क्षेत्र को छूते या खुजाते हैं, उनमे ये इन्फेक्शन हाथों में भी फ़ैल सकता है.

* नाखून: - एथलीट्स फुट से संबंधित कवक आपके पैरों के नाखून को भी प्रभावित कर सकता है. ये हिस्सा उपचार प्रतिरोधी होता है.

* आपकी ऊसन्धि: - जोक खुजली का कारण अक्सर एथलीट्स फुट फैलाने वाला कवक ही होता है. संक्रमण का पैरों से ऊसन्धि की ओर फैलना सामान्य है, क्योंकि कवक आपके तौलिये के माध्यम से फैल सकता है.

Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Tinea Corporis - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

When skin is infected by a fungus, the resultant infection is called tinea corporis (ringworm). It is most common in athletes and children. The infection may appear on the scalp, beards, groin, in between the toes and other places.

Causes:

Tinea corporis can be caused by:
1. Skin contact
2. It is contagious, so if you use towels, bed linens and clothes of an infected person, you will get infected too.
3. Touching a pet infected by tinea corporis.

Signs and Symptoms
1. The rash starts as a scant area of red, bumpy pimples and spots. Then the rash forms a ring, with raised, red borders and a clear middle. The border might look scaly.
2. The rash may show up on face, legs, arms or other body areas which are exposed.
3. The area feels itchy. It might also be flaky and dry. You might even experience hair loss in the infected area.

Diagnosis
The skin in the area will be gently scraped off and the sample will be collected. Then, the sample will be viewed under a microscope. That will help discerning, which type of fungus is causing the infection.

Treatment

The following treatment regime must be followed:

1. The skin must be kept dry and clean.
2. Fungal creams are best. Creams that contain miconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole or oxiconazole are excellent for fungal infections.
3. Only apply the cream on clean skin. You can use it twice in a day. Bandaging the infected area is not recommended.
4. To prevent the infection from spreading, wash your towels in warm water and use clean towels every time you bathe. Also, clean the bathroom and wear freshly washed clothes.
5. If pets are infected, treat them as well.

The infection usually goes away under 4 weeks. The infection may branch out to the nails, groin, scalp and feet. Self-care is effective, but if symptoms persist, then do consult a specialist. Ringworms have certain complications, such as scratching the skin too much causes skin infections and other skin disorders, which may need further treatment.

5723 people found this helpful

Foot Arch Pain - How To Prevent It?

Dr. Shivendra Srivastava 85% (34 ratings)
MBBS, M.S., M.Ch - Orthopaedics
Orthopedic Doctor, Lucknow
Foot Arch Pain - How To Prevent It?

Foot arch pain is used in broader context for describing pain in bones, ligaments, muscles and nerve on the foot bottom. Slight damage to any of the components in the foot bottom can cause great pain. For starters, the pain lasts for a brief period, but increases over time if the condition is left untreated. Foot arch pain is more commonly witnessed in people over the age of 60 and among athletes engaged in sports of high impact.
The treatment plan of the pain totally depends on the cause. An early and right diagnosis goes a long way in treating the condition faster. For occasional mild to moderate pain, simple solutions such as footwear change can do the trick. Doctors often suggest four simple methods. This starts with rest followed by applying ice and then trying compression and elevation.

Anti-inflammatory medications are used to treat foot arch pain. Cases that are severe in nature can be treated with steroid and anti-inflammatory injections. For extreme cases, cortisol injections are prescribed too. This is done to relieve pain and release plantar fascia. Even stretching exercises are known to give relief from the pain. Some of the recommended exercises during this period are:

  1. Stretch-related to plantar fascia: This exercise should be performed by crossing the legs at the junction of the knee. The body weight should be rested on the unaffected leg and it should gradually come down to touch the toe. The idea is to stretch the plantar fascia. A set of 20 such movements should be practised on a daily basis. Each movement should last for about 10 seconds.
  2. Foot flexing: This exercise can be practised before getting out of bed. This is the tie when the pain from the plantar fascia is felt the most. This exercise should be repeated 20 times each lasting for about 10 seconds.
  3. Rolling stretch: This exercise should be started by sitting in a chair. A tennis ball should be placed under the foot arch and the same should be rolled back and forth for ten times at a time. The same should be repeated with the second foot. Once this posture gets comfortable, the same should be practised by standing on the ball. It is known to be extremely useful for people suffering from foot arch pain.

