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Arterial Thrombosis Treatment Tips

What Is Thrombosis?

Dr. Lalit Raut 89% (14 ratings)
Fellowship In Leukemia & Stem Cell Transplant, DM - Clinical Haematology, MD - Medicine
Hematologist, Nagpur
What Is Thrombosis?

WORLD THROMBOSIS DAY

Thirteenth October is celebrated worldwide as the World Thrombosis day. The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis started this campaign from 2014. The aim is to create awareness about disorders of thrombosis (clotting).

What is thrombosis?

Thrombosis is local coagulation or clotting of the blood in a part of the circulatory system. This reduces or shuts the blood flow causing symptoms of thrombosis.

What are the disorders caused by thrombosis?

The disorders caused by thrombosis depend on the site of thrombosis. The common disorders are:

Stroke (Brain attack), Heart attack, Deep Vein thrombosis, Retinal vein and artery thrombosis, Pulmonary thromboembolism, Renal vein or artery thrombosis, Portal vein thrombosis, Mesentric Vein thrombosis.

What are the common risk factors for thrombosis?

Immobility, Obesity, Hospitalization, Surgery, Cancers, Previous thrombosis, pregnancy, smoking, consumption of some mediations, dyslipidemia etc. are the common risk factors associated with thrombosis. There are also genetic risk factors causing thrombosis.

What are the common tests done during the evaluation of thrombosis?

The tests done for the evaluation of thrombosis depend on the site of thrombosis. Doppler scans, CT scans, CT angiography, MR angiography are the common tests to diagnose the site of thrombosis. Sometimes, scans are also done to see whether a part of the thrombus have migrated (embolised) to other body part. Blood tests are also done to assess the clotting system and to monitor the effects of drugs given for thrombosis. Tests to rule out the genetic risk factors are also recommended as per the clinical scenario.

What are the common medicines used in thrombosis?

Medicines commonly used in the treatment of thrombosis are Heparin, Warfarin and newer drugs like Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban etc. Patients are also prescribed medicines to treat the risk factors for thrombosis like statins, antihypertensives and medications for diabetes.

Can thrombosis be prevented?

Yes, thrombosis can be prevented with the help of preventive measures and medications.

What is the aim of World Thrombosis Day Campaign?

The purpose of this campaign is to create awareness about this deadly disease. The campaign aims at:

1)highlighting the burden of disease and the need of action.

2)increasing public awareness of the risk factors, symptoms and signs of thrombosis

3)empowering healthcare seekers to talk to healthcare providers about the disease

4)stimulating people to advocate systems of care to prevent, diagnose and treat venous thrombosis and atrial fibrillation.

Why 13th October?

The world thrombosis day is celebrated on the 13th October which is the birthday of Rudolf Virchow who first penned down the pathogenesis of thrombosis. To salute this great personality, we celebrate his birthday as the World thrombosis day.

Kindly talk to your doctor for information on risk factors of thrombosis.

5 people found this helpful

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)!

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Homeopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Psychotherapy Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Surgical Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Other Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
What is Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Causes of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Risk factors of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Complications of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Precautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Homeopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Homeopathic treatment of deep vein thrombosis helps to dissolve the blood clots and reduce the possibility of a recurrence. It can give the effective results in shortest possible time and prevent further clot formation without any side effects. It clears the defect in circulation, improves its viscosity and revert it back to normal healthy blood circulation. It also reduces pain, tenderness and swelling in the affected leg. Some common homeopathic medicines for deep vein thrombosis  are:

Apis
Arnica
Bufo
Calc F
Crot H
Secale

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Allopathic medications used to treat deep vein thrombosis include the use of anticoagulants. One group of medications is known as thrombolytics is also used such as tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), are given through an intravenous (IV) line to break up blood clots.

Surgical Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Common surgeries used to treat deep vein thrombosis are: 

Balloon Angioplasty
Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis
Stent Insertion
Thrombectomy
Vena Cava Interruption

What is Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. It is also known as Venous Thrombosis

Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Swelling in the affected leg
Pain in your legPrecautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Warmth over the affected area
Leg tenderness
Changes in your skin color, such as turning pale, red or blue

Causes of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

It when a blood clot forms in the veins that is deep in your body, often in your legs. Blood clots can be caused by many different things like anything that causes your blood not to circulate normally or clot properly.

