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Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Sharad S
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Skin Care Treatment
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Sexually Transmitted Disease (Std) Treatment
Cysts Removal Procedure
Chronic Skin Allergy Treatment
Well Woman Healthcheck
Hair Care Procedure
Skin Laser Treatment
Corn Removal Procedure
Skin Rash Treatment
Hair Regrowth Procedure
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I was diagnosed with pimples issue. He is not just friendly, but also is very motivating. Almost all doctors suggested peel treatment for it, but I did not wanted to go for it for my pimples. I read about Dr Sharad S on one of the social media platform. The facilities available in the Rejuva Clinic are very nice. Thanks to him I am totally satisfied with the results. The best thing about Sharad S is that he prescribes limited no. of medicines.
All of sudden I developed this allergy issue and didn't know what to do.i took a treatment from dr Sharad S.Whatever tests the he prescribed, were very correct and the gave the exact idea about my condition. Thanks to the expert care and guidance at his clinic Rejuva Skin Clinic in mumbai, I feel much better than before.
My skin was getting damaged day by day for which I wanted to take an ayurvedic treatment. I chose to consult Dr Sharad. He is really a great doctor. I am quite benefitted with his skin treatment and I owe him a big thank for this. His advices and treatment really helped me to get my glowing skin back.
I Thank Dr Sharad for the skin care treatment, he gave benefited me to great extent. He is very patient with all his patients. He has broad knowledge in the field of dermatology. I am impressed with the way he treats his patients. The overall atmosphere in the Rejuva Skin Clinic is very soothing.
I read aboutdr Sharad S. on one of the social media platform. Due to my allergy issue my daily activities were suffering. I took a allergy treatment from him at his clinic Rejuva Skin Clinic in Pune. I am almost on the path to recovery, Thanks to his perfect advice.
Result oriented skin specialist. Since last 4 years i am taking a skin treatment in Rejuva skin clinic. If you have a any kind of skin problem visit at Rejuva because Dr. Shingade have a Best of best solution on your skin problem.
"Do you feel you sweat more than other people?"
"Does a five-minute workout on the treadmill leave you sopping wet?"
"Do you wipe your hand before every handshake?"
About Excessive Sweating
Hyperhydrosis is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably. Some people with the condition may also sweat when the temperature is cool or when they are at rest. Sweating is the body's way of staying cool. In most cases, it is perfectly natural. People sweat more in warm temperatures, when they exercise, or in response to situations that make them nervous, angry, embarrassed or afraid. However, excessive sweating occurs without such triggers. Those with hyperhydrosis appear to have overactive sweat glands. The uncontrollable sweating can lead to significant discomfort, both physical and emotional. It usually occurs in areas like the palms, soles, armpits, and/or groin area.
Types And Causes
It affects the palms, soles and sometimes underarms.
It often occurs as an exaggerated response to emotional stimuli and is not generally associated with any underlying condition.
It may have a genetic component, as it often runs in families.
It affects large areas of the body.
Underlying causes could be – A reaction to certain medications, menopausal hot flushes, low blood sugar, an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), rarely certain cancers, heart disease and infectious diseases.
Frequent, noticeable, excessive sweating that can soak through clothing
Abnormally excessive and bothersome perspiration on your feet, underarms, head or face
Clamminess or dripping of sweat droplets on the palms of the hands or the soles of your feet
Visible signs of sweating may be noted during a doctor's visit. A number of tests may also be used to diagnose excessive sweating. These are
Starch-iodine test – An iodine solution is applied to the sweaty area. After it dries, starch is sprinkled on the area. The starch-iodine combination turns a dark blue colour wherever there is excess sweat.
Paper test – Special paper is placed on the affected area to absorb the sweat, and then weighed. The heavier it weights, the more sweat has accumulated.
The doctor will also require other details from you to determine the exact cause, like
Location- Does it occur on your face, palms, or armpits, or all over the body?
Time pattern- Does it occur at night or does it begin suddenly?
Triggers- Does the sweating occur when you are reminded of a traumatic or emotionally disturbing event?
