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Dr. T Jagathrayan

MBBS, BPM

Psychiatrist, Salem

44 Years Experience
Dr. T Jagathrayan MBBS, BPM Psychiatrist, Salem
44 Years Experience
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I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. T Jagathrayan
Dr. T Jagathrayan is one of the best Psychiatrists in Campbell Drive SE, Salem. He has been a practicing Psychiatrist for 44 years. He has done MBBS, BPM . He is currently practising at Dr. T Jagathrayan Clinic in Campbell Drive SE, Salem. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. T Jagathrayan on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced Psychiatrists in India. You will find Psychiatrists with more than 31 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Psychiatrists online in Salem and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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MBBS - madras medical college - 1973
BPM - Tamil Nadu University - 1978
Languages spoken
English

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183, Vidya Nagar, Salem- 636006Salem Get Directions
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How can I rid off from smoking And what are the side effects of sudden stop of smoking.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You must try and try again. Very few people succeed in their first attempt. Your persistence will eventually pay off. The urge to discontinue is hampered by many factors but the worst of them is the conditioning. In fact these conditions can exist all through the day unlike other addictions. But your desire to want to stop is the most important factor. It is important to find out about the ill-effects of smoking to have a reason that alarms you about continuing in the habit. The information is really scary but true. The nicotine in tobacco smoke stimulates the heart beat to raise the blood pressure in no time at all. So you must avoid it like the plague: it is just very bad medicine for you. In fact it is highly toxic too. You will need to stop smoking or consuming any tobacco related items with immediate effect. You should start vigorous exercises, gradually increasing it over a period of time. Do deep breathing exercises every time you feel like smoking (try Yoga), and replace the oral urge with some healthy food substitute to satiate the need. You may also take hard candy or chewing gum. If the urge is too strong, then use nicotine chewing gum or nicotine patches, for a little while until the smoking drive reduces, substantially. You may also join Smokers Anonymous in your city where the support is really extraordinary for like-minded people who are also in the same situation. Keep yourself occupied or engaged with interesting activities during the times when it is most tempting. Keep the company of non-smokers for some time i.e. at least for the first 21 days. Above all announce it to everyone that you have quit smoking. Here’s a piece of very good advice: even if you accidentally/willfully take a cigarette, it is not the end of the world – you can start the cessation all over again. You must persevere with the best support until you defeat this addiction. Counseling is very useful in the initial stages and when temptations are at their highest. You will get easily agitated and develop a short fuse. If you used a nicotine patch a lot of these withdrawal symptoms will cease.
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I could not attend my college lectures so I missed mu syllabus to a larger extent. Now when I sit for studies I dnt understand it n then it feels very uninteresting. Concluding my studied r affected n due to which m getting stressed up.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You should do career guidance and Aptitude tests to determine if you are in the right profession. You may then do the following: Daily exercise of at least half an hour is a must. Even if you go to a gym, ask for aerobic and/or callisthenic exercises with whatever else you are doing. A healthy body harbors a healthy mind. With regard to memory, it is very important that your brain and body is ideally rested to be able to recall whatever is required, rather comfortably. Puzzles pose problems to the brain that help it to use new pathways and neurons, which give the brain considerable exercise. It taxes the left brain to use logic to solve the myriad possibilities which other activities do not stimulate. Crosswords are excellent for vocabulary learning and use. Jigsaws and Rubik cube stimulate different permutations to finally settle on the most likely one. Picture completion and anagrams help approach problem-solving from several angles. Do Sudoku, and memory co-relation activities and skills. Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber (whole grains, fruits and vegetables), nuts, avocado, eat dark chocolate, consume less of fat and use olive oil instead, do Yoga meditation exercises, etc. You need to check out if you are stronger visual or auditory. The visual is a better mode than the auditory. However, if you combine the two modes, you will get the best concentration. Have a special place of learning, which should be well lit, with soft painted walls, well-ventilated, with no distractions. When you get bored, study by writing. If you repeat learning, at least, five to seven times, you will apparently remember for a longer time. Sit comfortably but do not slouch. The reading material should be of a fairly large print. Study at small intervals of about 40 minutes and then take a break or change the subject. Short-term memory is a faculty of the left brain, and long-term memory is a feature of the right brain. When people are stressed, they tend to favor the right brain and abandon the left brain, where short-term memory resides. So, it is really very simple: deal with the stress and activate left brain functions. Here are a few suggestions to activate left brain function: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do callisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. There is a new exercise called Super Brain Yoga, which is done by holding the right earlobe with your left thumb and index finger, and the left earlobe with your right hand’s thumb and index finger. In this position, you must squat down and rise up and do this for five minutes every day. There is some memory enhancing techniques and study methods that your teacher will be able to guide you with. If your home life is full of distractions and stress, it is likely to affect your memory, adversely. The following foods do help too: Blueberries, walnuts, turmeric, Spinach, tomatoes, broccoli, acorn squash, green tea, oily fish, boiled egg, turkey, apples, oatmeal, leafy greens, lentils, pumpkin seeds, avocado, cinnamon, thyme, sunflower seeds, and red wine. Avoid sugar and junk food.