Risk factors of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Being over age 60
Being overweight or obese
A family history of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
A pacemaker or a thin, flexible tube (catheter) in a vein
Injury to your veins or surgery
Prolonged bed rest, such as during a long hospital stay, or paralysis
Heart failure
Inflammatory bowel disease
Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy
Cancer
Smoking
Inheriting a blood-clotting disorder

Complications of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Pulmonary embolism
Postphlebitic syndrome 
Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves the following tests:

Ultrasound
Blood test
Venography
CT or MRI scans

Precautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Exercise your lower calf muscles
Lose weight
Quit smoking
Control your blood pressure

Deep Vein Thrombosis!

Dr. Paramjeet Singh 90% (1400 ratings)
MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Deep Vein Thrombosis!

Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most deep vein clots occur in the lower leg or thigh. If the vein swells, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. A deep vein thrombosis can break loose and cause a serious problem in the lung, called a pulmonary embolism.

Sitting still for a long time can make you more likely to get a DVT. Some medicines and disorders that increase your risk for blood clots can also lead to DVTs. Common symptoms are

  • Warmth and tenderness over the vein
  • Pain or swelling in the part of the body affected
  • Skin redness

Treatment includes medicines to ease pain and inflammation, break up clots and keep new clots from forming. Keeping the affected area raised and applying moist heat can also help. If you are taking a long car or plane trip, take a break, walk or stretch your legs and drink plenty of liquids.

1 person found this helpful

Coronary Artery Disease: Causes and Treatment

Dr. Vidyasagar Umalkar 86% (20 ratings)
DHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Coronary Artery Disease: Causes and Treatment

Coronary artery disease is characterized by accumulation of plaque in the coronary artery that chokes blood supply to the heart. This plaque buildup usually starts with cholesterol accumulation and gradually other particles such as calcium and lipoproteins get deposited as well. Over time, the plaque accumulates, making the blood vessels narrow and choking the supply of blood. In some cases, if the plaque ruptures, it may lead to formation of blood clots resulting in stroke.

The symptoms of coronary artery disease are:

  1. Breathing difficulties: This disorder may lead to shortness of breath as the blood pumping mechanism of the heart is impaired; this usually results in fatigue and exertion. It is advised to avoid advanced cardio exercises such as the high intensity interval training.
  2. Chest pain: Stress related activities may cause intense pressure or tightness in your chest, resulting in pain in the middle or left portion of your chest. If you discontinue the activity, the pain would usually subside. In some cases, you may feel the pain in the arm and the neck.
  3. Heart attack: If the level of plaque accumulation is excessive, then it may result in a heart attack. It is characterized by breathing difficulties, pain, tightness in the chest and sweating. You may also experience pain in the neck and the jaw.

The causes of coronary artery disease are:

  1. Smoking and alcohol consumption
  2. Leading a sedentary lifestyle ups the risk of coronary artery disease
  3. Hypertension
  4. High cholesterol levels in the body
  5. Blood sugar problems

Treatment:

  1. Get your blood pressure under control: If you suffer from high blood pressure, then it is recommended to get it under control to prevent coronary artery disease.
  2. Quit smoking: If you are a habitual smoker, then it is time to nip the habit in the bud. Smoking is known to constrict blood vessels as it is a vasoconstrictor.
  3. Eat healthy: Eat a well balanced diet consisting of vegetables and fruits so that your body receives the essential nutrients to function well.
  4. Beat stress: You need to control your stress levels through exercise or meditation. Take time off work and do activities that make you happy.
3506 people found this helpful

Coronary Artery Disease Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dr. Balaji Ramagiri 91% (205 ratings)
MBBS, DM - Cardiology, MD
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
Coronary Artery Disease   Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Coronary artery disease is one of the major killer diseases of the modern society. It is not a solitary problem but brings with it a multitude of issues including obesity, diabetes, stroke, and other metabolic disorders. A thorough understanding of what causes it and how to manage it can help save thousands of lives.

Causes: The circulatory system is mainly made up of the heart and a complex network of arteries and veins. The inner walls of these are lined with smooth muscles, allowing for free flow of blood. Gradually, over a period of time, given the density, the fat from the blood flowing through these vessels settles along the walls of these vessels. This attracts more fat, lipoproteins, and other inflammatory cells and so the process continues. This reduces the diameter of the blood vessels, therefore reducing the amount of blood supply to the target organs. If the target organ is a vital one like the brain or the heart, then it could lead to stroke or heart attacks.

Main causes for coronary artery disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking, diabetes, and stress. Men are more prone than women, and family history and age puts them at higher risk.

Symptoms: Reduced blood supply to the target organ causes the following symptoms:

  1. Shortness of Breath: A person with coronary artery disease will feel short of breath and tired with most activities, even like walking a few meters.