Other noted symptoms- Weight loss, pounding heartbeat, cold or clammy hands, fever, lack of appetite
Antiperspirants – Excessive sweating may be controlled with strong anti-perspirants, which plug the sweat ducts. Some patients may be prescribed a product containing a higher dose of aluminium chloride to be applied at night. Antiperspirants can cause skin irritation, and large doses of aluminium chloride can damage clothing. Deodorants do not prevent sweating, but are helpful in reducing body odor.
Medication – Certain anticholinergics help to prevent the stimulation of sweat glands.
Botox – Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) is FDA approved for the treatment of severe underarm sweating, a condition called primary axillary hyperhydrosis. Small doses of purified botulinum toxin injected into the underarm temporarily block the nerves that stimulate sweating. Side effects include injection-site pain. If you are considering Botox for other areas of excessive sweating talk to your doctor in detail. Botox used for sweating of the palms can cause mild but temporary weakness and pain.
Some of the causes of hyperhydrosis can be serious. Always consult a doctor if you have excessive sweating.
Prolonged, excessive, and unexplained sweating
Sweating with or followed by chest pain or pressure
Sweating with weight loss
Sweating that most often occurs during sleep
Sweating with fever, weight loss, chest pain, shortness of breath, or a rapid, pounding heartbeat as these symptoms may be a sign of an underlying disease, such as hyperthyroidism.
Fungal infections are the most common of all skin infections. They are particularly common in hot and humid climates. It is popularly known as 'Ringworm'. Contrary to many of the other infections affecting humans, the fungi may cause dermatological conditions that do not involve tissue invasion. On the other hand, the skin surface becomes the habitat of some of these fungi and is liable to environmental contamination.
The main group of fungal infections causing superficial fungal infections are Dermatophytes Yeasts and Moulds.
The symptoms include
Ring-shaped (therefore called as a ringworm) areas
Red, raised and scaly patch with an inflamed border and a clear or normal-appearing centre
Depending on the areas involved the various types of fungal infections of the skin are
On the scalp and Hair – Tinea Capitis
On the face and beard area – Tinea Faciei and Tinea Barbae respectively
On the foot and hand – Tinea Pedis and Tinea Manuum respectively
On the body – Tinea Corporis
On the groin and pubic area – Tinea Cruris
On the nails – Tinea Unguium
There is a higher risk for fungal infection of the body if you
Live in damp, humid or crowded conditions
Have close contact with an infected person or animal
Share clothing, bedding or towels with someone who has a fungal infection
Participate in contact sports, such as wrestling, football or rugby
Wear tight or restricted clothing
Have a weakened immune system
Tinea Corporis – It is the ringworm of the body's trunk region excluding hands, feet, head and groin areas
Red to pink circular lesion with scaly or raised edges.
The centre of the lesion may become less red as the lesion grows towards the periphery.
Itching of the affected area.
Tinea Cruris – It is also called 'ringworm of the groins' or 'Jock Itch' and is commonly found in males. Predisposing factors could be a warm humid environment, tight clothing, obesity and in some cases chronic steroid application.
Large scaly, well-demarcated, dull red to brown lesions present in the groins.
Central clearing of lesions is present.
The lesions may extend on to the thigh, buttocks.
Tinea Pedis is commonly present in such patients.
Intense itching is an associated feature.
Tinea Pedis – It is also known as 'foot ringworm' or 'Athletes' foot' and mostly affects teen and adult males. The risk factors involve sweating, not drying the feet well after swimming or bathing, wearing tight socks and shoes, and warm weather conditions.
Redness, scaling, maceration in the web spaces of the skin between the toes
Scaling of the soles extending to sides of the feet
Itchy rash on the feet
Blisters on the feet
Tinea Capitis – It predominately occurs among children and is acquired by close contact with puppies/kittens or infected children.
Red, scaly rash on the scalp
Itching of the scalp
Hair loss on the scalp
Rash elsewhere on the body
Depending on the type and the site of the infection the treatment is modified. Anti-fungal medications are the main line of treatment.
Prevention – This is possible by applying powder containing clotrimazole, miconazole to areas prone to fungal infection after bathing.
Topical Anti-Fungal – Various anti-fungals such as clotrimazole, miconazole, Ketoconazole, terbinafine, ciclopirox olamine can be applied to the lesions generally twice daily.
