Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2019

Abnormal Behavior: Treatment, Cost And Side Effects

What is Abnormal Behavior? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any Side Effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment? Key Highlights

What is Abnormal Behavior?

Abnormal or dysfunctional behavior is defined as a behavioral pattern that is socially unacceptable, disturbing and distressing. It can also result in hampering an individual’s daily functioning. If a person’s behavior is way apart from what is expected of him/her, then the person’s behavior is said to be abnormal. The expected behavior depends on age, gender and the society one lives in. This behavior is generally termed as a psychological disorder, which could be defined as an ongoing pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior which is dysfunctional and which causes significant distress, along with being considered abnormal in that person's culture or society.

There are several theories and perspectives that have been established through thorough collection of data. These perspectives give a bird’s eye view to explain the causes of abnormal behavior in people. First is the medical perspective which focuses on biological and physiological factors that contribute as causes of abnormal behavior. The second is the psychodynamic perspective that evolved from the Freudian psychoanalytic theory, states that psychological disorders are the consequence of anxiety produced by unconscious and unresolved issues. Another is the behavioral perspective. It says that abnormal behavior is the byproduct of ineffective learning.

The fourth perspective is the cognitive perspective, according to which, people engage themselves in abnormal behavior because of thoughts that are based only upon their false assumptions about a certain aspect or topic. The last is the social‐cultural perspective that contends that abnormal behavior could be inherited from one’s family, the community and the culture at large. The treatment for abnormal behavior is carried out after proper diagnosis and exams. Every psychological disorder has a list of symptoms which is helpful in deciding whether or not a person has that disorder and should be treated for the same. Every approach for the treatment for psychological disorders and abnormal behavior has different set of mechanism by which they treat the patient.

These people troubled with disorders are treated by specialized professionals in the field of psychology. There are two kinds of medical doctors who deal with mental illnesses and disorders- first are psychiatrist, who specialized in the field of diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses; and the second are psychologists, who specialize in the study of human mind and behavior known as psychology.

How is the treatment done?

There are numerous treatments for mental illnesses and disorders. Hospitalization, medication and drugs are the most sought after methods of treatment when it comes to medical perspective. Several drugs are available for behavioral disorders, although the drug in question will be and should be prescribed by a medical professional, keeping in mind the needs of the individual. Ritalin and Dexedrine are medications for the treatment of ADHD and are known to help a child focus better and reduce impulsive behavior and motor restlessness. Ritalin falls in a group of medications that go by the name of long-acting stimulants. Other medications that fall in this group are Methylin ER, Methylin CD, Focalin, Concerta, and Metadate ER. Treatment of ADHD, an anxiety disorder or OCD is often carried out through antidepressants like Paxil, Anafranil, Tofranil, Luvox, Prozac, etc. These medications decrease impulsivity and obsessive-compulsive actions and reduce hyperactivity and feelings of depression. In some cases, shock therapy may also be opted for.

As far as psychodynamic perspective is concerned, the treatment is focused on the identification and the resolution of issues that a person might have or had. When it comes to behavioral perspective, the treatment is concerned with the reshaping of the distorted behavior of the person and teaching new and more appropriate and adaptive responses. On the other hand, the treatment for cognitive perspective deals with the process of therapy, that is helping the individual with the maladjustment and guiding them towards the development of new thought processes and values.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Mental disorders can cause both emotional as well as physical difficulties for a person. If someone exhibits the symptoms of mental illness or disorder, they are eligible for the treatment of abnormal or dysfunctional behavior. They should be given proper medical and professional help. The emotional symptoms that indicate that a person might have a mental disorder could be getting easily annoyed or angry, blaming other and difficulty at dealing with frustration, questioning authority, and throwing tantrums. Physical symptoms are also commonly seen. These are fever and headache. As soon as these symptoms start to appear in a great degree and frequently, a visit to the psychiatrist or psychologist should be made.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Abnormal behavior is often confused with unusual behavior, but it is important to note that both of them are way different from each other. Behavior that may seem uncommon is not necessarily an indicator of a mental or psychological disorder. It may also be just how the person is- living differently that the society in which he/she lives in. That should not be mistaken with mental disorder and therefore, such people are not eligible for the treatment of any mental illness.

Are there any Side Effects?

The medicines commonly used for the treatment of mental illnesses and disorders come with a plethora of side effects. These drugs are notorious for an increase in suicidal thoughts and worsen the condition of people who suffer from seizures. Insomnia, reduction in appetite, frequent tremors are some other side effects of these drugs. Abnormal rhythm of the heartbeat is often the case with people who prescribed these drugs, along with severe feelings of depression. It is also possible for patients to get addicted with the frequent use of these drugs, resulting in dependency and abuse of these drugs, which in turn, requires medical attention. These medicines can also cause people with depression and suicidal tendency to attempt to overdose. Children are more susceptible to overdose than adults.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines of abnormal behavior include keeping a check on the dosage and intake of medication and drugs provide and consult a doctor if any worrisome symptoms begin to appear. In case of people opting for therapy, regular visits to the psychologist must be made so that the treatment if left off in the mid and remains incomplete and untreated.

