Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Gynaecologists online in Thane. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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What is the reason of irregular period in women. Is it stop to become pregnant. What is a treatment for this.
Doctor is month mere periods miss ho gye the toh Maine deviry 10 mg tablet le 3 days 9pills 3 days ho gye code hue abi tk periods nhi hue m unmarried and I never did anything wrong.
How to identify labour pain vs normal pain? What to do during labour pain? How to get prepared for normal delivery? Kindly help me by providing apt answer for my question.
Every moment from the minute we are born, we are constantly inhaling and exhaling air. However, we rarely think twice about the quality of the air that we breathe. Ideally, we should be inhaling air rich in oxygen, but today, the air we breathe is contaminated with carbon dioxide, particulate matter etc. as a result of air pollution. Breathing this polluted air can be extremely detrimental to your overall health.
What is air pollution?
Air pollution can be defined as the introduction of gases, fumes and dust particles that distort the natural balance of elements in the air. Pollution in the air spreads easily and is difficult to avoid. These elements that pollute the air can be classified as primary and secondary pollutants. Primary pollutants are gases or particles, such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides etc. that are directly emitted into the air. Pollutants that develop as a result of interaction between primary pollutants in the air are known as secondary pollutants. Smog, such as what is enveloping the Northern India today is one of the most common examples of this type of air pollution.
How is it measured?
Air pollution is measured by measuring the amount of pollutants such as Carbon monoxide, Ozone, Nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 micrometres and particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres. This data is collected through monitoring stations in various cities and measured in the form of micrograms or milligrammes per cubic meter. For carbon monoxide and ozone this reading is taken as an average concentration of pollutant over 8 hours while for others it is averaged against 24 hours. This can be seen online on India’s air quality index.
What is the significance of air quality index(AQI)?
The air quality index is a visual representation of pollutant levels in the air around you. A quick glance at this colour coded map can tell you if the air outside your home is likely to harm you or not. The code is broken down into 6 levels ranging from green that signifies minimal impact to red that marks pollution levels that can harm a healthy person and seriously impact those who are already ill. The higher the AQI, the higher the level of air pollution.
How does it affect your health?
Watery eyes, coughing and wheezing are the most common results of breathing polluted air. The risk of falling ill due to air pollution is dependent on the pollutant type and amount and duration of exposure to the polluted air. Heart disease and lung disease patients, pregnant women and children under the age of 14 are most vulnerable to diseases caused by air pollution. Air pollution can aggravate respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses, damage cells in the lungs and put the heart and lungs under additional stress to pump oxygen. Long-term exposure to polluted air can cause the lungs to age faster, lead to decreased lung capacity and functioning and can also result in the development of asthma, bronchitis and even cancer. It can also cause heart attacks and shorten the lifespan of a person.
How can you protect yourself against the ill effects of air pollution?
Looking at the AQI levels of your city every morning should become a habit for city dwellers. If the pollutant levels are excessively high, it is advisable to stay indoors. On an average, air pollution and day temperatures have a direct relationship. Hence, avoid scheduling outdoor activities for the afternoons. Avoid routes that have heavy traffic and try carpooling or walking, biking etc. In areas where it is not possible to escape the pollution, use a handkerchief or face mask over your nose and mouth to filter the air. Eating fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants can help strengthen your immune system and shield your body against the ill effects of air pollution.
Within your house, clean the air conditioner and heater filters regularly and vacuum the house often. On days when the AQI is low, open your windows and allow fresh air to circulate. Sheets and stuffed toys are magnets for particulate matter in the air and hence should be washed often. Do not burn trash or allow people around you to do so.
Air pollution is a big problem to tackle and in order to fight it, requires effort from each and every individual. Take a look at the amount of pollution you generate and try reducing it. Car pooling and using public transport are often the first steps towards reducing your carbon emissions. Wherever possible use hand powered or electrically powered equipment instead of gasoline powered ones. Simply stating that the air is polluted will not help; get involved with the efforts being made in your locality to clean up the sources of this pollution. Remember that if you do not do your bit to fight this menace, it is you that will be harmed by it. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.
