Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments
Call Doctor
Book Appointment
Dr. Bensley Gonsalves  - Endocrinologist, Thane

Dr. Bensley Gonsalves

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)

Endocrinologist, Thane

15 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
Book appointment and get ₹125 LybrateCash (Lybrate Wallet) after your visit
Dr. Bensley Gonsalves MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD) Endocrinologist, Thane
15 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
Submit Feedback
Report Issue
Get Help

Personal Statement

I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
More about Dr. Bensley Gonsalves
Dr. Bensley Gonsalves is one of the best Endocrinologists in Vasai West, Thane. He has been a practicing Endocrinologist for 15 years. He studied and completed MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD) . You can visit him at Bliss Diabetes Center in Vasai West, Thane. Book an appointment online with Dr. Bensley Gonsalves and consult privately on has top trusted Endocrinologists from across India. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 42 years of experience on Find the best Endocrinologists online in Thane. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


MBBS - Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre - 2004
Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD) - All India Institute of Diabetes, S L Raheja Hospital Mahim Mumbai - 2007
Languages spoken
Awards and Recognitions
Certified Diabetologist From Joslin Diabetes Center Boston USA
Coinvestigator In A Major International Drug Trial
Professional Memberships
Research Society For The Study of Diabetes In India (RSSDI)
United Diabetes Forum
Vasai IMA


Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Bensley Gonsalves

Bliss Diabetes Center

Dr. Leslie's Clinic, Opposite St. Elizabeth School, Holi MarketThane Get Directions
500 at clinic

Cardinal Gracias Memorial Hospital Trust

No.24, Bangli Naka, Vasai West, Landmark : Near SandoorThane Get Directions
500 at clinic
View All

Consult Online

Text Consult
Send multiple messages/attachments. Get first response within 6 hours.
7 days validity ₹350 online
Consult Now
Phone Consult
Schedule for your preferred date/time
15 minutes call duration ₹450 online
Consult Now


View All Services

Submit Feedback

Submit a review for Dr. Bensley Gonsalves

Your feedback matters!
Write a Review


All Reviews
View More
View All Reviews


Graves' Disease - What Causes It?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Graves' Disease - What Causes It?

Graves' disease, also called as toxic diffuse goiter or exophthalmic goiter is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Graves' disease is the most prevalent cause of hyperthyroidism.


  1. The exact cause is unclear.
  2. Enlarged thyroid: Normally, thyroid function is regulated by a hormone released by the pituitary gland. The antibody associated with Graves' disease — Thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) — acts as the regulatory pituitary hormone. The TRAb overrides the normal regulation of the thyroid, causing an overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). In Graves' disease, the immune system generates antibodies that trigger the TSH receptor, tricking the thyroid into making too many hormones, which speeds up the metabolism.

Risk factors

  1. Family history: It is a known risk factor.
  2. Gender: Women are much more likely to develop Graves' disease than men.
  3. Age: Graves' disease usually develops in people younger than 40.
  4. Other autoimmune disorders: People with other disorders of the immune system, such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, have an increased risk.
  5. Emotional or physical stress: Stress may act as a trigger for the onset of Graves' disease.
  6. Pregnancy: Pregnancy or recent childbirth may increase the risk of the disorder that is genetically susceptible.
  7. Smoking: Cigarette smoking increases the risk of Graves' disease and also Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Diffuse palpable goiter with audible bruit (70%)
  2. Tremors (40%)
  3. Exophthalmos (protuberance of one or both eyes, periorbital edema [25%])
  4. Fatigue (70%) and weight loss (60%) with increased appetite in young people and poor appetite in the elderly
  5. Heat intolerance (55%)
  6. Tremulousness (55%)
  7. Palpitations (50%), Heart failure
  8. Enlarged thyroid gland and increased sweating
  9. Weight loss (without a change in diet)
  10. Changes in menstrual cycle
  11. Erectile dysfunction and reduced libido
  12. Anxiety and irritability
  13. Graves' dermopathy with thick red skin on the shins (rare)


  1. Two signs are truly diagnostic of Graves’s disease (i.e., not seen in other hyperthyroid conditions):
    • Exophthalmos
    • Nonpitting edema
  2. A large goiter will be visible to the naked eye; however, a small one may be detectable only on physical examination.
  3. Abnormally high levels of T3 and T4 and a very low level of TSH are good indications of Graves' disease.
  4. Computed tomography and ultrasound can also be used for detection of Graves’ disease.


