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Mr. Ranjit

Epidemiologist, Pune

400 at clinic
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Mr. Ranjit Epidemiologist, Pune
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Mr. Ranjit
Mr. Ranjit is an experienced Epidemiologist in Kothrud, Pune. You can meet Mr. Ranjit personally at Om clinic in Kothrud, Pune. You can book an instant appointment online with Mr. Ranjit on Lybrate.com.

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Flu Shot - Why Is It So Important?

MD , MBBS
General Physician, Aligarh
Flu Shot - Why Is It So Important?

There are a variety of reasons why a person can fall sick. A good number of these illnesses cannot be prevented though a person may take general precautions. Having said that, in the case of influenza, it can be prevented to a large extent and it does not seem all that smart to avoid taking easy precautions when one has an option, right?

Every year, thousands of people die from influenza, which is so unfortunate because an annual shot can reduce that number by almost 60 percent. So what exactly makes a flu shot or vaccine work? As a result of the vaccine, after about two weeks or so, antibodies begin to develop in the body. These antibodies help fight off infection, specifically the kind that is targeted by the vaccine. It is important to get vaccinated for this flu on an annual basis.

Choosing the right flu shot
Considering the great number of options there are when it comes to flu vaccines, which are the ones to be injected? It is a good idea to get the opinion of a doctor to see which one to choose. This is because the choice is dependent on a variety of factors, which a medical professional would be able to assess appropriately. Note that it is important not to use the nasal spray version of the vaccine as the medical authorities have recently found that it is not as effective a method as it once was.

When should you get it?
Flu season does vary across the world, but in the US, it starts in about October and goes on till May. During this time, the flu viruses are a lot more active. When one gets a flu shot, it is this period that one needs to look out for. So, it is better to get vaccinated in late September or the start of October, so that there is minimal unprotected exposure to the viruses.

Who is it for?
It is to be kept in mind that every individual who is older than six months should be vaccinated. While it is said that getting a vaccine shot year after year reduces its effectiveness, it is still important to do so. This is because each year, the shot is altered to reflect the biggest virus threats in that year. There might be few side effects of the flu vaccine such as redness in the injected area, soreness or swelling. However, as long as one gets a flu shot in time, it is almost a given that there will be almost no time spent ‘down with the flu’. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

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Hello doctor, My question is how to avoid flu and other infection related to fever causing through pain.?

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
Hello doctor,
My question is how to avoid flu and other infection related to fever causing through pain.?
Take normal and healthy diet. Take plenty of water or liquid foods. Do regular walking with exercises at least half an hour in the morning. Take at. Bell. 30 / 5 drops in little water thrice a day for one week if you having the same type of sign and symptoms.
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I am suffering from fever and cold cough, body pain feeling weakness so which medicine can I take for this disease.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I am suffering from fever and cold cough, body pain feeling weakness so which medicine can I take for this disease.
For fever take tablet paracetamol 650 mg and For cold take tablet cetrizine at night and For cough take syp ascoril-D 2.5 ml twice a day
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Last 3 days I was suffering from cold and cough pls prescribed me the best medicine.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Last 3 days I was suffering from cold and cough pls prescribed me the best medicine.
Hi. Take homoeopathic medicine - schwabe's alpha-nc and alpha-cf - both thrice daily for 4 days. Use bakson's nasal-aid spray/ 1-2 sprays after every 4 hours. Management: - avoid cold drinks and fried food, take healthy food. -avoid exposure to air-conditioner or cold air. -take steam-inhalation once before going to bed. -take enough sleep and rest.
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I have cough and cold problems about 30 days, I have always run water from my nose, please suggest me and solve my problem, and tell me how medicine use?

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I have cough and cold problems about 30 days, I have always run water from my nose, please suggest me and solve my pr...
If u have cold from so much prolonged time then get ur nose examined by Ent specialist first to rule out deviated nasal septum Till then use sinarest -Tablet twice daily Drink plenty of fluids and do steam inhalation with karvol plus daily
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MD , MBBS
General Physician, Aligarh
Dengue fever symptoms include high-grade fever, severe headache and pain behind the eyes?