How to prevent foot arch pain?
1. Wear shoes that are half an inch lose as they will make feel comfortable while walking
2. Losing weight; obese tends to cause pain in the foot arch
3. Performing free hand exercise and simple stretching on a daily basis
4. Not to overuse the foot. People who stand for more than 5-6 hours at stretch on a daily basis are observed to have foot arch pain.

4800 people found this helpful

3 Symptoms Of Ringworm And Its Homeopathic Treatment

Dr. Supriya Joshi 90% (234 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Ahmednagar
3 Symptoms Of Ringworm And Its Homeopathic Treatment

Ringworm is a type of fungal infection occurring on the skin of a person. Ringworm does not involve the presence of any kind of actual worms whatsoever. It is so named because of the circular scaly infection on the skin, which almost appears as if a worm is present beneath the skin.

Why the fungi arise on the skin is unclear. However, these skin infections are highly contagious, so people coming in contact with those already having the disease could naturally develop the ringworm lesions. The fungi also require warm and moist conditions to thrive in. People working in waterlogged conditions or those walking barefoot on wet floors near swimming pools; public washrooms etc could all develop ringworm based on their immunity levels.

Symptoms of Ringworm:

  1. Reddish, scaly or white patches on the skin.

  2. The lesions may appear raised and blistered.

  3. The circular lesion might have a clearing in the center.

Hair loss is a common side effect of this disease. Ringworm of scalp especially is characterized by patchy hair loss where the hair might be bent and broken at an odd angle. Dandruff might also be present. Thankfully, there are many effective homeopathic remedies for ringworm on scalp.

Though mostly ringworm is treated with conventional medicines and allopathic treatment, there are certain recurring ringworms on which traditional medicines slowly lose effect. Such infections can be controlled and cured with the help of homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathy is based on the principle of ‘like curing like’. This means, the homeopath takes a bit of the plant material, deactivates it and just like a vaccine, infuses the patient’s body with small quantities of it. Popular homeopathic remedies for treating ringworm are:

  1. Sepia: It is obtained from the ink of a squid. It has been found that contact with the squid causes symptoms similar to the ones caused by ringworms. Thus, it is a remarkable cure for this disease. However, before actually administering this medicine, the homeopath doctor would ask several questions to understand the nature of the disease occurring to you. Such questions would include your sensitivity to heat and cold or how many times in the past has ringworm infected you. Only when the practitioner is sure of the fact that sepia is the correct treatment, would he prescribe it to you. This is a great cure for ringworms occurring in children as well.

  2. Sulphur: Ringworms not only affect a person on the skin of his/her body, it might also occur on the scalp. These ringworms can cause a lot of itching, irritation, hair loss, pus in the scalp etc. For treating such types of ringworm, one can apply sulphur-based creams or ointments on the affected area on the scalp. Sulphur is seen to help in fighting the ringworms and thus providing relief from all the itching and irritation on the scalp.

  3. Rhus Toxicodendron: This medicine is obtained when leaves of the poison ivy plants are distilled overnight. Contact with poison ivy leaves also causes similar symptoms as ringworms and thus, it is known to be a good cure for the disease.

Ringworms on Animals-

At times, even animals like cats and dogs can be affected by ringworms. Symptoms would include loss of hair in patches, itchy hair, white or blackish patches on the body and others. A specialised vet should be referred to for a medicated shampoo besides a homeopath. Medicines like Sepia or Chrysarobinum are administered to treat ringworms in animals.

Thus, ringworm is a very common form of a disease and is easily treatable whether in humans or animals. One would need to follow the course of their medicine and take to patience for getting it cured as soon as possible.  

3410 people found this helpful

Ringworm - Symptoms, Causes & Ayurvedic Treatment Of It!