  2. Chest Pain: A strong pressure sensation on the left side of the chest is an indication of coronary artery disease. Known as angina, it comes with stress and goes away once the stress is removed. It could sometimes radiate to the shoulder, down the arm, or up into the jaw also. These are classical symptoms of angina or heart attack and is considered an emergency. Of note, this is often mistaken for indigestion.

  3. Palpitations: A sensation where you are able to hear your heartbeat.

  4. Nausea and Excessive Sweating: Nausea and excessive sweating are also seen during angina.

Treatment: There are 3 modes to manage this.

  • Medications:

  • Surgical Procedures:  Surgical procedures including balloon angioplasty followed by placement of drug-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass surgery are done to manage more severe cases.

  • Lifestyle Change: Lifestyle changes including reduced fat consumption, decrease body weight, stop smoking, increased physical exercise, and reducing stress are highly important in preventing further damage.

Once suspected, coronary artery disease can be effectively managed and the extent of damage controlled using the above techniques.

3052 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Coronary Artery Disease

Dr. Col V C Goyal 92% (10233 ratings)
CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is one of the major killer diseases of the modern society. It is not a solitary problem but brings with it a multitude of issues including obesity, diabetes, stroke, and other metabolic disorders. A thorough understanding of what causes it and how to manage it can help save thousands of lives.

Causes: The circulatory system is mainly made up of the heart and a complex network of arteries and veins. The inner walls of these are lined with smooth muscles, allowing for free flow of blood. Gradually, over a period of time, given the density, the fat from the blood flowing through these vessels settles along the walls of these vessels. This attracts more fat, lipoproteins, and other inflammatory cells and so the process continues. This reduces the diameter of the blood vessels, therefore reducing the amount of blood supply to the target organs. If the target organ is a vital one like the brain or the heart, then it could lead to stroke or heart attacks.

Main causes for coronary artery disease include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking, diabetes, and stress. Men are more prone than women, and family history and age puts them at higher risk.

Symptoms: Reduced blood supply to the target organ causes the following symptoms:

  1. Shortness of Breath: A person with coronary artery disease will feel short of breath and tired with most activities, even like walking a few meters.

  2. Chest Pain: A strong pressure sensation on the left side of the chest is an indication of coronary artery disease. Known as angina, it comes with stress and goes away once the stress is removed. It could sometimes radiate to the shoulder, down the arm, or up into the jaw also. These are classical symptoms of angina or heart attack and is considered an emergency. Of note, this is often mistaken for indigestion.

  3. Palpitations: A sensation where you are able to hear your heartbeat.

  4. Nausea and Excessive Sweating: Nausea and excessive sweating are also seen during angina.

Treatment: There are 3 modes to manage this.

  • Medications:

  • Surgical Procedures:  Surgical procedures including balloon angioplasty followed by placement of drug-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass surgery are done to manage more severe cases.

  • Lifestyle Change: Lifestyle changes including reduced fat consumption, decrease body weight, stop smoking, increased physical exercise, and reducing stress are highly important in preventing further damage.

Once suspected, coronary artery disease can be effectively managed and the extent of damage controlled using the above techniques. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.

2012 people found this helpful

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery!

Dr. Paramjeet Singh 90% (1400 ratings)
MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery!

In coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle grow hardened and narrowed. You may try treatments such as lifestyle changes, medicines, and angioplasty, a procedure to open the arteries. If these treatments don't help, you may need coronary artery bypass surgery.

The surgery creates a new path for blood to flow to the heart. The surgeon takes a healthy piece of vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. Then the surgeon attaches it to the coronary artery, just above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more than one bypass.

The results of the surgery usually are excellent. Many people remain symptom-free for many years. You may need surgery again if blockages form in the grafted arteries or veins or in arteries that weren't blocked before. Lifestyle changes and medicines may help prevent arteries from becoming clogged again.

1 person found this helpful

Blocked Arteries: Know The Reasons Behind It

Madhavbaug Clinic 88% (59 ratings)
Non-invasive Cardiology
Ayurveda, Thane
Blocked Arteries: Know The Reasons Behind It

Blockage in heart is a common term used for narrowing of coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are vessels (which supply blood and thus oxygen and food) to continuously working heart muscles. Heart muscles which are not tired working from the birth till death, however, cannot sustain long without blood supply.

A reduction in blood supply gives rise to ischemia of heart muscles commonly manifested as chest discomfort or angina. A sudden complete shutdown of blood supply leads to heart attack leading to permanent damage to heart (if blood flow not reestablished promptly).

But what causes these arteries to block? Deposition of LDL cholesterol (low density cholesterol) in inner surface of coronary arteries is the primary reason of these blockages. LDL a normal component of blood (upto certain limit) starts depositing in arteries as early as 10 years of age!

