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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019

ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What is ADHD? What are the Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? What are the Possible Causes of ADHD? What are the Precautions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? How is ADHD Diagnosed? What are the Treatment of ADHD? What are the ADHD Home Remedies? What are the ADHD Home Remedies? Does ADHD go away? Can Stress Make ADHD worse?

What is ADHD?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a kind of mental disorder of children. It is most commonly diagnosed disease in children and teens and that can continue into the adulthood. Children diagnosed with ADHD may be hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. In addition they may experience trouble in paying attention. ADHD is more commonly found in boys than in girls and usually discovered in early school years, when a child experience problems while paying attention in school.

During adulthood, a person with ADHD finds it difficult to manage time, become organized, set goals, and hold down a job.

What are the Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

There are several distinct signs of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) but those have been divided in three groups:

  • Inattention There are some of the commonly noticed features come under Inattention group such as Lack of focus, a tendency to make careless mistakes, having difficulty in paying attention to details, constant distractions while talking on a topic, not listening to others, be forgetful about daily activities, and get easily distracted by things like trivial noises and even with the events that are usually ignored by others.
  • Hyperactivity Children with hyperactivity may show up some weird activities getting up frequently to walk or run around, have trouble playing quietly or doing quiet hobbies and talk excessively.
  • Impulsivity: A person with impulsivity may be impatient, blurt out answers before someone finishes asking them a question, and frequently interrupt others.
  • Self-focusing behaviour where the child is more focused on himself or herself.
  • Interrupting others while speaking or before the completion of their talk.
  • Inability to focus on one activity, thus jumping from one task to another. They get easily distracted.
  • Getting bored easily and thus requiring new toys , new things and asking continuously for new or ore things
  • Blurting out comments whenever not necessary and thus murmuring to unnecessary things
  • Having difficulty controlling their emotions, showing emotions whenever they feel to.throwing the toys and demanding for newer one, crying unnecessary etc.
  • Lack of caution with strangers and thus exhibiting less fear
  • More bold behaviour and exhibiting overconfidence
  • Problems playing quietly so as to attract the attention of others.

What are the Possible Causes of ADHD?

The main causes of ADHD are as follows:

  • Genetic factors: ADHD has found to be genetically inherited and thus tends to run in families. It's thought the genes inherited from the parents are a significant factor in developing the condition.
  • Brain structure: Research have displayed the fact that certain areas of the brain may be smaller in people with ADHD, whereas other areas may be larger.
  • Children’s who are born prematurely or with a low birth weight are at more risk of ADHD.
  • Persons suffering with epilepsy are risk of ADHD.
  • Persons with brain damage due to injury or in womb may have ADHD.
  • Environmental factors also impact in triggering ADHD conditions.

What are the Precautions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Some of the precautions necessary while suffering from ADHD disorder are as follows:

  • Maintain a regular healthy routine, a diet chart, and exercise routine. This shall help in keeping things at pace and help in controlling aggression.
  • Maintain a daily activity plan and regularly monitor the plan.
  • Eliminate the diet that targets artificial colorings, flavorings, and preservatives.
  • Processed sugars and carbohydrates are found to have impact on child's activity level by rapidly raising blood sugar levels. The raised blood sugar increases the adrenaline rush making the child more active, and when the adrenaline comes down the mood changes. So keep the sugar and carbohydrate level monitored. Ensure a balanced diet.
  • Don't indulge in unnecessary fights and discussion.
  • Try to make a healthy and happy environment and avoid arguments.
  • Stop usage of drugs, alcohol and smoking.
  • Encourage the person suffering from disorder to be more social and friendly.

How is ADHD Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of ADHD can be done by parents while parenting. The doctor may go in for assessments for diagnosing the ADHD conditions. The assessment may include a physical examination, a series of interviews with the child or the patient, interviews or reports from other significant people, such as partners, parents and teachers etc. so as to gain insights on the patient behaviour.