The dengue fever season which is usually synonymous with the monsoons in India is showing no signs of abating. The numbers are much higher in cities like Delhi and Mumbai, whose already overworked hospitals and civic bodies are struggling to contain the ailment and treat the ill.

Dr Arvind Aggarwal, senior consultant, internal medicine at the Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute, Delhi has something to say about the disease, why it won?t go away and how people should pay more attention to the onset of the fever:

Is there any significant change in the disease trend this year? Are the elderly or people with lower immunity likelier to suffer from dengue?

This year we are seeing a large number of healthy young adults, especially teenagers suffering from the ailment. The reason for this is that they are more likely to travel or stay outdoors as compared to aged people or immune compromised people. Normally, every family tries to keep their homes free of mosquitoes and maintain hygiene when people go out, they are likelier to be bitten by dengue-carrying mosquitoes. (Read: Dengue fever: Symptoms, medication and prevention)

What are the symptoms of dengue fever? How can people recognise it early?

The most glaring symptoms are high-grade fever, chills, severe headache and pain behind the eyes (retro-orbital pain), severe headaches and body aches. After the second day of onset of the aforementioned symptoms, they may even start vomiting or feel extremely restless. In many patients we can diagnose the disease in a day itself, but in some cases people stay home when they have fever and self-medicate. Only when it becomes very severe and they are not able to bear the headaches and retro-orbital pain do they come to a doctor.

 It is important that we recognise the possibility of a patient possibly suffering from dengue. Even doctors should take these complaints seriously. This is important because if it is diagnosed early the complications are much lower and can be handled effectively. (Read: Can papaya leaves help cure dengue?)

Should all patients presenting with high fever be aggressively tested for dengue?

Yes, it is essential that physicians have a high suspicion of dengue fever, especially in these two months when it is epidemic.

What are the tests that are done to detect the presence of dengue?

 A test called NS1 (a test for the presence of the viral antigen) and other tests for the antibodies against the dengue virus can be done. The NS1 test is more accurate on the first seven days of the infection. If the patient comes to us after seven days, then we perform serological tests, where we test for the presence of theantibodies against the virus. Since these antibodies are produced by the body only after five to seven days, they are more effective. The most important thing here is that this antigen can be tested at any point during the infection, unlike in malaria where the test yields proper results only while the patient is having fever. Of course, the tests give better results at the peak of the disease.

What complications can dengue fever lead to?

Patients may suffer from very low blood pressure and very low platelet count. The patient?s also likely to bleed from various orifices like the nose and mouth and they might even notice blood in their urine. When it gets worse, the patient is likely to suffer from dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.  

Hi, I'm 32 years old female of height 5.4, Weight 75 kgs, had fever three days back still I have running nose and cough. I do not have fever but I have bitter taste buds killing me and I feel weak I do not feel active. Please help me with medicine.

MD- Anesthesiology, MBBS
Anesthesiologist, Delhi
Hi, I'm 32 years old female of height 5.4, Weight 75 kgs, had fever three days back still I have running nose and cou...
Most likely you are having a viral fever. Take plenty of liquids. Bitter taste can be due to the antibiotics you must be taking. For details you can contact in private chat.
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I am having with headache from 3 day's and with cold, cough and I am having with red eyes from 3 day's. so, what should I do.