Systemic Anti-fungal – Such as Fluconazole, Terbinafine, Itraconazole are given orally in combination with the topical anti-fungal medications.
Duration of the treatment – This depends on the site and severity of infections. Because fungi can live indefinitely on the skin, a recurrence of infection is possible if treatment schedule is not followed as advised.
Effective Treatment For Dark Tattoo Inks:
With the overwhelming popularity of tattoos over the last ten years, the market for effective tattoo removal has exploded.
Injecting colored pigment into small deep holes made in the skin creates tattoos. Regardless of whether a tattoo artist or an untrained individual injects the pigment, the marks or designs are relatively permanent. When people subsequently want their tattoos removed, most physicians today consider laser surgery one of the best methods.
The Q-switched Nd: YAG is the most frequently used laser for tattoo removal. During treatment, pulses of light from the laser are directed onto the tattoo, breaking up the tattoo pigment. Over the next several weeks the body’s cells remove the ink of the tattoo from the skin. With the Q switched ND YAG laser available on the DR.SHINGADES SKIN laser CLINIC you can effectively treat dark tattoo inks, specifically black (which accounts for more than half of all tattoos), blue and green. Patients should expect to come back for several treatments to achieve expected results.
....Technology In Use:
Tattoo ink and natural pigmentation like melanin absorb short pulse duration/high peak energy Q-switched pulses so quickly that they create a photo-acoustic effect within the pigment clusters. This effect breaks down the ink into much smaller particles that can be more easily removed by the body’s natural filtering system.
.....Key Advantages To Patients:
Minimal risk of side effects
Effective treatment for dark tattoo inks (black, blue and green)
Dramatic results after 4-6 sessions.
Almost painless feels like snapping of a rubber band.
Why Skin And You For Tattoo Removal?
At skin and you we have the best technology partners called DR.SHINGADES SKIN laser CLINIC ,with the best hands on experience on the system to provide you with effective tattoo clearance with no possible side effects.
For radiant and younger looking skin.
Some Skin Facts..
It is largest organ in the body.
Made up of millions of cells that protect us from external environmental factors.
Everyday thousands of cells die flake off and are replaced by new cells from beneath the skin.
As we age, this process begins to slow down and the skin begins to look dull, dark and blotchy. Fine lines and other signs of sun damage also start appearing.
Chemical Peels Tackle
Fine lines and wrinkles
Shallow acne scars
Sun damaged scars
Dull, tired and neglected skin
About Chemical Peeling/Skin Rejuvenation-
This simple technique involves a solution applied to the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate the production of new skin cells. It tightens the skin, reduces wrinkling and restores a more youthful appearance.
Different Types Of Peels-
After determining with the doctor the level of skin improvement you desire, the type of peel will be decided. Some of the types are
Superficial peels ? These are light peels that cause some redness and possible dryness for a few days.
Medium and deep peels ? These can result in dryness, swelling, peeling or sometimes scabbing.
Note ? Moisturisers should to be applied regularly for a few days with strict sun protection/avoidance. At first the new skin, may look pinkish but within a week's time, it will gradually blend in. Following a chemical peel, your new skin will be tighter, smoother and maybe even lighter than before it.
Advice For Chemical Peels
Stop all applications, 2 days before the treatment is to start.
Use sunscreen regularly before the start of the treatment.
If on any kind of medication, please share all details with the doctor performing the procedure.
On the day of treatment-
Do not wear any make-up on the day of the treatment.
A peel procedure can sometimes have some very short-term after-effects, so don't be alarmed if you experience redness, irritation, peeling and scabbing of skin for 1-2 days after the treatment.
Avoid direct sun exposure after the treatment. Use sun screen regularly, SPF 30+ or as advised.
Avoid saunas, steam and sunbathing for 7 days after the procedure.
You can wash your face 6-8 hours after the procedure, but we recommend using a gentle face wash.
We recommend a gap of 2 to 3 weeks between peels.
Post the procedure, remember to use a moisturizer every 6 hours for at least 3 days
Even with the most careful and conscientious treatment, acne scars may still occur.
