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Management of Abortion
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
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Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
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Folic acid is the synthetic form of the vitamin B9 and more commonly known as folate. For a pregnant woman, it is extremely important to consume folic acid in adequate quantities. It has the ability to prevent any birth defect, related to brain and spinal cord. It essentially protects the neural tube, which shapes into the spine and the brain. Since neural tube defects can occur in the first few weeks of pregnancy, it is essential that a woman starts consuming folic acid right before she endeavors to conceive.
What are the benefits?
Many researchers are of the view that folic acid is a key component for safeguarding the baby from certain diseases such as cleft palate, certain heart defects and cleft lip. Apart from this, folic acid mitigates the risk of pre-eclampsia in a pregnant lady. Pre-eclampsia is a disorder related to blood pressure and affects close to 5%of all pregnant women. Folic acid also helps a would-be mother from a type of anemia. It is responsible for giving birth to DNA and increasing cell growth of the baby.
Consumption amount of folic acid:
In order to save the baby from any neural defect, it is essential that a pregnant woman consumes at least 400 micrograms of folic acid on a daily basis. Since many women conceive without planning, it is therefore suggested by experts that all women entering the childbearing age should consume folic acid. Some groups such as the National Institute of Health, US suggest that folic acid consumption for a pregnant woman should be 600 micrograms per day. If you are taking any supplements, check the label to see the folic acid quantity present in it. If a woman is consuming prenatal vitamin as prescribed by a doctor, she should not consume any folic acid from outside, since it already has a folic acid content of around 800-1000 microgram. To abstain from any side effects, it is strongly advised not to consume more than 1000 micrograms of folic acid per day..
When is extra folic acid needed?
- If you are carrying twins
- If your previous pregnancy involves a neural tube defect
- If you have a genetic condition called methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
- If you are suffering from diabetes or consuming any anti-seizure medications
What are the sources of folic acid?
- Certain grain products such as pasta, cereals, rice and bread
- Certain food supplements available in the market
- Naturally occurring vegetables such as spinach, turnip greens, avocado, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts
- Citrus food or the juice extracted from them without adding any sugar component to it
- Certain nuts and peas
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.
I was married on feb 12, 2016.&I would like to conceive. I use folic acid tablets now. Will you suggest any medicines to become pregnant faster? And my periods are irregular (mar10, april 28,may 27, june 27,july 28, aug 28,sep 20, oct 18)after marriage. And which type of diet is better to take?
I am pcod patient. Trying to convince. Had one miscarriage. Right now m on clomipure, metformin 500, aspirin 75. How much time it will take me to conceive. Taking treatment for 3 cycles.
Hello doctor I had sex for the first time and now I'm bleeding. How long this bleeding will be continue and is there any adverse effect of it? How to control it please help.
Hi Doc, I am having a pain inside the Vagina for the past 7-8 months once or twice every month. I visited few gynecologist and did lots of tests but always saying everything is alright. I take medicine for almost 1 years but still there is no improvement. Now, I am really depressed and don't know what to do and I cannot concentrate on my study too. Please suggest me.
It can be heartbreaking to miscarry one baby after another. Each new pregnancy brings both hope and anxiety. And each new loss may be harder to bear, especially if you feel that time is running out. The experience can place great strain on even the strongest relationships. You and your partner might react differently from each other and that can cause great tension. Family and friends may find it harder to support you with each miscarriage; they may even think you’re getting used to loss and able to cope. And all the time there may be a sense that your life is on hold while you try – and try again – for a baby.
What is recurrent miscarriage?
Recurrent miscarriage means having three or more miscarriages in a row. It affects about one in every hundred couples trying for a baby. Sometimes a treatable cause can be found, and sometimes not. But in either case, most couples are more likely to have a successful pregnancy next time than to miscarry again.