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I am having with headache from 3 day's and with cold, cough and I am having with red eyes from 3 day's. so, what shou...
There are several things you can do to prevent a cold—they are all easy and inexpensive and worth the effort. Wash your hands often-with soap and warm water.The germs stick to the soap and get washed down the drain. Always wash your hands after coughing or sneezing into your hands, blowing your nose, after touching someone who is sick, or when using public restrooms or telephones. Cover Your Mouth and Nose When You Sneeze or Cough- Clean your hands every time you cough or sneeze. Avoid Touching Your Eyes, Nose, or Mouth-Germs are often spread when a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth. Stay Home When You’re Sick-Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, don’t smoke, manage stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food so you can fend off viruses. Take healthy balanced diet...like boiled eggs.daily in breakfast .. Avoid people who have a cold or cold symptoms. Routinely clean and disinfect common areas of your home. Treatment:There is a gradual 1-3 day onset of symptoms. It often starts out as a sore throat, then a fever and coughing. As the cold progresses, the nasal mucus may thicken which is the last stage before the cold dries up. A cold usually lasts for a week or two. But, taking good care of yourself at home can relieve symptoms and help prevent complications if you are otherwise healthy. Unless you develop complications, you shouldn’t need medical treatment. Complications include bacterial infections of the ears, throat, sinuses or lungs which must be treated with antibiotics. In general you should: • get plenty of rest so your body can use its energy to fight the cold • staying at home will keep you from spreading germs • drink plenty of liquids like herbal tea or hot broth/vegetable/tomato soups. Avoid foods or drinks with caffeine which can keep you from getting enough sleep Runny Nose and Sneezing- if you have post nasal drip, gargle to keep from getting a sore throat. Drink extra fluids. (avoid sugary and high calorie drinks) Use saline nasal sprays or nasal irrigation • Tablet Nasorest-P once/twice daily may reduce the amount of mucous. • Humidify the rooms you are in most or your whole house if possible. • Do steam inhalation once or twice daily Cough-Coughing is how your body gets rid of debris and mucus from the airways during a viral infection. Unless your cough is severe or is keeping you from resting at night, it is better not to treat it. A severe cough can be treated with a cough syp, but don’t try to completely stop the cough. There are two types of coughs. Productive and non-productive or dry cough. Non-productive, dry cough. A dry, hacking cough may develop near the end of a cold. Dry coughs that follow viral colds are often worse at night and can last up to several weeks. Take syrup Alex-D for a dry cough. Cough drops can sooth an irritated throat, but most don’t affect the cough. Productive cough. A productive cough is one that brings up mucus from the back of the throat or the lungs. Productive coughs should not be suppressed to the point they no longer bring up mucus. Use syrup Alex. Drink lots of water if you have a productive cough. Head and Body Aches- Take tablet dolo-650 mg for fever once or twice daily
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What are the symptoms so cold cough and dry cough in winter season, what are its preventive methods.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
What are the symptoms so cold cough and dry cough in winter season, what are its preventive methods.
Hi, take Ars alb 30 and Bryonia 30,3 drops, both thrice daily. Alpha WD, 15 drops with warm water twice daily. Take care.
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I have cold and cough last 15 days medicine used but response is slow what happened.

MBBS, cc USG
General Physician, Gurgaon
I have cold and  cough last 15 days medicine used but response is slow what happened.
Hello, kindly tell me 1. Is cough associated with throat pain ? 2. Is sputum is also coming ? 3. Do you have sneezing/ running nose and kindly follow advises given below Take proper rest lot of fluids and proper home made diet. warm Saline gargles twice a day for 2-3 days. Avoid exertion Do Steam inhalation carefully by steam inhaler twice a day for 2-3 days, Kindly tell me name of medicine taken Consult If Symptoms persist or worsen as cough > 3week need to evaluate
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I am getting cold and cough I have taken medicine but then also its getting more and more so please give me some tips.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I am getting cold and cough I have taken medicine but then also its getting more and more so please give me some tips.
Hello, * from, how many days you suffer from cold, cough, do you have fever, running nose, sneezing, with red eyes, too.- symtomps r not complete. However, *homoeo-medicine** @ bryonia alb 30-6 pills x3 /dly. @ heper sulph 30-6 pills, x 3/dly both d medicine b administered, simulteneously. * take, easily diestible, liquid diet. * drink luke warm water. * avoid, junk food, dust, smoke, smoke, alcohol, smoking. * inhale, steam, twice/dly report, after a wk.
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I'm 37 yrs old. I have seasonal allergy from 20 years. In winter severe cold n congestion. N cold sensation in feet n hands where as in summer feet are heat sensitive. Kindly advice.

MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
May I ask you wheather you suffered from tuberculosis in past bcoz you have mentioned akt treatment. If your having this problem regularly than it could well be a bronchial asthma or may only be anasal allergy in my opinion you can go to a physicain or a chest specialist.
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Can You Cut Down FLU Risk With Mere Exercising?

MBBS
General Physician, Patiala
Can You Cut Down FLU Risk With Mere Exercising?
Cut down flu risk through regular exercise

Cold and flu are common problems which spans across all seasons and affects all age groups, kids and elders alike. However a flu or a viral infection leaves you very weak and vulnerable. A good routine of exercise is the easiest way to keep such infections at bay.

