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Dr. P. K. Sharma

Neurologist, Pune

400 at clinic
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Dr. P. K. Sharma Neurologist, Pune
400 at clinic
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. P. K. Sharma
Dr. P. K. Sharma is an experienced Neurologist in Sadashiv peth, Pune. He is currently associated with Poona Hospital & Research Centre in Sadashiv peth, Pune. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. P. K. Sharma on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Neurologists from across India. You will find Neurologists with more than 29 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Neurologists online in Pune and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Hindi

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Poona Hospital & Research Centre

Plot No 27, Sadashiv Peth. Landmark: Near Alka Talkies, PunePune Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Brain Surgery - Reasons When You Need It!

MCh Neurosurgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Guwahati
Brain Surgery - Reasons When You Need It!

Brain surgery involves several medical procedures, which incorporate fixing issues with the brain, including changes in the tissues of the brain, cerebrospinal fluid and brain blood flow. Brain surgery is quite a complicated method of surgery and the type of surgery to be conducted depends on the underlying conditions.

Reasons for Brain Surgery:
Brain surgery is performed for the correction of physical brain abnormalities. These abnormalities could occur because of diseases, birth defects and injuries. A brain surgery is required when the following conditions arise in the brain:

  1. Abnormal blood vessels
  2. Aneurysm
  3. Bleeding
  4. Blood clots in the brain
  5. When the protective tissue or dura is damaged
  6. Epilepsy
  7. Due to nerve damage
  8. Parkinson's disease
  9. Any kind of pressure after an injury
  10. Abscesses
  11. Skull fractures
  12. In case of stroke and tumors

A surgery may not be required for all the above mentioned conditions, but in case of many, a brain surgery is very important as the conditions may worsen health problems.

Types of brain surgeries:

  1. Craniotomy: During this open brain surgery, an incision is made in the scalp, and a hole is created in the skull, near the area, which is being treated. After this process is complete, the hole or bone flap is secured in its place using plates or wires.
  2. Biopsy: This form of brain surgery helps in the removal of a small amount of brain tissues or tumors. After removal, the tissues or tumors are examined under a microscope. The creation of a small incision and a hole in the skull is indicated as a part of this process.
  3. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: This form of brain surgery enables the removal or lesions and tumors via the nose and sinuses. Private parts of the brain can be accessed without creating an incision. An endoscope is utilized in the process which is used to examine tumors all across the brain.
  4. Minimally Invasive neuroendoscopy: This process is similar to the minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery. This method also involves the use of an endoscope for removal of brain tumors. Small, dime sized holes may be made in the skull to access some brain parts.

Risks:
Brain surgeries may be associated with several risks. They may be:

  1. Allergic reactions to anesthesia
  2. Bleeding
  3. Blood clot formations
  4. Swelling of the brain
  5. A state of coma
  6. Impairment in speech, coordination and vision.
  7. Problems in memory
  8. Strokes and seizures
  9. Infections in the brain

A brain surgery is a serious and very complex surgery. There are different kinds of brain surgeries, which are conducted depending on the condition and severity of the disease. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Neurosurgeon.

3231 people found this helpful

I am suffering from migraine so what are the precautions to be taken by me in order to control migraine.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Avoid triggers. If certain foods or odors seem to have triggered your migraines in the past, avoid them. Reduce your caffeine and alcohol intake and avoid tobacco. In general, establish a daily routine with regular sleep patterns and regular meals. In addition, try to control stress. Exercise regularly. Regular aerobic exercise reduces tension and can help prevent migraines. If your doctor agrees, choose any aerobic exercise you enjoy, including walking, swimming and cycling. Warm up slowly, however, because sudden, intense exercise can cause headaches. Obesity is also thought to be a factor in migraine headaches, and regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight or lose weight.
1 person found this helpful
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My head is aching continuously from the past week. What are the symptoms of migraine?