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When some talk about me or discuss anything about me on my back I became hot and angry. And I lost my sense.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
YOu have to control mind and anger to survive in this world .Anger management: 10 tips to tame your temper ANGER: There is a saying "Frustration begets anger and anger begets aggression." Direct anger, is expressed toward the object perceived as the cause of the frustration. If a machine does not work, you might hit it or kick it. If someone gets in your way, you could verbally threaten them or push them aside. If the source of the frustration is too powerful or threatening for direct aggression, displaced aggression is often used. The aggression is redirected toward a less threatening and more available object. An angry person often acts without thinking. The person has given in to the frustration and they have given up restraint. Anger can be a healthy response if it motivates us to positive action but all too often the actions we engage in when angry are destructive. Indeed, if we could see a videotape of ourselves getting angry, the humiliation might well help cure us of anger. When you feel frustration building, you have to practice learned responses that lead to healthy actions instead of destructive ones. GIVING UP: Giving up on a goal can be productive if the goal is truly out of reach. However, more often giving up (quitting or being apathetic) is another form of giving in to frustration. When repeatedly frustrated, people can drop out of school, quit jobs, or move away. Apathy is giving up all of your goals, so you cannot be frustrated by trying to reach them. We live in difficult time and we have to be persistent in order to accomplish. Consider how many projects you began, and then gave up, because you became frustrated and lost patience. Make a list of things you started and quit because they seemed too difficult. Now calculate the disappointment and loss you suffered by not dealing with the frustration in a more healthy way. Try to remember that quitters never win, and winners never quit. Losing your temper means you're a quitter. LOSS OF CONFIDENCE: is a terrible frequent side effect of giving up and not fulfilling your goal. A loss of self-confidence and self-esteem, means that If we quit once, then the next time we plan a goal, we may not be able to accurately assess our ability to carry it out and we stop trusting ourselves and our own abilities. This became a self-fulfilling and self-destructive attitude. You need to be able to learn that when the going gets tough, you say to yourself "It is worth it!" and by following through, it not only gets the job done, but it builds self-confidence. STRESS: is the "wear and tear" our body and mind experiences as we adjust to the frustrations our continually changing environment. Too frequently, extreme, or prolonged frustration and stress strains us and generates distress signals. Our body experiences distress signals in a variety of ways, often in the form of: irritability, anger, fatigue anxiety, headache, depression, stomach aches, hypertension, migraines, ulcers, heart attacks, or colitis. DEPRESSION: Depression can affect almost every aspect of your life. It affects people of all ages, income, race, and cultures. Depression can affect the way you eat and sleep the way you feel about yourself, the way one think about things, and the way you interact with others. While we all feel depression at various appropriate times in our lives, excess or inappropriate depression cannot be easily dismissed or wished away. OTHER REACTIONS: abuse of drugs & alcohol is self-destructive and usually futile attempt at dealing with frustration, as are many eating and weight problems and addictions Whenever the immediate effects of the addictive behaviour wear off, users find themselves back in the same, or even worse, frustrating situation. Anger is among the gamut of emotions we exhibit as a reaction to a situation, and it is a 'normal' emotion too as long as it is kept under control. Some people have the propensity to explode when pushed to the extreme. They keep swallowing their emotions until they can finally do it no more, and erupt like