Dr. Bilkish Zardi 88% (68 ratings)
BAMS, Diploma In Naturopathy
Ayurvedic Doctor, Gulbarga
Ringworm - Symptoms, Causes & Ayurvedic Treatment Of It!

Ringworm is a kind of skin infection that is brought on about due to fungal growth. Ringworms can occur on the body (tinea corporis), groin area which is sometimes referred to as the jock itch, scalp (tinea capitis) or even on the foot which is known as athlete’s foot. Sometimes there can also be several outbreaks of ringworm patches on the body simultaneously.

Symptoms of Ringworm:

The most common sign of ringworms is the red patch that looks a bit scaly and constantly itches. As time goes by this scaly patch can evolve into a circular shape and multiply into more rings. The center of the patch is scaly and clear while the outer lining is slightly raised.when ringworm occurs on the scalp it initially starts out as a tiny sore or bump and then turns flaky.

Causes of Ringworm:

Ringworm is caused by the fungi dermatophytes. Ringworm is highly contagious diseases and the causes for it are:

• Ringworm spreads by contact.
• You can get infected from your pets who might be carrying the fungi.
• The fungi dermatophytes often tend to linger on clothes, towels, surfaces and within brushes or combs.
• You can get infected by the fungi by standing barefoot on the soil.

Ayurvedic Treatment for This Condition:

According to the Ayurvedic philosophy, this skin condition is referred to as dad which is the result of the Kapha-Vata dosha. When Kapha symbolizing mucus and vata symbolizing air or wind manifest and lead to the accumulation of harmful toxins it causes contamination and damage to deep tissues. The contamination of the deep tissues and the amplification of the Kapha-Vata dosha leads to the outbreak of ringworm.

If you wish to resort to natural remedies and opt for an ayurvedic treatment of ringworm then here are some dietary and lifestyle changes that you will be required to implement:

• Sour, spicy and extremely sweet foods need to be avoided. Therefore you cannot consume foods such as citrus foods, sauces, vinegar, mustard, chutney and pickled items.
• You also need to avoid eating foods that are made up of white flour such as cakes, pizza and bread
Non-vegetarian food items are an absolute no.
• Drinks that contain caffeine such as coffee, tea and alcoholic drinks should also be avoided. Instead, you can eat foods such as rice, beans, pasta, wholegrain bread, fresh vegetables and non-citrus fruits.
• You also need to wash the affected area with water in which neem leaves have been boiled for a couple of minutes.
• You can also rub a paste of fresh papaya over the ringworm affected region.
• Another very effective home remedy includes applying on the area a paste made out of milk and turmeric. And then washing the area after an hour.

5189 people found this helpful

How To Treat Tinea Corporis?

Dr. Rahul Balmiki 90% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Skin & VD
Dermatologist, Lucknow
How To Treat Tinea Corporis?

When skin is infected by a fungus, the resultant infection is called tinea corporis (ringworm). It is most common in athletes and children. The infection may appear on the scalp, beards, groin, in between the toes and other places.

Causes:

Tinea corporis can be caused by:
1. Skin contact
2. It is contagious, so if you use towels, bed linens and clothes of an infected person, you will get infected too.
3. Touching a pet infected by tinea corporis.

Signs and Symptoms
1. The rash starts as a scant area of red, bumpy pimples and spots. Then the rash forms a ring, with raised, red borders and a clear middle. The border might look scaly.
2. The rash may show up on face, legs, arms or other body areas which are exposed.
3. The area feels itchy. It might also be flaky and dry. You might even experience hair loss in the infected area.

Diagnosis
The skin in the area will be gently scraped off and the sample will be collected. Then, the sample will be viewed under a microscope. That will help discerning, which type of fungus is causing the infection.

Treatment

The following treatment regime must be followed:

1. The skin must be kept dry and clean.
2. Fungal creams are best. Creams that contain miconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole or oxiconazole are excellent for fungal infections.
3. Only apply the cream on clean skin. You can use it twice in a day. Bandaging the infected area is not recommended.
4. To prevent the infection from spreading, wash your towels in warm water and use clean towels every time you bathe. Also, clean the bathroom and wear freshly washed clothes.
5. If pets are infected, treat them as well.

