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Dr. Sneha Makhija

Psychologist, Pune

400 at clinic
Dr. Sneha Makhija Psychologist, Pune
400 at clinic
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
More about Dr. Sneha Makhija
Dr. Sneha Makhija is an experienced Psychologist in central Panchgani, Pune. You can visit her at Colony Nursing Home in central Panchgani, Pune. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sneha Makhija and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Psychologists from across India. You will find Psychologists with more than 43 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Psychologists online in Pune and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#50/51, Laxmi Park Colony, Navi Peth. Landmark: Near Rajendranagar Petrol Pump Bus Stop, PunePune Get Directions
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Losing tamper easily And get mad some time Please help When I lose my tamper can't difference between boy or girl Mom or Dad.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Anger management: 10 tips to tame your temper ANGER: There is a saying "Frustration begets anger and anger begets aggression. Direct anger, is expressed toward the object perceived as the cause of the frustration. If a machine does not work, you might hit it or kick it. If someone gets in your way, you could verbally threaten them or push them aside. If the source of the frustration is too powerful or threatening for direct aggression, displaced aggression is often used. The aggression is redirected toward a less threatening and more available object. An angry person often acts without thinking. The person has given in to the frustration and they have given up restraint. Anger can be a healthy response if it motivates us to positive action but all too often the actions we engage in when angry are destructive. Indeed, if we could see a videotape of ourselves getting angry, the humiliation might well help cure us of anger. When you feel frustration building, you have to practice learned responses that lead to healthy actions instead of destructive ones. GIVING UP: Giving up on a goal can be productive if the goal is truly out of reach. However, more often giving up (quitting or being apathetic) is another form of giving in to frustration. When repeatedly frustrated, people can drop out of school, quit jobs, or move away. Apathy is giving up all of your goals, so you cannot be frustrated by trying to reach them. We live in difficult time and we have to be persistent in order to accomplish. Consider how many projects you began, and then gave up, because you became frustrated and lost patience. Make a list of things you started and quit because they seemed too difficult. Now calculate the disappointment and loss you suffered by not dealing with the frustration in a more healthy way. Try to remember that quitters never win, and winners never quit. Losing your temper means you're a quitter. LOSS OF CONFIDENCE: is a terrible frequent side effect of giving up and not fulfilling your goal. A loss of self-confidence and self-esteem, means that If we quit once, then the next time we plan a goal, we may not be able to accurately assess our ability to carry it out and we stop trusting ourselves and our own abilities. This became a self-fulfilling and self-destructive attitude. You need to be able to learn that when the going gets tough, you say to yourself "It is worth it! and by following through, it not only gets the job done, but it builds self-confidence. STRESS: is the "wear and tear" our body and mind experiences as we adjust to the frustrations our continually changing environment. Too frequently, extreme, or prolonged frustration and stress strains us and generates distress signals. Our body experiences distress signals in a variety of ways, often in the form of: irritability, anger, fatigue anxiety, headache, depression, stomach aches, hypertension, migraines, ulcers, heart attacks, or colitis. DEPRESSION: Depression can affect almost every aspect of your life. It affects people of all ages, income, race, and cultures. Depression can affect the way you eat and sleep the way you feel about yourself, the way one think about things, and the way you interact with others. While we all feel depression at various appropriate times in our lives, excess or inappropriate depression cannot be easily dismissed or wished away. OTHER REACTIONS: abuse of drugs & alcohol is self-destructive and usually futile attempt at dealing with frustration, as are many eating and weight problems and addictions Whenever the immediate effects of the addictive behaviour wear off, users find themselves back in the same, or even worse, frustrating situation. Anger is among the gamut of emotions we exhibit as a reaction to a situation, and it is a 'normal' emotion too as long as it is kept under control. Some people have the propensity to explode when pushed to the extreme. They keep swallowing their emotions until they can finally do it no more, and erupt like a volcano. Others dealing with extreme anger are like a ticking time bomb. You'll never know what you unwittingly say or do can trigger an explosion. In either case, anger that cannot be controlled comes with a physical reaction. Your heart beats faster preparing you for both action and reaction. Your breathing quickens. You may clench your fist, tighten your shoulders and go into a defensive position. The problem arises out of the fact that it is almost impossible to feel anger and empathy at the same time. An angry person is seldom sensitive to the wellbeing of his victim, and hence may lash out verbally and sometimes physically. Such things done in the heat of the moment mostly leaves us with regrets. So here are a few ways to deal with extreme anger. 1.Approve it / Acknowledge it: The first step in solving a problem is recognizing that you have one. The fundamental problem here is that people believe they are on the right track and refuse to budge from their views. It is essential to realize that this step is not about deciding whether you are right or wrong, but acknowledging the fact that your reaction to the situation can be channelled in a better way. When getting someone to acknowledge their anger problem, be careful as to not use negative words like wrong, false and shouldn't. Instead, influence with positive words like can and should. Instead of saying 'You are wrong to react like this' you can say, 'I understand what you are feeling. Is there a way we can resolve this situation? 