Severe nodular and cystic acne as well as pricking of acne may result in acne scarring. Each acne lesion has the natural ability to heal itself. Every pimple results in loss or formation of tissues. The loss of tissue results in milder scars, while formation of new, thicker tissue can result in more severe scars.
Types Of Acne Scars
Ice-pick scars : The skin appears to have been pierced by a needle. They result from a deep blemish or may be caused from cystic acne.
Rolling scars: This type causes rolling or "wave-like" undulations across otherwise normal-appearing skin.
Boxcar scars : They are round or oval depressions wider than ice-pick scars. They develop as a result of tissue loss from a severe breakout. They give the skin a pitted appearance.
Hypertrophic scars (click to read more about hypertrophic scars) : They appear as firm, raised masses of tissue and are usually larger than the original acne in size.
Treatments For Acne Scars
Specific treatment procedures to minimize acne scars will be determined by your dermatologist based on -
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Severity of the scar
Type of scar
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Your opinion or preference
Dr.Shingade skin clinic- is a breakthrough painless technology that stimulates collagen and decreases unwanted pigmentation thus working on acne scars and red and brown marks left by acne.
RF pixel (Laser resurfacing) ? Laser resurfacing with a pixel is a method of treating acne scarring. Based on Unipolar RF-based technology, the Pixel tips with Micro Plasma Technology create multiple controlled, micro perforations (small holes) within small zones of thermal injury. During the procedure, just a small portion of the tissue is ablated (vaporized). The remaining tissue supplies the healing that leads to the elimination of irregular superficial pigmentation, tightening of dermal collagen and the smoothing that results from the generation of new collagen leading to scar filling.(click RF pixel for more information)
Creams and Lotions- Various creams or lotions containing retinol, vitamin C and alpha and beta hydroxy acids help in resurfacing of the scars. They are more effective in superficial scarring. These topical creams are often used as a combination with various other procedures done for scarring.
Chemical Peels - They are also effective in treating acne scars. They result in a smooth, even surface along with improving the texture of the skin. Read more
Microdermabrasion/Skin polishing ? It is a procedure that removes the superficial layer of skin helping in resurfacing of the scars, but only for superficial ones. It uses a gentle vacuum along with crystals and gently abrades the top layer of dead skin. This also stimulates collagen production and helps heal the scars. As the skin heals from the procedure, the surface appears smoother and fresher. Read more
Mesotherapy ? It is a non-surgical, relatively painless procedure wherein multiple microinjections deliver vitamins, amino acids, hyaluronic acid, etc into the skin stimulating collagen production and help in scar resurfacing. Significant improvement in the scar surface has been noticed with this procedure.
Dermaroller ? A medical micro-needling procedure that releases new collagen and elastin in the scar tissue. Thus effective in scar filling as well as rejuvenation. Mostly useful in indented or rolling scars.
Filler injections ? A cross-linked hyaluronic acid is injected beneath the skin to replace the body's natural collagen that has been lost. It is mostly useful for depressed scars like boxcars or rolling scars. Procedure can last for up to 8 ? 12 months. When done in combination with other treatments, the results can be good.
An alternative to threading, waxing, bleaching & electrolysis.
Both men and women alike are making unwanted facial and body hair a thing of the past ? thanks to the laser hair removal technology at Skin & You Clinic, Mumbai.
Cool Chill tip for Pain Free Treatments.
What are the options for hair removal?
A faster, proven, reliable and more sophisticated method for most is laser hair removal. This has been medically tested. The equipment used by Skin & You Clinic, Mumbai, is a high-powered 1064 nm Ndyag laser system that provides safety and speed; it is FDA approved. The Nd yag System can be used on all skin types and tones as well as on tanned skin.
What areas can be treated with the LASER system?
The laser can remove hair from all parts of the body ? the face, legs, arms, underarms and back. It can also treat sensitive areas like the chest, nipples, and bikini line.
How does laser hair removal work?
Firstly, laser hair removal is a medical procedure. Lasers work on the color of the hair and on its thickness. An ideal candidate would be someone with thick dark hair and light to Whitish skin color. Darker people can also benefit from this procedure but a safer technology will have to be used for them as their skin has higher amounts of melanin and is thus at a higher risk of side effects. People with very light or white hair benefit less or little from laser hair removal.