दाद, जिसे डर्माटोफायोटासिस या टिनिअ के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, त्वचा का एक कवक संक्रमण है। "दाद" एक मिथ्या नाम है, क्योंकि संक्रमण एक कवक के कारण होता है, कीड़ा द्वारा नहीं। संक्रमण शुरू में त्वचा के प्रभावित क्षेत्रों पर लाल पैच के साथ प्रस्तुत होता है और बाद में शरीर के अन्य भागों में फैलता है। यह संक्रमण खोपड़ी, पैर, ऊसन्धि, दाढ़ी या अन्य क्षेत्रों की त्वचा को प्रभावित कर सकता है।
दाद प्रभावित शरीर के हिस्से के आधार पर अलग-अलग नाम से जाना जाता है। कुछ प्रकार के दाद के संक्रमण में टिनिया कैपिटिस (स्कैल्प), टिनिया कॉर्पोरिस (शरीर), टिनिआ क्रूरिस (जॉक खुजली), टिनिया पेडीस (एथलीट फुट/ पैरों का दाद) शामिल हैं। ट्राइकोफिटन, माइक्रोसोरम, और एपिडर्मोफटन कवक के प्रकार हैं जो दाद पैदा कर सकते है।
दाद के लिए उपाय
चाहे जहां भी संक्रमण हो, आप छुटकारा पाने के लिए कुछ प्राकृतिक उपचार का उपयोग कर सकते हैं।
लहसुन में एजोन्ने, एक प्राकृतिक एंटिफंगल एजेंट है। अध्ययनों से पता चलता है कि इस फंगल संक्रमण को चंगा करने के लिए एजोन्ने महान है। लहसुन का एक फांक छीलकर, उसे पतली स्लाइस में काट लें। प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर यह पतली स्लाइस रखें और उसके चारों ओर एक पट्टी लपेटें। रात भर के लिए इसे छोड़ दें। वैकल्पिक रूप से, आप प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर लहसुन पेस्ट भी लागू कर, इसे रात भर छोड़ सकते हैं।
2. नारियल का तेल:
नारियल तेल बाल और खोपड़ी से संबंधित समस्याओं के लिए एक अच्छी तरह से जाना जाता उपाय है। इसका इस्तेमाल दाद का इलाज करने के लिए भी किया जा सकता है। यह तेल न सिर्फ़ खुजली वाली त्वचा से राहत प्रदान करता है बल्कि क्षेत्र को चिकना और नरम भी बना देता है। बस प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर नारियल तेल लगाएँ और रात भर के लिये छोड़ दें।
हल्दी न केवल एक प्राकृतिक एंटीबायोटिक है, बल्कि इसके कई स्वास्थ्य लाभ भी हैं। यह शक्तिशाली मसाला कई बैक्टीरिया और कवक संक्रमणों के उपचार में प्रभावी है। दाद का इलाज करने के लिए, पानी और हल्दी मिला कर एक गाढ़ा पेस्ट बनाएँ, और एक रूई की गेंद का उपयोग कर प्रभावित क्षेत्र पर इसे लागू करें। प्रभावी परिणाम पाने के लिए आपको रोज यह 2-3 बार दोहराने की जरूरत है।
एलोवेरा एक लोकप्रिय आयुर्वेदिक दवा है, जिसका उपयोग बीमारियों की एक विस्तृत श्रृंखला के लिए किया जाता है। यह एंटिफंगल और जीवाणुरोधी है और धूप की कालिमा, दाद, चकत्ते, कटौती आदि के इलाज में मदद कर सकता है। इसके अलावा, यह त्वचा की पुनः पूर्ति करने के लिए कई पोषक तत्व और खनिज प्रदान करता है। प्रभावित इलाके पर सीधे एलोवेरा जेल को लागू करें और रात भर के लिए इसे छोड़ दें। फिर सुबह इसे धो लें।
5. सेब का सिरका:
सेब का सिरका भी जीवाणुरोधी और एंटिफंगल गुणों के लिए जाना जाता है। सर्वोत्तम परिणाम के लिए, संक्रमित क्षेत्र पर एक रूई की गेंद के साथ सेब का सिरका लागू करें। इसे एक दिन में कम से कम 5 बार दोहराएं।
6. सिरका और नमक:
सिरका और नमक का उपयोग करके गाढ़ा पेस्ट बनायें। संक्रमित क्षेत्र पर इस मिश्रण को लागू करें। इसे 5-10 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर इसे धो लें।
7. चाय के पेड़ का तेल:
चाय के पेड़ के तेल में एंटिफंगल और एंटीसेप्टिक एजेंट होते हैं जो विभिन्न प्रकार के त्वचा रोगों का इलाज कर सकते हैं। इसका उपयोग मुँहासे, जीवाण्विक संक्रमण, मुँह के छाले, सोरायसिस, कीट के काटने आदि के इलाज के लिए लंबे समय से किया गया है। संक्रमित क्षेत्र पर एक रूई की गेंद के साथ चाय के पेड़ का तेल लागू करें। इसे हर दिन तीन बार दोहराएं।
8. सरसों के बीज:
30 मिनट के लिए पानी में सरसों के बीज भिगोएँ और उन्हें मोटी पेस्ट बनाने के लिए पीस लें। संक्रमित क्षेत्र पर इस पेस्ट को लागू करें।
Meri age 26 h meri abhi delivery hui h or meri breast loose ho gyi h iske liye m kya kru please suggest me.