2.Understand / recognize the signs: Once you know that your problems exist, you can try devising ways that will work for you in dealing with the situation. You can count to 100 to calm yourself or simply decide to not speak until you can calm yourself. Knowing that you may enter into an argument in a situation, you can list down the points that you feel strongly about and discuss each of them one by one. Working your way through a finite list gives a better opportunity to reach closure at the end. 3.Free the mind/Find ways to let it go: Not all arguments end in closure. A lot of unsaid justifications cloud our mind repeatedly leaving us seething from the inside. Research has shown that the normal or neurological anger response lasts less than two seconds. Beyond that it takes a strong will to stay angry. Once you realize how much your anger is consuming your mind, decide to free your mind with meditation and other calming exercises. Tell yourself that some people and issues simply don't deserve your anger, emotion, reaction or time. If you or someone you know is suffering from anger management issues, consult me or a doctor today.
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Hi I am 30y male. I am huge smoked cigarette in day. Now felt some time pain in head and chest. Now I planning to quit smoking. Will you suggest me how could I drop this bad habit. I try alot but. Read more.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hi I am 30y male. I am huge smoked cigarette in day. Now felt some time pain in head and chest. Now I planning to qui...
You have to quit cold turkey because the body and mind will torture you endlessly while attempting a reduction in smoking. The tobacco tar in cigarette smoke lines your lung with huge patches that make that portion dysfunctional. Your oxygen carrying capacity is jeopardized, and breathing is impinged on. But don’t be discouraged because it is not too late even now to reverse all the ill-effects of smoking. I don’t know what other organs could be damaged but do go for a thorough medical check-up to assess the effects of your abuse. Regarding improving your lungs, do a lot of aerobic exercise breathing through your nostrils only. Then there are a lot of deep breathing exercises in Yoga which you can learn too. Deep breathing cleanses your system and lungs and restores it to good health. Deep breathing uses the 80% of the lungs which are not normally used in normal breathing and even when exerting yourself. The greatest effect is in the lungs because this substance is processed through the respiratory system directly through the lung surface. When quitting, you must take one day at a time; though you must give up all smoking at once, and promptly. If you look too far ahead you will get discouraged and will give up. If you sit and count the number of days you have given up, that will also focus too much on achievement. You must focus on the here and now, on that day to be precise. After all quitting is not that easy due to many factors. So even if you fail one day, you must try and try again. Very few people succeed in their first attempt. Your persistence will eventually pay off. The urge to discontinue is hampered by many factors but the worst of them is the conditioning. In fact, these conditions can exist all through the day, unlike other addictions. But your desire to want to stop is the most important factor. It is important to find out about the ill-effects of smoking to have a reason that alarms you about continuing the habit. The information is really scary but true and you must remind yourself about this every day. The nicotine in tobacco smoke stimulates the heartbeat to raise the blood pressure in no time at all. So you must avoid it like the plague: it is just very bad medicine for you. In fact, it is highly toxic too. You will need to stop smoking or consuming any tobacco related items with immediate effect. You should start vigorous exercises, gradually increasing it over a period of time. Do deep breathing exercises every time you feel like smoking (try Yoga), and replace the oral urge with some healthy food substitute to satiate the need. You may also take hard candy or chew gum. If the urge is too strong, then use nicotine gums and nicotine patches, for a little while until the smoking drive reduces, substantially. You may also join Smokers Anonymous in your city where the support is really extraordinary for like-minded people who are also in the same situation. Keep yourself occupied or engaged with interesting activities during the times when it is most tempting. Keep the company of non-smokers for some time i.e. At least for the first 21 days. Above all announce it to everyone that you have quit smoking. Here’s a piece of very good advice: even if you accidentally/willfully take a cigarette, it is not the end of the world – you can start the cessation all over again. You must persevere with the best support until you defeat this addiction. Counseling is very useful in the initial stages and when temptations are at their highest. You could also join twitter2quit program and enjoy its success to give up smoking.
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I have a complaints of Depression Since 2 years. Now I got mania Everything avoided to work, family members, friends etc .I got irrelevant talking in anywhere on road, hospital, home, etc and that was due to my Blood Pressure was rising and I am started medicine Tab. Amlovas 5 mg regularly .Also I went to the Psychiatrist. And He (Psychiatrist) started antidepressant medicines .At now I got relief. But At taken medicines action starts, anxiety subsides but medicines stop then anxiety regain appear simultaneously .So Doctor what you will be suggest for treatment to get rid of my Problems And later I live in happy life in future?

