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Dr. Sonam Kothari

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD-PhD (Neurosciences) Spe...

Neurologist, Thane

8 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic
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Dr. Sonam Kothari MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD-PhD... Neurologist, Thane
8 Years Experience  ·  800 at clinic
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Personal Statement

I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Sonam Kothari
She has helped numerous patients in her 8 years of experience as a Neurologist. She studied and completed MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD-PhD (Neurosciences) Specialization-Pediatric neurology . Book an appointment online with Dr. Sonam Kothari and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Neurologists in India. You will find Neurologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. We will help you find the best Neurologists online in Thane. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery - Topiwala national medical college and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital - 2010
MD-PhD (Neurosciences) Specialization-Pediatric neurology - National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) - 2016

Location

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Bethany Hospital

Lok Upvan Phase 2, Pokhran Road -2Thane Get Directions
800 at clinic
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Nothing posted by this doctor yet. Here are some posts by similar doctors.

Some times, I suffers from insomnia once or twice in month otherwise I take good soundful sleep. Is it normal. Please suggest any medicine for good sleep.

CCPH, BHMS
Homeopath, Bhilai
Some times, I suffers from insomnia once or twice in month otherwise I take good soundful sleep. Is it normal. Please...
Dont take medicine for that as once you get habituated it becomes very difficult to leave so better go for exercise and meditation it will help you in giving good sleep.
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I am 23 years old, I have pain in my head for about 3 years and I consulted doctors and they told that I have migraine problem. And now my situation is that even in a small tension my left back portion of head stars paining, and the pain is intolerable. I can't able to do anything in this situation and just only sleep. So sir please help me.

MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Migraine headache is characterised by unilateral pulsating headache associated with nause/vomiting and photophobia / phonophobia. There are triggers for migraine like sun exposure, certain foods or smell, lack of sleep, excess caffeine etc. The triggers are variable for different patients. Migraine attacks can be managed by simple painkillers like paracetamol but in resistant cases drugs like Sumatriptan may be needed. For frequent episodes of migraine preventive medications are to be taken by prescription. There are various medicines available for this and if control is not achieved with one medicine another drug is to be added. Don't take painkillers daily for migraine headaches , it's better to take the preventive medicines. Painkillers on long term basis can further aggravate the migraine headache into Medication Overuse Headace (Read my health tips on Medication Overuse Headace ) Follow these lifestyle changes to avoid migraine headache 1. Maintain regular sleep wake cycle, even on holiday's. 2. Don't skip meals. Take regular healthy diet with adequate fluids 3. Do not consume excess caffeine / carbohydrates / alcohol or smoke. 4. Exercise daily ( aerobics and cardiovascular) 5. Identify your headache trigger and try to avoid it. 6. Do pranayam daily. 7. Acupuncture treatment has shown some benefits in migraine. In your case there might be benefit from a injection called Occipital nerve block in scalp. Consult a pain specialist for such injection or therapies like dry needling or botulinum injections for your problem. Consult again for further queries.
3 people found this helpful
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Bachpan me scares agay face par. Or thoda marks. Or face black ho rahe hai by pollution. Or ek meri friend hai usko migraine hai usko sar me bahout pain retha hai kabi half sar dard hotha kabi kabi eyes bhi.

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Bachpan me scares agay face par. Or thoda marks. Or face black ho rahe hai by pollution. Or ek meri friend hai usko m...
Scars and marks can be easily treated with laser procedures, MDA or chemical peels depending upon what exactly your skin requires. You should visit a Dermatologist for an adequate prescription and treatment. Avoid Sun exposure to get rid of blackness or apply a sunscreen with spy 25-30. Scrub your face twice a week.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi sir, I am 30 years old man I have migraine problem since last two year tell me what should I do?