a volcano. Others dealing with extreme anger are like a ticking time bomb. You'll never know what you unwittingly say or do can trigger an explosion. In either case, anger that cannot be controlled comes with a physical reaction. Your heart beats faster preparing you for both action and reaction. Your breathing quickens. You may clench your fist, tighten your shoulders and go into a defensive position. The problem arises out of the fact that it is almost impossible to feel anger and empathy at the same time. An angry person is seldom sensitive to the wellbeing of his victim, and hence may lash out verbally and sometimes physically. Such things done in the heat of the moment mostly leaves us with regrets. So here are a few ways to deal with extreme anger. 1. Approve it / Acknowledge it: The first step in solving a problem is recognizing that you have one. The fundamental problem here is that people believe they are on the right track and refuse to budge from their views. It is essential to realize that this step is not about deciding whether you are right or wrong, but acknowledging the fact that your reaction to the situation can be channelled in a better way. When getting someone to acknowledge their anger problem, be careful as to not use negative words like wrong, false and shouldn't. Instead, influence with positive words like can and should. Instead of saying 'You are wrong to react like this', you can say, 'I understand what you are feeling. Is there a way we can resolve this situation?' 2. Understand / recognize the signs: Once you know that your problems exist, you can try devising ways that will work for you in dealing with the situation. You can count to 100 to calm yourself or simply decide to not speak until you can calm yourself. Knowing that you may enter into an argument in a situation, you can list down the points that you feel strongly about and discuss each of them one by one. Working your way through a finite list gives a better opportunity to reach closure at the end. 3. Free the mind/Find ways to let it go: Not all arguments end in closure. A lot of unsaid justifications cloud our mind repeatedly leaving us seething from the inside. Research has shown that the normal or neurological anger response lasts less than two seconds. Beyond that it takes a strong will to stay angry. Once you realize how much your anger is consuming your mind, decide to free your mind with meditation and other calming exercises. Tell yourself that some people and issues simply don't deserve your anger, emotion, reaction or time. If you or someone you know is suffering from anger management issues, consult a doctor today.
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1 years ago, I had a very soft voice. People think that that it was a girl on the phone although I'm a boy. So, I tried to stress my voice by hardening it. Because of which, My voice is very harsh now. And I keep stuttering whenever I sing any Rap Song. Which was not a issue for me, Not at all. So, I would like to know, How can I improve my voice quality and Speak fluently and clearly like before.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Please don't worry about your voice now. You are just 14. When you attain the age of around 18, automatically your voice will change. If you worry too much, you may have anxiety disorder. Take care.
2 people found this helpful
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How to tackle criticism. When you know you are really good, and other just cristise you?

M.Phil - Psychology, M.A - Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user, When someone criticizes us, it triggers our ego. We feel that our personal self is being hurt and challenged. Instead of taking it personally, try if you can take any one constructive point which you can improve. Criticism is a great chance to improve as a person. Take care.
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My pulse is 84 since one month. Temperature is normal. What is the possible reason. I feel body pain.

PGDCC, MD(Chest), PG Dip.Clin.Cardiology
Pulmonologist, Ghaziabad
Thyroid function (tsh) and an ecg should be checked. Sometimes worry alone may be the cause. Pain sensations may be more in both of these conditions.