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
I have a complaints of Depression Since 2 years. Now I got mania Everything avoided to work, family members, friends ...
Hello, There are many aspects of depression, the more of them you have the more likely you are to have a clinical depression. Some patients feel severely depressed and suicidal. If you have these feelings you should go to the emergency department immediately. Other things that people with depression can feel are sadness, low energy, lack of motivation, poor sleep, irritability, weight gain or loss, poor self image and sometimes even a lack of touch with reality. The more of these symptoms you have the more likely it is that you have serious depression. Treatments for depression include medications, counseling and exercise. Again the more of these you do the better your chance for a successful treatment. Good luck to you,
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In my entire life most of the people friends, close associates in the beginning turn out non cordial unhappy leading to broken relationship. Why it so happens? No answer is given to me when I ask them the reason.

M.S. Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychologist, Bangalore
I can imagine how sad and frustrating it might be for you to see that most of the relationships are falling apart. It is true especially in present times. There are many reasons. But the most important reasons are lack of effective communication skills, lack of assertive behaviour techniques and rigid values, perceptions and expectations of an individual. We all come from different backgrounds and varied socio-economic status. While growing up we learn behaviours from our parents, teachers, and other close family members. Depending on our upbringing, environment at home, and our own life experiences, we develop our own biases, perceptions and values. And we all start believing that our own values and perceptions are" the" truth. Depending on these values and perceptions we have our own set of expectations from different relations. Hence when we have someone coming from a different background and different upbringing, we experience clash of values, perceptions and expectations. Since, each person believes that she/he has" correct" set of values and perceptions, it becomes difficult for them to understand the other person. Unfortunately, in our entire education system, we are never taught" how to listen to the other person" and" how to communicate our own feelings/needs effectively, without hurting the other person. When more people will be equipped with" effective communication skills" and when more people will learn" assertiveness" relationships will improve. Learning both these skills, help a person to be flexible, it gives each person more awareness about their own values/beliefs/perceptions. It also helps in understanding the other person's views and accepting the fact that the person has a right to have different opinion/set of values and expectations. You did not get the answer to your question from your relatives/friends, probably, because, they themselves are not aware about these important skills, and each person is thinking that he/she is right and the other person is wrong and needs to change. In fact, both individuals need to change their own learned styles of communication and expressions, if it is not helping the relationship. And" unlearning" the" learned" behaviour is possible. At your age, I am sure, you have lots of experience and wisdom to help such people who are suffering from dysfunctional relationships. If you are satisfied with my answer, please persuade more people to learn better communication skills and help them in being assertive. It will be a great help for the society as such. Thank you.
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Sir I am suffering from anxiety disorder as per a doctors diagnose. But couple of days ago I met a psychiatrist he advised me tests like cbc and thyroid. I was suffering from anal fissures/fistula I was afraid of that. And my fear goes rise when I got the pain in right side of my chest below throat. Please advise me sir what is this. Is any thing serious please.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Sir I am suffering from anxiety disorder as per a doctors diagnose. But couple of days ago I met a psychiatrist he ad...
Cbc and Thryoid profile are essential investigations that are required at the time of initiating anti anxiety medications. You appear to have free floating anxiety. Trust your Psychiatrist. He is doing the right thing. Good luck.
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I am a chain smoker smoke 10 cigar per day. Now trying my best to quit it. Tried nicotine gum and patch but failed. please suggest me any medicine so that I can quit it.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Hazarika, Unless you enhance your motivational level daily for at least 12 weeks, nicotine gum and patch alone will not help you to quit. They will help you in reducing the withdrawal symptoms. The dose of nicotine gum or patch is also a point to consider. For 10 cigars, you may need 4 mg gum or 21 mg patch for the first few weeks. Since you have a psychiatric disorder in addition, it also needs to be treated simultaneously. Drugs like Buproprion is also useful and it is available over the counter without prescription. Since you have other medical conditions, it is better you get totally treated by a doctor.
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Hello sir, I want to know about suicidal nature and can it be created in a healthy person in 15/30 days and what are the chances to recover from it after getting 1 week electric shock treatment. Please help me I am eager to know the truth.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
You have to personally discuss with a psychiatrist and get cure. Usually it is due to depressive illness and needs medicines and counselling.
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My wife suffering schizophrenia since last 4 year having daughter of 9 yr. Old. I am in tension what I will do ? She is wake-up late in the morning.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. Schizophrenia is a neuro chemical disorder and will require continuous treatment using medicines, psychotherapy, relaxation therapy and life style changes. Please work with your psychiatrist for better management. Take care.
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I don't know why I don't get mood of reading at morning or afternoon time but I can only interested in night reading is any problems with me?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Masters in psychology counselling
Psychologist, Hyderabad
I don't know why I don't get mood of reading at morning or afternoon time but I can only interested in night reading ...
Dear lybrate user, every individual has different habit, so it is only your habit to read in night times, try this method many people are success first and most sleep early wake up early at 4.0 am and study with fresh mind, of course subjects which you are not interested you must spend more time and repeat it many times" practice makes perfect" not only human including pets. Parrots are talking and dogs are dancing. Switch off mobile phone when you go to bed and switch it on at 6am. Example some people they don't like mathematics but it is essential for life everyday and every time we are depended on mathematics, right from doctor to business man, including vegetable seller, we can understand many other distraction disturbed minds it is like love issues. Still not able to concentrate go for counselling help in person. Please give us feedback after trying for weekdays.
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My choice does not match with that of my partner and so we often quarrel. What should we do about it?

BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, MD - Psychiatry, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Solutions that can save a relationship. Communication all relationship problems stem from poor communication, you can't communicate while you're checking your blackberry, watching tv, or flipping through the sports section" sex even partners who love each other can be a mismatch, sexually, lack of sexual self-awareness and education worsens these problems. But having sex is one of the last things you should give up" sex" brings us closer together, releases hormones that help our bodies both physically and mentally, and keeps the chemistry of a healthy couple healthy" problem-solving strategies: plan, plan, plan. Money problems can start even before the wedding vows are exchanged. They can stem, for example, from the expenses of courtship or from the high cost of a wedding. Problem-solving strategies: be honest about your current financial situation. If things have gone south, continuing the same lifestyle is unrealistic. Don't approach the subject in the heat of battle. Instead, set aside a time that is convenient and non-threatening for both of you. Acknowledge that one partner may be a saver and one a spender, understand there are benefits to both, and agree to learn from each other's tendencies. Don't hide income or debt. Bring financial documents, including a recent credit report, pay stubs, bank statements, policies, debts, and investments to the table. Don't blame. Construct a joint budget that includes savings. Decide which person will be responsible for paying the monthly bills. Allow each person to have independence by setting aside money to be spent at his or her discretion. Decide upon short-term and long-term goals. It's ok to have individual goals, but you should have family goals, too. Talk about caring for your parents as they age and how to appropriately plan for their financial needs if needed. Struggles over home chores most partners work outside the home and often at more than one job. So it's important to fairly divide the labor at home. Problem-solving strategies: be organized and clear about your respective jobs in the home" write all the jobs down and agree on who does what" be fair so no resentment builds. Be open to other solutions, she says if you both hate housework, maybe you can spring for a cleaning service. If one of you likes housework, the other partner can do the laundry and the yard. You can be creative and take preferences into account -- as long as it feels fair to both of you. Not making your relationship a priority if you want to keep your love life going, making your relationship a focal point should not end when you say" I do" relationships lose their luster. So make yours a priority. Problem-solving strategies: do the things you used to do when you first met. Show appreciation, compliment each other, contact each other through the day, and show interest in each other. Schedule time together on the calendar, say" thank you" appreciate" it lets your partner know that they matter. Conflict occasional conflict is a part of life. The same lousy situations keep repeating day after day -- it's time to break free of this toxic routine. When you make the effort, you can lessen the anger and take a calm look at underlying issues. Problem-solving strategies: you and your partner can learn to argue in a more civil, helpful manner. Make these strategies part of who you are in this relationship. Realize you are not a victim. It is your choice whether you react and how you react. Be honest with yourself. When you're in the midst of an argument, are your comments geared toward resolving the conflict, or are you looking for payback? if your comments are blaming and hurtful, it's best to take a deep breath and change your strategy. Change it up. If you continue to respond in the way that's brought you pain and unhappiness in the past, you can't expect a different result this time. Just one little shift can make a big difference. If you usually jump right in to defend yourself before your partner is finished speaking, hold off for a moments. You'll be surprised at how such a small shift in tempo can change the whole tone of an argument. Give a little; get a lot. Apologize when you're wrong. Sure it's tough, but just try it and watch something wonderful happen" you can't control anyone else's behavior" the only one in your charge is you" trust trust is a key part of a relationship. Do you see certain things that cause you not to trust your partner? or do you have unresolved issues that prevent you from trusting others? problem-solving strategies: be consistent. Be on time. Do what you say yent. Be sensitive to the other's feelings. You can still disagree, but don't discount how your partner is feeling. Call when you say you will. Call to say you'll be home late. Carry your fair share of the workload. Don't overreact when things go wrong. Never say things you can't take back. Don't dig up old wounds. Respect your partner's boundaries. Don? t be jealous. Be a good listener. Even though there are always going to be problems in a relationship you both can do things to minimize marriage problems, if not avoid them altogether. First, be realistic. Thinking your mate will meet all your needs -- and will be able to figure them out without your asking -- is a hollywood fantasy" ask for what you need directly" next, use humor -- learn to let things go and enjoy one another more. Finally, be willing to work on your relationship and to truly look at what needs to be done. Don't think that things would be better with someone else. Unless you address problems, the same lack of skills that get in the way now will still be there and still cause problems no matter what relationship you're in. Good luck.
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Dear Doctor, do we have to keep our mind always relaxed and happy to avoid many diseases like heart problem, diabetes?