MD(EH)/AM/Accupressure
Acupressurist, Chandigarh
My head is aching continuously from the past week. What are the symptoms of migraine?
Are you feeling one sided pain and nausea etc. let me know the details first. At present you may take Belladona 200 thrice a day only three drops in water.
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Daily Exercise lowers risk of Alzheimer's

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Daily Exercise lowers risk of Alzheimer's

It has been proven that older adults who burn calories in moderate physical activities like jogging swimming gardening and dancing are likely to have lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease

Exercise-associated calorie burn can increase the level of grey matter volume in key brain areas which are responsible for memory enabling the active adults to protect their brain from cognitive decline

My father is 70 years old and suffering with alzheimer's Dementia. Brain screening is done and they say that it's shrinkage to brain. So no surgery is applicable but tablets course of Nuhenz, Alzil 5/5 is going on. He was stable but nowadays it is observed that he is urinating at any time without consent at any place. What to do? It can be stopped?

DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Hyderabad
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disease in which brain tissue shrink and degenerate with time and it is not treatable. Only during initial few years some symptomatic treatment may be helpful. Urine problem usually occurs gradually towards late stage of disease. It is difficult to treat. You may take terol la for some symptomatic releif of urine problem. Better take help of your neurologist.
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I am 24 years old my hands shake whenever I tempered or angry on some one. Sometimes without any reason it shakes. Tell me what to do for that ?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
It seems as per your symptom you r having anxiety neurosis and the best tratment is to build your self confidence.
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What are the signs and symptoms of friedreich's ataxia. And please explain the defect in chromosome number 9. And please describe both symptoms and signs with suitable diagrams. And. Available treatment.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
What are the signs and symptoms of friedreich's ataxia. And please explain the defect in chromosome number 9. And ple...
Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system. It manifests in initial symptoms of poor coordination such as gait disturbance; it can also lead to scoliosis, ( bending of spine ) heart disease and diabetes, but does not affect cognitive function. It is due to gene change in chromosome 9
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Know Its Causes And Treatment!!

DNB (Respiratory disease), Fellowship Bronchoscopy, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Ahmedabad
Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Know Its Causes And Treatment!!

What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a medical condition in which the patient's breathing is obstructed for brief periods of time. Normally, air flows into the lungs at all times. But for a person suffering from OSA condition, the breathing pattern is hampered and the flow of the air is restricted. The flow of air stops because the airway space may be very narrow. Snoring is the biggest symptom of obstructive sleep apnea.

Symptoms-

All the symptoms that you might be experiencing due to lack of sleep will be experienced through OSA. They are periods where there is a decreased oxygen supply to the brain and as a result, you will be experiencing a disturbed sleep throughout the night. Some of the other symptoms can include headaches, forgetfulness, and drowsiness. Depression, hyperactivity and swelling in legs and daytime drowsiness are other common symptoms that can be associated with it.

Causes-

OSA is common in people who are overweight and people who suffer from obesity. There are 3 major types of sleep apnea.

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea: This is the most common type where the airway becomes narrowed or blocked.
  2. Central sleep apnea: There is no blockage involved, but the brain does not give out any signal to breath.
  3. Mixed sleep apnea: This is a combination of both - obstructive and central sleep apnea.

The other factors that can cause OSA can include children with large tonsils, large tongue, and certain heart diseases.

Diagnosis-

A diagnosis of sleep apnea begins with a complete history and physical examination. Your snoring patterns are analyzed and how rested your body is being taken into account. The doctor will also examine your head and neck to identify any physical factors that may be associated with sleep apnea. Mostly you might be asked to take a test at one of the sleep centers to identify your sleep patterns. The results would be analyzed for better identification of the treatment.

Treatment-

Positive Airways Pressure Therapy, or PAP therapy, can prevent or reduce the serious health consequences of OSA. PAP therapy helps people with all levels of OSA, from mild to severe. It is most common therapy for OSA.

There are different forms of PAP therapy. All forms of PAP help keeping the airway open during the night. These devices provide a stream of air through a mask you wear while you sleep. The airstream prevents your airway from closing, so you don't stop breathing and wake up during the night.

The mask must fit and make a seal in order to keep throat open. A good mask seal will prevent air leaks and maintain the right level of air pressure. The amount of air pressure needed is different for each person.

PAP is usually the first form of treatment for OSA. There are other treatments for OSA. You can talk to your health care provider about which treatment is right for you.  

If you are overweight, weight loss can help improve or eliminate your OSA. Oral appliances will use to treat mild to moderate OSA. They fit over the teeth and are worn during sleep. People with OSA may have surgery to reduce the tissue in their throats or to help them lose weight. Lifetyle of behavioral changes, such as quitting smoking or not drinking alcohol, can also help treat OSA. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.

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