The diagnosis of the ADHD is done only if the child is displaying the same conduct and behaviour for more than 6 months, having symptoms before the age of 12, and these conditions are making his or her life complex at social and academic levels. For adults the alertness, the attentiveness, the impulsiveness are assessed by the doctor and based on the social life the diagnosis is done.

What are the Treatment of ADHD?

  • Medication: Various studies have shown that Stimulant medication is most effective ADHD treatment.
  • Therapy: Behavior therapy is aimed at addressing specific behavioral problem and increasing positive attention.
  • Nutrition: Researches and studies worldwide have established that nutritional changes can bring about a drastic change in the condition of some patients with ADHD.
  • Supplements: There are many vitamins, herbs, and supplements like Omega-3s, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, Vitamin C, Valerian, Melatonin, Ginkgo, and Ginseng which may lessen ADHD symptoms in some individuals.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise helps the brain to release several important chemicals and boosts brain’s neurotransmitters — chemicals that many individuals with ADHD run short on.

What are the ADHD Home Remedies?

Some of the home remedies to overcome the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder disorder are as follows:

  • Yoga and aerobics: The Yoga, meditation therapy and aerobics shall help the patient to calm down their energies and regulate the blood supply properly. This shall help them to control their emotions and help them to focus on the subjects.
  • Omega-3: Fish oils, are thought to help the patients from ADHD though the effect appears to be very little.
  • Supplements like Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, Vitamin –B6 are found to improve the ADHD disorder to some extent.
  • Behavioural therapy: good parenting, cooperating and controlling of emotions shall help the patient to overcome the disorder naturally.

What are the ADHD Home Remedies?

Some of the home remedies to overcome the ADHD disorder are as follows:

  • Yoga and Aerobics: The Yoga, meditation therapy and aerobics shall help the patient to calm down their energies and regulate the blood supply properly. This shall help them to control their emotions and help them to focus on the subjects.
  • Omega-3:Fish oils, are thought to help the patients from ADHD though the effect appears to be very little.
  • Supplements: Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, Vitamin –B6 are found to improve the ADHD disorder to some extent.
  • Behavioural therapy: Good parenting, cooperating and controlling of emotions shall help the patient to overcome the disorder naturally.

What Foods Should be Avoided With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

  • Candy: Candy has a large amount of sugar and artificial colors which is undoubtedly a bad combination for children suffering from ADHD.
  • Sodas, Caffeine, and High-Fructose Corn Syrup: Such drinks are often loaded the sugar and sweeteners that's why it should not be included in doesn't of a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • Frozen Fruits and Vegetables: All fruits and vegetables are not necessarily healthy diet options for an ADHD, there are some frozen brands that have artificial colors in it. So it should be checked carefully.
  • Energy Drinks: Most of the energy drinks contain ingredients such as sugar, artificial sweeteners, artificial colors, caffeine, and other stimulants which can worsen the ADHD symptoms.
  • Nix Cake Mixes and Frostings: Cake mix and frosting contain the high amounts of sugar and artificial colors that can provoke ADHD symptoms.

Does ADHD go away?

According to the experts, the ADHD is a lifelong condition. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, sometimes, may not be diagnosed until adulthood. And, the fact is that in majority of cases the condition of ADHD doesn't go away in adulthood.

Can Stress Make ADHD worse?

Stress is universally known to be the stimulant factor for various mental problems. In the case of ADHD, stress is the factor that aggravates the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms especially in adults who find it hard to focus and filter out excess stimuli, which increases stress levels.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 42 years old. I realised recently that I have attention deficit and am not able to focus or complete any tasks. I also realized now that I was an adhd child which affected my studies through out. Is there anything that can be done to bring more focus.

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Sir/ madam I am sekhar. I have dysthymia, anxiety disorder, moderate mania, l5-s1, slipped disc, urge incontinence (overactivebladder) chronic fatigue syndrome. Last 18 years I tired so many medicines 3 months due to I discontinued medicines. I am severe lazy and very severe procrastinate. Last 6 months back psychiatrist gave me tab duloxetine20 mg, tab olanzapine 5 mg, divalproex sodium500. For 20 days. I take these medicines now. Due to corona situation I don't want to consult psychiatrist. How continue and increase dosages. I am a pharmacist. Age 40 years. Can I take lamictal instead of divalproex sodium. Quetiapine or olanzapine which is the beat for me.