Mera periods regular ni aata hai kyun? Mjhe thyroid ka v prblm hai Maine test v krwaya aur result 5.48 hai.
Pregnancy me baby movement kitne week me baby movement start ho jata hain? Beetroot juice pina chahiye pregnancy me ya nhi?
I am for 28 years old after delivery my weight increse day to days specially tummy fats please tell me some tips or medicice. For example my question is how to decrese tummy fat after delivery?
Kidney disease also known as renal disease, is a progressive loss of renal function due to which the ability of kidney to remove wastes, concentrate urine and conserve electrolytes is failed over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are unspecific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experiencing a reduced appetite. Often, chronic kidney disease is diagnosed as a result of screening of people known to be at risk of kidney problems, such as those with high blood pressure or diabetes and those with a blood relative with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may also be identified when it leads to one of its recognized complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia or pericarditis.
Chronic kidney disease is identified by a blood test for creatinine. Higher levels of creatinine indicate a falling glomerular filtration rate (rate at which the kidneys filter blood) and as a result a decreased capability of the kidneys to excrete waste products. Creatinine levels may be normal in the early stages of ckd, and the condition is discovered if urinalysis (testing of a urine sample) shows that the kidney is allowing the loss of protein or red blood cells into the urine. To fully investigate the underlying cause of kidney damage, various forms of medical imaging, blood tests and often renal biopsy (removing a small sample of kidney tissue) are employed to find out if there is a reversible cause for the kidney malfunction.
The most common causes of ckd are diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis.
Recent professional guidelines classify the severity of chronic kidney disease in five stages, with stage 1 being the mildest and usually causing few symptoms and stage 5 being a severe illness with poor life expectancy if untreated. Stage 5 ckd is also called established chronic kidney disease and is synonymous with the now outdated terms end-stage renal disease (esrd), chronic kidney failure (ckf) or chronic renal failure (crf)
Kidney disease also classified according to the part of the renal anatomy that is involved, as:
-vascular, includes large vessel disease such as bilateral renal artery stenosis and small vessel disease such as ischemic nephropathy, hemolytic-uremic syndrome and vasculitis
-glomerular, comprising a diverse group and subclassified into
1. Primary glomerular disease such as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and iga nephritis
2. Secondary glomerular disease such as diabetic nephropathy and lupus nephritis
-tubulointerstitial including polycystic kidney disease, drug and toxin-induced chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis and reflux nephropathy.
-obstructive such as with bilateral kidney stones and diseases of the prostate.
Initial symptoms may include the following:
-general ill feeling
-generalized itching (pruritus)
-unintentional weight loss.
-swelling of face.
Later symptoms may include the following:
-blood in the vomit or in stools
-decreased alertness, including drowsiness, confusion, delirium, orcoma
-decreased sensation in the hands, feet, or other areas
-easy bruising or bleeding
-increased or decreased urine output
-muscle twitching or cramps
-white crystals in and on the skin (uremic frost).
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
-abnormally dark or light skin
-excessive nighttime urination
-high blood pressure
-loss of appetite
-pain in chest.
-changes in blood sugar metabolism
-congestive heart failure
-decreased functioning of white blood cells
-decreased immune response
-decreased libido, impotence
-electrolyte abnormalities including hyperkalemia
-end-stage renal disease
-high blood pressure
-liver inflammation (hepatitis b or hepatitis c)
-loss of blood from the gastrointestinal tract
-menstrual irregularities, mscarriage, infertility
-skin dryness, itching /scratching with resultant skin infection
-weakening of the bones
3. Ars alb
5. Aurum met
8. Kali chlor
9. Cuprum met
10. Plumbum met
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection i.e. ICSI is different from conventional IVF i.e. In Vitro Fertilization because a single sperm is selected by the embryologist to be injected by a needle into the egg rather than a dish with many sperms placed near the egg so that the fastest swimming sperm enters it. Once the sperm is injected directly into the egg, it fertilizes, after which the embryo is transferred into the womb or uterus.
Your doctor might recommend ICSI treatment for you if you have an extremely low sperm count resulting in infertility or other medical sperm conditions such as poor motility or poor morphology. It may also be suggested if prior attempts at IVF procedures have failed in fertilizing the egg or the fertilization rate is extremely low. You must also consider ICSI treatment if you resort to embryo testing or if the sperm needs to be collected from the epididymis or testicles surgically.
However, you must keep in mind that if your partner has a genetic problem resulting in low sperm count, it could be passed on to your child, if you decide to use your husband's sperm for this process.
Success Rates of ICSI:
The success rate of ICSI treatment depends on your age and your fertility problem. Your eggs are healthier when you are young and as you age, chances are that they will become less healthy.
- 35 per cent if you are under 35 years of age
- 29 per cent if you are between 35 to 37 years of age
- 21 per cent if you are between 38 to 39 years of age
- 14 per cent if you are between 40 to 42 years of age
- 6 per cent if you are between 43 to 44 years of age
- 5 per cent if you are above 44 years of age
Advantages of ICSI Treatment:
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection gives you a chance to conceive a child genetically when most other options are exhausted. Males may be unable to ejaculate on the day the eggs are collected due to anxiety. ICSI proves to be advantageous because sperm may also be surgically extracted for this process. It is extremely helpful for those couples who suffer from unexplained infertility. However, one of the most important factors is that ICSI treatment does not affect your child's physical or mental health.
I am 27 years old married woman. I am trying to get pregnant. In dec I got my periods on 3rd, in January on 6th in february on 12 and in march on 21st. What are the fertile period during which we can make relation to get pregnant.
There are many questions a woman may have in mind for her gynecologist but never asked them. Here are 15 such questions along with their solutions.
1. Does my vagina smell unpleasant?
You should shower it with water and gently wipe it with a wash cloth before any test. Applying perfume makes the smell even worse.
2. What to do in case the feet stink?
You should wear fresh and clean socks before going for the test and getting in the stirrup which is a metal device for convenience of gynaecological tests.
3. In case of a period, should I cancel my test appointment?
A gynaecologist is not afraid nor disgusted by blood as blood is a part of the specialist's profession. If you have heavy bleeding, you can call up the nurse for suggestions.
4. What if the doctor or nurse judges my body?
Your gynaecologist does not care about your body and is more concerned about your problems and how to solve them.
5. What if my legs are unshaved?
Your gynaecologist really does not care about your legs or underarms or any part of your body. Your problem is the only concern for the doctor.
6.What if my shaved hair looks ugly?
As stated before, the gynaecologist is only concerned about your problem and nothing else. Use a sharp razor to prevent bumps or ingrown hair.
7. What is the speculum?
It is a device used by your gynaecologist for opening your vagina in order to observe the cervix or look for infections on the vaginal wall.
8. Why do I urinate in my pants if I sneeze, laugh or cough?
This is a common phenomenon for women who have given birth and is easy to treat.
9. Is my vaginal discharge normal?
Having a small amount of white vaginal discharge is quite normal.
10. What does the gynaecologist check inside my vagina using hands?
The bimanual exam is done using the hands to detect problems in the uterus.
11. What if I do not like birth control means?
There are over 50 methods of birth control and many pills you can choose from.
12. Can I ask about my sexual problems?
Absolutely yes, as it is quite an important issue.
13. Can my partner or family accompany me to the test?
Yes, they can but during the time of the test, they should leave the room.
14. Can I discuss my relationship problems?
Your gynaecologist should know about any issue you are having.
15. If I am having forced sex, should I tell?
Such matters should be conveyed immediately.
You can ask your gynecologist any question, which bothers you, without fear.