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We all live with the preconceived notion that India, being a tropical country will never face vitamin D deficiencies. But if you just take a look around you, you'll find that most of your friends are suffering from ailments like calcium deficiencies, bone problems, back aches, etc. Here we discuss why Indians should not ignore vitamin D deficiencies.
India is located between 8.4 and 37.6 degrees N latitude, with a majority of us living in regions that receive ample sunlight throughout the year. Historically, we have obtained most of our vitamin D through adequate sun exposure. However, the modern Indian spends a considerable amount of time indoors. Many of us have a preference for traditional clothing, which covers a major portion of our body. Others factors that come into play are the rising pollution levels and darker skin pigmentation. All of these factors add up to the fact that we Indians face a growing trend of reduced sun exposure. As we are all aware, inadequate sun exposure results in reduced vitamin D synthesis and ultimately, poor vitamin D status, if not compensated by dietary intake.
Surprisingly, dietary vitamin D intake is significantly low in India, mainly due to low consumption of vitamin D-rich foods coupled with an absence of fortification and low use of food supplements. As a result, India has a poor vitamin D status overall.
Experts say that vitamin D deficiency is pandemic, yet it is the most under-diagnosed and under-treated nutritional deficiency in the world. India is no different, with a prevalence of 70 to 100 percent. Published literature specific to India confirms the need to fortify food staples with vitamin D, stimulate public health policies for vitamin D supplementation and outline dietary guidelines tailored to the Indian diet.
Poor vitamin D levels result in increased incidences of bone disorders including osteoporosis, osteomalacia in adults, rickets and other bone deformities in children. Without joint efforts, there may be a dramatic increase in the number of bone disorders, and other serious diseases may lie ahead.
One need not be surprised that the world's second most populous country, with a population of over 1.2 billion has around 500 million vegetarians. Vegetarianism is very much a mainstream way of life, with 42 percent of Indian households eschewing meat, fish and eggs.
Vegetarianism is a popular practice in India and it originates from ethical and religious factors; this practice of abstaining from the consumption of animals is often out of support for animal rights. Vegetarianism partially came about due to economic reasons, too, since animal foods were comparatively expensive. As per reliable sources, foods that provide vitamin D include fatty fish like tuna, mackerel, and salmon, cod liver oil and percomorph liver oil, beef liver, cheese and egg yolks. A majority of the above mentioned foods are not a part of the regular diets of many non-vegetarians in India.
It is now proven that without a highly determined national effort to screen for vitamin D status to implement policies or guidelines for vitamin D fortification and supplementation and to re-assess recommended dietary intake guidelines, there will be a dramatic increase in the number of bone disorders and other diseases across the nation.
Mere pet me ak hi jagah pe dard hota h aur ye sirf jayada der tak baithane par hota letne ya khade rahne par sahi ho jata haiaur gas ki problem bhi hoti h.
Hi. My husband having problem as piles. It is bleeding also. And my doubt is the only solution for piles is operation or we can go for ayurveda. His age is 28.
Sir I am 23 year old. I m having some discomfort in my left testicle I feel a throbbing pain after every 15 sec. Earlier it used to be very mild and occasional but fom yesterday it is little more intense. I feel my left testicle is little bit smaller and soft than right one. There is no swelling or any lump yet. Also please suggest me food to keep them healthy.
How much Walnuts can be taken everyday and what is suitable time (morning or evening or night) for taking it? Please advise.
There may be a million jokes on constipation but anyone suffering from this condition knows that it is no laughing matter. Constipation can be described as a condition where a person has difficulty to pass stool. Lack of fiber in the diet is one of the most common causes of constipation. This can also be caused by irritable bowel syndrome, lack of exercise, medicinal side effects and a change in routine. Constipation can be easily treated at home and rarely needs medical attention unless it triggers a more serious condition.
Some ways of treat constipation are:
1. Exercise: Inactivity can hinder the digestion process. Taking a short walk every day can be a very effective way of dealing with constipation. However, you should maintain an interval of at least an hour between your last meal and exercising. Ideally, you should walk for a minimum of 20 minutes a day.
2. Drink more water: Water not only hydrates the body, but also helps food move smoothly down the digestive system. A lack of water can lead to blockages in the digestive system triggering constipation. Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water a day is the minimum amount of water each person. However, water must not be substituted with sodas and flavoured drinks. Alcohol and caffeine can actually dehydrate the body and make you feel more constipated.
3. Eat more fiber: Adding fiber to your diet is a sure shot way of curing constipation. To do this, add a serving of fruits and vegetables to your daily diet. Oats and cereals are also good ways of adding fiber to your breakfast.
4. Create a schedule: The body craves order and when that order is disturbed one of the ways the body reacts is by triggering constipation. Schedule time for your bowel movements and try sticking to your routine as far as possible.
5. Change your position: The way you sit on the toilet can make a difference to your bowel movements. To combat constipation, try raising your feet by putting them on a stool in front of the toilet. This helps flex the hips and puts your bowel in a squatting position that makes it easier to pass stools.
If none of this helps, you could also take an over the counter laxative or stool softener. However, do not use a laxative for over 2 weeks without consulting your doctor. Overuse of laxatives can make the body dependent on it and affect the body’s ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.