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Treatment of Migraine Treatment
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Hiv Prophylaxis Post Exposure
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Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Management of Surrogacy
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I am 35 years old I have throat infection like sure throat itchy throat from last 1 year. Please advise.
I have a problem of sleeping. I have tried to sleep early but I can't slept quickly. Mentally I feel so much pressure and my mind was not stop thinking. Taking prescriptions from doctors but no use it remains same. What can I do to got sleep.
It is an acute skin allergy, usually seen in children, Neonates,which is caused by the lower immunity levels, Usage of some medications by mother when she was pregnant,due to some genetic factors also may lead t this condition. In Atopic dermatitis, usually skin becomes red, irritated, with severe itching, often wet in acute conditions, but Dry in sub acute or chronic conditions.Here, in this c/o, Rash, small eruptions, etc all mostly will occur in creases of neck, ankles,shoulders, groins,buttocks, etc. Babies usually will become more irritated, cry due to the inconvenience caused due to these all symptoms.
If neglected, it may lead to Eczema, where the problem will become more problematic.Children who suffered from A.Dermatitis in their childhood, have the chances of developing Bronchial Asthma & other allergies also.So better to take care for getting cure in initial conditions itself.
The precautions that should be taken for these babies are, avoiding Swimming, where more chlorine will be mixed in water;maintaining Hygiene, giving bath twice ,
Using gentle, mild soap, always keep the skin moist by application of any coconut oil, Olive oil or Moisturizer. Better not to use any Dettol type of liquids for cleaning purpose. As they already develop allergy to certain things, Observe carefully, the allergens from what they are getting irritated,so that those things can be avoided. Avoid the contact of Pets, Fur &using Mosquito repellent liquids, sprays.
See that food should contain Vitamin A, B,C, & Zinc elements in their food.Give plenty of water.Use brown rice, fresh Raw veg& fruits juices.
Homoeopathically, medicines like Graphitis, Hepar Sulph,Sepia,Sulphur, Nux.Vom,Psorinum,Mezerium,calc.Sulph,R.T, etc are helpful according to symptoms basis & mother?s health condition during her pregnancy, etc.
Kidney failure patients now kidney working 5% only, There's any other way to improve kidney function.
I have respiratory problem for last 2 years. It is frequent (say 3 or 4 times in a week) to have severe problem during normal respiration accompanied with wheezing. It stays for 2-3 hours and disappear automatically. I am not a smoker. How can I get rid of this problem?
I am 19 year old. I have a pain like nerve stretches in my lower back right side, I have no idea what kind of pain is this. When I work out the pain can feel easily and in the morning also but when I do nothing the pain will feel less. Due to this I feel uncomfortable all the time. This pain continues for 2 months what kind of problem is this and how can I overcome from this problem.
I am suffering from fever, headache,body pains and I have been trying medicines but no use please suggest me.
My brother is having enlarged spline (inflammation in liver area) he had recovered from high viral fever being in hospital after 7 days now. But still having the AST & ALT values around 9 times more than normal. He is now back at home what preventions or healing actions can we take now.
Do I have an effective medicine for Vitiligo which I can rid off? Due to this, my stress levels went up so high that I am loosing more hair & getting habituated to masturbation as I am not married yet. Plzzzz help me.
My wife is not getting sleep and more reactive of our sons studies and getting more stress by thinking advise some therapy to come out.
My son of 9 years studying in 5th standard is diagnosed with adhd with learning difficullty. Its minor but still there. He forgets the things and has lack of concentration resulting commit silly mistakes. Since I am aware of it now I have started behaving nicely and diplomatically. He is improving as far a behaviour is concerned. But still memory and careless mistakes problems are there. Please guide me so that at home I can help him to come out of this problem. Should I go for ourtside help means classes for adhd kids?
What is gastroesophageal reflux?
Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and esophagus. Reflux means to flow back or return. Therefore, gastroesophageal reflux is the return of the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus.
In normal digestion, the lower esophageal sphincter (les) opens to allow food to pass into the stomach and closes to prevent food and acidic stomach juices from flowing back into the esophagus.
Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the les is weak or relaxes inappropriately, allowing the stomach's contents to flow up into the esophagus.
The severity of gerd depends on les dysfunction as well as the type and amount of fluid brought up from the stomach and the neutralizing effect of saliva.
What is the role of hiatial hernia in gerd?
