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Sleeve Gastrectomy Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
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Laparoscopic Diaphgramatic Hernia Repair
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There are many kinds of conditions and symptoms that require different kinds of surgery for treatment as well as diagnostic management. One such procedure is called a laparoscopy or the laparoscopic surgery. This is a surgical diagnostic as well as therapeutic management procedure that is known to be done with minimal invasion and suitable for various types of ailments.
Read on to know everything about laparoscopic surgeries.
· Definition: A laparoscopic surgery is one where small incisions are made and an instrument called a laparoscope is used in order to take a look at the organs in the abdominal region. This tool is a long tube shaped one that comes with its own high intensity light and a high resolution camera that can easily move along the walls of the organs while the camera sends back imagery that will be displayed on a video screen in front of the doctor. This avoids the need for an open surgery and helps the patients recover quickly from surgery due to minimal pain and bloodloss.
· Need for Laparoscopy: This procedure is performed when the patient complains of various abdominal ailements and surrounding areas like the pelvic cavity. It is effectively used in various abdominal problems like gallstones, appendix, removal of various abdominal organs
· The Organs it can be also be used for: The laparoscopic surgery can be used for many organs including, the pelvic region and the reproductive organs, the small and large intestines, the spleen, the stomach, the liver and the pancreas.
· What all can it Detect: The laparoscopic surgery can help in detecting a number of issues including any abnormal growth or mass that may be a tumour. It can also point at the presence of any infectious diseases like tuberculosis. Also, it can show the amount of fluid that may or may not be present in the abdominal cavity and the extent of cancer's progression in the body.
Surgery using a laparoscope is the most common way to remove the gallbladder. A laparoscope is a thin, lighted tube that lets the doctor see inside our belly. It is a minimally invasive surgery in which small incisions and specialized tools are used to remove a diseased or infected gallbladder.
The gall bladder is a small organ that sits right under the liver and is credited with bile storage, which can help the body in breaking down various kinds of fats that enter it. So, what all do you need to know about this operation? Read this list.
Reasons for Gall Bladder Operation: The gall bladder is not a very efficient organ. It can lead to blockages and choking as the bile it stores can become very thick and difficult to handle. Also, this bile can start to harbour deposits that are hard ball like substances, usually known as gall bladder stones. The size of these stones can vary from the size of a grain to the size of a golf ball.
Further, these gall bladder stones can cause infections which can lead to symptoms like nausea, vomiting, bloating and more. Another reason can also be the gall bladder disease known as chloelithiasis, which can cause abdominal pain. Inflammation in the pancreas, also known as pancreatitis, can lead to gall bladder open removal surgery.
Risk: While the gall bladder removal surgery is usually considered a safe one, with little or no complications, there are risks attached to this surgery too. These include sudden and excessive bleeding and the creation of blood clots, allergic reactions to the drugs used as well as anaesthesia, blood vessel damage, accelerated heart rate which leads to an increased risk of contracting a heart attack or heart disease, infections, inflammation or swelling in the pancreas, and injuries caused to the bile duct during surgery.
You might also need this type of surgery if you have the following:
1. biliary dyskinesia, which occurs when the gallbladder doesn't fill or empty correctly due to a defect
2. choledocholithiasis, which occurs when gallstones move to the bile duct and potentially cause a blockage that prevents the gallbladder from draining
3. cholecystitis, which is an inflammation of the gallbladder
4. pancreatitis, which is an inflammation of the pancreas
Preparation: To prepare for your gall bladder removal surgery, the doctor may ask you to have a prescription fluid so that your bowels are flushed clean. You may also be asked to fast for at least six hours before the surgery so that there is no hindrance to the same. Also, the use of an antibacterial soap to bathe is usually prescribed so that the risk of contracting infections decreases.
While this surgery can be a simple one, you will have to take due care after the surgery to ensure that the recovery is fast and virtually pain free.
Obesity and low self esteem leading to depression because of it are problems that are increasing in many people around India in young population. Besides leading to an appearance that is less than ideal, it can also lead to severe health problems like diabetes, polycystic ovarian disease(pcod), joint pains, heart disease,and more. While there are many ways to combat being overweight with the help of exercise, a proper diet and even medication, when they don’t work and in very severe cases of obesity; they can also be fixed with a surgical process known as Bariatric Surgery.
- Affecting the Digestive Process: As per the normal digestive process, the food moves into the digestive tract while its nutrients get collected with the help of a well functioning system that includes digestive juices and enzymes. This food moves through the digestive tract, passing through the oesophagus, before it goes down into the stomach where it meets the strong digestive acids which break it down, and then it enters the small intestine. While the stomach can hold three pints of food at a time, there is a chance that some of this food may not get properly digested in the small intestine. In this case, the food enters the large intestine. Now, Bariatric Surgery helps in restricting the amount of food that a person can have and hold in the first place.
- The Process: This surgical procedure may be carried out by cutting the part of stomach and removing a portion of the same. This is called as Sleeve surgery. When this procedure also re routes the small intestine into the gastric pouch or the small stomach pouch its called as gastric bypass. This process is always done with laparoscopic route where a few small incisions will be used to insert a tiny camera and instruments for the process.
- Ideal Candidates: If your BMI or body mass index is more than 37, then you can opt for this kind of surgery, as mere dieting and exercising will not help you in your weight loss endeavour. This surgery can also help in preventing the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patient also has to have reached the normal adult height in order to qualify for this surgery. For obese people with diseases like diabetes, thyroid, PCOD, joint pains, backache the BMI cut off is 32.5
Once you undergo the surgery, it is important to commit to a proper diet with less food intake and proper exercise besides taking regular micro nutrient supplements on a lifelong basis.