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Dear sekhar, what are your current dosages of psychotropics and the clear indication of each? What are your current active symptoms, though it is understandable that you have bipolar disorder but what type, I don’t know yet. As being a pharmacis...

I was on risdone (2, dicorate (750, inderal la (40) given by a psychiatrist for anger issues. However I recently left those medicines abruptly as I don’t feel the need to continue them. And there seems to be no anger at all ever since then. However I have been having severe headaches since I left these medications.

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Dear user when we are aware about our problem we are able to control but we have to control it in a proper way. You are too young and taking these tablets, it’s not good for your physical as well as your mental health. If you don’t want to tak...

Hello doctor, I am a bi polar disorder patient. So I undergone so many episodes. Please tell me about visual hallucination i.e. Imaging ourself as a god and imaging other person as a god. In my episodes I believed strongly this. So I started to talk with unknown persons .so I faced lot of problems. Still now I am not get a answer that visual hallucination is not real. I thought tv serial dialogues, adds, films are also helping me in my life through god. So please please reply me to recover from this thought doctor. My mom helped me lot to recover from this by admitting in hospital and I got recovered now but also still taking medicines like nexito plus, ativan 2 mg, sultipac 50. But in my in-depth mind always saying god helped you is true that is not fake. Those who are all you saw as a god that is only true like this. I am married and I have one daughter aged 7. I had this problem still 2011. For my family I am controlling myself and saying to me ,that is fake it's all your imagination. Please think about your daughter future. And etc. Like this I am controlling myself. So please reply me to overcome from this thought. Please save my life from your valuable reply doctor. Thank you so much.

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Dear lybrate-user, your feelings of imagining yourself as god will be there in your mind. But you act out on it, only during the manic episodes like talking to strangers. Of course, if you act out on it, you will face lot of problems. You may worr...
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28 year old male from england. One night in the middle of january I suddenly woke up in what I can only describe as a state of panic. My heart was racing I was heavy breathing and my body went really stiff, this lasted for no more than 5-10 seconds it has only happened once but since then I have had a pain in the left hand side of my stomach it feels like a knot like something is in there that shouldn't be, pain in my back the lower and upper parts the pain in my back started on my left side but is now on both sides. I've noticed 2 squishy lumps at the bottom left and side of my back. I notice the discomfort in my stomach more when i'm sat down as to when stood up or laying down. I notice when I urinate a lot of urine comes out but no pain or burning sensation or no more frequent than normal. I have suffered with diarrhea for many years now sometimes I have to use the toilet right after eating. But some days I feel constipated. I can see undigested food sometimes in my stool. I'm sleeping well and haven't noticed any weight loss. I sometimes feel sick but haven't been sick since this started. I have had blood tests done and they have all come back normal. I also did a urine sample and that came back normal. I am currently waiting for an ultrasound scan on the 26th of april. I had the lumps looked at on my back by 2 different doctors and they both said they didn't think they were of any concern. I have recently become a father for the first time, my son is 6 months old and he is my absolute world. I have suffered with anxiety for many years and I am now back on 50 mg of sertraline daily, because of my anxiety I have convinced myself that I have kidney or stomach cancer I spent a lot of time googling my symptoms. I spend most of my time worrying and crying that my son is going to grow up without me. My family history that I know of is diabetes runs on the female side (grandmother, mum, sister) my sister and father both have ibs. In 2019 my mum had stage 2 uterus cancer but has recovered well after surgery. My grandfather died of a stomach aneurysm in 2001 he also had stomach cancer at the time of his death. I've tried to be as detailed as possible with this and any help would be really appreciated i'm just so scared I don't want to leave my son.

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
Dear stress patients worry too much. Stress in today’s day & age where stress is high, feelings of frustration can emerge. It is our perception that can change our current negative situation into a healthy & positive one. Another way of perceiving...

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