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Arthritis and Pain Management Tips

Old Age Problems & How Physiotherapy Can Be Of Help?

Dr. Gaurav Mohan 91% (18 ratings)
MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Old Age Problems & How Physiotherapy Can Be Of Help?

As a person grows older, the body undergoes wear and tear. This can be experienced in many ways. It can be quite frustrating for an elderly person to realize that they cannot do the tasks they once completed with ease. Making a healthy choice when it comes to diet and lifestyle can help people live comfortably in their old age.

Some of the most common problems experienced by elderly people are:

  • Arthritis: Arthritis is typically experienced in the form of joint pain. It can affect any joint of the body and typically worsens with time. There is no medical cure for arthritis but with the right lifestyle, it can be managed and its progression can be slowed. Exercise is crucial to dealing with arthritis. While it may seem counterintuitive, regular exercise can help the joints stay supple and protect the cartilage between bones. Since obesity, is one of the main risk factors for arthritis, exercise also helps with weight control and hence reduces the risk of suffering from this condition.
  • Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis refers to brittle bones or hollow bones. This is marked by the lowering of bone density that makes them weaker and more prone to fractures. Very often, this condition is not diagnosed until the person has broken a bone. Osteoporosis can be prevented by eating the right diet. Calcium is the building block of our bones and hence, a calcium-rich diet can help prevent and manage osteoporosis.
  • Depression: Many elderly people are affected by depression. In many cases, it is caused by the inability to perform tasks, they once did comfortably and the frustrations of seeing their body get weaker. Depression can lead to a number of other mental disorders if it is not nipped in the bud. The easiest way to prevent depression is by spending at least one hour outdoors every day. Going for a walk or even sitting in the park where the person gets to interact with other people can help improve their mental health.
  • Heart disease: As one grows older, the risk of heart disease increases. People with high cholesterol levels or high blood pressure have an increased risk of heart diseases. Thankfully, eating right can help prevent these conditions. In addition to a well-balanced diet and regular exercise, adding herbs such as garlic, turmeric and cayenne to food have also been known to be beneficial for heart patients.
  • Incontinence: As a person ages, the pelvic muscles weaken and he or she may find it difficult to control their bladder. This can create an embarrassing situation. Kegel exercises are ideal to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and treat incontinence. Drinking a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water each morning can also be helpful in dealing with the problem.

Much of these conditions associated with chronic diseases can be avoided through home remedies and preventive measures such as healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, injury prevention and proper care.

4926 people found this helpful

Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!

Dr. Kalpesh Mande 90% (35 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!

Rheumatism is an auto-immune and chronic disease caused due to the abnormal swelling of the body joints in the knees or the shoulders. The symptoms of rheumatism include intense pain in the morning, mild fever with the pain, swollen joints resulting in immense pain, stiff joints, increased pain in cold climate and extreme tiredness.

Doctors are still doubtful about the exact cause of the disease, but the weakened immune system might damage the joints. This makes obese people, smokers and women most susceptible to this disorder.

According to Ayurveda, rheumatism is caused due to a major imbalance in the ‘Vata or Kapha’ dosha. The Ayurvedic remedies aim for the restoration of the body’s Vata/Kapha balance. Ayurvedic remedies help reduce the ‘ama’, the toxins produced by the body.

The Ayurvedic remedies for rheumatoid arthritis are as follows:

  1. Boil a cup of mustard oil with camphor in it until the camphor dissolves well. Apply the lukewarm mixture on the affected areas once a day. This helps revive the blood circulation of the affected portion and subsequently reduces the abnormal swelling of the affected joints.
  2. You can take a few unpeeled slices of potato and soak them in a glass of cold water. Keep it for the night and drink it the next morning on an empty stomach. Do this every day to get rid of the pain.
  3. Include little amounts of ginger, garlic, and turmeric in your regular meals. This will help to reduce the inflammation and stiffness of the affected joints. Ayurvedic scriptures suggest that you should try and reduce the consumption of fish, red meat, curd, spinach and extremely chilled water as they might cause an imbalance in the ‘vata’.
  4. Applying a recommended amount of castor oil on the affected region helps reduce the inflammation and thus, the pain.
  5. A herbal preparation of celery seeds can be consumed daily in order to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4392 people found this helpful

Arthritis - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

Dr. Prathmesh Jain 85% (68 ratings)
M.S. Orthopedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Arthritis - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

Arthritis refers to extreme joint pain. It could either manifest in one of the joints in the body or more than one. At times, it occurs because of a vitamin deficiency. However, it can also advance with age. This is how arthritis can be easily diagnosed:

To diagnose arthritis, your specialist will consider the side effects and symptoms. They will then take a physical exam to check for swollen joints or loss of movement.

They will then use blood tests and X-ray to affirm the conclusion. X-ray and blood tests help in identifying the sort of arthritis you have. For instance, a great many people with rheumatoid arthritis have antibodies called rheumatoid components (RF) in their blood. X-rays are used to analyse osteoarthritis, normally uncovering lost ligament, bone deformities and in many extreme cases, a bone rubbing against another bone.

Sometimes, a needle is used to draw a little specimen of liquid from the joint for testing. This is done to eliminate different sorts of arthritis. In case your specialist speculates irresistible arthritis as a confusion of some other sickness, taking a sample of liquid from the influenced joint will typically affirm the finding and decide how it will be dealt with.