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I get hyper in short time and I do not concentrate in study and games. What should I do?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
I can give you study tips . 10 Study Tips to Improve Your Learning Study Tip 1: Underlining Underlining is one of the simplest and best known study tips. It’s easy to highlight the most significant parts of what you’re reading. One key sentence per paragraph and a few important phrases here and there. You can only retain a certain amount so it’s best to retain the most important information. Study Tip 2: Make your own note and taking notes is one of the most widespread study skills out there. Essentially the aim of note-taking is to summarise lectures or articles in your own words so you can easily remember the ideas. Study Tip 3: Mind mapping A good Mind map can save you many hours of study and further consolidate your knowledge for your exams. Mind Maps are an extremely versatile tools. They can be used for brainstorming, outlining essays or study topics and for general exam preparation, ExamTime offers the ability to create Mind Maps quickly and easily which makes them the ideal tool when it comes to exams. Study Tip 4: Flash cards:- Using these are a particularly effective method of learning when trying to assimilate different facts, dates, formulas or vocabulary. Subjects such as History, Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Geography or any language are made much easier if you incorporate Flashcards in to your study. Study Tip 5: Case Studies Sometimes it can be difficult to grasp the implications of some theories. This is where studying case studies can be a big help. Case studies can help you visualise a theory and place it in a more familiar and realistic context. This is especially useful in business or law subjects. Study Tip 6: Quizzes are an excellent way to review study notes in the weeks and days before an exam. Quizzes can show where your strengths and weaknesses are, so it allows you to focus your efforts more precisely. Moreover, if you share your Study Quiz with your classmates and test each other as much as possible you can discover even more details and areas you may have overlooked. So before any exam, make sure you create and share a bunch of different Quizzes with your Friends. Study Tip 7: Brainstorming This is another study technique that is ideal for studying with friends and/or classmates. Brainstorming is a great way to expand every possible idea out of any topic. Just get a bunch of friends together and shoot the breeze, there are no wrong answers when brainstorming – just talk and capture the ideas, you can review afterward. Study Tip 8: Mnemonic Rules Mnemonics are especially useful when memorising lists and sets. Mnemonics rules basically work by associating certain concepts with other concepts that are more familiar to us. There are many different ways to make mnemonics and these can be individual to the person. Study Tip 9: ORGANISE your study One of the most effective study skills is also one of the most often overlooked; this is organising your study. Creating a TIME TABLE gives you goals and a time in which to achieve them. Having a study timetable as you study is greatly motivational Study Tip 10: Drawing Many people find it easier to recall images rather than text that is why they are better able to memorise concepts if they associate them with pictures or drawings. If you find answer helpful please click on “helpful” tab for knowing my efforts are useful
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I'm suffering from intense depression due to a major change in my life. I'm unable to think positive and my thoughts kills me all day. I can't sleep properly, Even when I do it's all bad thoughts waking me in the middle of the night. I feel like shouting at the walls. I don't feel hungry at all, like it's the least I concern about. I feel very tired and hopeless everyday. Can't concentrate on work or studies. My patience and tolerance has become zero. I tend to shout on anyone on just a slight inconvenience. It's been a few weeks now, I thought time would help. Nothing has changed. Revenge is all I think about without considering the consequences.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Good ​Afternoon, Depressive disorder is not uncommon and affects many people in their lives. The lifetime incidence of this disorder is about 10-15 per 100 people and it is not surprising if it happens in adolescents, adults or even in elderly populations. I believe that your symptoms of depressed mood, sleep difficulties, hopeless/helpless/worthless feelings, guilt that is not usually attributable to you or others i.e. Self blame, problems at work or school affecting daily life and academic performance are all parts of the problem of depression. I would highly recommend that you consult with a psychiatrist to find out the right solution for you. Medications along with therapy is better than either of them alone. Look forward to hearing from you. If you need help with booking an appointment online with me on this website either text, audio or video appointment for confidential and private consultation you may do so by contacting the help desk of Lybrate.
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My friend is smoking marijuana from past 4 years. Now he wants to quit smoking but he can't do that. What should he do?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user, Welcome to Lybrate. Marijuana addiction also comes under abuse and addiction. If you’re ready to stop the substance and willing to get the support you need, you can recover from addiction and abuse —no matter how bad the addiction or how powerless you feel. The first step in treating addiction is accepting that you have a problem. Confronting an addiction and accepting responsibility for your actions isn’t easy. But it’s a necessary step on the road to treatment and recovery. You should then consult a psychiatrist / psychologist who fill follow this treatment. 1. Detoxification using medicines. 2. Behavior modification with the help of therapies. 3. Counseling. 4. Medication to sustain and 5. Long term support. These given steps are essential for any addict to get effectively rid of addiction. Therefore, you need to stick to the treatment plan. Take care.
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I am facing a lot of mental stress now a days, since January 2016 I am thinking about kill myself so many time in a day. I feel that negativity is fully occupied my mind and soul. Due to this I am suffering from insomnia and other mental ailments. My professional and familiar life is totally smashed. Please advice me as soon as possible. Also my weight is reduced to 43 Kg from 52 Kg.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
Hi lybrate-user, you must be going through a lot, thanks for recognizing the severity and seeking help. It seems you are undergoing depression for which you will have to start medication as soon as possible. Apart from that please consult a psychologist to help you manage your problem- family and career life. You may need cognitive behavioral therapy for negative thoughts. I would like you to practice deep breathing exercise daily. Consult for same.