How long does it take to recover?

The treatment of abnormal behavior resulting from mental illnesses and disorders depends on the severity of the disorder and the coping potential of the patient. The treatment could take a few months for some people. For others, it could go on for a lifetime. There is no defined time period that patients suffering from mental disorders take to recover and so, it’s highly improbable to put even a rough time frame on the treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treatment of various disorders is hard to compute due to reasons such as the money-spending capacity of the patient and the duration of time for which the treatment is carried out. In addition to this, direct as well as indirect expenditures come into play. These expenditures could be consultation fee, expenditure on the medication and drugs, care-giving fee, etc. But vaguely, a person could spend about INR 1,500-2,000 every month, in a government hospital. The cost could go as high as is possible in the country.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment of mental illnesses are not permanent. It is fitting to say that even though a person may stop visiting the professional and get off the drugs, the illnesses could reoccur and cause complications and worrisome effects.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternatives that could be opted for mental disorders such as chronic anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, etc. Taking long walks and listening to calm and composed music are known decrease stress and anxiety levels. The process of meditation is also known to be of immense benefit. Whatever type of mental illness it might be, the treatment of it should be taken as seriously as the treatment of any other physical ailment. Mental health should be prioritized for a healthy and happy life.

Key Highlights

Safety: Medium

Effectiveness: Medium

Timeliness: High

Relative risk: High

Side Effects: Low

Time for Recovery: High

Price Range: INR 1500 TO INR 2000

Popular Questions & Answers

Yes, I am aware about my problem (even according to a psychiatrist also, I am suffering from schizoaffective disorder - but not medical diagnosis provided). I have to control it in a proper way. Medicines are not a perfect solution for mental health. I have to work on my own, through my own will-power and positive thoughts. I will not depend on the medicines and will not make it a habit for future. Yes, I started to take the psychiatric medicines on 2nd january 2021 and stopped it on 19th february 2021 by tapering as advised by psychiatrist. I was taking escitalopram and olanzapine for depression, anxiety, mild trichotillomania, bipolar 1 disorder (most recent episode), moderate cluster b traits, grandiose delusions, odd eccentric belief, premorbid rigidity, anhedonia, non pervasive low mood and mood swings. And in total I had undergone 27 counselling/psychotherapy sessions. Also I completed (in total) 8 weeks of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy. Also, my parents are aware of my problem (they got to know by my college principal) I feel that the thought of antidepressants increase serotonin is theoretical but it's side-effects are confirmed in the sense after stopping antidepressants/antipsychotic, relapse of mood disorder could occur in a severe way.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
If you are not going to use the medication, it is going to be very tough. In that case, you will need to not only work with a counselor but also do a lot of lifestyle changes as advised by a CBT therapist, and completely comply with all the expect...
2 people found this helpful