How many treatments are needed?
A number of factors affect the success of the treatment ? hair thickness, the area treated and your hair growth cycle. Interestingly, not all your hair is growing actively at the same time, and hair actually goes through three distinct phases ? growth, regression, and resting. The laser works by disabling the hair that is principally in the active growth phase at the time of treatment. Since other hairs will enter this active growth phase at different times, additional treatments may be necessary to disable all of the hair follicles in a given area. About 10-25% reduction in hair growth can be expected with each treatment. The hair that grows following the treatment tends to be lighter and finer in texture. About 6-8 treatments are generally required with ongoing maintenance in some people.
Does the laser treatment hurt?
The laser cools and soothes as it glides along your skin. When the pulse of light is delivered, some patients experience a mild pinching or stinging sensation. No local anaesthesia or pain medication is required.
Are there any restrictions after the treatment
Following the treatment, you can return to your normal activities right away, but some redness may occur for a few hours. The use of sunscreen is recommended on any treated areas exposed to the sun.
At what age can it be done
One can start as early as 16-18 years or till you have dark hair on your body. Younger girls can enjoy complete freedom from unwanted hair within a year.
Acne is a medical condition which is completely curable; the condition needs to be addressed with medications both oral and topical to prevent scarring. Its personal and social impact also needs to be discussed with the patient .it is a chronic disorder of the sebaceous (oil) glands leading to increased sebum (oil) production.
Increased seborrhoea (oil production by glands)
High bacterial load on skin
Clogging of oil glands by dirt /pollution
Hormonal influence (increased male hormone levels)
Commonly Found In
Face, back and chest (all areas rich in oil glands)
Acne manifests in the form of lesions like –
Comedones (blackheads and whiteheads)
Pustules (pus-filled lesions)
Damages Caused By Acne Are
Affects psychologically or hampers the self esteem
Triggers That Worsen Acne Include
Oil based make-up
In girls, menstruation
Squeezing or pricking of lesion
Fatty or fried food
Stress (which results in hormonal changes and hence acne)
Hormonal pills in women
Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection and reducing the inflammation or by doing all four.
The treatment of acne starts with routine skin care.
Cleansing - Using a good cleanser is the first step in the treatment of acne.
A cleanser containing alpha-hydroxy acids or beta-hydroxy acids helps remove the oil and dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, preventing the physical blockage of pores and thus acne.
Benzoyl peroxide is a good product for reducing active acne lesions and also has anti-inflammatory properties.
Topical medications - Topical medications in the forms of cream, gel, lotion, or solution are often prescribed to treat acne. Some of them are -
Systemic Retinoid like – Isotretinoin
(Note – All the drugs are to be taken only after the advice of a registered medical practitioner)
Treatments @ Skin & You Clinic For Acne -
Chemical Peel - This involves application of a medicated gel solution that decreases new acne formation, oil gland activity and acne blemishes. It also helps in resurfacing acne scars. This requires neither actual peeling nor downtime, and is painless. Read more
Micropulse Treatment – This is a non – invasive, painless relaxing procedure that encourages rapid healing and skin regeneration. It uses ultrasound to deep peel and laser to stimulate tissue repair thus decreasing spots and blemishes. Read more
Mesotherapy Treatment – This is a painless, microinjection procedure that delivers vitamins, minerals and various medications directly into the required layers of skin, thus reducing pigmentation and resurfacing acne scars.Read more
Dermaroller (Roller Lift) – This is a micro-medical needling procedure that stimulates the skin to regenerate and repair itself naturally; eventually creating a smoother, brighter skin and reduced post – acne blemishes and scarring. Read more
Skin Polishing (Microdermabrasion) – It is a procedure that uses ultraclean crystals to remove the superficial dead layer of skin, causing a decrease in blemishes and helping in scar resurfacing. Read more
Pore Cleansing Treatment – This is a combination of skin polishing followed by a marine extract mask infused with pure oxygen and enriching vitamins and minerals.