Testing after recurrent miscarriage:
If you have had three miscarriages in a row, you should be offered tests to try to find the cause. This should happen whether or not you already have one or more children. Testing is not usually offered after one or two early miscarriages (up to 14 weeks) because these are often due to chance. But you might be offered tests after two early miscarriages if you are in your late 30s or 40s or if it has taken you a long time to conceive. If you had a late (second trimester) miscarriage, where your baby diedafter 14 weeks of pregnancy, you should be offered tests after this loss.
Why recurrent miscarriage happens?
Your risk of recurrent miscarriage is higher if:
you and your partner are older; the risk is highest if you are over 35 and your partner over 40;
you are very overweight. Being very underweight may also increase your risk. Each new pregnancy loss increases the risk of a further miscarriage. But even after three miscarriages, most couples will have a live baby next time
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) This blood clotting problem is the most important treatable cause of recurrent miscarriage. It happens when your immune system makes abnormal antibodies that attack fats called phospholipids in your blood. This makes the blood more ‘sticky’ and likely to clot, which is whyAPS is sometimes called ‘sticky blood syndrome’. It is also known as ‘Hughes syndrome’ after the expert who named it. It is not clear why these antibodies cause miscarriage. They may stop the pregnancy embedding properly in the uterus (womb);or they may interfere with blood flow to the placenta, which supports the baby.
APS can also lead to problems in later pregnancy, including the baby not growing enough, pre-eclampsia or stillbirth.
Other blood clotting problems Some inherited blood clotting disorders can cause recurrent miscarriage, particularly after 14 weeks. These include factorV Leiden, factor II (prothromobin), gene mutation and protein S deficiency.
Abnormal chromosomes The chromosomes in every cell of your body carry hereditary information in the form of genes.
Everyone has 23 pairs of chromosomes, and 22 of these are the same in men and women. The 23rd pair are different because they determine gender. Men normally have one X and oneY chromosome and women two X chromosomes. A baby inherits half its chromosomes from each parent. About half of all miscarriages happen because the baby’s chromosomes are abnormal. This is not usually an inherited problem: it happens when the egg and sperm meet or soon after the egg is fertilised. The older you are the more likely this is to happen. Much less commonly (in less than five in one hundred couples with recurrentmiscarriage), one partner carries a chromosomal defect called a ‘balanced translocation’. This doesn’t cause a problem for the parent, but it can be passed on to the baby as an ‘unbalanced translocation’.
This means that some genetic information is duplicated and some is missing.
Cervical weakness (also known as ‘incompetent cervix’) Some women – probably less than one in a hundred – have a weakness in the cervix that allows it to dilate too early.
This is a known cause of late (second trimester) miscarriage.
Abnormally-shaped uterus Some miscarriages, particularly late ones, are thought to happen because the uterus (womb) has an abnormal shape.
It may be divided down the centre – known as ‘bicornuate’ or ‘septate’ uterus;or just one half of the terus may have developed – known as ‘unicornuate’ uterus. It is not clear from research how many women with recurrent miscarriage have these abnormalities. Also we don’t know how common these problems are in women who don’t miscarry. This makes it impossible to be sure that they cause miscarriage
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) Women with this condition have many small cysts in their varies. They also tend to have hormonal problems, including high levels of insulin and male hormone in the blood. It is these problems that are thought to play a part in recurrent miscarriage, but it is not clear how.
Some serious infections can cause or increase the risk of single miscarriages. These include toxoplasmosis, rubella, listeria and genital infection. But it is not clear whether infection plays a role in recurrent miscarriage.
Immune problems Raised levels of uterine NK (uNK) cells may increase the risk ofrecurrent miscarriage, ut more research is needed to prove this. It’s important to know that these uNK cells are different from he NK cells found in general circulating blood (e.g. from your arm). Diabetes and thyroid problems Uncontrolled diabetes and untreated thyroid problems can cause miscarriage. But well-controlled diabetes and treated thyroid problems do not cause recurrent miscarriage.
