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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019

ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What is ADHD? What are the Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? What are the Possible Causes of ADHD? What are the Precautions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? How is ADHD Diagnosed? What are the Treatment of ADHD? What are the ADHD Home Remedies? What are the ADHD Home Remedies? Does ADHD go away? Can Stress Make ADHD worse?

What is ADHD?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a kind of mental disorder of children. It is most commonly diagnosed disease in children and teens and that can continue into the adulthood. Children diagnosed with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. In addition they may experience trouble in paying attention. ADHD is more commonly found in boys than in girls and usually discovered in early school years, when a child experience problems while paying attention in school.

During adulthood, a person with ADHD finds it difficult to manage time, become organized, set goals, and hold down a job.

What are the Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

There are several distinct signs of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) but those have been divided in three groups:

  • Inattention There are some of the commonly noticed features come under Inattention group such as Lack of focus, a tendency to make careless mistakes, having difficulty in paying attention to details, constant distractions while talking on a topic, not listening to others, be forgetful about daily activities, and get easily distracted by things like trivial noises and even with the events that are usually ignored by others.
  • Hyperactivity Children with hyperactivity may show up some weird activities getting up frequently to walk or run around, have trouble playing quietly or doing quiet hobbies and talk excessively.
  • Impulsivity: A person with impulsivity may be impatient, blurt out answers before someone finishes asking them a question, and frequently interrupt others.
  • Self-focusing behaviour where the child is more focused on himself or herself.
  • Interrupting others while speaking or before the completion of their talk.
  • Inability to focus on one activity, thus jumping from one task to another. They get easily distracted.
  • Getting bored easily and thus requiring new toys , new things and asking continuously for new or ore things
  • Blurting out comments whenever not necessary and thus murmuring to unnecessary things
  • Having difficulty controlling their emotions, showing emotions whenever they feel to.throwing the toys and demanding for newer one, crying unnecessary etc.
  • Lack of caution with strangers and thus exhibiting less fear
  • More bold behaviour and exhibiting overconfidence
  • Problems playing quietly so as to attract the attention of others.

What are the Possible Causes of ADHD?

The main causes of ADHD are as follows:

  • Genetic factors: ADHD has found to be genetically inherited and thus tends to run in families. It's thought the genes inherited from the parents are a significant factor in developing the condition.
  • Brain structure: Research have displayed the fact that certain areas of the brain may be smaller in people with ADHD, whereas other areas may be larger.
  • Children’s who are born prematurely or with a low birth weight are at more risk of ADHD.
  • Persons suffering with epilepsy are risk of ADHD.
  • Persons with brain damage due to injury or in womb may have ADHD.
  • Environmental factors also impact in triggering ADHD conditions.

What are the Precautions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Some of the precautions necessary while suffering from ADHD disorder are as follows:

  • Maintain a regular healthy routine, a diet chart, and exercise routine. This shall help in keeping things at pace and help in controlling aggression.
  • Maintain a daily activity plan and regularly monitor the plan.
  • Eliminate the diet that targets artificial colorings, flavorings, and preservatives.
  • Processed sugars and carbohydrates are found to have impact on child's activity level by rapidly raising blood sugar levels. The raised blood sugar increases the adrenaline rush making the child more active, and when the adrenaline comes down the mood changes. So keep the sugar and carbohydrate level monitored. Ensure a balanced diet.
  • Don't indulge in unnecessary fights and discussion.
  • Try to make a healthy and happy environment and avoid arguments.
  • Stop usage of drugs, alcohol and smoking.
  • Encourage the person suffering from disorder to be more social and friendly.

How is ADHD Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of ADHD can be done by parents while parenting. The doctor may go in for assessments for diagnosing the ADHD conditions. The assessment may include a physical examination, a series of interviews with the child or the patient, interviews or reports from other significant people, such as partners, parents and teachers etc. so as to gain insights on the patient behaviour.

The diagnosis of the ADHD is done only if the child is displaying the same conduct and behaviour for more than 6 months, having symptoms before the age of 12, and these conditions are making his or her life complex at social and academic levels. For adults the alertness, the attentiveness, the impulsiveness are assessed by the doctor and based on the social life the diagnosis is done.

What are the Treatment of ADHD?

  • Medication: Various studies have shown that Stimulant medication is most effective ADHD treatment.
  • Therapy: Behavior therapy is aimed at addressing specific behavioral problem and increasing positive attention.
  • Nutrition: Researches and studies worldwide have established that nutritional changes can bring about a drastic change in the condition of some patients with ADHD.
  • Supplements: There are many vitamins, herbs, and supplements like Omega-3s, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, Vitamin C, Valerian, Melatonin, Ginkgo, and Ginseng which may lessen ADHD symptoms in some individuals.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise helps the brain to release several important chemicals and boosts brain’s neurotransmitters — chemicals that many individuals with ADHD run short on.

What are the ADHD Home Remedies?

Some of the home remedies to overcome the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder disorder are as follows:

  • Yoga and aerobics: The Yoga, meditation therapy and aerobics shall help the patient to calm down their energies and regulate the blood supply properly. This shall help them to control their emotions and help them to focus on the subjects.
  • Omega-3: Fish oils, are thought to help the patients from ADHD though the effect appears to be very little.
  • Supplements like Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, Vitamin –B6 are found to improve the ADHD disorder to some extent.
  • Behavioural therapy: good parenting, cooperating and controlling of emotions shall help the patient to overcome the disorder naturally.

What are the ADHD Home Remedies?

