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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Mere pichle 8 Dino se time aa rha h phle do tin din to bilkul dire dire aaya pr jyada aa rha h to isme koi problem vali bat to nhi kya muje doctor ko dikaha chahiye.
Breast Reconstruction refers to a surgical procedure used for restoring a woman’s breast to a normal shape and size, either after mastectomy, which involves removal of entire breast or after lumpectomy, when a part of the breast is removed. The reconstruction is done by using a patient’s own tissue or by using implants.
Breast Reconstruction is considered to be an integral part of the healing and recovery process but it’s not an ideal option for everyone. The most important thing is that the reconstructive efforts should not cause interference or complicate breast cancer treatment.
When is breast reconstruction done?
Breast Reconstruction can be done at different times, mainly depending on what would ideally work for a particular situation of a candidate affected by cancer. It is generally conducted at the same time as mastectomy surgery, which involves removal of entire breast. This is known as immediate reconstruction. Right after the removal of breast by the breast cancer surgeon, reconstruction is conducted by the plastic surgeon, either with tissue from any other location on a woman’s body or with an implant. Only one surgery is required to get all these things done.
Immediate reconstruction is not always possible if additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy is required. Under those circumstances, a surgeon would recommend that one should wait till all these treatments are finished before going ahead with the reconstruction. A patient might also get recommendation, wherein a surgeon might opt to conduct partial reconstruction and conduct the other part after chemotherapy.
Factors influencing the timing of reconstruction
- Stage of Cancer: Stage I or stage II breast cancer patients who choose mastectomy, where they prefer removal of entire breast, are less likely to require radiation or any other treatment. These candidates are ideal for immediate reconstruction. In case of stage III or stage IV patients, for whom radiation therapy is mandatory due to the size of the cancer, doctors might recommend to delay reconstruction till all other cancer treatments are completed.
- Facilities or availability of experts in a particular area: Women might look to delay reconstruction till they find surgeons with expertise in this field. Otherwise it’s a risky proposition.
- Time for making a decision: The time a woman takes in order to take a decision regarding mastectomy or lumpectomy is a major factor which influences, when exactly the reconstruction surgery would be conducted. Thinking long-term is always desirable than to opt for something which would only give you relief for a short duration.
- Overall health: If a woman has diabetes, circulatory problems or any other disorder, the doctor might want her to recover completely from entire breast removal process, before going for reconstruction.
Risks associated with breast reconstruction
Breast Reconstruction Risks are mainly dependent on existing medical problems of patients. Patients would be at high risk for complications if they have diabetes, excess body weight and high blood pressure. Women who have had lumpectomy and radiation therapy done to their chests, are also prone to high risk for complications. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Hello, respected doctor, There is a problem with my cousin. She is suffering of continuous periods since she was 12 years old. Now her age is 19 years. She is going through periods DAILY with clotted balls of blood. I requested you to look into this matter & solve my problem as soon as possible. Thank you.
Dear Dr. Maine apni gf k saath last month 2 times sex Kiya with full protection par abi tk meri gf Ko periods nhi aaye and prega news test se negative show huyi reports. par gf ke private part me thodi si swelling aa gyi hai Please help.
I am using susten gel 8.0. Today I am in 29 th day. Feel pain in breast when I touch it. So it could be a sign of?
I recently made with girl with protection but the protection slipped off and half it was inside and half outside the oval part, while removing condom I saw white water, near vulva. I dont know it was mine or her white water. My question is will she get pregnant.
Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is a common phenomenon that happens to over 75% of menstruating women. It refers to a set of symptoms that a woman experiences 7 to 10 days within the onset of her monthly period. The symptoms often cause great discomfort to the woman, but disappear soon after the period gets over.
The symptoms include muscle cramps, headache, body ache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, mood swings and a lot more. This is not a pathogen related disease. It is caused due to hormonal imbalance before the start of menses in women. The level of female hormones i.e. estrogen and progesterone fluctuate inside a woman’s body prior to the menses. They are believed to have an impact on certain chemicals released by the brain. Therefore, women experience these symptoms during this time of their monthly cycle.
- Check your diet: In order to enjoy a healthy period, you need to avoid certain food items. Trans fats and hydrogenated fats can increase these symptoms. Cut down on the sugar content of your meal as high sugar level can give birth to some of these symptoms like mood swings, headache, nausea, etc. It is also important to check the water content in your body. It is advisable to avoid salt as too much water retention can be bad. Too much consumption of caffeine can cause depression and anxiety.
- Go for a holistic and balanced diet: Women must include sufficient amounts of minerals and vitamins in their diet to avoid PMS. Try eating foods that are rich in magnesium such as bananas and leafy green vegetables. Also consume Vitamin A rich foods, mainly yellow and orange vegetables.
- Take up some light exercises: Light aerobic exercises may help you in getting some relief from bloated stomach and pain. But, don’t exert yourself in doing stressful exercises.
- Try some heat: Applying a heat pad can provide relief from muscle cramps and abdominal pain. Heat dilates the blood vessels and improves flow of blood through them. This provides relief from any sort of pain.
- Drink right: It is true that too much retention of water in the body can worsen PMS. But it is advisable that you drink sufficient amount of water during the periods or before it starts. As experts say, water itself can hinder water retention in your body. Besides water, go for herbal drinks like a cup of hot ginger tea. Some herbal drinks can work wonders in preventing PMS.
- Sleep well: Adequate night sleep is a must for menstruating women.
- Oil message: Use lavender oil and cypress oil to avoid muscle cramps and tension.
Some people have potato toxicity misidentified as “I B S” ( Irritable Bowel Syndrome), as they both have common manifestations of the effects on the gut. Some cases of potato toxicity have even been diagnosed as Crohn’s disease.