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Treatment of HIV AIDS
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I feel very sick after travelling even short distances. I have lived in a pollution free township and rarely used to travel. It is because of pollution and dust I feel difficulty in breathing and then there is suffocating feeling and headache. It is also the smell of car which makes me feel sick. Is it because of some allergy or is it because I can not breathe properly while travelling?
Allergic rhinitis is defined as allergic symptoms in the nasal passage. Allergic rhinitis can be seasonal (occurring during specific seasons) or perennial (occurring year round). The allergens that most commonly cause seasonal allergic rhinitis include pollens from trees, grasses and weeds, as well as spores from fungi and moulds. The allergens that most commonly cause perennial allergic rhinitis are house dust mites, cockroaches, animal dander and fungi or moulds. Perennial allergic rhinitis tends to be more difficult to treat.
How does allergic rhinitis occur ?
This condition occurs when allergens (allergy- causing substances) come into contact with the nose, and usually also the ears, sinuses, and the throat. When allergens come in contact with the lining of the nose and sinuses, they trigger the cells to release the chemical histamine, which causes the allergy symptoms described below.
What are the symptoms ?
- Nasal congestion
- Watery " runny nose"
- Itchy eyes,nose,or throat
- Puffy eyes or 'allergic shiners'
- Post nasal drip
These symptoms may occur during a certain season or year long. They can occur at any age.
What is the treatment for allergic rhinitis ?
A number of medications, including antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids, and decongestants are available to control symptoms. Allergen immunotherapy could provide long lasting benefit. You can "train" your immune system not to react exaggerated to an allergen anymore. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The immune system is what gets you going. It protects an individual from various harmful pathogenic and microscopic (bacteria, virus, fungi) organisms. The immunity can be of two types- Innate and Acquired (Adaptive). The Innate immunity is the one that is present in a person from birth. The Adaptive immunity, on the other hand, is the immunity that a person develops over their lifetime. While some people are born with a strong immune system, others have to work towards developing one. The following tips and lifestyle practices can go a long way to give your immune system a much-needed boost:
A dietary immunological boost: Your immunity may be directly related to the food you need. Some foods are like a tonic for your immune system. Fruits and vegetables can do your immune system a world of good. Citrus fruits (orange, lemon, grapefruit, tangerines), Berries (particularly blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries), kiwi, and papaya are powerful immune boosters. The vegetables such carrots, broccoli, spinach, sweet potatoes, onion, red bell peppers are extremely healthy, especially for your immune system. Garlic (Allium sativum), Turmeric (Curcuma longa), and Ginger (Zingiber officinale) are known for their medical values. These three spices can bring about a significant improvement in people with a weak immune system. Almonds, yogurt, mushrooms (shiitake), and flaxseeds can also work wonders for your immune system.
All work and no sleep: A sound sleep and proper rest can work miracles, especially for your immune system. Stress, anxiety, and fatigue are known to have a negative effect on the health. More than often, they trigger a hormonal imbalance that can wreak havoc, weakening the immune system. No matter how busy you are, never compromise on your sleep. Follow a healthy sleep cycle. An early to bed and early to rise is what should be your motto. Make sure that you sleep for 6-8 hours daily.
Reduce the stress: Exercise and physical activities can contribute significantly to building your immune system. Meditation is a not only a good stress buster but also a great immune booster, increasing the body's resistance to various bacterial and viral diseases and infections. The health benefits of exercise require no special mention. Like meditation, it also helps to increase the immunity by lowering the level of stress hormones in the body. Spending quality time with your family or loved ones, staying cheerful and positive can also help to reduce the stress to a great extent. In the case of professional stress, you can take short breaks or go on vacations to rejuvenate yourself. The lower the stress, the stronger is the immunity.
Lifestyle habits: The unhealthy lifestyle habits such as drinking and smoking (often unlimited) can spell doom for the immune system and are best left avoided if you want to enjoy a healthy immune system.
Also, drinking green tea regularly will go a long way in improving your immune system. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
9 Steps to protect yourself from HIV:
1. Pre Marital Testing
2. Use of Condoms
3. Pre Exposure Prophylaxis before 3 days
4. Post Exposure Prophylaxis within 3 days
5. Avoid Sex under influence of Alcohol or other abused drugs
6. Don't be judgmental when you selecting Commercial Sex Worker. I am having HIV positive patients who is charging 60000 per night. and a gay who is charging 40000 per day.
7. Always be watchful when you are taking Injections and ensure that treating doctor is a qulified one ( MBBS and /or above )
8. If you are going for planned surgery, ask docotr to peserve your own blood through Auto Transfusion
9. Dont share your grooming kits.
An immune system disorder distinguished by dry mouth and dry eyes is known as Sjogren’s Syndrome. It can also cause dryness in places that require moisture, such as throat, nose and skin. Sjogren’s syndrome is often linked to other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus (disease in which the immune system destroys its own tissues and causes inflammations). Sjogren’s syndrome normally affects people over the age of 40, and it mostly affects women.
Sjogren’s syndrome has mainly two symptoms, and they include:
- Dry eyes: You feel like there is sand in your eyes as it burns and itches
- Dry mouth: You have difficulty speaking or swallowing
Sometimes, you might experience other symptoms as well, such as:
- Joint pain, stiffness and swelling
- Inflamed salivary glands
- Dry skin or skin rashes
- Vaginal dryness
- Continuous dry coughs
- Sustained fatigue
The exact cause of Sjogren’s syndrome is not known, but research strongly suggests that the autoimmune disease could be caused by genetic factors; especially if the illness has been found in more than one member of the family. Also, families with members suffering from type I diabetes, lupus and autoimmune thyroid disease can cause one or more members of the family to develop Sjogren’s syndrome.
The complications of Sjogren’s syndrome include:
- Dental cavities: Saliva protects the teeth from harmful bacteria that cause cavities. Since your mouth is dry, you become more susceptible to develop cavities.
- Yeast infections: Oral thrush, an oral yeast infection, is likely to develop if you have Sjogren’s syndrome.
- Vision problems: Dry eyes can cause corneal ulcers, sensitivity and blurred vision.
- Problems in the lungs, liver or kidneys: Inflammations can lead to bronchitis or pneumonia in your lungs; may cause cirrhosis or hepatitis C in your liver; and may lead to kidney malfunctions.
- Lymphoma: Some people with Sjogren’s syndrome might develop lymphoma, or lymph node cancer.
Peripheral neuropathy: Another complication of this illness is peripheral neuropathy, which is a tingling, burning and numbness sensation felt in your feet and hands.
Sjogren’s syndrome is either treated with drugs, or with surgery. Doctors may prescribe drugs to increase the production of saliva and to treat inflammations. Alternatively, surgery is done to either seal the tear ducts or insert silicon or collagen plugs to close the ducts temporarily. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.