Let’s understand the different types of Arthritis and their best treatment options with the help of common examples from our society.
Case 1: Ever since Hema crossed her 60th birthday, she has constantly had problems with her joints. She was gaining weight over the last 3 to 4 years and had been diagnosed with early diabetes. Earlier, she would walk up to 3km 2 days a week without any issue and climb up and down 2 flights of stairs, gradually the joints slowly started becoming stiff and painful with half of those. She then got diagnosed with osteoarthritis, which is an inflammation of joints which occurs with age. All body movement happens because the joints consisting of bones move with the help of tendons and ligaments. With age, these fibrous tissues lose their elasticity and become rigid and stiff.
Two years down the line, she is back to her normal workout and feels a lot more flexible. Her doctor advised her not just painkillers but lifestyle changes. Osteoarthritis, which is mainly associated with aging, can be treated in the following manner.
Case 2: Raj was perfectly normal until he slowly realized that his joints began to hurt during his routine walking and jogging. Not just the legs, even his hands, and arms were affected. The joints became swollen, warm, and painful. It was affecting joints on both sides and a detailed diagnosed revealed that he had rheumatoid arthritis.
This is an autoimmune condition which happens when the body produces antibody against its own tissue. The joints are affected, often on both sides, and they become stiff, tender, and red with a reduced range of motion.
Treating rheumatoid arthritis includes a combination of medications when required, lifestyle changes, exercise, and diet modifications.