People suffering from acne scars go through mental pressure as well as emotional problems. Studies have shown that people suffering from acne scars are more likely to suffer from anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and low confidence. Typical causes of acne include bacteria, excess oil, and clogged hair follicles. The acne can get more severe due to some medications, stress, or diet.
Severe acne may be treated with proper medications but it leaves behind scars. These scars can be treated with the fractional CO2 laser. The method includes treatment of the scarred skin that results in healthy skin.
This method is opted by those who suffer from acne. The benefits of this method are:
This treatment comes with minimal discomfort that too only when some topical cream is applied to the skin.
This treatment works even on darker skin types, including Asian skin.
The recovery period of this treatment is 4 days or less.
During the procedure, several rays of the CO2 laser will create miniature holes (microscopic holes) below the surface of the skin to help generate the new collagen. This new and healthy collagen keeps the skin very youthful. Fractional CO2 works only on the affected area leaving the unaffected ones and this helps in speeding up the recovery.
Method of Fractional CO2 Laser Treatment
The whole treatment is performed using topical anaesthesia and a topical numbing cream is applied on the screen before an hour of the treatment starts. Throughout the procedure, the patient would be awake and may feel a little discomfort.
A session would hardly take an hour. During the hour you will feel the peeling of the skin and a slight sunburned sensation of the skin. This sensation on the skin will last for 4-5 days.
The treatment is customized according to the needs of the customer. There are two types of treatment:
Shallow treatment: The recovery period lasts for only 2-3 days as the treatment is not very critical.
Deeper treatment: Requires the holes to go deeper down the skin and would take more time to recover for around seven to ten days. However, the result of the treatment depends on the depth of the treatment.
After the treatment, there might be less noticeable scars and less aging signs along with all other skin conditions. The skin will start getting clearer. However, the actual result of the treatment will start showing after a week and will continue to show till six months. It is always advisable to consult an experienced and skilled dermatologist.
Human skin is prone to many problems like pimples, pigmentation, wrinkles and acne. Acne is the bane of an adolescent’s life. Yet it happens due to a common problem. Hair follicles on skin, arms and the torso, sometimes overproduce cells and become blocked. Due to this blockage, oil produced by tiny oil glands in the skin gets trapped and becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, giving rise to acne.
There are two main types of acne - non-inflammatory and inflammatory. Examples of non-inflammatory acne are whiteheads and blackheads. Blackheads form when a clog or plug develops in the opening of hair follicles in your skin. Each follicle contains one hair and a sebaceous gland that produces oil, called sebum, which helps keep your skin soft.
Dead skin cells and oils collect in the opening to the skin follicle, producing a bump called a 'comedone'. If the skin over the bump stays closed, the bump is called a whitehead. When the skin over the bump opens, exposure to the air causes it to look black and a blackhead forms. These are ugly but can be taken care of through common cosmetic procedures.
Inflammatory acne is not so easy to treat or hide. Usually, in this type of acne, the hair follicle wall ruptures and the fighter white blood cells rush into the spot, causing either a very prominent white, yellow or red sore to form or a pus-filled lesion which leaves a lifelong scar on drying.
Acne Scar Removal -
That’s all about acne, now the treatment. Acne is partially a hormonally linked problem and it is also linked to inflammation. Adolescents suffer the most. Treatments include pills and creams.
But now lasers have become the treatment of choice for sufferers.
Lasers are the magic wands of plastic surgery. They work by emitting a ray of light which produces certain effects in the skin leading to the removal of acne and its scars, as well as skin tightening, and hair removal. Laser treats acne by shrinking oil glands and killing the bacteria that cause acne. They, apparently work on ’porphyrins’, compounds which are present inside acne-causing bacteria. So when porphyrins are targeted, they damage the bacterial wall killing the bacteria.
The kinds of lasers that doctors use for treating acne include erbium yag, Nd:YAG, IPL, Glass, as well as a new "vacuum" laser called ‘Isolaz’ which is extremely effective. There are reports that laser treatment may also reduce sebum (skin oil) levels in the skin which trap bacteria and cause acne in the first place.
The lows of laser for acne treatment are that it’s expensive and usually, requires multiple trips to the dermatologist. Doctors usually recommend three treatments, about a month apart. This can go up if you have stubborn acne.
Cystic acne is a serious form of acne, which is characterized by deep, inflamed acne breakout. Red cysts are developed under the surface of the skin, which cause great pain. Cystic acnes are not only painful, but also affect your appearance and self-confidence.
Hence, effective steps should be taken to get rid of them. Here are 6 effective remedies to treat cystic acne.
For better healing of cystic acne, you should consume probiotic-rich foods, foods high in zinc, protein and fiber. You can consume several supplements as well, such as probiotics, zinc and Omega-3 fatty acids.
Various Homeopathic remedies to treat acne are:
Cystic acne is a severe form of acne, which requires proper care and treatment. Several simple remedies can be used to treat the same. Homeopathy is certainly the best way to deal with and to get rid of unwanted, ugly acne, which ruin your face. There are more homeopathic cures for other types of acne and pimples for which you can consult any homeopathy physician.
Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. These scars are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell.
Acne scars can be categorized into three types:
Causes of acne scars:
Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons:
Simple tips to prevent scarring:
Some acne scars fade with time. In the early stages, the scars might look pink as blood vessels in the damaged area of the skin provide it with nourishment. With time the collagen in the skin would fill the injured or damaged portion of the skin. In some cases, it might take up to a year for scars to fade.
Treatment of acne scars:
In extreme cases, you might need proper treatment at a hospital. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are:
Dead cells shed from your skin regularly along with the oil secreted by the sebaceous glands may end up blocking the pores, thus causing inflammation. This inflammation which results in multiple pimples and zits are known as acne. When the acne heals, it can do irreparable damage by leaving behind scar tissue which results in acne scars. These scars are unsightly and may cause social anxiety as well as cause issues with self-esteem.
Some of the ways to get rid of ace scars have been mentioned below.
The skin is the most visible part of the human body, and acne is one of the most common skin problems. In addition to being a cosmetic issue, it also dampens a person’s image and confidence levels. The issue is more complicated given the age group it affects – teenagers and young adolescents who are always keen on looking their best.
During the pustular stage, there is a lot of itching, burning, and pain. As they dry and fall off, there are marks which sometimes take forever to disappear. Recent cosmetic advancements have successfully used the laser to get rid of these marks, almost completely.
Laser in Acne:
What to expect:
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of platelet-rich plasma protein derived from whole blood, centrifuged to remove red blood cells. It has a greater concentration of growth factors and other cytokines that can stimulate healing of soft tissue and joints. The concentration of growth factors can be 5 to 10 times greater (or richer) than whole blood and has been used to encourage a brisk healing response across several specialities, in particular dentistry, orthopaedics and dermatology. Once this is accomplished, the concentrated platelets are re-injected into the damaged area like the knees, elbows, shoulders, hips and even Achilles tendons.
PRP therapy is a relatively new procedure - It was first developed in the 1970s and first used in Italy in 1987 in an open heart surgery procedure, but scientific and medical research shows that it is safe to perform. Because of that, it’s steadfastly on its way to becoming the primary means of treatment in many different medical fields such as cosmetic surgery, dentistry, sports medicine and pain management, most commonly treating hair loss (and other things, like injuries). Platelet Rich Plasma Treatment is frequently called stem cell treatment due to the fact that it behaves as bringing in cells from a person’s own body, which can then actually differentiate into either tendon, cartilage, or ligament cells.
Use of PRP in Dermatology
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) helps you harness the natural aesthetic powers of your own platelets to augment your facial rejuvenation. When done properly, PRP creates impressive results both as an isolated procedure or when incorporated into a treatment plan with hyaluronic acid fillers, neuromodulators, volume restoration and technology. The major advantage is it can be done in the clinician's office and produces virtually no downtime in the treatment of wrinkles, melasma, and acne scars. Exceptionally, there is some downtime when it is used to treat the lower eyelids. The aesthetic benefits it generates are dramatic!
Skin Rejuvenation and Ageing
The goal of PRP skin rejuvenation therapy is to improve skin tone and texture, tighten skin, and soften lines and pores. The PRP, injected into specific areas of the skin, act as a matrix that promotes your own collagen to grow, regenerates tissue, and thus acts as to naturally smooth and tighten the skin. Results begin to show 3-4 weeks after the treatment session and continue to improve with time. Three treatment sessions are generally recommended, spaced 1-2 months apart, to achieve the best outcome. In this way, PRP softens wrinkles and creating smoother skin texture and tone, thus making you look younger!
Acne, Scar and Ulcer Treatment
PRP is used to correct pitted acne scars on the skin. You may have heard about this acne scar treatment technique, which is also known as the “Vampire Facial,” as it has gained popularity amongst celebrities and beauty insiders. Once the platelet-rich blood is injected into sites on the face with acne scars, the concentrated platelets release a host of beneficial growth factors that help to promote healing and stimulate regrowth of collagen and elastin. PRP can also be used as an adjuvant for improving the viability of grafts for the treatment of recalcitrant ulcers, with good results.
PRP might not be a panacea or universal cure, but it could turn out to be a miracle treatment nonetheless!
Dermafrac is a micro-needling process used for treating different skin issues like wrinkles and acne scarring. It is an advanced skin care treatment, which goes beyond normal skin treatments to produce long-lasting effects.
Commonly known as micro-needling therapy, the process involves a roller that has many super fine needles. These needles are penetrated into the skin to apply a peptide solution. This gives your skin a younger and glowing look and removes scars.
How does it work?
The doctor will thoroughly cleanse your skin that needs to be treated. He/she will use a device with a small nozzle containing 180 microneedles on the skin. This nozzle contains a vacuum that sucks in the skin so that the needles are injected properly.
This device is rolled over the skin a number of times as the peptide solution are applied to the tiny punctures in the skin made by the needles. As the process is repeated a few times, the collagen production is stimulated. As new skin cells are generated through this procedure, the quality of your skin improves.