According to psychiatrist, I am suffering from schizoaffective disorder but I am medically diagnosed with bipolar 1 disorder (most recent or current manic) along with grandiose delusions symptoms. What does that mean? Anyway, currently I am experiencing delusions (beliefs that conflict with reality). In the following, I explained reality v/s my illusion. Please relate it like analogy. Reality: 1) from a youtube video, there was someone’s mother named mamta. She discussed the disadvantages of online classes in a crying manner and told not to submit the online assignments through youtube video. She told “bhaad me janna do” and after that I tore all the papers which I wrote as assignments to upload. And this is the reason I did’t appear for internal exams. 2) I had opt for spiritual counselling to get rid of suicidal thoughts and masturbation addiction. Just before semester 6 theory exams, I had voluntarily dialled the organization number. It was a group call, means in first call, their manager was there. He was from tamil nadu, therefore he does’t knew english language. So he forwarded to another person. So, there was an old lady in the second call, she told me to avoid phone. She then forwarded the call to a man and he gave spiritual advice from the bible and also told to avoid phone. Actually he was trying to say to stay from phone addiction but I altered the meaning of it and then for almost next week I did’t appear for online exams wilfully because in my mind it was there that they were supporting me to stay from phone addiction therefore I was feeling that I am doing a great thing by not giving online exams thus staying away from phone and I got failed in online exam because I was absent for it. 3) I had booked an appointment with a female psychologist (completed her masters) for counselling. So on the third day she told to opt for psychiatric medications (in the label of medicine it is mentioned as drug). Therefore I resisted. Then I booked an appointment with a senior clinical psychologist so at last she told me to opt for psychiatric medications then I agreed to her decision. I then booked an appointment with a clinical psychologist then on the same day, she told me to visit a psychiatrist. And then on the same day I booked an appointment with a male psychiatrist. Then after 2 weeks, I left home saying that I want to get cut my hair therefore I told my parents that I am going to barber shop. My parents got suspicious that suddenly what happened to me. So, they dropped me to the barber shop, so after finishing the hair cut, I immediately went to the medical store and bought the medicines prescribed by the psychiatrist. Meanwhile, my parents were searching for me. My parents searched me, asked barber shop about me, and searched me in sewage thinking I fall down in the sewage. But then I came back to house with medicines in my pocket. Then my parents and my siblings asked me, “where were you? We were searching you.” then I told them I was busy in helping a person. He wants someone to take care of his suitcase (cloth). He wants to go to home by bike so he needs someone to sit behind the back. So, I sat behind carrying his suitcase so that the suitcase should be ironed (to look good all the time). My parents then told me that in this case, 90% people falls in a trap of drug case. Better avoid next time or say no politely. I did’t give semester 5 practical exams because I gave priority to my life and not exams in the sense to get treatment first. I was taking escitalopram and olanzapine for 46 days for major affective depressive disorder, cluster b personality disorder, mild trichotillomania, adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood, bipolar 1 disorder (most recent or current manic) along with grandiose delusions symptoms (according to the psychiatrist, I believe myself that I am god) and stopped the treatment by tapering as advised by the psychiatrist. 4) I completed the treatment on 18th february 2021 but on 23rd march 2021, relapse of mood disorders occurred and it was high than previous scenario in the sense suicidal thoughts were coming, wants to complete the tasks of blue-whale game. 5) recently I watched crime patrol, so my mind delusions and the dramatized scene of crime patrol getting combined. In the sense, what scene is happening in crime patrol the same thing I believe it like a reality and tell everyone that I also experienced that… for example, in a crime patrol episode, a depressed girl left home so I was getting the same thought that I should also leave house. In the episode, an engineering student left home and join taliban and there the taliban commando telling their students that leave your family and join taliban and then shadi ho jao. So I was also getting inspire by them in the sense I feel that I also did like that and telling everyone that I am a community of taliban member (making my illusion mind like reality) 6) then I made my mind to pray for syria, so then I left my studies and devoted my time in praying for syria. (thus not attending online lecture, didn’t appear for online exams, not submitted assignments and then failed) then I joined a prayer whatsapp group in which all are praying for syria then suddenly the admin of the whatsapp group removed me from the whatsapp. Then I introspect myself that I left education and devoted my time in praying but the admin removed me. So I stood nowhere. Then I watched a crime patrol episode in which an engineering student left studies and joined terrorist because he was emotionally blackmailed but the commando rejected him because he was an indian. So, neither he completed engineering nor gained respect from that person whom he left studies. illusion (what I told to my classmates thinking its reality): 1) through video call, someone’s mother (i don’t know her personally…she told her name is mamta). She brainwashed me in the sense, in a crying way she told that not to give online exams, not to submit assignments. She told, “bhaad me jaane do”. And after that I tore all the papers which I wrote as assignments to upload. And this is the reason I did’t appear for internal exams. 2) through phone-call (not whatsapp call): just before semester 6 theory exams, I had a phone-call. It was a group call, means in first call, their boss was there. In second call, there was a person (voice was like of an old lady person)…she told to switch off the phone for the next 1 week. And then the third call, the call last for 1 hour. He told me that he is very religious and he altered the meaning of bible verses in his way and told to completely stay away from internet for the next 1 week. In short, in the name of religion they all brainwashed me which made me not to appear for semester 6 theory exams. 3) I don’t know who they were….but a girl (completed her masters) talked to me very nicely for hours, then later she told me to take drugs but I resisted. Then next day I received a phone call from a lady (she was her team member). For 3 days, the lady was telling to take drugs but I resisted, then on the same day, I received a phone call, there was girl (elder than me) told me to take drugs but I resisted, then after few days a phone call (a female from delhi) told me to take drugs, again I resisted. Then due to repetitive calls from a girl who is talking to me nicely, I lost my control then I approached a person to take drugs. He told me to do what they say, to buy drugs. Then after 2 weeks, I left my home without informing my parents to buy drugs. My parents searched me, asked barber shop about me, and searched me in sewage thinking I fall down in the sewage. But then I came back to house with drugs in my pocket. Then my parents and my siblings asked me, “where were you? We were searching you.” then I told them I was busy in helping a person. He wants someone to take care of his suitcase (cloth). He wants to go to home by bike so he needs someone to sit behind the back. So, I sat behind carrying his suitcase so that the suitcase should be ironed (to look good all the time). My parents then told me that in this case, 90% people falls in a trap of drug case. Better avoid next time or say no politely. I didn't gave semester 5 practical exams in december 2020 because my mind was stacked in drug matter. I was taking 2 type of drugs per day for 46 days, then that drug subconsciously tell me multiple times – that thing which certain people told to me during brainwashing. This includes not to give assignments, therefore now also I cannot even submit pending assignments of semester 5 and 6. I don’t know what happened to me because that drug erased the memory after brainwashing. Because if someone asks what they told during brainwashing, then that part of memory is difficult to recall. 4) the brainwashed mind was in a such way that suicidal thoughts were coming, wants to complete the tasks of blue-whale game, without informing parents to get resign from college, then leave house and catch train, marry a girl of taliban community and then shadi ho jao. The brainwashed mind was telling that these all are spirituality and can reach to janna. 5) through whatsapp, I was then invited to syria for justice (actually it was terrorist) but they rejected me because I am indian and their thoughts about indian was brutal. 6) I became the victim of a terrorist mind-set (terrorist not in the form of suicide bomber but using coronavirus as a biological weapon) and I was responsible in spreading the coronavirus worldwide. I did it because the brainwashed mind told that after coronavirus, india will be great. Means just like before giving birth, pain occurs during labour. Then later I realized that in the terrorist group, there was many terrorist in the form of priest means terrorist were wearing priest clothes.