MBBS, cc USG
General Physician, Gurgaon
I am giving some health tips for Migraine headache •1.You can turn off light for some time •2.Apply hot or cold compresses to your head or neck. •Ice packs have a numbing effect, which may dull the sensation of pain. •Hot packs and heating pads can relax tense muscles. • •3.Warm showers or baths may have a similar effect. •4.You can take Tea or coffee( but not excess) 5.Sleep well Here are some tips to encourage sound sleep. Establish regular sleep hours. •Minimize distractions. •Your eating habits can influence your migraines. •Be consistent. Eat at about the same time every day. Don't skip meals. Fasting increases the risk of migraines Avoid foods that trigger migraines This problem can be solved by Meditation i can give you address of rajyoga meditation center near your house (this is free of cost) kindly consult Physician/me for further management
1 person found this helpful
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Epilepsy - Common Facts About It!

MS (Surgery), Mch (Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Epilepsy - Common Facts About It!

Epilepsy is a brain triggered disorder that can result in the affected person having seizures or convulsions of the body. Such convulsions last about a few minutes and the person undergoing epileptic seizure might be unaware of what’s happening to him/her during those brief moments. They may recover and appear disoriented for a few minutes more.

Epilepsy can’t be cured but is treated through medicines called anticonvulsant drugs.

  1. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder brought about due to unusual electrical activity in the brain
  2. The person having the disorder can have episodes of seizures where there can be sudden involuntary movements of the person’s whole body and shaking of the arms and legs lasting a few minutes
  3. The condition can occur to anybody irrespective of age but children seem to suffer more from the condition following a head injury or emotional trauma
  4. Electroencephalogram or EEG is the best way for the doctor to understand the exact nature of the disorder and this will help in the treatment.
  5. Treatment through drugs is the most popular way of keeping the convulsions under check
  6. Medically, if the patient goes without seizures for a few years under regular medication then there is every possibility the person may not suffer further convulsions
  7. Apart from medication, dietary regulations have also been adopted by many physicians to treat the condition. Low carb and high protein items are advised as a way to reduce/stop the epileptic seizures
  8. In some cases, the doctor might decide to conduct a surgery to remove the aberrant part of the brain to treat the individual for epilepsy
  9. People with epilepsy have to take a lot of precautions in their daily routines to avoid getting seriously injured if they were to suffer a sudden attack of seizures
  10. Driving and swimming are to be avoided by them
  11. People standing around can help reduce the suffering by turning the person over to one side and offering a support to the head. Care can also be taken to remove any object that can cause injury to the person while having the convulsions.
  12. Some doctors study the pattern of the seizures occurring and help in regulating them in such a manner that the person gets the convulsions only in the nights while asleep
  13. This can limit the damage done to the person and can also help the person in going about normal routines
  14. Parents must inform the school authorities if their children suffers from epilepsy so that they can provide first aid to such students immediately if episodes occur in school

Epilepsy is a brain-related disorder that can cause the person to go through involuntary shaking of the body and the limbs. It is usually treated with drugs. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurosurgeon.

1730 people found this helpful

Hi I am a 44 year's female. My periods started when I was 11 years old. My period cycle range from 18 to 21 day's. Now a days I get a migraine attack either just before or during my periods. Secondly, I get relief from cramps once my blood colors are released during the periods. I get my annual checkup done from the gynae. What could be the reason for this? Please guide.

MD - General Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Ajmer
Migraine attacks are usually precipitated by stress, lack of sleep. And sometimes periods may be associated with premenstrual tension so try to find out what is causing migraine like lack of sleep, tension, missing meals. Also you are near menopause. That may be a causative factor.
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How to get rid of frequent cold headache and migraine headache. Please give detailed natural treatment and life style changes.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Homeopath,
How to get rid of frequent cold headache and migraine headache. Please give detailed natural treatment and life style...
Avoid food which causes allergy, like cold food, from freez, flavoured and packed products, stand in sunlight for 10 mnts, do yoga exercise after warm up daily, use turmeric powder in milk. Avoid direct pollution when you travel.
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Best Physiotherapy/Rehab Exercises for Cerebral Palsy/Delayed Milestones

BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Best Physiotherapy/Rehab Exercises for Cerebral Palsy/Delayed Milestones

CEREBRAL PALSY

Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a broad spectrum of motor disability which is non-progressive and is caused by damage to brain at or around birth. It is a disorder which develops due to damage to CNS and this damage can take place before, during, or immediately after the birth of the child. The damage won't worsen but remains constant. However the child may appera to worsen if not given proper intervention not because of an increase in lesion in the brain but just beacuse the damaged brain is not able to cope up with the physical demand of the growing body and the increasing demand of the environment surrounding the child.

CAUSES:

ANTENATAL CAUSES:

  • Genetic causes: First or second degree consanguineous marriage.
  • Intrauterine virus infection: Rubella and cytomegalovirus infections which lead to severe brain damage along with associated visual and hearing problem with cataract.
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar for long period lead to brain damage and epilepsy. Cerebellum is more vulnerable leading to ataxia and visual problems. Infant of diabetic mothers are more prone to hypoglycemia.

Trauma to the mother:

  • Infection to the mother can make the baby prone to develop it.
  • Malnourishment of the fetus especially in case of twins.
  • Exposure to the mother’s abdominal area to repeated X-ray radiation, prolonged use of medications like steroids by mother.

NEONATAL CAUSES:

  • Prematurity: Premature babies are prone to brain damage either due to trauma during delivery and later on due to immature respiratory and cardiovascular system. Therefore, they are likely to develop hypoxia and low blood pressure also, they are more likely to develop low blood sugar, jaundice and hemorrhage because of liver immaturity.
  • Vascular causes: Occlusion of the internal carotid or midcerebral artery during birth can on many occasions lead to hemiplegia.
  • Trauma: trauma can occur either due to disproportion, breech delivery, and forceps delivery, distortion of head and tearing of tentorium.
  • Asphyxia: It can occur by accidents and burns which could be as a result of knotted umbilical cord, cord around the neck or prolapsed cord. Multiple deliveries can cause asphyxia of the second or third infant.
  • Neonatal meningitis: Usually associated with severe residual brain damage.

POSTNATAL CAUSES:

  • Delayed cry: Causes asphyxia to the brain causing CP.
  • Severe jaundice: Presence of high levels of bilirubin cause basal ganglia damage leading to athetoid cerebral palsy and high tone deafness.
  • Trauma: Fall of the body after birth.
  • Infection: Like meningitis, or encephalitis can cause brain damage.

TYPES OF CEREBRAL PALSY:

  1. Basically cerebral palsy children manifest in three common ways spastic, athetoid, and ataxic.
  2. Spasticity seen in cerebral palsy is usually knife that may change with change in position, which means that spasticity may vary from supine to prone.
  3. Athetoid cerebral palsy children exhibits slow, purposeless, wormlike, involuntary movements which flow into each other. It occurs due to basal ganglia damage commonly seen in children who suffers from an attack of jaundice following birth.
  4. Ataxia in cerebral palsy occurs due to cerebellar damage. Both balance and coordination is affected.

 

PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL PALSY

  1. Physiotherapy is one of the most important treatments for CP that usually begins soon after being diagnosed and often continues throughout life. Special devices and equipment are needed for some people with CP to help them with specific problems like,
  2. A child who develops uneven leg length may need to wear special shoes with a higher sole and heel on the shorter leg.
  3. Some people who are not able to walk alone may need to use canes, crutches, walkers, or wheelchairs.

 

EXERCISES IN SUPINE POSITION

Normalizing tone of the muscles: For cases with hypo tonicity slow passive movements, sustained stretch, cryotherapy over the muscle for 15 to 20 minutes, stimulation of antagonist movement and vibrations are used. On the contrary, for cases with hypotinicity weight bearing, joint compression, rhythmic stabilization, vibrations, cryotherapy in brisk manner and taping can be used.

Weight bearing exercises: Weight bearing exercises are necessary to promote development of tone in muscles and also to maintain the absorption of calcium into the bones. Thus the patient should be given activities like bridging, supine on elbows, sitting with weight bearing on the affected arm, and standing should be given as soon as possible within the limitation of the patient’s general medical status..

Skillful TAPING gives a tactile feedback which helps in faster development of tone in the muscles. Weight bearing exercises for the involved upper limb has also been found to be beneficial in preventing this.

Bridging Exercises: The child lies on supine position. Therapist flexed his both the knees n then helps him to lift his back from the mid area so that weight bear on his legs. This should be done in 10 -15 repetitions. Then do bridging on 1 leg and then another.