Professional peeling is an important precondition for effective skin rejuvenation. Gentle abrasion of the dead skin cells creates the ideal condition for effective nutrition to the deeper skin layers. Microdermabrasion at Skin & You Clinic, it is controlled and gentle, yet highly effective and suitable for every skin type. Immediately after a treatment, the skin looks fresh and rosy and the results improve with every treatment.
It is a process that exfoliates, polishes, and increases the lymphatic drainage of skin. It uses a gentle vacuum to bring your skin in contact with crystals that gently remove the top layer of dead skin. It can be used to help treat various skin conditions such as acne, Comedones (blackheads), and dull or rough skin. It is most commonly used on the face, but can be also used on the neck, back, and hands.
Microdermabrasion is a process that exfoliates the skin using a gentle vacuum that brings skin into contact with the crystals.
It can be used for various skin conditions like acne scars or to simply improve dull or rough skin.
Temporary redness may occur after microdermabrasion.
Microdermabrasion is a safe and effective procedure
Microdermabrasion can be used for – Skin rejuvenation, hyperkeratosis, sun light and age damaged skin, pigmentation disorders, uneven skin, stretch marks and scars.
The Procedure – Generally, a session of microdermabrasion of the face takes approximately 10 to20 minutes. It is not painful and it may feel like you are having a facial.
Prior to microdermabrasion, your face is thoroughly cleansed. The microdermabrasion head is then systematically passed over the face multiple times. Particular creams or serums are put on your face after the procedure has been completed. After microdermabrasion, your skin may appear red and this usually persists for a short time and you will notice that your skin feels soft and smooth afterwards.
ADVICE FOR MICRODERMABRASION
Please stop all applications 2 days before the day of treatment.
Use sunscreen regularly before the start of the treatment.
If you are on any kind of medication, share all details with the doctor performing the procedure.
On the day of treatment
Please do not wear any make-up on the day of treatment.
A peel procedure can sometimes have some very short-term after-effects, so don't be alarmed if you experience redness or irritation of skin for 1-2 days after the treatment.
Avoid direct sun exposure after the treatment. Use sun screen regularly, SPF 30+ or as advised.
Avoid saunas, steam and sunbathing for 7 days after the procedure.
You can wash your face 6-8 hours after the procedure, but we recommend using a gentle face wash.
We recommend a gap of 3-4 weeks between the microdermabrasions.
Avoid any applications for 3 days after the treatment
Ultraviolet radiation (UV) from the sun is composed of three wavelengths – UVA, UVB and UVC. UVA and UVB play different roles when it comes to tanning, burning, and photo aging.
About UVA Radiation
UVA is a long wavelength and accounts for up to 95 per cent of the sun's UV radiation that reaches the earth. UVA rays are long and penetrate deep into the skin. Although less intense than UVB rays, they are present through the year and depending on the time of year, can be 30 to 50 times more prevalent than UVB rays. UVA rays even penetrate glass and clouds and thus, we are constantly exposed to large doses of it. They damage the skin causing wrinkling, sagging and premature aging; also playing a role in skin cancer.
About UVB Radiation
UVB is in the middle range of the UV spectrum. It is responsible for burning, tanning, accelerating skin aging and also plays a key role in the development of skin cancer. UVB tends to cause damage in more superficial skin layers and its intensity varies by season, location and time of day. The most significant amount of UVB hits between 10 am and 4 pm. UVB rays do not penetrate glass. Overexposure to it causes tough, leathery pigmented skin and uneven texture.
About UVC Radiation
UVC is completely absorbed by the ozone layer and does not affect the skin.
Direct sun exposure between 10 am to 4 pm should be avoided.
Sunscreen And Its Uses
Sunscreen is the most valuable cosmetic product that one can use regularly to prevent early sun damage of the skin.
The sun produces both UVA and UVB radiations which can cause sun tan, sunburn on exposed areas. A single exposure can lead to painful, red sunburned skin. Long term sun exposure can cause photo aging, wrinkles, freckles, age spots and a change in the texture of the skin. A sunscreen is essential for all age groups. A good sunscreen should be a combination of chemical blockers such as salicylates, cinnamates and physical blockers such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.
A Good Sunscreen
A good sunscreen should be cosmetically acceptable for the patient's compliance.