The needles are designed in such a way that they penetrate as deep as required, leaving you with no pain or bleeding. The treatment takes about 50 minutes. After the session, a mask is applied for soothing the skin.
There are two other steps included in the procedure –
• Crystal Free Microdermabrasion – This is carried out before the treatment. It helps remove rough, flaky skin and dead skin cells. A disposable tip is used for preventing bacterial infections and cross contamination.
What is this treatment used for?
Dermafrac is used for treating the following cases –
After effects and recovery:
After the treatment, you might feel slight redness or scratches but it will go away after a few hours. As the peptide solution applied to the skin is cool, there is no downtime. Skin care products like tinted sunscreen and mineral powder may be applied after the treatment.
The precautions required for the treatment are as follows –
• Do not wear makeup right after the procedure
• If you are under certain medications, consult the doctor before going for the treatment. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should also consult their doctors.
• Protect the skin from sunlight by wearing sunscreen for at least 2 weeks after the session
It usually takes around six treatments in a period of 2-4 weeks to see the desired results. You may have to come in for facials between the treatment sessions.
Acne Vulgaris, commonly known as acne is a type of chronic skin condition which occurs when the hair follicles of the skin become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Characterized by blackheads, pimples, whiteheads and greasy skin, acne can also cause scarring. Typically, acne which causes pimples tend to develop on the back, chest, shoulders but mostly on the face and neck.
Causes and symptoms of pimple scars:
Although the actual cause of acne is uncertain, medical professionals have reason to believe that an increase in the level of androgen triggers pimples. On the other hand, scarring due to pimples are a result of the presence of inflamed lesions. Such inflamed lesions, when gorged with surplus oil, bacteria and dead skin cells, cause swelling and an eventual rupture in the follicle wall which leads to scarring. The extent of the scar has a direct relationship with the rupture. That is to say, the deeper the rupture, the bigger the scar.
In actuality, the formation of scars is involved in the normal healing process of the skin. The skin cells in order to mend the damage caused by the ruptured pimples, forms fresh collagen fibres which are fibrous proteins that impart flexibility and strength to the skin. The resultant repair which are very rarely smooth and unblemished are referred to as scars.
Treatment of pimple scars:
1) Fractional Radiofrequency treatment is a highly effective method of reducing or removing pimple scars from the skin. The radio frequency does not cause much damage to upper layers of skin but effectively breaks down the scar tissue.
2) Lasers are alternative and are a little less painful. This treatment involves the use of skin resurfacing lasers.
3) Fillers are another form of treatment which fills the indentations left remaining from dense pimple scars. Hardly any downtime with this but are expensive in the long run.
4) Scar reduction surgery is meant to minimize the scar so that it is more consistent with your surrounding skin tone and texture.
5) Chemical peels are also used by many cosmetic/plastic surgeons to get rid of pimple scars.
6) Subcision is a also a handy procedure followed by cosmetic/plastic surgeons. This is a minor surgical procedure which is useful in getting rid of the scars and wrinkles. It is carried out through a special hypodermic needle which is inserted through a puncture in the skin surface.
7) PRP therapy also helps a great deal in getting rid of the irritiating acne scars. This technique is widely used as it produces great results.
8) Microneedling is also recommended to treat acne scars. It provides a younger, smoother-looking skin. It reduces acne scarring, fine lines and even hyperpigmentation.
Yauvan pidika or acne vulgaris is an inflammatory skin disorder which is prevalent in both males and females. When the sebaceous glands present on skin produce excessive sebum, the hair follicles present on skin get clogged leading to the formation of acne. According to ayurveda, kapha, pitta & rakta and meda or fat dhathu are responsible for producing acne.
Ayurvedic treatment aims to eliminate the problem from its root. Herbs like Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia) and Kushta (Saussurea lappa) are known for their properties to reduce acne. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and Chandana (Santalum album) are also effective in treating acne. The application of Jaiphal (Myristica fragrans) and Khas-Khas (Vetiveria zizanioides) is believed to provide satisfactory results. Neem (Azadirachta indica), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) are known for their blood purifying properties, which can lessen the occurrence of acne and pimple in the long run.
The following are some of the ayurvedic remedies for treating acne:
1. To reduce the growth of pimple, rub water on jamun (Syzygium cumini) seed and apply it on the pimple.
2. The peel of orange has medicinal properties that can be used effectively in the treatment of pimple. Make a paste of orange peel powder and rose water; apply it on your face on a regular basis. It is an effective remedy that cures acne and improves the skin tone.
3. To achieve an immediate result, apply a paste of lodhra (symplocos crateigodies), vach (acorus calamus) and dhania (coriander). Improvement will be noticed within 7 days.
6. Prepare a paste of lemon, kalaunji (seeds of fennel flower) and milk. Apply it on your face on a regular basis before going to bed. Wash your face with lukewarm water in the morning. This remedy ensures speedy disappearance of acne.
7. Make a mixture of nimbu (lemon), extracts of tulsi (basil) and black kasundi (coffee pods), dry it in sun and apply the mixture on face. It is a powerful remedy that is known to cure the problem of acne.
Besides these home remedies, a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle will also enable you to reduce the risk of recurrent acne.