MSC Human Development , Hypnotherapy , Special Educator , ms- counselling and physiotherapy, Applied psychology Hons
Psychologist, Faridabad
Dear Doctor, do we have to keep our mind always relaxed and happy to avoid many diseases like heart problem, diabetes?
Yes of-course be positive always and be normal in every circumstances.Surrender to god, have faith on him and you will free happy and relaxed. It has experienced by my self if you don't take tensions about anything and shift them to god then he will take care of you and you feel stress free and if you feel like this then you may not feel any physical problem. But it is also require that every person have to die who born in this earth so diseases are the reason for it some time. Except every thing as they happen in your life. May god bless you always.
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I want to known that i am a smoker when i am smoking my cheat is paining what I have to do to take relax? please advise.

Certified Diabetes Educator, Registered Dietitian (RD), PGDD, Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), General Physician
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
It is a statistically proven fact that smokers and other tobacco users are more likely to develop disease, suffer miserably later in life and die earlier than are people who dont use tobacco. I have experience in successfully making people quit smoking through a customized smoking cessation program which includes counseling medications and support do reply back for medication prescriptions. Being also a general physician and registered dietitian, I prescribe both evidence based herbal as well as allopathic medicines complementing with dietary guidelines and home remedies carefully personalized for each individual patient.
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MD - Medicine
Endocrinologist, Ahmedabad
Maintaining good #balance requires mental & physical fitness
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I am in depdrssion for last 10 yrs. I took medicine for 6 -7 months ( not regular ) stalopalm 20 mg , petril 0.5 mg , oxital etc. I want5 to get permanent relief from this problem . Symptoms : restless, weight loss, ghabrahat, i take 500ml alcohol daily for the last 14 yrs.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Please understand that the schizophrenia is not fully curable. But you don't loose heart. Most of the symptoms of schizophrenia are body's natural defense mechanism. Psychotherapy, meditation and exercise combined with medicines should provide you good management opportunity.
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Age is 49 years is alcoholic since 30 years drinks 180 to 300 ml of hard liquor daily now is facing high sugar ,cholesterol problems creatinine level is also high how can we solve this issue please guide.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Age is 49 years is alcoholic since 30 years drinks 180 to 300 ml of hard liquor daily now is facing high sugar ,chole...
Dear lybrate-user, you are dependent on alcohol. Alcohol is a ready made sugar/glucose, fully digested. It will difficult for you to control your blood sugar level if you continue drinking. Cholesterol is produced in the body by liver. Probably your liver is damaged causing cholesterol problems. High creatinine level shows your kidneys are under protest. They may give up if you don't get treated. It is better for you to give up alcohol completely. It can not be done by yourself at home. It will have withdrawal symptoms which needs treatment in a hospital for at least 10-14 days. During detoxification itself your sugar, cholesterol and kidneys can be repaired with appropriate drips and tablets. You are still young. I think your children may be still dependent on you. Probably your parents may not be able to support. So there is an urgent need for you give up alcohol in a hospital and get treated for other medical problems. All the best.
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What are the Signs and Symptoms of Nervous Breakdown?