It should be broad spectrum and protect against both UVA and UVB.
It should have a combination of chemical and physical blockers.
It should have components that are not known irritants or allergens.
It should be waterproof.
A good sunscreen can be non-comedogenic and also cost-effective.
Sunscreen And Skin Types
For oily skin, use lightweight waterproof, sweat-proof, non-comedogenic, oil-free and paraben-free sunscreens.
For dry skin, use melting texture, colourless sunscreens that leave neither oily film nor white traces; they should be non-comedogenic and photostable.
When To Use Sunscreen
A sunscreen should be used through the year and not only in summer months. It is a myth, that sun protection is not needed on a cloudy day; such a day will only have 20% less UV radiation. High in the snowy mountains or on sun-kissed beaches, severe sunburn occurs, and in such cases one needs a sunscreen with higher SPF. Even when you are indoors for long periods or commuting by cars, sunscreen is essential as UVA rays penetrate through window glass.
Other Methods Of Photo Protection
Wear loose and dry cotton clothing.
Avoid peak sun between 10 am to 4 pm.
Use sun glasses and a broad brimmed hat.
Use foundations or face powders that have SPF, thus providing marginal protection.
Avoid perfumes as the psoralens in them can react with the sun leading to pigmentation; instead spray it onto clothes.
SPF And Its Significance
SPF denotes the length of time you can safely stay in the sun without getting redness or sunburn. SPF of 30 or higher is recommended. Sunscreen should be applied at least 15 to 20 minutes before exposure and reapplied every 2-3 hours. SPF does not indicate tan prevention.
Labels On A Sunscreen
Broad spectrum – Protects against both UVA and UVB
Water-resistant – Retains the SPF even after 30 to 40 minutes of water immersion
MYTHS ABOUT SUN AND SKIN
MYTH 1 – I don't need a sunscreen in the morning
UVA and UVB rays hit their peak between 10 am and 4 pm. UVA rays are present whenever it's light outside, even in the morning or late afternoon, during the winter or on cloudy days. So a sunscreen is always required.
MYTH 2 – If I wear a sunscreen of SPF 70, I need not worry
Protection offered by higher SPFs is minimal – - SPF 15 screens 93% of the sun's UVB rays, SPF 30 protects 97% and SPF 50 protects against 98%. Seeing a broad spectrum on the bottle of a sunscreen is more important as it provides protection against both UVA and UVB rays.
MYTH 3 – Water-resistant means "waterproof"
Sunscreen isn't waterproof, it is water-resistant, which means a dip in the water won't wash it off but will enable it to stay on longer than regular sunscreens. Also, it will not stay on the whole day after you've taken a plunge in the water and towelled off. Thus, it needs to be reapplied so as to having continued effect.
MYTH 4 – I need direct sunlight for Vitamin D
Long-term sun exposure is neither a safe nor an efficient way to boost Vitamin D intake. Only the early morning sun, between 7 and 9.30 am for just 15 minutes is good and safe for Vitamin D production. Efficient and healthy levels of Vitamin D can be obtained through a diet rich in it as well.
Treatment For Sun Damaged Skin
Micro pulse treatment
Gel peels /chemical peels
Botox and fillers
Human skin color is primarily due to the presence of melanin in the skin. Skin color ranges from almost black to white with a pinkish tinge due to blood vessels underneath.
Pigmented skin can be oily, dry, normal or combination.
Pigmentation can be classified into epidermal (superficial), dermal (deep), and mixed.
Excessive skin pigmentation can be caused by UV exposure, hormones, skin trauma.
The mode of treatment used will be determined by the type of pigmentation, patient preference, and patient risk tolerance.
UV protection/sunscreen is paramount in the treatment of pigmentation.
Different treatments are used for different types of skin pigmentation and skin types, like lasers and lightening creams.
Tip – For cleansing use a mild cleanser containing lightening and brightening agents, do not use cleansers that are harsh on the skin as they tend to dry the facial skin.
Tip – Use moisturisers containing glycolic acid with topical Vitamin C & E, and niacinamide containing creams.
Tip – Skin lightening agents or cosmeceuticals containing kojic acid, licorice, hydroquinone can also be used but only under supervision of the physician.