The infection usually goes away under 4 weeks. The infection may branch out to the nails, groin, scalp and feet. Self-care is effective, but if symptoms persist, then do consult a specialist. Ringworms have certain complications, such as scratching the skin too much causes skin infections and other skin disorders, which may need further treatment.

3919 people found this helpful

Athlete s Foot - Know More About Its Causes!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 89% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Athlete s Foot - Know More About Its Causes!

Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot is a commonly occurring infection of the skin which is caused by fungus. The medical name of this condition is known as tinea pedis. It is a fungal infection which primarily affects the skin on the feet. It is a contagious condition. It might also spread to the toenails and the hands. The disease is named as athlete’s foot because it mostly affects athletes. This is not a serious condition but sometimes it can be hard to cure.

Any condition that causes inflammation of the skin and affects the skin between the toes and the sole of the foot is generally referred to as athlete’s foot. The condition presents itself as scaly, red and raw looking eruptions and sometimes it might also be oozing with small blisters. It can affect both athletes and non-athletes alike. It is caused fungal infections but there might be other causes also which can be distinguished through proper testing.

There are different kinds of fungi that might be responsible for causing athlete’s foot. Exposure to these fungi can happen at many places which include swimming pools, gyms, communal showers, locker rooms, nail salons and from contaminated clothing from an affected person. It is a contagious disease and can spread from contact from affected individual to non-affected individual. Majority of the people contract this disease by walking barefoot at the place where someone suffering from athlete’s foot has also walked barefoot. Some people can be more at risk than others for the disease while others might be resistant to the condition. This condition is also known by the name ‘Jungle Rot’. This is usually used by the members of the armed services serving in tropical climates.

Infections caused by different fungi are spread by moisture and warmth. It is believed that the condition of athlete’s foot was less prevalent before the advent of enclosed shoes. It was thought to be a rare condition and became more prevalent in the 1900s as more and more health clubs and shoes became popular. If an individual contracts this disease once, it does not guarantee resistance from subsequently occurring infections.

Globally, this condition occurs in about 15% of the population. Males are more likely to develop this disease than females. Older children and younger adults are more often affected. This condition is treatable by the use of over the counter antifungal medicines. Prescription medicines are also available.

What does athlete’s foot look like?
Athlete’s foot caused by fungal infections leads to rashes on one or both the feet and can also affect the hands. Marks or rashes on two feet and one hand is a common characteristic of the presentation of athlete’s foot especially in men. Fungal athlete’s foot can also cause ringworm of the groin which is mostly seen in men or can cause ringworm on the hands. The fungal infections on the hands are known as tinea manuum. All areas affected by fungal infection should be treated simultaneously to decrease the risk of re-infection.

Risk factors of Athlete’s foot-
Some risk factors for developing athlete’s foot include walking barefoot in areas like communal showers, indoor swimming pools, locker rooms etc. which can lead to increased exposure to pathogenic fungi which are the cause of athlete’s foot. Individuals with the problem of excessive sweating or other sources of excessive moisture is also a common risk factor. Wearing occlusive footwear like trainers and socks can also prove to be a factor. People suffering from diabetes are also more prone to the disease. Pedicures when done in unhygienic environments can cause significant risk. Wearing the same socks and shoes for long periods can also lead to the development of athlete’s foot. Men are more at risk than women for this condition.

