Low blood pressure, also called hypotension, is blood pressure low enough that the flow of blood to the organs of the body is inadequate and symptoms and/or signs of low blood flow develop shock. Symptoms of low blood pressure can include:
• Clammy skin
• Loss of consciousness
• Blurry vision
HOW IS LOW BLOOD PRESSURE DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will examine to determine the cause of low blood pressure. The vital signs (temperature, pulse, rate of breathing and blood pressure) will be checked frequently. The following tests may be done:
• Basic metabolic panel
• Blood cultures to check for infection
• Complete Blood Count (CBC), including blood differential
• X-ray of the abdomen
• X-ray of the chest
HOW IS LOW BLOOD PRESSURE TREATED?
Treatment is mainly about diet and lifestyle changes. The cause of the low blood pressure will also determine the course of treatment. Drinking lots of non-alcoholic fluids and increasing salt intake can be the initial treatment solution.
DID YOU KNOW?
Falls due to low blood pressure in older adults can lead to a broken hip or spine fracture. These injuries can reduce a person's health and ability to move about. Sudden severe drops in blood pressure starves the body of oxygen. This can lead to damage of the heart, brain and other organs. This type of low blood pressure can be life threatening if not treated right away.