Stretching and Mobility: The muscles should be maintained at the appropriate physiological length for normal muscle control and normal postural adjustment. In CP because of delay or absence of normal movement muscles are usually in a shortened position hence stretching of the muscles is essential to increase the neuromuscular control. Length of the muscles should be maintained not only through stretching but also through various functional activities.

In supine position, the therapist holds an object so that the child grasp that object by moving his body, in this rolling activity plays an important role. The child rolls right and left to grasp the object sometimes lifting his back and limbs too.

The therapist do some exercises in vestibular ball so that child balance and coordination improves and this is the best spine stretching activity.

Good neck control and developing trunk control by using vestibular ball, he lied down in ball and doing movements that extend his spine and head is looking in upward direction.

EXERCISES IN SITTING

The therapist should hold and support the child in sitting position. Time should be noted daily.

Exercises in vestibular ball to correct the balance. Sit on the vestibular ball and then shift the weight from right side to left side by rolling the ball.

Reaching far objects: As the child sitting in the ball then the therapist should stand in front of him and tell him to reach the object that the therapist holds.

Sit to stand activities and kneeling activities, sit on the toes, sitting by cross leg by maximize wide base of support

EXERCISES IN STANDING

STANDING IN BOTH THE LEGS: The therapist should hold his knees while standing as the child flex his knees and forward trunk to avoid standing.

SQUATTING: The therapist should try and help the child to do some squats about 5 to 10 daily to increase the muscle power and strength.

WALKING with the help of therapist or a cane and use a tilt board for balancing exercises.

Standing on the side of vestibular ball and do reaching objects so that the child lifts his head in upward position for increasing the extension of neck i.e. neck control.

Developing postural reaction: Postural adjustments are essential if the child is move to move freely and to adjust to various environmental demands rapidly. Motor milestones can be best achieved by good postural reactions. Postural reactions consists of righting reactions, protective extension and equilibrium reactions. Initially children first develop righting reactions. Righting reactions allow the child to orient his head in space so that the eyes and mouth are horizontal regardless of the position of the body. It also helps in maintaining the proper alignment of the head with respect to the body.

Oromotor control training: Oromotor function depends on good head control. Common Oromotor problems are: drooling, problems in sucking, swallowing, body movements associated with speech, jaw, hyper or hyposensitivity and inadequate tongue movements. Hence the therapy should consist of good neck control, developing good trunk control, use of brush to decrease drooling.

Speech therapy helps to control the mouth muscles. This therapy can be of great benefit to children with speech or eating problems. Speech therapy often starts before the child begins school and continues throughout the school years.

Both massage therapy and physiotherapy benefit some people with CP by helping them relax tense muscles, strengthen muscles and keep joint flexible.

2 people found this helpful

My father is 80+ and diabetic regularly he complains about joint knee pains and numbness. My doubt is can he take calcium supplements daily is it safe? Or can you advice me any other effective medicines for knee joint pains. Thanks waiting!

BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
My father is 80+ and diabetic regularly he complains about joint knee pains and numbness. My doubt is can he take cal...
Quadriceps strengthening exercises- Quad Clenches: Lie flat on your back or sit upright on a chair with leg kept horizontally on another surface. Now, tighten the muscle on the front of the thigh by pushing your knee down. You should feel your thigh muscles clench, Hold for 3 secs. Repeat 10 times twice a day. Short Arcs: Lie flat on your back or sit upright with your leg placed horizontally on a flat surface like a chair or bed. Place a rolled up towel under the knee. Pull your toes towards you and clench you thigh muscles. Slowly lift your foot up off the bed until your knee is straight (keep your knee resting on the towel). Hold for 3 secs and slowly lower them on the chair. Repeat 10 times twice a day. Straight Leg Raise: Lie flat on your back. One leg and knee will be straight and other leg should be bent. Pull your toes towards you and tighten/clench the muscle on the front of the thigh, locking your knee straight. Lift your foot up in the air, about 6 inches off the bed. Hold for 3 secs and slowly lower the leg. The knee must remain straight the whole time you are doing this exercise.
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