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Sir I am getting more temptation so that I cannot concentrate on my work what should I do.

DHB
Homeopath, Sagar
Dear lack of concentration on work may be due to anxiety. Go for a morning walk, get proper diet and sleep timely. It will help you a lot you can take homoeopathic medicines also if required.
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I lost my one year. Due to which I fell very depression. How can I get out from it.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Make up mind and relax by doing meditation and yoga If you feel depressed, it's best to do something about it — depression doesn't just go away on its own. In addition to getting help from a doctor or therapist, here are 5 things you can do to feel better. And if these are not useful you need antidepressants 1. Exercise. Take a 15- to 30-minute brisk walk every day — or dance, jog, or bike if you prefer. People who are depressed may not feel much like being active. In addition to getting aerobic exercise, some yoga poses can help relieve feelings of depression. Two other aspects of yoga — breathing exercises and meditation — can also help people with depression feel better. 2. Nurture yourself with good nutrition. Depression can affect appetite. One person may not feel like eating at all, but another might overeat.. Proper nutrition can influence a person's mood and energy. So eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and get regular meals (even if you don't feel hungry, try to eat something light, like a piece of fruit, to keep you going). 3. Identify troubles, but don't dwell on them. Try to identify any situations that have contributed to your depression. When you know what's got you feeling blue and why, talk about it with a caring friend. Talking is a way to release the feelings and to receive some understanding. 4. Express yourself. With depression, a person's creativity and sense of fun may seem blocked. Exercise your imagination (painting, drawing, doodling, sewing, writing, dancing, composing music, etc.) and you not only get those creative juices flowing, you also loosen up some positive emotions. Take time to play with a friend or a pet, or do something fun for yourself. Find something to laugh about — a funny movie, perhaps. Laughter helps lighten your mood. 5. Try to notice good things. Depression affects a person's thoughts, making everything seem dismal, negative, and hopeless. If depression has you noticing only the negative, make an effort to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, then try to think of one more. Consider your strengths, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don't forget to be patient with yourself. Depression takes time to heal. If you are happy with these answers please click on "useful” link so that I can know my efforts are not wasted. If you want more clarifications or prescription for medicines consult me on this site to ask me directly and not in open questions session It's not easy to say exactly what causes depression and anxiety – it's different for everyone. Sometimes a difficult time in you or your mates' life can set off depression or anxiety, sometimes it's caused by a combination of things that has built up over time and sometimes, there's just no obvious cause at all.
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I am 18 year old. Sir when I awake up I feel headache and too much heavy mind and it affect my studies. My friend has also some problem he hesitating to tell to others but he can tell me that sperms went out of his penis while sleeping and he also did not properly. And I see him in great depression.

BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Nocturnal Emissionis defined as the involuntary ejaculation of semen during a night without sexual intercourse allied with sexual dreams. Furthermore, nocturnal emission is commonly known as "Nightfall" or "Wet dream". Nightfall or nocturnal emissions are simply a reaction of reproductive system to chuck out the excessively produced fluid in it and male’s reproductive organ ejaculates this excess fluid when he is sleeping. Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat night emission but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat night emission that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance
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I am 32years and I get short tempered if any body gave suggestion about my body weight its 100 kg. I tried to stay cool but some time is not happened.how can i control my anger

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
You can control your anger by taking those suggestions as complement and work hard in the direction of decreasing your weight so that one day all those people will feel proud of you----------------to control anger for that particular time, do not let those verbal comments engulf your mind because you really have a big problem of overweight and you should think and work positively in this direction---------------
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How much alcohol can someone over 50 safely drink, and does our tolerance change with aging?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
At age 50, one must drink on an average one drink /day. Th consumption of this drink should be very slow ending anywhere between 15-45 minutes one drink is equal to one of the following:--- -250 ml can or bottle of regular beer---- -100 ml can or bottle of malt liquor--- -60 ml glass of red or white wine--- -30 ml glass of hard liquor (spirits) like gin, vodka, or whiskey. --- although tolerance effect of consuming alcohol remains almost same in age group 50-65 year if factors remain sam but loneliness, boredom, anxiety, or depression, in fact, depression in older adults leads to decreased tolerance but increased diversion towards alcohol just causing health issues.