Hello doctor I have suffering from fibroadima in breast so please tell me how will remove my cyst permanently because due to my this problem I 'm too much disturb please help me doctor.
She is 19 years old and during menstruation periods she suffers from vomiting, stomach pain etc. Is it common or specific?
Is it normal to bleed continuously for 12 weeks after normal delivery. Soon after delivery ultrasound was done, report had no issues. And 2 weeks ago I had tubectomy done.
I am pregnant of 6 weeks. But once in a day brown blood is coming. It's already 9 days gone but it's coming. My Doctor is telling it's fine. But I am worried.
One of my friend is suffering from sex related problem. Whenever he starts for sex at time of excitement he is getting early discharge . He is facing problems in these days only . And his partner is facing itching problem (at vagina) in these days what are the reason for early discharge n itching. ?
Hi. I'm 25 years old. I had unprotected sex on 7 may with my boyfriend in car in sitting position, much of his sperms discharge was out but for safety I had unwanted pill immediately. I had my last periods on 19th april. Can I conceive, i'm having stomach cramping from days and when can I test for pregnancy.
Hi doc, I wanted to ask you that my wife had a periods 8 days back and now within a week she started with a period again .So I am kind of confused, would be great if you can help out.
My friend is having irregularities in her periods. She has consulted doctors before, and taken medicines for it, but there is no result. Is it a serious problem? Will it affect her during her pregnancy?
Hello Doctor, I am trying to conceive since 6 months. And I really want to know how much Penetration is required to conceive. Hardly 1 inch Penetration we get. My hubby says he cannot get more and it's not required. I am using OPK's past one month for tracking my ovulation. Can I conceive like this.
I am a 27 years old unmarried girl. I did intercourse with my fiancee so many times. I feel like my vagina was get loosed. So please suggest me wh type of treatment I use to take. And suggest me a wh type of a doctor I use to consult.
The amazingly complex herb, ashwagandha, happens to derive its name from the two sanskrit words, "ashwa" and "gandha".It is an exquisite herb, which can significantly cater to your body in more than one way due to its numerous health benefits.
Here are some of the most common advantages and risks of consuming this herb.
- Enhances your brain: Ashwagandha is an antioxidant and helps keeping free radicals at sea, and prevents them from damaging your brain cells.
- Fights emotional imbalances: Sudden emotional imbalances and even more sudden mood swings are probably the biggest and the most imminent problems of the youth today. Ashwagandha cuts out the stress stimuli and has a soothing effect on you, thereby making sure your emotional imbalances do not come in the way of your well being. Ashwagadandha can naturally lower cortisol levels.
- Cures wounds: Ashwagandha is also believed to cure your physical wounds, and a controlled amount of this herb, is believed to save you from one-sided paralysis of your body.
- Is anti- cancerous: Ashwagandha, according to a few studies, acts as an anticancer agent because it helps in slowing down the growth of cancer cells and cancerous tumors.
- Treats insomnia: Ashwagandha has its rejuvenating properties as well, which help in calming your nerves down, relieves you of your stress. It is considered to be an effective tool in treating patients with insomnia.
- Helps in weight loss: Cortisol not only acts as a stress hormone in the body, it can also make you fat. Ashwagandha is known to naturally lower cortisol - the stress hormone.
- Lowers Blood sugar levels: Ashwagandha also potentially decreases fasting blood sugar levels, which means that it may also help to improve glucose metabolism.
But, like every other herb, ashwagandha also has some risk factors associated with it.
- Pregnancy issues: According to a few studies, this herb can have an adverse effect on you if you are a pregnant woman, putting you at the risks of stillbirth. Though there hasn't been much research to back up this fact, it still remains one of the largest concerns during pregnancy.
- Hyperthyroidism: Certain studies claim, that ashwagandha can majorly contribute to hyperthyroidism, although even this, hasn't been proven. So, if you happen to be patient of hyperthyroidism, you should consult a physician before consuming the herb.