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Kidney Stones Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Corn Removal Procedure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Varicose Vein Laser Treatment
Hernia Repair Surgery
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Treatment Of Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dvt
Male Breast Reduction Treatment
Prostate Laser Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Treatment of Bone Marrow Transplantation
Vascular Surgery Treatment
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Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin in the male genitalia. This procedure is common for newly born baby boys. However, the procedure is widely popular due to religious and cultural traditions, but it is only recommended when it is medically necessary.
Why it is Done
Circumcision is a religious or spiritual culture for Islamic and Jewish families. It can be a matter of personal hygiene or preventive health care.
Sometimes it can also be performed in case of some medical needs like urinary tract infections, penile problems, or if the foreskin of penis is too tight to be retracted. It also decreases the chances of sexually transmitted disease or penile cancer.
There are some health benefits of circumcision. For example:
Genital hygiene becomes simpler.
UTI risk reduction.
Penile cancer risk reduction.
STD risks, both male-to-female and female-to-male reduction.
Prevents balanitis, phimosis or paraphimosis.
Procedure of Circumcision:
When the right procedure is followed, circumcision is more than just a snip to the foreskin. Here are the basic steps of the procedure:
Topical anesthesia is administered.
The foreskin is separated from the glans (in case of a younger person).
Dead cells holding the foreskin and glans together (smegma) is removed.
Foreskin is put back in position, covering the glans.
The foreskin is then snipped with scissors on the upper part.
Another snip is made on the underside.
The foreskin at the rim of the coronal groove is cut.
The edges of the foreskin are stretched.
Absorbable stitches are used to tie blood vessels.
Edges of the foreskin are suture to complete the procedure.
This process is beneficial. However, aftercare must be taken very seriously to avoid further injury or infection.
Post Circumcision Recovery:
The recovery time after circumcision is at least 7-10 days. People can take up to a month to heal from the wounds. Here are the things to keep in mind:
It can take up to 24 hours for light bleeding to stop and normal urination abilities to return.
During this time the patient needs to be at rest and not participate in activities such as sports and avoid transport.
The lubricating dressing falls off on its own in 24 hours. It should not be removed with force.
Antibiotics and pain relief medicines should be taken as prescribed.
Cosmetic products must be avoided for a week.
Tight-fitting clothes must be avoided. Loose clothes should be ready for the patient to wear after surgery.
Sex and masturbation must be avoided until total healing, which may take up to two months.
Plenty of water must be consumed to avoid acidic urination that can cause a burning sensation.
For the first two weeks, spicy food should be avoided in order to ensure bowel movement is normal and does not strain on the area where surgery was performed.
If not done from a certified medical surgeon, circumcision can be risky in the following ways:
Injury to the penis.
Entrapment of penis in scar tissues.
Circumcision, therefore, must be performed if it is required due to health reasons, and only by a certified surgeon, following the proper medical procedures.
Colorectal surgery is the broad term for surgical procedures performed on the colon, the rectum and the anus. There are various different surgical procedures which fall under colorectal surgery and these are used to treat a vast array of disorders, such as:
- Anal cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Severe complications related to constipation
- Anal injuries
- Inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract
- Congenital defects
- Procedures: The surgeries under colorectal surgery are performed after diagnostic tests such as proctoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and defecating proctography. The most common diagnostic test is colonoscopy. These help to identify the origin and nature of the problem and decide which surgical procedure is to be followed. The procedures under colorectal surgery are as follows:
- Colectomy: This procedure involves removal of a section of the large intestine. This is known as partial colectomy. In extreme cases, such as advanced cancer or severe gastrointestinal infection, the entire colon is removed and this is called total colectomy. Sometimes, the rectum is also taken out along with the colon and this is called proctocolectomy.
- Colonic polypectomy: An abnormal growth of tissues in the inner lining of an organ is known as a polyp. Colonic polypectomy is done to eliminate polyps from the colon and rectum before they become malignant. This can be done endoscopically. Surgery is required in case of large polyps.
- Strictureplasty: Chronic or repeated bowel inflammation causes scar tissue to accumulate in the large intestine. This results in the narrowing of the colon. Stricturoplasty removes the scar tissue so that proper flow of digestive contents is resumed.
- Colostomy or Ileostomy: A damaged section of the colon is removed and the shortened intestine is then attached to another opening (stoma) in the anterior wall of the abdomen.
- Hemorrhoidectomy: This surgical process is used for swollen hemorrhoids or blood vessels, which form in the anal canal. Hemorrhoidectomy is extremely effective in removing hemorrhoids, but the surgery also involves a number of complications.
- Anoplasty: Anoplasty or imperforate anus correction is done to correct birth defects in the rectum and the anus. The structural flaw does not allow the stool to pass properly from the rectum and so it is repaired through surgery.
There are many kinds of conditions and symptoms that require different kinds of surgery for treatment as well as diagnostic management. One such procedure is called a laparoscopy or the laparoscopic surgery. This is a surgical diagnostic management procedure that is known to be a low risk process with minimal invasion and suitable for various types of ailments. Read on to know everything about laparoscopic surgeries.
- Definition: A laparoscopic surgery is one where small incisions are made and an instrument called a laparoscope is used in order to take a look at the organs in the abdominal region. This tool is a long tube shaped one that comes with its own high intensity light and a high resolution camera that can easily move along the walls of the organs while the camera sends back imagery that will be displayed on a video screen in front of the doctor. This avoids the need for an open surgery and helps the doctors in getting samplesfor a biopsy on an outpatient basis.
- Need for Laparoscopy: This procedure is performed when the patient complains of persistent pain that is also sharp and shooting, in the abdomen region and surrounding areas like the pelvic cavity. This non-invasive method helps in diagnosis where other imaging methods like an ultrasound and CT or MRI scans would have failed to give a conclusive reason for the pain and suffering of the patient. When these tests do not supply enough reason for proper diagnosis, then the doctors usually resort to this kind of procedure.
- The Organs it can be used for: The laparoscopic surgery can be used for many organs including the appendix as well as the gall bladder, the pelvic region and the reproductive organs, the small and large intestines, the spleen, the stomach, the liver and the pancreas.
- What all can it Detect: The laparoscopic surgery can help in detecting a number of issues including any abnormal growth or mass that may be a tumour. It can also point at the presence of any disease in the liver, as well as the proper functioning of certain treatments. Also, it can show the amount of fluid that may or may not be present in the abdominal cavity and the extent of cancer's progression in the body.
- Risks: There are a few side effects or risks of this method including fever, chills, swelling, bleeding or redness of the site where the incision was made for the surgery, and shortness of breath. All these symptoms must be reported to the doctor immediately as they may point at the presence of an infection. Also, there is a risk of organ damage in this procedure.