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I hear voices but its not exactly external voice. But my own internal voice which interfere in my studies. The voices can be a song, past conversation between two person. My face is expressionless. I talk too much sometimes related to my past and feel guilty. Sometime I talk to myself. Not able to meet people. But I am able to manage to study and give my exams but this voices are their always.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You must visit a doctor and a counselor immediately. You are fortunate to function to some extent quite well currently. But I am doubtful if it will last long without medical intervention and extensive counseling. It is possible to arrest this development in the initial stages and stave off a serious condition. Also, because you are young and reaching out at this juncture itself, it is possible that the prognosis will be good. Take your parents along for information pertaining to your early childhood and some genetic history of the family. The combination of the two therapies will definitely help far better than just o one of them. In therapy you will learn a lot of coping mechanisms and techniques to remain functional and lead a close-to-normal life. You will also learn about emotions and how they can impact your condition adversely. Expressing emotions in an appropriate manner will equip you for life. Talking and sharing about the many disturbing thoughts and learning to understand yourself and moderate your responses will go a long way towards normalizing and training your mind. Exercise must be a regular part of your life for various reasons. Put yourself on a productive and strict schedule. An idle mind is the devil's workshop for sure.
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My voice was very good. I use to smoke but quit 2 months back. But if I speak continuously even 10 mnts also. My voice getting rough. Please do the needful.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Clinical Elective
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Quitting smoking is not supposed to be related to hoarseness of voice. But, during the initial period after quitting you may experience throat irritation and increased cough. If that is what you have, you can relax. Otherwise consult ENT specialist for change of voice.
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Hello Sir, I am a student and I could not sleep before 4 am I don't know why I think because of depression? What should I do?

MBBS, MD (AIIMS, Gold Medalist), Diploma in CBT (Glasgow)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
The human body has an internal clock that is constantly reset by the activities you do and exposure to light. The clock determines for instance, that it is night if there is low light exposure, decreased activity and so on. So, if our routine is variable, the clock is confused. So the first thing to remember is to have a reasonably fixed time of going to bed and waking up. The amount of sleep for a given 24 hour period is limited, akin to a mobile recharge with validity. We need to spend it wisely. So if you sleep during the day, you may not have a good night's sleep; if you spend data on unnecessary things, you will not have enough when you need it! remember the restaurant where you had some really delicious biryani. The moment you walk into it, your mouth waters in anticipation. So too, your bed must make your body anticipate sleep; not work, tv or something else. In other words, reserve the bed for sleep, not for working, watching tv etc. Sleep is a state of relaxation. Anything activating disturbs sleep. So do not take coffee, tea, cola after say 7 pm in the night! there are other ways in which the body can feel activated, and therefore also interfere with sleep. Avoid watching action movies and listening to heavy music before sleeping time. Of course, the bed room must not be brightly lit or noisy. What about exercise, it is always healthy right? yes, but exercise must be done well before the sleeping hours; lets say no exercise after 7 or 8 pm in the night. Why? while exercise during the day keeps you healthy, gets you tired and promotes sleep, if done late in the day, its activating properties interfere with sleep! what if I don't fall asleep. Then I keep checking the time, keep rolling in the bed forcing myself to fall asleep. Bad idea! you try to fall asleep you become more alert, a phenomenon known as paradoxical intention! so what should you do? if you don't fall asleep, get out of the bed, sit on a chair and read a book. Don't do anything activating. Once you start feeling drowsy, get back to bed. Besides invoking paradoxical intention, you are also preventing the body from associating bed with struggling to sleep. What about alcohol, it helps you fall asleep right? right and wrong! while it does apparently put you to sleep, it is associated with poor sleep quality. So you have slept without the benefits of having slept! avoid heavy meals just before sleep a warm water bath may be helpful now for the practically most important advice! if you fell asleep late, still wake up at the scheduled time, even if it means feeling tired and drowsy the next day. You will feel troubled for a day or two, but will start having good sleep at the desired time at night. Also resist the temptation to take a nap during the day. If you wake up late or take a nap during the following day, the whole cycle will continue - sleep late, wake up late!
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