Some doctors believe a hiatal hernia may weaken the les and increase the risk for gastroesophageal reflux. Hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening. Many people with a hiatal hernia will not have problems with heartburn or reflux. But having a hiatal hernia may allow stomach contents to reflux more easily into the esophagus.
Coughing, vomiting, straining, or sudden physical exertion can cause increased pressure in the abdomen resulting in hiatal hernia. Obesity and pregnancy also contribute to this condition. Many otherwise healthy people age 50 and over have a small hiatal hernia. Although considered a condition of middle age, hiatal hernias affect people of all ages.
Hiatal hernias usually do not require treatment. However, treatment may be necessary if the hernia is in danger of becoming strangulated (twisted in a way that cuts off blood supply, called a paraesophageal hernia) or is complicated by severe gerd or esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus). The doctor may perform surgery to reduce the size of the hernia or to prevent strangulation.
What other factors contribute to gerd?
Dietary and lifestyle choices may contribute to gerd. Certain foods and beverages, including chocolate, peppermint, fried or fatty foods, coffee, or alcoholic beverages, may trigger reflux and heartburn. Studies show that cigarette smoking relaxes the les. Obesity and pregnancy can also play a role in gerd symptoms.
What are the symptoms of heartburn?
Heartburn, also called acid indigestion, is the most common symptom of gerd and usually feels like a burning chest pain beginning behind the breastbone and moving upward to the neck and throat. Many people say it feels like food is coming back into the mouth leaving an acid or bitter taste.
The burning, pressure, or pain of heartburn can last as long as 2 hours and is often worse after eating. Lying down or bending over can also result in heartburn. Many people obtain relief by standing upright or by taking an antacid that clears acid out of the esophagus.
Heartburn pain can be mistaken for the pain associated with heart disease or a heart attack, but there are differences. Exercise may aggravate pain resulting from heart disease, and rest may relieve the pain. Heartburn pain is less likely to be associated with physical activity.
How common is heartburn and gerd?
More than 60 million adults experience heartburn at least once a month, and more than 15 million adults suffer daily from heartburn. Many pregnant women experience daily heartburn. Recent studies show that gerd in infants and children is more common than previously recognized and may produce recurrent vomiting, coughing, and other respiratory problems.
What is the treatment for gerd?
We recommend lifestyle and dietary changes for most people needing treatment for gerd. Treatment aims at decreasing the amount of reflux or reducing damage to the lining of the esophagus from refluxed materials.
Avoiding foods and beverages that can weaken the les is often recommended. These foods include chocolate, peppermint, fatty foods, coffee, and alcoholic beverages. Foods and beverages that can irritate a damaged esophageal lining, such as citrus fruits and juices, tomato products, and pepper, should also be avoided if they cause symptoms.
Decreasing the size of portions at mealtime may also help control symptoms. Eating meals at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime may lessen reflux by allowing the acid in the stomach to decrease and the stomach to empty partially. In addition, being overweight often worsens symptoms. Many overweight people find relief when they lose weight.
Cigarette smoking weakens the les. Stopping smoking is important to reduce gerd symptoms.
Elevating the head of the bed on 6-inch blocks or sleeping on a specially designed wedge reduces heartburn by allowing gravity to minimize reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. Do not use pillows to prop yourself up; that only increases pressure on the stomach.
Along with lifestyle and diet changes, doctor may recommend over-the-counter or prescription treatments.
Antacids can help neutralize acid in the esophagus and stomach and stop heartburn. Many people find that nonprescription antacids provide temporary or partial relief. An antacid combined with a foaming agent helps some people. These compounds are believed to form a foam barrier on top of the stomach that prevents acid reflux from occurring.
Long-term use of antacids, however, can result in side effects, including diarrhea, altered calciummetabolism (a change in the way the body breaks down and uses calcium), and buildup of magnesium in the body. Too much magnesium can be serious for patients with kidney disease. If antacids are needed for more than 2 weeks, a doctor should be consulted.
For chronic reflux and heartburn, the doctor may recommend medications to
Reduce acid in the stomach. These medicines include h2 blockers, which inhibit acid secretion in the stomach.
What if heartburn or gerd symptoms persist?
People with severe, chronic esophageal reflux or with symptoms not relieved by the treatments described above may need more complete diagnostic evaluation. Doctors use a variety of tests and procedures to examine a patient with chronic heartburn.
