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Has your child been coughing frequently? Is the cough chronic in nature, making your child breathe rapidly and does he/she complain about a tightened chest? These symptoms signify that your child is having asthma. Asthma is a medical condition characterized by paroxysmal wheezing respiration dyspnoea. It is common in children and an affected child experiences difficulty in breathing, and a whizzing sound is produced, especially during expiration. Asthma may lead to severe health complications and needs immediate diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis of asthma is based on the symptoms, medical history and a physical examination of the child.
The different modes of asthma diagnosis are as follows:
- Medical history and symptoms: You must tell the doctor about any history of breathing trouble with your child or whether there are chances of other inherited health conditions. You must explain your child's symptoms properly, which may include coughing, wheezing, chest pain or tightness and others if observed.
- Physical examination: A physical exam will be carried out in your child where the doctor will listen to his heart and lungs, and look for eye or nose allergies.
- Medical tests: A chest X-ray of the child has to be carried out, along with a simple lung function test known as spirometry. This test measures the amount of air present in the lungs and determines how fast it can be exhaled. Spirometry enables a doctor to determine the severity of the asthma. Some other tests are also carried out for the identification of asthma triggers. They include allergy skin testing, blood tests and X-rays to know if sinus infections are affecting the asthma. An asthma test determines the amount of nitric oxide in your child's breath.
Treatment: Based on your child's severity of asthma symptoms and his medical history, the doctor will provide you with an action plan to treat the same. This action plan explains all the medications your child requires, the dosage and schedule of the medicines. The plan also includes points on what to do when the asthma worsens and when an emergency treatment is required. Anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to children who require bronchodilator medication. All asthma medicines used by adults can be used in case of children but in lower dosages.
You should give the asthma medications to your child using a home nebulizer or a breathing machine. A nebulizer delivers asthma drugs by transforming them from liquid to a mist. The child gets the drug by breathing it via a face mask.
In order to control and manage asthma in children, they must avoid the triggers and should keep away from any source of smoke. A doctor must be consulted to know about the best diagnosis and treatment methods.
I am 58 year female having diabetes for the last 6 years hba 1 c is 9 taking human mixtard 15 unit morning and 25 unit at night and amaryl 1 mg at night shal I increase my amaryl dose ?
What is the range of difference in reading of blood sugar taken at home on glucometer and in the lab?
I am sleeping for more than 12 hrs a day for last 3 days and still feeling very much tired. Is there something wrong with me?
Mere face par red color ke bade bade pimple nikal rhe he. Mene bahut ilaj karvaya but mujhe koi fayda nhi hua. Kya koi iska permanent treatmnt batayenge pls me inse bahut pareshan ho gaya hu. Me inki vajah se college bhi nhi ja pa rha hu mujhe bahut bura feel hota h. Abhi iska homeopathy treat. Chal rha h pichle two months se pls rply.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the initial infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV)
Symptoms; itchy inflamed pimples that spread to rest of the body fever headache and fatigue
Measles; caused by measles virus
Symptoms; runny nose fever and white spots inside the mouth followed by red rashes
Mumps: caused by mumps virus
Symptoms; muscle pain fever exhaustion and headache followed by swelling of one of both parotid glands
I have a problem in my heart, in my heart there is a little bit pinching since the last two days, what should I do?
From past 3-4 days some amount of mucus is coming along with the stool with blood also. abdominal pain is also in my body please guide me how to get treated and what to do in this situation and what not.
I'm 20 years old guy. A wired question as I want to know about this. Why does we get dreams at night or anytime? What is its reason? And my problem related to this is I'm already committed to someone. And I don't think of any other person so the problem lies here is that in my dream a person like any lady or girl comes in my dream like which whom I know but not personally as anyone staying in my locality I never think about that person nor I interact with them. They come in my dreams and in dreams I see I'm intimating with them and I have a nightfall like before my sperms get out I wake up and rush to washroom so please can anyone tell me what is the reason behind this? What is the solution? Please do suggest.
I have been suffering from leg pain for a long time. I had visited a doctor and he gave me some vitamins d3 tablet as my vitamin d3 level is very low. It is 16. But the pain doesn't go. I have no strength in my legs. Is it a neuro problem? Or other. What should I do?
Sir do excess masturbation leads to excess sweat? Actually I masturbate everyday and I sweat alot is it due to masturbation?
Epilepsy is a common illness and therefore, we commonly encounter women with epilepsy (WWE), who are either pregnant or contemplating pregnancy. There are a lot of apprehensions and misconceptions regarding managing epilepsy in this group of WWE. Here, I wish to highlight some of the important aspects of managing epilepsy in women who are planning a pregnancy or are currently pregnant.
1. If a woman is seizure-free for at least two years, she can consider withdrawing anti-epileptic drugs (aeds) under the supervision of neurologist, and then plan for pregnancy.
2. If a woman has seizures, it is better to continue aeds during pregnancy, as the risk to the baby is several times higher with seizures, as compared to that with aeds.
3. Sodium valproate has the highest risk to the developing baby, and it should be avoided in pregnancy.
4. Aeds such as levetiracetam, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, topiramate, etc are safe and may be continued during pregnancy.
5. The lowest effective dose of aed should be used.
6. Try to use only a single anti-epileptic drug, if possible.
7. Folic acid vitamin supplements should be used in pregnancy.
8. The dose of anti-epileptic medication may have to be increased during the last three months of pregnancy.
9. Ct scan of the brain should be avoided, as far as possible, during pregnancy, as radiation exposure due to it may harm the baby.
10. Mri brain is reasonably safe for baby, especially after the first three months of pregnancy. So, if needed, it may be performed.