Deposition of billions of LDL molecules over several years on inner surface of arteries gives rise to visible narrowings of these arteries. Flow ahead of these narrowings are reduced in proportion to the narrowing. At a level of 70 % narrowing the flow is reduced to give ischemia (and angina) during exercise. Gradually increasing degree of narrowing reduces the exercise needed for ischemia and angina; a narrowing of more than 90 % can give symptoms at rest. A sudden clot formation at any of these stages can block the blood flow suddenly giving rise to a heart attack. 

If LDL is a normal component of blood, why it is deposited in the arteries at first place? 

LDL above a certain limit  LDL-C ≤2.0 mmol/L in blood starts depositing in the arteries. Normal LDL value Diabetes, Hypertension, smoking, less exercise and genetics makes it more sticky thus making narrowing faster. This is why these risk elements need to be properly attended for prevention from heart disease. For treatment medicines are important for to halt the progression of narrowing of the arteries; There are surgical options like angioplasty (method of fast resolution of blockage;) and bypass surgery ( method of creating a whole new blood supply for the affected part of the heart) available. But Madhavbaug has developed a treatment that will effectively treat your blockage with the help of Ayurvedic Panchkarma sittings and lifestyle modifications. Kindly visit your nearest Madhavbaug Clinic for expert medical advice. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.

3475 people found this helpful

What You Need To Know About Blockages in Heart Arteries?

Dr. Nishith Chandra 94% (697 ratings)
DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
What You Need To Know About Blockages in Heart Arteries?

Blockage in heart is a common term used for narrowing of coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are vessels, which supply blood and thus oxygen and food) to continuously working heart muscles. Heart muscles which are not tired working from the birth till death, however, cannot sustain long without blood supply.

A reduction in blood supply gives rise to ischemia of heart muscles commonly manifested as chest discomfort or angina. A sudden complete shutdown of blood supply leads to heart attack leading to permanent damage to heart (if blood flow not reestablished promptly).

But what causes these arteries to block? Deposition of LDL cholesterol (low density cholesterol) in inner surface of coronary arteries is the primary reason of these blockages. LDL a normal component of blood (upto certain limit) starts depositing in arteries as early as 10 years of age!

Deposition of billions of LDL molecules over several years on inner surface of arteries gives rise to visible narrowings in these arteries. Flow ahead of these narrowings is reduced in proportion to the narrowing. At a level of 70 % narrowing the flow is reduced to give ischemia (and angina) during exercise. Gradually increasing degree of narrowing reduces the exercise needed for ischemia and angina; a narrowing of more than 90 % can give symptoms at rest. A sudden clot formation at any of these stages can block the flow suddenly giving a heart attack.

If LDL is a normal component of blood, why it is deposited in the arteries at first place?

LDL above a certain limit in blood starts depositing in the arteries. Diabetes, Hypertension, smoking, less exercise and genetics makes it more sticky thus making narrowing faster. This is why these risk elements need to be properly attended for prevention from heart disease. For treatment medicines are important for stopping the progression of narrowings; angioplasty is a method of fast resolution of blockage; and bypass surgery is the method of creating a whole new blood supply for the affected part of the heart.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1954 people found this helpful

Peripheral Artery Disease!

Dr. Paramjeet Singh 90% (1400 ratings)
MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Peripheral Artery Disease!

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart. The cause of PAD is atherosclerosis. This happens when plaque builds up on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs. Plaque is a substance made up of fat and cholesterol. It causes the arteries to narrow or become blocked. This can reduce or stop blood flow, usually to the legs. If severe enough, blocked blood flow can cause tissue death and can sometimes lead to amputation of the foot or leg.

The main risk factor for PAD is smoking. Other risk factors include older age and diseases like diabetes, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.

Many people who have PAD don't have any symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include

  • Pain, numbness, achiness, or heaviness in the leg muscles. This happens when walking or climbing stairs.
  • Weak or absent pulses in the legs or feet
  • Sores or wounds on the toes, feet, or legs that heal slowly, poorly, or not at all
  • A pale or bluish color to the skin
  • A lower temperature in one leg than the other leg
  • Poor nail growth on the toes and decreased hair growth on the legs
  • Erectile dysfunction, especially among men who have diabetes

PAD can increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and transient ischemic attack.

Doctors diagnose PAD with a physical exam and heart and imaging tests. Treatments include lifestyle changes, medicines, and sometimes surgery. Lifestyle changes include dietary changes, exercise, and efforts to lower high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure.

1 person found this helpful
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