Athlete’s foot Symptoms-

  • Athlete’s foot can be demarcated into 4 categories namely, Plantar with plantar referring to the sole of the foot, interdigital athlete’s foot which means between the toes, acute ulcerative tinea pedis that leads to the development of lesions with scaly borders and vesiculobullous athlete’s foot which causes fluid filled lesions.
  • When interdigital athlete’s foot is caused by Trichophyton rubrum, the condition might be symptomless or may show signs such as itching, appearance of red or ulcerative skin between the toes which might or might not be itchy. An acute type of ulcerative interdigital athlete’s foot which is caused by T. mentagrophytes shows signs such as pain, erosion and fissures on skin, skin maceration, crusting of the skin and odor because of secondary bacterial infection.
  • Plantar’s athlete’s foot caused by T. rubrum shows signs such as appearance of redness on the sole of the foot which is often covered by fine, flaky scales. In case of vesiculobullous athlete’s foot is generally very rare and is caused by T. mentagrophytes and shows signs of itchy blisters on the soles of the foot.
  • General symptoms of the disease include itching, burning and stinging sensation between the toes, itchy blisters on the feet, dryness of the skin on the soles and the sides of the feet, discoloration of the toenails, raw skin on the feet, itching, stinging or burning sensation on the soles of the feet, pulling away of toenails from the nail bed, cracking and peeling of the skin generally between toes and on the soles of the feet, thick or crumby toenails etc.

Causes of Athlete’s foot-
Athlete’s foot is a form of dermatophytosis which refers to fungal infection of the skin which is generally caused by dermatophytes, fungus living in the layers of the skin and digesting keratin. These fungi which are parasitic in nature thrive in human hosts. The fungus that is related to the development of ring worm and jock itch is associated with causing athlete’s foot. Moisture providing places like damp socks and shoes provide a favorable condition for the fungi to grow. Exposure to the fungus is mostly through direct contact with a person infected by the disease or through coming in contact with places contaminated by the fungus. Showers, indoor swimming pool decks, locker rooms would be the most likely places to contract this disease.

Diagnosis of Athlete’s foot-
The most reliable and the best way to diagnose athlete’s foot is to recognize it’s causes and symptoms. Fungal athlete’s foot is very easy and straight forward to diagnose and treat. Getting the fungus removed from the foot is a very easy and cost-efficient process. The patient should immediately see a doctor if their rashes look infected and they have diabetes, the rash has changed into ulcers or sores that leak liquid or if the infection has spread to their groin or hands. If the rash just won’t go away or the symptoms get worse the doctors might suggest a biopsy. A skin lesion potassium hydroxide (KOH) exam is a very common test conducted by the doctors for athlete’s foot. A skin lesion is an unusual change on the skin’s surface. The doctors might order a KOH exam if they suspect fungus to be the reason for the skin lesion. The doctors will use a slide of glass or some other instrument to scrape off a bit of the skin from the patient’s lesion. The scraped skin is then mixed in with potassium hydroxide. Potassium hydroxide will destroy the healthy skin leaving behind only the fungus for the doctors to examine. The test is very simple and straightforward and has no risks to it.    

Athlete’s foot Treatment-
It is advised to get athlete’s foot treated as soon as a person notices any symptoms. Athlete’s foot can be treated by medications, home remedies or therapies. The treatment for the foot infection are as follows:

Over the counter medications
Many medications for the foot infection are available to treat fungal and non-fungal athlete’s foot. Medications such as miconazole (Desenex), clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF), terbinafine (Lamisil AT), tolnaftate (Tinactin), butenafine (Lotrimin Ultra) are available without any prescription of the doctor. Although, it is really hard to determine which one of these medications is the most effective. These medications are also available for purchase online over the internet.

Prescription medications-
Advanced or severe cases of athlete’s foot may require some oral anti-fungal pills such as prescription strength terbinafine. These medications are prescribed by consultation of doctors to restrict the spread of the infection. The drugs such as topical prescription strength miconazole and clotrimazole, oral anti-fungal medications such as fluconazole (Diflucan) and itraconazole (Sporanox) are also prescribed by the doctors. Lab tests to check for liver diseases will be done before the doctors prescribe these oral anti-fungal medications. Topical steroids are suggested for inflammatory infection to reduce the pain caused by the infection. Oral anti-biotics are suggested if raw skin and blisters are the reason for the bacterial infection. Topical steroids are not to be used in cases of fungal athlete’s foot as they help the fungus in spreading further by suppressing the immune system of the body. Topical steroid creams are more useful in treating non-fungal or non-infectious athlete’s foot. During pregnancy it is suggested that the patient should avoid anti-fungal pills because of possible harm to the fetus or other side effects that may take place.