  1. Pregnancy issues include miscarriage, preterm birth, fetal thyroid dysfunction, poor fetal growth, maternal heart failure, and preeclampsia.
  2. Heart disorders include heart rhythm disorders, changes in the structure and function of the heart muscles, and congestive heart failure.
  3. Thyroid storm/accelerated hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxic crisis is a rare but life-threatening complication of Graves’ disease.
  4. Untreated hyperthyroidism also can lead to weak, brittle bones and osteoporosis.

The primary treatment goals are to inhibit the overproduction of thyroid hormones and lessen the severity of symptoms.

  1. Radioiodine therapy: Iodine-131, synthetic thyroid hormone
  2. Medications: Beta blockers and antithyroid medications such as methimazole
  3. Surgery: Thyroidectomy
1971 people found this helpful

Importance Of Diet Management In Diabetes!

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Importance Of Diet Management In Diabetes!

For diabetics, healthy eating is essential. This can be the most important tool available in managing diabetes and blood sugar fluctuations. This is because what a person eats has a direct effect on their blood sugar levels. When food is digested, it is broken down into a form of sugar known as glucose. This powers the body and acts as an energy source. For this, the body needs insulin. In the case of diabetics, insulin does not function the way it should or is not present in the required amounts. This causes the glucose to remain in the blood and in turn spikes blood sugar levels. The good news is that diabetes can be controlled. This is where the person’s diet plays an important role.

Not all food causes an increase in blood sugar levels. The effect of a food item on a diabetic depends on how it affects the body’s ability to process glucose. Processed foods, fatty foods, food with added sugar etc. can cause a spike in blood sugar levels. However, fruits and vegetables do not have the same effect. Foods that have a high glycemic index do not keep a person satiated for long but cause blood sugar fluctuations. On the other hand, foods with a low glycemic index do not cause blood sugar fluctuations and keep hunger satiated for longer. Hence, the former should be avoided as far as possible. Replace processed grains with whole grains, red meat with lean meat or fish and add plenty of beans and legumes to your diet. Trans fats should also be avoided.

Eating right can also help with weight management. Being overweight puts additional pressure on the insulin available which leads to frequent blood sugar fluctuations. Eating right accompanied by regular exercise is crucial to weight management. Keeping your weight under control can even help prevent diabetes especially in cases, where a person has a high genetic risk of developing diabetes. This can also help reduce the risk of further complications.

When it comes to diabetes, eating at the right time is as important as eating the right food. Diabetics should not leave long gaps between their meals. This is because having a gap of more than 3 hours can destabilize blood sugar levels and be dangerous for the patient. Hence, a diabetic should eat smaller, more frequent meals. It is also a good idea for a diabetic to monitor sugar levels before going to sleep and after waking up. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1942 people found this helpful

Thyroid And Calcium Supplement - Are They Necessary?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Thyroid And Calcium Supplement - Are They Necessary?

The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. This gland is responsible for regulating metabolism by releasing thyroid hormones. The underproduction or overproduction of these hormones could affect every aspect of an individual’s health. One of the minerals affected by the functioning of the thyroid gland is calcium.

Calcium is a very important mineral for the human body. It not only builds a strong skeletal structure but also helps with muscle contractions, blood clotting and regulates enzyme levels. The thyroid gland and the parathyroid gland are directly responsible for calcium regulation in the body. This is done through the calcitonin hormone. This hormone is released by the thyroid gland. Calcitonin helps regulate the calcium levels in the blood and keeps it from accumulating in the bloodstream.

Because of the important role played by calcium in our bodies, calcium supplements are the easiest way to maintain the calcium levels in the body. However, for patients suffering from hypothyroidism, this may not be a good idea. Calcium supplements can interfere with thyroid medication such as levothyroxine. Instead, calcium can be sourced from the food being eaten.