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
The love and support of family and friends plays an important role in schizophrenia treatment and recovery. If you have a loved one with schizophrenia, you may be struggling with any number of difficult emotions, including fear, guilt, anger, and ...
2 people found this helpful

I am 58 years old male getting treatment for anxiety and depression. I am taking daxid 100 twice daily lamotrigine 50 t/ d quton 25 1 in night I get excess tremor in my hands but less when avoid daxid and lamotrigine. Please advise.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
Your are being treated for a fairly serious condition and I recommend that you seek the help of a counselor too. There are certain adaptations that will suit you during the elation phase and there are certain behaviors that are required during the...

Popular Health Tips

Rehabilitation Psychology In Management Of Multiple Sclerosis!

PHD Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Rehabilitation Psychology In Management Of Multiple Sclerosis!
Multiple sclerosis refers to disabling disease of the central nervous system, where the body s immune system eats away the protective layer sheathing the nerve fibres and disrupts communication between the brain and the rest of your body. Often, m...
3110 people found this helpful

Anxiety - Types Of It, Symptoms & Suggestions To Consult A Psychologist!

MA - Psychology, M-Phill Psychology, B.Ed, C.I.G, ECCE, B.A. Psychology
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
Anxiety - Types Of It, Symptoms & Suggestions To Consult A Psychologist!
Anxiety is defined as an emotion, characterized by a feeling of nervousness, worry, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome. Feeling anxious about something now and then is normal, and the feeling persists for a short duration. However...
2857 people found this helpful

Gut Brain Axis & Tips!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Gut Brain Axis & Tips!
Your gastrointestinal tract, or what you commonly call it- the gut , has a direct connection to your brain. This connection is bidirectional and it is known as the Gut-Brain axis or GBA. Your cognition, your thought processes, mental activity and ...
4482 people found this helpful

Adjustment Disorder - 6 Most Common Types Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Adjustment Disorder - 6 Most Common Types Of It!
Adjustment disorder does not refer to a single disorder but rather is a group of disorders. It can affect children and adults of all ages. In most cases, it may be caused by a stressful event such as the loss of a loved one, major life changes, il...
3989 people found this helpful

Depression In Young Adults - What Should You Know?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gurgaon
Depression In Young Adults - What Should You Know?
It is a serious mental disorder that effects and impacts the brain.It is also reffered as a mental health disorder, a psychiatric condition. Specifically, it is a mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood in which there is a feeling of ...
4620 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MBBS,DPM
Psychiatry
Play video
Homosexuality & Depression - Is There A Link?
Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life.
Play video
Know More About Stress, Depression And Anxiety
Hi This is Dr. Atul Aswani again. So, I would like to introduce you to the most common things which I am seeing in my practice these days. Now, since we are living in urban cities, all of us are working very hard and we have long hours, there is s...
Play video
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - How To Treat It?
Hi, I am Dr. Ashish Sakpal, Psychiatrist, Mumbai. Today I am going to speak about ADHD. This disease begins at childhood but can persist in adulthood. It is very common as per the current statistic in India. There are more than 10 million cases wh...
Play video
Things You Should Know About Mental Health!
Hello, My name is Prof Dr. Yusuf Abdullah Matcheswalla. I practice psychiatry since the last 30-35 years. I graduated and post graduated from the most prestigious Grant Government medical college and JJ group of hospital where I have been fortunat...
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
Hello Everyone! My name is Dr. Aparna Deshmukh. I am a consultant psychiatrist sexologist. Today I will be talking on postpartum depression or postnatal depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder which is characterised by depressive symp...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice