Cardiac Catheterization Procedure
Cardiac Ablation Procedure
Treatment Of Restenosis
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (Icds) Tre
Intra - Arterial Thrombolysis Procedures
Treatment of Hip Disorders
Cerebral Palsy Treatment
Coronary Bypass Surgery
Carotid Angioplasty And Stenting Procedure
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My boyfriends leg got swollen suddenly. He was having a terrible pain since 3 to 4 days the same area he had been given injections a year n half before. Coz he was admitted. We are confused about the fact y is it paining after so long. N it got terribly swollen. He is not able to walk also. Is it something to worry about? What could be the reason. Pls help. !we are worried.
My father is 52 years old. He is serviceman so setting work is more. His blood sugar level is fasting - 144 mg/ dl and pp - 188 mg/dl, Pp urine - trace. What should be the diet plan for maintain sugar level? What to be done to control diabetes? Please suggest me.
The word Acute coronary syndrome refers to a group of symptoms that are caused by blockage of the blood flow to the heart muscles. The most common result of this is myocardial infarction or heart attack as it is popularly called. Reduced blood flow leads to death of some portion of the heart muscle wall. While the word heart attack sounds almost fatal, it need not be the case. Knowing how to identify an attack and being aware of some simple measures can help save lives.
The tell tale signs of a heart attack are as follows:
- Chest pain and discomfort usually described as a tightness or burning in the chest region
- Pain along the left side of the shoulder and neck, going up into the jaw, down to the arm
- Nausea and vomiting
- Profuse sweating
- Difficulty breathing
- Dizzy or fuzzy feeling
- Tired, extreme fatigue
- Anxious, apprehensive feeling
However, be also aware that there are a lot of people who experience a silent heart attack. Women, obese, elderly, and diabetic patients can have silent attacks and depending on severity, either they go on with life as usual or can have a fatal attack.
Once you are doubtful of a heart attack, the next step is to reach the closest medical facility for a diagnosis. In addition to a detailed examination and history, the following two tests will be performed.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG): A 12-lead ECG will measure electrical activity of the heart and identify irregular electrical activity, which is indicative of a myocardial infarction.
- Blood tests: Presence of certain enzymes in the blood, CK-MB and troponin are indicative of a heart attack. A complete electrolyte profile also will be done, and increase or decrease of some electrolytes is helpful in diagnosing a heart attack.
- In addition to these two, chest radiography, cardiac angiography, echocardiogram, stress test, and computed coronary tomography may also be required to confirm the diagnosis.
Once diagnosed, the first step would be to relieve the symptoms, negate the effects of reduced blood flow, and restore cardiac function.
- Dissolve the clot: Using thrombolytics like clopidogrel
- Nitroglycerin: To dilate the blood vessels and improve blood flow, especially to the heart muscles
- Anticoagulant therapy: Blood thinners are usually used to avoid blood clot formation; aspirin and heparin are the most commonly used agents.
- Drug therapy: Blood pressure maintaining drugs like beta blockers and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are also used
- Use of statins: Statins are used to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood and stabilize plaque deposits.
In very severe cases, angioplasty and stenting or coronary bypass surgery may be required. Educating people on how to identify a heart attack and manage it is very useful and can help save lives. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.
Hello my mother is sugar patient and her sugar level 245 after meal and 110 before meal please suggest some ayurvedic treatment her weight is 105 k.g.
Recently My fasting glucose came as 132 & PP as 145. My last year reports were fine. To confirm I took HbA1C which came as 7.8% & mean blood glucose came as 177.16. I request doctors to guide me if I have to start medicine for diabetes. What changes should I make in my diet to control it. Whether medicine once started is to be continued life long Thanks.
My creatine is 1. 0, Urea 25, Uric acid 9. 2 But no pain, my hba1C 5. 4 But the laboratory normal urea level is 14---45 But I searched internet normal urea level is below 20 Whats this.
My daughter while playing with her dad kicked him on the left side of his chest hard. As a result he was facing problem in breathing and vomited after that. A swelling has developed on the lower side of the rib cage. What can be the cause and should he consult a doctor?
My systole 144 and my diastole 85 (using automatic blood pressure machine) what happened to me? I am 22 y.o. I had hydronephrosis and cystitis a few weeks before.
I am 33, having sinus tachycardia so taking tablet (telmisartan metoprolol) suggested by cardiologist since 2 yrs. BP absolutely normal 120/80 whenever I check it. Stil 5 months back I was feeling some needle type pain and reading about heart issues made me scared so done EKG. Which shows abnormal EKG with probably mi infarction but impression was no significant changes in the t-st wave. But doc said sometimes machine is at fault so done stress test which I ran well and completely normal. 2d echo was normal too except mild mitral valve prolapse but again doc said lot of ppl hv it. Now last 3 nights on finishing work had to wake till morning and sleep 4-5 hours but changed timings. Now some very small needle type around chest on off comes and goes but now really concern is once I lie down I get sleep quickly (since past a month). Once I am in deep sleep, I may hv strange dream which makes me suddenly wake up and even eyes open I can see that dream for mini seconds and heart is racing and it gets cool down in few min but once woke up not able sleep easily. Today afternoon while having nap, same thing happened, was very sleepy as earlier day not slept much, after few min of slept I murmur some string and found heart racing and woke up. After that I might slept 1: 45 am today and got up 1: 52 with hand thrown feeling and heart racing. Then I able to sleep like. 3 am and nd got up around 4 with palm of hand felt any, heavy,yellow in color but once I woke up it gone in Mili seconds and heart racing which cools down in few seconds. Now almost every time I sleep since 2 days it's happening. Guys please tell me anyone experienced or to whom should I consult.
A sudden cardiac arrest is not same as a normal heart attack. While a heart attack refers to the blocking of blood flow to the heart, a sudden cardiac arrest refers to when the heart stops beating unexpectedly. Sudden cardiac arrests occur without warning and often this condition is triggered by electrical malfunctioning in the heart that causes arrhythmia. When the heart stops beating, blood cannot be pumped to the brain and other organs and the person loses consciousness. If a patient does not receive immediate treatment, this could be fatal. Hence it is important to know what first aid a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest requires.
Do not wait for someone else to help a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest. The first few moments after such an experience are critical and hence your decision to help is what could save the person’s life.
Call a Doctor
The first thing to do when you see someone experiencing a cardiac arrest is to call emergency and request an ambulance. If you do not have a phone available, ask someone else to do it.
After a cardiac arrest, it is essential to get the heart to start beating again as soon as possible. CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can save lives in this situation. If you are trained in this procedure, start with 30 chest compressions before checking the patient’s airway and performing rescue breathing. If you are not trained in CPR, ask the people around if anyone else is.
If no one around can perform CPR, start hands-only CPR. Make the person lie flat on their back and kneel next to their shoulders. Place the heel of one palm in the centre of the person’s chest with the other hand over it. Keep your elbows straight and position your elbows such that they are directly over your hands. Use your upper body weight to push down straight on the person’s chest and release. Try and achieve a rate of 100 compressions a minute. Continue until the person starts breathing again or medical help arrives.
Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
If an AED is available, place the electrode pads on the person’s chest as shown in the diagrams that come along with the AED. Follow the visual and voice prompts. Do not worry if the AED shocks the patient as this electrical therapy can help restart the heart. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist and ask a free question.