Milk is not the only food group that provides calcium to the body. Some of the other foods that you could get calcium from include:

  1. Beans: All legumes are a great source of calcium. Of these, winged beans have the highest concentra5tion of calcium. One cup of winged beans can give the body up to 24% of its required amount of calcium.
  2. Fish: Fish such as sardines and salmon are great sources of calcium. Between these two types of fish, sardines have more calcium. These can be eaten fresh or tinned.
  3. Cheese: Parmesan cheese has the highest concentration of calcium. However, all other types of cheese contain calcium as well. As a rule of thumb, soft cheese has a lower amount of calcium as compared to hard cheese.
  4. Seeds: Seeds are a powerhouse of nutrition. One of the minerals, these tiny seeds are rich in is calcium. one tablespoon of sesame seeds has 9% calcium while one tablespoon of poppy seeds has 13% calcium.
  5. Yogurt: Yogurt is a rich source of probiotics and calcium. One cup of yogurt a day can give the body up to 30% of its calcium requirements. This includes full-fat yogurt as well as low-fat yogurt. Greek yogurt also contains calcium but in a lower concentration as compared to regular yogurt.
15 people found this helpful

Adrenal Insufficiency - Know About Its Treatment Options!

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Adrenal Insufficiency - Know About Its Treatment Options!

A deficiency of the adrenal hormones is also known as Addison’s disease. This is a life-threatening disease that can affect men and women of all ages. Adrenal insufficiency is marked by chronic fatigue, weight loss, low blood sugar and blood pressure levels, depression, muscle pain and loss of body hair. When these symptoms occur together, they should never be ignored. An early diagnosis is a key to the treatment of this condition.

A doctor will use a combination of tests to determine a diagnosis of Addison’s disease. This includes a blood test to measure levels of minerals and antibodies associated with this disease in the body, an ACTH stimulation test, insulin-induced hypoglycemia test and imaging tests. In addition, the doctor will also ask for a detailed family medical history.

Treatment for Addison’s disease is focused on balancing the hormone levels. Thus, it involves the use of hormone replacement drugs to perform the functions of the missing hormones. This type of treatment could include:

1. Oral corticosteroids
In this case, an oral medication may be prescribed to replace the cortisol and aldosterone. This is usually the first form of treatment.

2. Corticosteroid injections
In some cases, the nausea caused by the disease is so bad that the patient cannot take oral medication. In such cases the hormone replacement drugs may be given via injections.

The dosage of these replacement hormones may be changed according to the patient’s overall health and mental state. Fr example, the doctor may decide to increase dosage if the patient is recovering from an infection or surgery or if he or she is under stress. It is important for the patient not to change the dosage of these medications without the doctor’s approval. Missing even one day’s medication can be harmful to the patient.

Hence, it is important to always have extra medication at hand. The patient should ideally keep a small stock of medication at work, in their bag and in their car.

3. Lifestyle changes
Making a few lifestyle changes can also help. Processed foods, caffeine, sugar and alcohol should all be avoided. Refined vegetable oil should also be avoided as it can have an inflammatory effect. This may be replaced by healthy fats such as coconut oil and olive oil. Include high fiber foods such as starchy vegetables, chia seeds, berries etc. in the patient’s diet. Probiotic foods and foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids are also beneficial. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1779 people found this helpful

Lack of Growth Due To Insufficient Hormones!

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Lack of Growth Due To Insufficient Hormones!

The pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain, is responsible for producing growth hormones. When the growth hormones are not produced sufficiently by this gland, then the rate of growth is slower. In children, the hormone needs to be adequate to ensure the right amount of growth. To maintain the right amount of fats in the body, adults need this hormone. The hormone is also required to maintain muscles and bones in the body. Lack of the growth hormones can cause an emotional disturbance, tiredness, and motivation issues in adults. When the pituitary tumors are treated, cholesterol levels, too, are affected because of insufficient hormonal production. This deficiency can occur at any age in children and adults.

Symptoms in children and adults: When one is affected by slow growth hormone production, a number of symptoms may manifest. The most important symptom is the short stature. Growth velocity for the corresponding age is also lower, and puberty is also delayed. One can also see the mid-area accumulating more fat in the body. In children, this deficiency can make them look much younger for their age. The tooth development is much delayed and they do not stick to their developmental milestones. Adults find it difficult to do exercises or they have low endurance when the growth hormones are insufficient. The skin becomes thick and dry, and they are also prone to anxiety, depression, and other emotional disorders.

Diagnosis: A hypoglycemia test is conducted to confirm the diagnosis. The individual is administered insulin through an intravenous line. The growth of hormone level is measured after 30 minutes. If the result is less than 10 mcg per mL in children, then it is considered that there is growth hormone deficiency. An adult is considered deficient in growth hormones when the level is less than 3 mcg per mL.

Treatment methods: As low growth hormones can lead to stress and fatigue, it is important for the people who are affected by this condition to get enough sleep. They should also concentrate on taking healthy foods. The cholesterol and triglyceride levels are already increased in people who have low growth hormone levels. So, avoiding fatty and oily foods is necessary. Doing physical exercises every day is also recommended.

Growth hormone therapy is one of the ways to improve the growth hormone levels in the affected individuals. The treatment not only aims at improving this hormone levels but it also ensures that the metabolism is maintained in a healthy way. The drugs for this condition are injected under the layers of fat in the skin. The drug is given via injection once in a week throughout the treatment duration. If the disorder is because of tumors in the pituitary gland, then it can be treated only with a surgery. For the same condition, radiation therapy is also given, if the tumor is not removed successfully with the surgery. People with low levels of growth hormones are advised to lose fat and avoid eating a heavy meal before bedtime. Intermittent fasting is also recommended.

10 people found this helpful

Thyroid - Can You Still Get Pregnant?

MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD)
Endocrinologist, Thane
Thyroid - Can You Still Get Pregnant?

What Actually Is This Thyroid?
The thyroid is a small, ‘butterfly shaped’ gland, situated just below the larynx (voice box) in the lower part of the neck, just above the collar bones.

What Is The Function Of The Thyroid Gland?
The purpose of the thyroid gland is to take iodine from foods that we consume and convert them into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
T4 and T3 are responsible for the metabolism of every cell, proper growth, development and repair of the body. It is important for the development of the central nervous system, regulation of blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen utilization, and weight maintenance.


  1. Exposure to environmental toxins – electromagnetic radiation, chemicals, pesticides, heavy metals
  2. Genetic susceptibility
  3. High levels of stress
  4. Nutritional deficiencies
  5. Autoimmune disorders
  6. Infections
  7. Other hormone imbalances, e.g. estrogen, prolactin imbalance

How Does Thyroid Influence Fertility Potential?
Thyroid problems can interrupt the complex process of the menstrual cycle and can result in an irregular menstrual cycle. This, in turn, results in failure of fertilization of an egg by the sperm and thus, failure in conception.

  1. Anovulatory cycles: This means that you are not ovulating i.e. not releasing an egg.  Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is responsible for the release of an egg from the ovary. If thyroid hormone levels are imbalanced, they cannot support LH to do this.  If no egg is released this makes pregnancy impossible.
  2. Luteal Phase Problems: It takes around 13-15 days to nurture a fertilized egg. If the second half of your menstrual cycle (luteal phase) is very short due to poor LH response and subsequent insufficient progesterone production (T3 required for progesterone release from the luteal cells), a fertilized egg can’t implant securely and will end up leaving your body at around the same time when menstruation would occur.
  3. Low Body Temperature: Low thyroid function will also cause a lower basal body temperature. The rapidly dividing cells in a little embryo need a specific temperature range for that division to take place.  If your basal body temperature is very low, the embryo may not be able to continue growing. This increases the risk of early miscarriage.

How can you still be Pregnant?
Increased intake of iodine-rich food: Whole fat yogurt, raw dairy product, strawberries, potatoes with the skin left on, zinc with vitamins E, A, B, C, and selenium are responsible for thyroid hormone manufacture.
Stress results in elevated levels of cortisol. Increased cortisol level will inhibit the conversion of T4 to the active T3 hormone and will stop the active T3 entering cells sufficiently. Stress Management techniques like meditation, Yoga is required.

Exercise is beneficial as it will stimulate thyroid hormone secretion and increase tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormones.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1720 people found this helpful