An upper gi series may be performed during the early phase of testing. This test is a special x-ray that shows the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine). While an upper gi series provides limited information about possible reflux, it is used to help rule out other diagnoses, such as peptic ulcers.
Endoscopy is an important procedure for individuals with chronic gerd. By placing a small lighted tube with a tiny video camera on the end (endoscope) into the esophagus, the doctor may see inflammation or irritation of the tissue lining the esophagus (esophagitis). If the findings of the endoscopy are abnormal or questionable, biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue) from the lining of the esophagus may be helpful.
Esophageal manometric and impedance studies -- pressure measurements of the esophagus -- occasionally help identify low pressure in the les or abnormalities in esophageal muscle contraction.
For patients in whom diagnosis is difficult, doctors may measure the acid levels inside the esophagus through ph testing. Testing ph monitors the acidity level of the esophagus and symptoms during meals, activity, and sleep. Newer techniques of long-term ph monitoring are improving diagnostic capability in this area.
Does gerd require surgery?
A small number of people with gerd may need surgery because of severe reflux and poor response to medical treatment. However, surgery should not be considered until all other measures have been tried. Fundoplication is a surgical procedure that increases pressure in the lower esophagus. Endoscopic procedures that involve making the les function better or using electrodes to promote scarring of the les are newer options in treatment.
What are the complications of long-term gerd?
Sometimes gerd results in serious complications. Esophagitis can occur as a result of too much stomach acid in the esophagus. Esophagitis may cause esophageal bleeding or ulcers. In addition, a narrowing or stricture of the esophagus may occur from chronic scarring. Some people develop a condition known as barrett's esophagus. This condition can increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
Although gerd can limit daily activities and productivity, it is rarely life-threatening. With an understanding of the causes and proper treatment, most people will find relief.
I got infected from T.B , Bacteria in year 2004,And due to T.B i started getting Mild Epilepsy attack.Is there any medication which could permanently cure me of both problens,as i am not infected since birth,I assume there should be Some medication to cure both these decease permanently ?
M suffering from Nerve Weakness & Anxiety which cause me Migraine Pain. 1) Blood Donation is good for me or bad 2 Does frequency of Sex matters in Nerve weakness & Migraine please tell me.
Chlamydia is a very common STI caused by bacteria. Those patients who are suffering from chlamydia usually don't see the side effects in the early stages, which makes it that much more difficult to diagnose it. Chlamydia can bring about a lot of severe problems in the later stages. These include not being able to get pregnant later or causing dangers in pregnancies. This disease is often easily spread since it shows no noticeable symptoms and can be passed on the partner very easily. 75% of the infection in women and 50% of the infections in men cannot be noticed and are without any symptoms.
Symptoms: Since the side-effects are not always visible, when they do happen, they are normally recognizable within one to three weeks of contacting and include the following:
In women these are:
- Vaginal discharge with strong odour
- Abnormal bleeding during periods
- Excruciating periods
- Stomach pain with fever
- Pain while engaging in sexual activities
- Burning around the vagina
- Pain during urination
- Cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis
- Excruciating pain while urinating
- Burning around the opening of the penis
- Swelling and pain in the testicles
Treatment: Chlamydia is easily treatable. Since it is bacterial in nature, it's treated with anti-infection agents. Following are some of the most common treatments for chlamydia in men as well as women:
1. Azithromycin is an anti-infection generally recommended in large dosage, yet the dosage may be spread out more than 5 days.
2. Doxycycline is an anti-microbial that must be taken twice every day for around one week. Your specialist may recommend different anti-infection agents.
Regardless of which antibiotic you are given, you should follow the dosage guidelines properly to ensure the infection is cured completely. This can take up to two weeks, even with the single-dosage medications.
Try not to engage in sexual relations while your treatment is going on. Unfortunately, you can get chlamydia again in case you're uncovered, regardless of the fact that you've had it and it was treated.
Women with extreme chlamydia infection may require hospitalisation, intravenous anti-microbial and painkillers. Your doctor might use a few tests to diagnose chlamydia. He or she will probably take samples from your urethra and cervix and then send it for further analysis. There are also other tests that include urine samples for presence of bacteria. Sometimes, even blood tests are taken depending upon your symptoms or in case the doctor is not able to diagnose it with previous methods and tests.
After taking the medication, individuals should get a follow-up on the treatment after three months to make certain that the disease is cured. This is highly important in case you are not sure whether your partner has been treated or not.