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Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Skin Care Treatment
Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Weight Management Treatment
Piles Treatment (Non Surgical)
Sexually Transmitted Disease (Std) Treatment
Cysts Removal Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Corn Removal Procedure
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What proper treatment should be taken by a patient if he is suffering from a viral disease like common cold?
My age is 25 and weight is 68 kgs and height is 165 cms How to reduce my belly fat and choose diet for slimming?
He is suffering with diabetes and don't want to leave sweets. How can I manage the things? Please help me.
I have a dark spots and pimples on face. What can I do for this problem? Please suggest me, simple and natural ways to reduce pimples and spot.
I have a doubt related to miscarriage. What is difference between incomplete abortion and miscarriage.
Hello. I am dipali. And I m 17 years old, my mother is a diabetic patient. Her sugar level is about 200-300 so. What she have to do?
I was suffering from small pox a few months ago. However it has cured but left behind scars all over my face. To get rid of the marks, I used a bleach to lighten the scar marks but stopped use of it as it caused skin irritation. The cream was not prescribed by the doctor but got from a medical store. After a month since I stopped the use of the cream, I noticed that pimples came out all over my face and made my face look worse than before. Is it any kind of side effects of use of the bleach? Now what should I do to get rid of the marks and pimples?
My age is 42 years & my weight is around 92 KGS for past 10 years with no health related complications I prefer veg mostly, what dietary changes I require to maintain myself.
I am a 15 year old female. I am suffering from chicken pox since a month. That seems really strange! My body scabs have been cleared. But my face scabs have not cleared yet. I am really worried. It is disturbing my study routine. What should I do?
I have sinusitis problem since 8 years. Worsening day by day. Can I use castor oil for hair growth? does it exacerbate the problem?
I have just removed all my hairs because or dandroug bt still there is dandrough on my head. I am not able to understand why it is though there are no hairs on my head.
I am a +2 student and I am 18 years old. Now I am over 90 kg. So I need some advice to reduce my weight. I am not a chubby type. I have 178 cm height. How much weight should I reduce? Which diet should I follow (I a from kerala? Is there any medicine which help to reduce weight out there in pharmacy (without side effects? Thanks for the reply sir/madam.
I would like to follow a healthy exercise in daily life in daily morning. Which will be most suitable for me. I would like to develop both mental and physical capacity.
Hello doctor I am 26 years old, I hav black spots below my right eye which is 6-7 years old and it doesn't remove with home remedies. Please please please please suggest me what should I do for itas I belong to middle class family.
The bladder is a hollow storage organ that collects urine from the kidneys and stores it until it can be passed out of the body through the urethra during the process of micturition or urination. It has a thin inner lining of cells called urothelial cells and a thick muscular wall, which exerts pressure to push the urine out of the body.
Causes of Bladder Tumors
In most cases, the bladder tumor develops on the inner layer due to a combination of some of the following factors.
1. Hereditary: A strong family history of cancer predisposes a person to cancer.
2. Gender: Men are 3 times more prone for bladder cancer than women.
3. Ethnicity: White people are more prone for bladder cancer black people.
4. Smoking: Smokers develop bladder cancer 2-6 times more frequently than non-smokers. cigarettes contain toxic, carcinogenic substances which reach the kidney and are stored in the bladder, leading to their damage.
5. Occupational hazards: Some workplaces have a higher likelihood of causing bladder cancers, especially dye and rubber industries. The effects can be damaging, and the person may develop cancers years after the exposure has happened.
6. Recurrent bladder infections: In some people, this can also lead to bladder cancer in the long run.
Types of Bladder Tumor
Depending on the extent of the cancerous spread, it can be of two types:
1. Non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors: The tumor spread is limited to the inner part of the bladder (urothelial cells)
2. Muscle-invasive bladder tumor: The tumor has spread to the thick muscular outer layer. This is more advanced and prognosis is poor compared to the noninvasive type.
The most common and diagnostic symptom of bladder cancer is the presence of blood in the urine, known as hematuria. This will be intermittent and happens whenever the tumor bleeding happens. Other symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen and frequent urination.
From the most noninvasive to the most invasive diagnostic test, these include:
1. Urine microscopy to detect cancer cells in the urine
2. Cystoscopy A tube inserted into the urethra to look into the inner wall of the bladder is highly diagnostic
3. Ultrasound, CT Scan, and biopsy can also be further used to identify severity of the tumor.
Once the tumor is diagnosed, treatment would depend on the severity of the tumor. For both invasive and noninvasive tumors, definitive therapy is surgery, known as transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). The cancerous bladder tissue is removed through a cystoscope as done for diagnosis. The bladder is then flushed with chemotherapy agent to kill any residual cancer cells in the bladder. This is then followed by BCG vaccine, which is again done 1 to 4 weeks for several months to avoid recurrence. In some cases, radiotherapy may also be included.