Home Remedies-
Use of tea tree oil has been proven really helpful in treating athlete’s foot in recent years. But, it is suggested that the individual first confirms with their doctor that the use of tea tree oil won’t affect their skin as tea tree oil causes dermatitis in some cases. There are also other home remedies for treatment of athlete’s foot such as soaking your foot in dilute vinegar or use of dilute vinegar spray (four parts water and one-part household white vinegar), soaking the foot in diluted Clorox or taking a dilute Clorox bath (approximately one-fourth cup of Clorox household bleach in a tub of water). Other unconfirmed remedies also include use of Epsom salts and Vicks vapor rub.  

Complications Related to Athlete’s foot-
Athlete’s foot can cause complications in some cases. Minor complications include allergic infection due to fungus, blistering on the feet and hands. The fungal infection can also return even after being treated. More severe complications make take place in case of secondary bacterial infection. These complications include foot getting swollen, hot and painful, fever, drainage and pus. The infection might even spread further to other parts of the body if not treated in the early stages. Fungal nail infection (Onychomycosis) is also highly possible to take place because of the athlete’s foot. Groin infection (tinea cruris) and Body skin fungus (tinea corporis) may as well take place. Individuals with diseases that affect the immune system such as HIV/AIDS, cancer and diabetes will be prone to many kinds of infections. Athlete’s foot fungal infections with diabetes may cause severe ulcers on the body of the patient. Bacterial infection may cause cellulitis or inflammation of the skin of the patient. Use of topical steroid creams weakens the patient’s immune system which can result in other infection to take place. 

Prevention of Athlete’s foot-
There are many things an individual can do to avoid athlete’s foot such as maintaining proper hygiene and washing your feet with water and soap and drying them off properly every day. The area between the toes should be cleaned and dried off thoroughly.

  • Use anti-fungal powder for your feet every day.
  • Disinfecting your shoes by using disinfectant sprays and wipes. Do not share your towels, socks and shoes with others as this might result in spread of the infection. Wear sock and footwear made of breathable fibers and material that also wicks away the moisture from your feet.
  • Change your socks and shoes whenever your feet start to sweat. staying bare foot or in footwear like slippers is suggested at home to air out your feet and remove the moisture. Moisture helps the spread of fungus, to prevent athlete’s foot keep your feet clean and moisture free. Change between two or more different pair of shoes every other day to let each pair dry out between uses.  
  • Make sure family members with athlete’s foot are treated to avoid the spread of the infection to other family members.
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Fungal Nail Infection - Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Clinic Eximus 87% (19 ratings)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Fungal Nail Infection - Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Fungal infections in nails are caused by an overgrowth of the fungi in your nails. When the growth of fungus happens on the fingernails or toenails, it is known as onychomycosis or tineaunguium.

Here are the probable causes of why you might get a fungal nail infection :

1.        Diabetes
2.        Problems in your circulatory system
3.        Age
4.        Artificial nails
5.        Swim in public pools
6.        Nail injuries
7.        Skin injuries surrounding the nail
8.        Fingers or toes which have been moist for an extended period of time
9.        Immune system problems
10.        Wearing shoes which have toes enclosed

It is also worth note that fungal infections happen much more frequently in your toenail as compared to your fingernail. This is because of two main reasons. The first reason is that fungi can grow very easily on your toenails because of the position. Your shoes are dark, warm and moist and therefore, perfect for the growth of fungi. The second reason for more fungal infections on your toe nails as compared to your fingernails is because toes have less blood flow than fingers, thus making it harder for the immune system to fight off the infection.

Fungal infections in your nails are one of the easier infections to diagnose. This is because there are several symptoms which indicate you have this condition. Here are those symptoms :

1.        Scaling underneath your skin
2.        White or yellow streaks on your nails
3.        Corners of the nail may crumble
4.        Flaky surface of the nail
5.        Yellow spots at the bottom of the nails
6.        Loss of nail
7.        A nail breaking off from the rest of the nails
8.        An odor from the nail
9.        Brittle or thick nails

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