MCh - Neurosurgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Chennai
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Nervous Breakdown?

Nervous Breakdown is not a medical term. It is connected to health problems associated with depression and anxiety. It often results from extreme stress and need medical help to overcome it. Although there are physical and emotional symptoms of this state of being, people often miss it. Here is a list of some common signs and symptoms related to nervous breakdown:

  1. It is hard to concentrate: It is often seen that a person finds it hard to concentrate when he is on the verge of mental breakdown. While a little stress helps in better functioning of the memory, chronic stress can prove to be lethal for the human mind and body. According to a study conducted by the University of Maryland Medical Center, it is found that too much stress results in the secretion of a hormone called cortisol which deteriorates the memory.
  2. Food becomes your best friend: An increased level of stress makes the body release certain hormones such as adrenaline for a flight response. When this hormone wears off, cortisol asks the body to replenish energy from food. This hormonal reaction results in emotional eating. As a result of stress, certain high sugar items such as ice-cream and chocolate give a good feeling to the body. According to a study conducted by the American Psychological Association it was found that 40 percent out of 3000 individual seek pleasure in high fat high sugar items.
  3. An upset stomach: Often before nervous breakdown, many people report symptoms related to IBS. A patient might also go through certain other symptoms such as stomach aches, abdominal pain and diarrhea. These indicators are related to overwhelming stress more often than not. According to a recent study conducted by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, it is found that more than half the people suffering from IBS have anxiety or depression related disorder.
  4. Slouching becomes your favorite activity: Slouching is a major indicator of stress. A study conducted by the San Francisco State University in 2012 revealed that slouching drains more energy than skipping. Poor posture and depression is a common phenomenon in people suffering from anxiety and stress related disorder. If this is occurring way too frequently, it is time to consult a doctor and get professional help.
  5. A hyperactive nose: People with hypertension, anxiety, depression and stress often find themselves with a hyperactive sense of smell. A study conducted by the University of Wisconsin revealed that when a person is exposed to disturbing images of crashes or accident, he is often found to have a distorted sense of smell. Even neutral smells can be mistaken as foul ones by patients suffering from anxiety. If this sounds familiar, it is time to visit a doctor.
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Sir I have stammering problem from childhood. How to cure this problem. Please suggest me.

M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
Stammering can be overcome with regular practice. You have to talk more without fear. Because social fear is one of the most psychological cause for stammering. So, develop your confidence, nobody is perfect and we all learn from nothing. Try to spell difficult words and repeat them till you pronounce them properly. You have to talk more and more so that you can make your tongue work more faster. Don't think of people around you who laugh seeing you. Just tell them you are trying to overcome your stammering, they will surely help you. Try doing this you will surely see the great difference.
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How Do Drugs/Alcohol Hijack Our Kids?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Sexologist, Mumbai
How Do Drugs/Alcohol Hijack Our Kids?

The most commonly encountered two facts about the drug or alcohol use by our addicted kids are drugs/ alcohol are something which they really like those are something which they find really hard to give up. They know that the drug can kill them in a long run, but still they go with the immediate rewards by consuming the drug. The whole addiction thing is about being in the moment and choosing what your brain craves for right now at the expense of other rewards and possibilities. So what we observe is that drug hijacks a person's rational thinking for the long term consequences.