Regular exercise plays an important role in building your immunity against a flu infection. If you exercise for a minimum of 2.5 hours every week, your chances of contracting a flu infection are drastically reduced by almost 10 percent. However it is important that you exercise moderately and on a regular basis to protect your body against the flu.

An effective exercise schedule would involve 150 minutes of moderate exercise such as brisk walking, gardening etc every week. This can also be substituted by 75 minutes/week of vigorous exercise which includes running, playing a sport, aerobics etc. And 2 days for muscle strengthening exercises. Incorporate any one of these regimes in your daily schedule and follow them without fail, as they are the most fool-proof method to prepare your body for the fight against the flu virus.

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I am 18 years old I had closed flu from last 4months either one nostril is blocked or other I take lot of medicine but result is nothing so please give me recommendation about my disease.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I am 18 years old I had closed flu from last 4months either one nostril is blocked or other I take lot of medicine bu...
Apart from taking symptomatic treatment few tips- Avoid any triggering factor, take folic acid regularly, eat a healthy diet , always be stress free , exercise regularly
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I am 25 year old and suffering from cold and cough from last 5 years what you should I do.

PGDHHM, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
I am 25 year old and suffering from cold and cough from last 5 years what you should I do.
Improve your immunity by having healthy diet and drink plenty of liquids. Exercise daily. Take vitamin c tablet 1 daily to improve immunity. Take over-the-counter medicine for cough and cold of required during acute phase hope this helps you.
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Hello. I am 61 years old male. For past two week I have been coughing with ejection of pheglm. I can hear wheezing sound in chest when I take deep breath. Coughing bouts are particularly severe in morning with lot of pheglm coming out and constant nagging cough throughout day. What should I take and do to clear congestion and stop coughing?

DNB (Respiratory diseases), MBBS
Allergist/Immunologist, Nagpur
Its not so easy to take a medicine unless you go to find the root cause of such severe symptoms. Most probably you have an asthma associated with nasal allergy. I can help if you allow.
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My uncle was ill for 10-12 Days His blood report to is- Hb-15.8 Esr-110 Plt. -2.63 lacs Sugar level -274 Pain in right side lung continuously & cough and gone week day by day. Please advise me about this.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bangalore
My uncle was ill for 10-12 Days His blood report to is-
Hb-15.8
Esr-110
Plt. -2.63 lacs
Sugar level -274
Pain in righ...
HI, He must be having some severe respiratory infection as his ESR and sugar levels are very high. He needs to be investigated further by taking out an x-ray and Chest CT if needed. Please consult a pulmologist at the earliest for further advise and treatment.
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I am suffering from cold and cough. This happens with me every year at the starting of winter season and also I have also problem in taking breath while doing work for longer time. My nose is also blocked. What should I do.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I am suffering from cold and cough. This happens with me every year at the starting of winter season and also I have ...
Dear Lybrateuser, -Do steam inhalation three times a day -avoid cold fluids, have more of warm fluids, water, tea, milk, soup -take tab levocetirizine, 5 mg once a day in the evening with or after food -do warm salt water gargles three times a day if pain or irritation in throat -do regular exercises like jogging, cycling, swimming for 20-30 min, also do yoga & deep breathing for 10-15 min in the morning -instill saline water, 3 drops in each nostril three times a day, have 7-8 glasses of water to keep well hydrated.
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I am having Cold and cough problem regularly. After taking so much precautions regularly It is happening every quarterly. Earlier Docs told me dat I am prone to Cold things and curd. I am taking precautions also. But sum how whenever I take these cold thing, I hv been attacked by Cough mm and cold. Presently I am having cough. Kindly suggest sum proper and permanent solution.

DRCH, BHMS
Homeopath, Bareilly
I am having Cold and cough problem regularly. After taking so much precautions regularly It is happening every quarte...
You are facing with low immunity. Take diet rich in vitamin c like citrus fruits, ambla etc. Take nutritious diet to boost your immune system. You may take one spoon chyavanprash daily. To eradicate the tendency of catching cold by homeopathic medicine.
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