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Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Pramod Narkhede Card
Treatment of Hypertension
Treatment of Heart Attack
Treatment of Syncope
Treatment of Heart Diseases
Balloon Angioplasty Procedure
Treatment of Irregular Heartbeat
Treatment of Hole in the Heart
Treatment of Heart Specialist
Treatment of Angina
Treatment of Hip Disorders
Prevention of Blockage, Atherosclerosis & Heart At
Treatment of Heart Diseases
Treatment of Cardiac Arrhythmias
Treatment of Left Chest Pain
Holistic Heart Wellness & Health Care - Ayurveda
Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension
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Patient Review Highlights
He was very professional, hear me out and diagnosed towards right direction without loosing any time
Heart disease, an old-age ailment, nowadays has emerged as a major lifestyle concern. Rate of heart diseases in india is twice that of western countries.
Heart disease - one of number one cause of mortality, especially among young indians. Almost 50% of all heart attacks in indian men occur under 50 years of age and 25% occur under 40 years of age.
Despite being a growing concern, not many us are aware of the most common heart attack symptoms. Though a person's genetic disposition and family history remain as the most common and uncontrollable risk factors, majority of heart diseases may be caused due to modifiable factors like blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, stress and weight issues. Our high risk lifestyle emerges as the biggest risk factor.
In most cases, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot is formed in one of the blood vessels responsible for supplying blood to the heart, when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is disrupted due to certain blockages in the coronary arteries.
Lack of knowledge often causes a delay in handling the situation, which could aggravate the damage and in some cases prove to be fatal. Early medical attention and treatment decrease morbidity and mortality.
The early symptoms:
- The most common - sharp and constricting pain in the center of the chest, which may radiates to the left side of the body, particularly the left arm, back, chin and jaw discomfort.
- Profuse sweating – diaphoresis due to the over-activation of the sympathetic nervous system.
- In diabetic patients sweating, feeling light headed and momentary black outs are more common than feeling sharp pain.
- Dizziness and losing consciousness.
- Discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen and a burning sensation - can sometimes mistaken as acidity or heartburn.
- A strong feeling of nausea.
- Unexplained fatigue, paleness, palpitations and anxiety are other symptoms.
- In women presentation can be atypical. Other symptoms, like lightheadedness, nausea, extreme fatigue, fainting, dizziness, abdominal pain or pressure in the upperback.
Do's and don'ts – when a heart attack occurs?
What to do-
- Call for emergency medical help.
- Make the person lie down flat on a firm surface and loosen clothing.
- Clear the airway and allow him to take a few deep breaths.
- The pulse should be checked not on the wrist but on any one side of the neck (carotid). Check for the regularity of the neck pulse.
- Try giving him oxygen if breathless.
- Turn the patient one side if feeling nauseating and let him vomit so as prevent aspiration into the lungs.
- Raise both the legs to improve the supply of blood to the heart.
- Isosorbide dinitrate is a vasodilator, widens blood vessels and makes it easier for blood to flow through them and reach the heart. It is available in the form of pills and should be taken sublingually.
- If the person is unconscious, no pulse, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr. Call for help. If you don't know cpr, you can still help in rescuing by helping others. American heart association has given simplified way of cpr. Everyone should know cpr.
- Cpr stands for" cardiopulmonary resuscitation" it is a way to get blood and oxygen moving throughout the body of someone whose heart has stopped working.
- Cpr can save a person's life. It can keep the brain and other organs from being damaged by lack of oxygen. It is something you do until the heart can be shocked back into action or until it becomes clear the person cannot be saved.
What not to do-
- Do not try to feed the patient anything and it is best to avoid oral medication.
- Thumping and pumping the chest without knowing the heart rhythm should be avoided.
- Famous self-administered treatment of coughing repeatedly is unlikely to help.
- It is important to note that most lifesaving medications that help in recovering from a heart attack, work best when given within one or two hours of experiencing the first symptoms, when the cardiac damage is limited. Therefore, in such situations time is most crucial. Recognizing the early symptoms and immediate medical attention can save many lives.
Coronary artery disease, also known as coronary heart disease or CHD, is a kind of disease in which a wax-like substance called plaque, builds up in the coronary arteries.
Function of Coronary Artery
The task of coronary arteries is to supply oxygen rich blood to the heart muscles. When there is the growth of plaque in these arteries, the condition is termed as atherosclerosis. Plaque builds up over the years, and it hardens or ruptures with time. When plaque gets hardened, it narrows the coronary arteries and thus disrupts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles causing coronary heart diseases. Millions of people are diagnosed with heart diseases, nowadays.
Though it is true that living with a heart disease is not easy, it is not impossible either. Many people are successfully leading a happy life in spite of having such diseases. With some major changes in your lifestyle, food habits and with the help of exercises and a healthy diet, it is possible to enjoy a happy life, irrespective of your diseases.
Here are six ways that would help you to lead a better life, even if you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease.
- Lifestyle changes: This is the first point that needs to be kept in mind if you are a CAD patient. Lifestyle changes are essential to make for a better health and life. Smoking and drinking have to be given up completely. It is advised to avoid secondary smoke, as much as possible.
- Exercises: This is the next important activity that needs to be a part of your daily routine to lead a healthy life. Consult with a doctor about the types of exercise that would suit your conditions. Some common exercises that would help are walking, jogging, and swimming, for at least 30 minutes at the most. Choose whichever activity you like doing. The motive of exercises is to get your heart-rate up.
- A Heart healthy diet: Get a chart prepared for your diet by a dietitian or by your doctor. This will keep your disease from getting worse. Stick to a heart-healthy eating plan, which consists of foods that can lower your risk of heart attack, stroke, etc. Include more fruits, vegetables, and other high fibre foods in your daily diet. Go for foods that are low in saturated fats, trans-fats, and cholesterol. Try to include fish into your diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese aggravates any disease. So it is important to keep your body weight perfect.
- Taking medicines as prescribed: It is important to take medicines regularly and as prescribed by the physician.
- Keeping tensions, anxiety to a minimum: These will make the situation worse if you are CAD patient. So try to keep tension and anxiety away and lead a healthy life.