Addiction has to do with changes in the brain that come about gradually, become more and more central, more and more powerful as the time passes by. The drug use becomes the axis of the person, around which the other activities in life takes turn. It takes on the central meaning and role in the person's life in such a way that the most irrational idea about taking the drug or alcohol may seem to the person the most rational in that particular situation, as the drug compromises the person's clear thinking. So yes an addict can make choices for his drug cravings but the way they make choices is the thing we must think about. In an addict the brain does what it needs to do, but in a very non-adaptive way. In simple words addiction hijacks the very parts of the brain that are supposed to fix it.


Craving is the fundamental psychological experience of an addict because of which addiction occurs. Dopamine serves as the fuel for craving and is the common pathway for all kinds of addictions. Natural goodies like the food and sex certainly release dopamine in brain and follow the progression from liking to wanting i. E. Wanting more of those. As per studies, among the natural rewards sex can provide a person with the maximum natural high of upto 200% dopamine levels in brain. But the drugs cause a higher than 200% dopamine levels, which thus is the magic mark for addictive processes to occur. Also with repeated drug use there are changes in the arrangement of the inner landscape of synaptic architecture in brain, such that the thoughts, the images, the memories about the drug use behavior takes over many parts of the cortex of brain and thus the person see the drug cues wherever he gets a dopamine rush, be it with sex or food or social gatherings. Thus dopamine drives the person with a feeling of craving for the drug. Also with repeated dopamine increments of higher than natural amounts, there is maladaptive learning in brain in form of the shrinkage of dopamine cells, decrease in dopamine receptors and depletion of the dopamine stores. Thus the real natural goodies like sex or food are than not able to give a dopamine high and the only way left is to have more drugs. The person becomes impulsive and compulsive in his drug taking behavior. Repetition compulsion feedback loop keeps the person going after the drug use, narrowing the sense of meaningful world for the person. This causes a vicious cycle of incremental drug intake and thus addiction. Dopamine pathways are subdued by chronic drug use and thus the drug addicts are never able to keep up with their promises of staying away from the drug.


But then our brains have enormous reparative capacity and so a lot of the things that drugs do to damage the brain are probably reversible. One of the things that last the longest are the memories associated with drug use and the learning/ operant conditioning that occurs with it. The acute memory of brain over stimulation with drug is captured in amygdale which designates an important part of the instinctual brain i. E. The brain part which can't be controlled. So if a drug related cue is presented to a recovering addict, all that they can remember is the greatest high which they ever had with the drug. Thus the person remains preoccupied and thinks about the drug even when not using it. When this occurs, it is for the lifetime and we can't undo it. Their amygdale are going to light up seeing the drug cues for rest of their lives. This is why we say recovery from drug is a lifelong experience. Studies show a much faster depletion of our brain neurotransmitters by drug use (less than 12 months), than their replenishment in recovery from addiction (5 to 7 years). Thus during recovery an ongoing treatment for the imbalanced brain neurotransmitters and the visible symptoms due to the same is always essential.

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I am a student of CA Final. I sit for long hours to study. What sort of food intake is required to have good brain health and avoid gastric problem I am facing these days. Kindly suggest a diet plan for the whole day specially for breakfast.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
I am a student of CA Final. I sit for long hours to study. What sort of food intake is required to have good brain he...
The gastric problem is related to stress. That is obviously causing the problem of lack of concentration. The following foods do help too: Blueberries, walnuts, turmeric, Spinach, tomatoes, broccoli, acorn squash, green tea, oily fish, boiled egg, turkey, apples, oatmeal, leafy greens, lentils, pumpkin seeds, avocado, cinnamon, thyme, sunflower seeds, and red wine. Avoid sugar and junk food. You may also include these noted foods that are good for your brain health: Brain-Friendly Foods MIND stands for Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay. But the MIND approach “specifically includes foods and nutrients that medical literature and data show to be good for the brain, such as berries,” says Martha Clare Morris, ScD, director of nutrition and nutritional epidemiology at Rush University Medical Center. You eat things from these 10 food groups: • Green leafy vegetables (like spinach and salad greens): At least six servings a week • Other vegetables: At least one a day • Nuts: Five servings a week • Berries: Two or more servings a week • Beans: At least three servings a week • Whole grains: Three or more servings a day • Fish: Once a week • Poultry (like chicken or turkey): Two times a week • Olive oil: Use it as your main cooking oil. • Wine: One glass a day You avoid: • Red meat: Less than four servings a week • Butter and margarine: Less than a tablespoon daily • Cheese: Less than one serving a week • Pastries and sweets: Less than five servings a week • Fried or fast food: Less than one serving a week.
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