Some of the home remedies to overcome the ADHD disorder are as follows:

  • Yoga and Aerobics: The Yoga, meditation therapy and aerobics shall help the patient to calm down their energies and regulate the blood supply properly. This shall help them to control their emotions and help them to focus on the subjects.
  • Omega-3:Fish oils, are thought to help the patients from ADHD though the effect appears to be very little.
  • Supplements: Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, Vitamin –B6 are found to improve the ADHD disorder to some extent.
  • Behavioural therapy: Good parenting, cooperating and controlling of emotions shall help the patient to overcome the disorder naturally.

What Foods Should be Avoided With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

  • Candy: Candy has a large amount of sugar and artificial colors which is undoubtedly a bad combination for children suffering from ADHD.
  • Sodas, Caffeine, and High-Fructose Corn Syrup: Such drinks are often loaded the sugar and sweeteners that's why it should not be included in doesn't of a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • Frozen Fruits and Vegetables: All fruits and vegetables are not necessarily healthy diet options for an ADHD, there are some frozen brands that have artificial colors in it. So it should be checked carefully.
  • Energy Drinks: Most of the energy drinks contain ingredients such as sugar, artificial sweeteners, artificial colors, caffeine, and other stimulants which can worsen the ADHD symptoms.
  • Nix Cake Mixes and Frostings: Cake mix and frosting contain the high amounts of sugar and artificial colors that can provoke ADHD symptoms.

Does ADHD go away?

According to the experts, the ADHD is a lifelong condition. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, sometimes, may not be diagnosed until adulthood. And, the fact is that in majority of cases the condition of ADHD doesn't go away in adulthood.

Can Stress Make ADHD worse?

Stress is universally known to be the stimulant factor for various mental problems. In the case of ADHD, stress is the factor that aggravates the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms especially in adults who find it hard to focus and filter out excess stimuli, which increases stress levels.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I had ADHD and anxiety disorders. Presently am taking duolextine 60 mg and lexapro 10 mg at night for anxiety and inspiral 20 mg in mornings for adhd. Recently I started inspiral 20 mg, am feeling very good and doing my day to day activities very good. But I purchased inspiral 20 mg to test, because above medication r ok for anxiety, but I am unable to focus and unable to perform daily simple activities. So I searched on google, and find the right medication for me. But am I afraid, that what my doctor will say? Kindly help me in this, I am living in hyderabad.

PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra
Dear Lybrate user - Go for ayurvedic treatment as it does not have any side effects,so take seacod (omega 3)1 capsule daily after breakfast it calms down your mind and at night take brahmi of Himalaya liquid or in tablet form. Relaxation technique...
2 people found this helpful

I was diagnosed with severe ADHD recently & prescribed with ritalin by the doctor. Usually, I count a number of letters a word when I read something & I stopped driving long before because I can't focus plus I can't speak spontaneously. I started by taking 4 tablets of inspiral ir 5 mg on the first day & something unexpected happened. After a couple of hours I rapidly felt like I was a superhuman. My concentration boosted abnormally & I begun to speak like a most experienced stage speaker. The whole world seemed positive & the depression zeroed. I felt this effect for about 4 hours & it rapidly ward off as it was immediate release dose. The next day with same optimism I took 2 tablets of inspiral sr 20 mg at once hoping that it will last for a day as it is a sustained release version. But the results were drastic. I'm depressed like hell. I felt like someone was squeezing my eyes out & my head felt so heavy. I had mild anxiety & absolutely out of the mood to do nothing but to lie down. I read a passage about 10 times to get the meaning because my concentration & motivation was down. It was so irritating, restless & jittery. Felt terrible being dizzy all day but was better than the situation without medications my doctor is off for a couple of months & what should I do now? What must be the reason for the change of effects between an immediate release & sustained release of the same medication? What would you suggest me to do? Inspiral is the perfect drug as I feel but the dosage & type of drug release brings in the problems. Have my brain built a tolerance to the drug all in one day? I want the good effects of the medication for at least 9 hours & how would you suggest me to alter the dosage? Please help me with this. Thanks in advance with hope!

MB BS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA - Healthcare
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
I understand that you are suffering from adhd or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and that you will be able to feel better once the medication has been optimized. If your psychiatrist is out of town you may be able to consult online, howev...
3 people found this helpful

Hi, My 7 year old daughter has mild adhd (inattention score 6 and hypertension 7, combined 13) as per assessment done. Her iq level is 71. Although she is doing average in class but face learning difficulties at times. Our doctor also suggested sizodon (risperidone) 4 drops per day. Please advise if this medicine is safe for her.

MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician,
hi, your daughter is 7 yrs old . assuming that she is more than 20 kgs we have to calculate the dosage. in your query it is mentioned as hypertension , but i think it is hyperactivity . risperidone is generally safe in children. the dosage you men...
1 person found this helpful

Hi, My son 15-year male having adhd, conduct disorder by nimhans during 4 years, stopping school at class 9, irritating parents, addicted mobile, t v, not going outside for play, etc, med running is attentrol 18 & oleanz 5. but not improving. Help me the way.

MD Ayurveda
Pediatrician, Bathinda
Dear friend, these medicine are not helpful in long term. In starting period seems very effective but later condition change and condition become more worse. It will be far better if you go for herbal medicine which are very effective as well as f...

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Hello everyone! My name is Dr. Omkar Mate and I am a consultant neuropsychiatrist. Today we will be talking about ADHD that is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This is a disorder which commonly affects children and in result childhood dev...
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