Depending on what kind of arthritis you have, your doctor will recommend you different therapies. However, some of the most common treatments for arthritis are as follows: 
Occupational Therapy

  1. Certain therapies involve long-term treatment to treat the affected joint. With the assistance of an occupational therapist, you can learn simpler approaches to do your typical exercises. A therapist can show you how to do the following:
  2. Maintain a strategic distance from positions that strain your joints.
  3. Utilise your most healthy joints and muscles while saving weaker ones.
  4. Use props to support certain joints.

Medication
Joint pain treatment will rely upon the nature and level of the condition. The principle objectives are to diminish aggravation and enhance the capacity of the influenced joints before the condition worsens. Your specialist will most likely recommend acetaminophen or a non-steroidal mitigating drug (NSAID), for example, Aleve.

Surgery
Different types of surgeries might be expected to lessen the inconvenience of joint inflammation or to recover the joint capacity. Synovectomy is the expulsion of a harmed connective tissue coating a joint depression. In case that ligament pain and irritation turn out to be genuinely chronic, or ligament joints turn out to be badly damaged, the answer may lie in surgical substitution.

Non-medical management of arthritis pain:
Besides medicine-based treatment for arthritis, there are many psychotherapeutic techniques to manage the same. Enhancing patients’ mental state by showing them how to unwind and perform their every day exercises at a sensible pace will also help in finding a way to defeat mental anxiety and nervousness. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopaedics.

2544 people found this helpful

Can Poor Diet and Nutrition be a Cause of Arthritis?

Dr. Prashant Parate 90% (2645 ratings)
Fellowship in Shoulder and Knee Surgeries, DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Nagpur
Can Poor Diet and Nutrition be a Cause of Arthritis?

One of the most common diseases that afflict a large section of the population is arthritis. It is common among people who are above 40 years of age. Acute joint pain, difficulties in movement and weakened bones are among the most common symptoms of arthritis. Given the fact that it is a condition that has permeated into modern life so deeply is what makes arthritis one of the most feared illnesses of this time. Although there are multiple forms of arthritis, there are primarily two types, which are:

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is characterized by a breakdown of the cartilage between the bones. It is mostly known to affect a person’s joints.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is a form of auto immune disease that severely affects the lining within the joints of bones.

Causes
The causes of arthritis might vary from person to person. Some of them are discussed below:

  1. Diet and nutrition habits: Some food items, especially red meat and products derived from animals can cause a rise in the level of uric acid thus, increasing the risks of arthritis as well as gout. Smoking also has been known to worsen this condition.
  2. Genetic predisposition: Some people are more prone to develop arthritis as they are genetically predisposed to it.
  3. Problem in the immune system: Rheumatoid arthritis is one condition which is caused by the attack of immune system on the lining of the joints within the body.

Risk factors for arthritis include:

  1. Obesity: The joints are subject to excess stress because of the excess weight. This results in a higher risk of arthritis in obese people.
  2. Age: The risk of arthritis increases with age.
  3. Family history: It is possible for you to be vulnerable to this disorder if arthritis runs in the family.
  4. Previous injury: People who have had a previous joint injury are more susceptible to arthritis.

Typical symptoms of both forms of arthritis are:

  1. Redness in the affected areas
  2. Stiffness in the joints
  3. Pain in the joints of the body
  4. Swelling in particular joints or most joints of the body
  5. Decreased mobility either due to pain or stiffness 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an orthopedist.

2585 people found this helpful

Pain Management And its Types!

Dr. Kedar Phadke 90% (84 ratings)
Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma SICOT, Fellowship in Spine Surgery, Fellowship in Endoscopic Spine Surgery
Orthopedist, Vadodara
Pain Management And its Types!

The human body experiences various types of aches and pains from time to time depending on injuries and other kinds of joint, muscle and nerve pain and various types of these pains include somatic pain, visceral pain, and neuropathic pain.

While somatic pain refers to the pain that comes from injuries caused to muscles, connective tissues and joints; visceral pain happens due to inflammation and excessive stretching of organs. Finally, neuropathic pain is a more long lasting kind, which can be caused by conditions like cancer, HIV or Shingles. The pain can be acute or chronic. Read on to find out more about pain management.

  • Somatic pain: This type of bone pain is usually localised and can increase with movement, becoming sharper with increased motion. Somatic pain can usually be treated with the help of analgesics, which treats the area suffering from pain, especially for pain that takes place due to surgical incisions and other dull aches or sharp pains that are localised. This kind of pain can also be treated with physiotherapy, acupressure and other exercises based on the area of pain.
  • Visceral pain: While this kind of pain can be treated with the help of medication, it also usually improves and fades with time. The medication for this kind of pain usually alters the neurotransmitters of the brain that convey pain signals and trigger pain in the body. This medication also helps in bringing down the inflammation for pain improvement.
  • Neuropathic pain: This kind of pain is usually accompanied by irregular limb movements and discomfort as well as motions like twitching. It is a more permanent kind of pain that lasts long and causes greater discomfort than the above two kinds of pain. Neuropathic pain can be treated with the help of anticonvulsants, which usually help in preventing the nerve pain and irregular movements that can trigger from this kind of pain. It also impacts the serotonin level and other chemicals in the brain for better nerve pain management and act as an anti-depressant as well.

The various kinds of pain discussed above can be treated in different ways, both  in medicated and non-medicated ways, however, the method will depend upon whether the pain is acute or chronic. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an orthopedist and ask a free question.

2600 people found this helpful
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