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Dr. Kalpesh Patil - Pediatrician, Pune

Dr. Kalpesh Patil

86 (63 ratings)
M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (Genera...

Pediatrician, Pune

13 Years Experience  ·  600 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Kalpesh Patil 86% (63 ratings) M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the Natio... Pediatrician, Pune
13 Years Experience  ·  600 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Personal Statement

Dr. Kalpesh Onkar Patil is a Pediatric Surgeon, Pediatrician and Neonatal Surgeon in Aundh- Pune and has an experience of 5 years in these fields. Dr. Kalpesh Onkar Patil practices at DR.......more
Dr. Kalpesh Onkar Patil is a Pediatric Surgeon, Pediatrician and Neonatal Surgeon in Aundh- Pune and has an experience of 5 years in these fields. Dr. Kalpesh Onkar Patil practices at DR. kp's cherubs child clinic in Aundh, Pune. He completed MBBS from RMC in 2004- DNB (General Surgery) from MGM Medical College in 2009 and M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery from G. S. Medical College KEM Hospital in 2014. He is a member of Indian Association of General Surgeon and Member of National board of Medical Sciences. Some of the services provided by the doctor are: Hypospadias Surgery- Thoracoscopy and procedures- Pediatric Urology- Reconstruction surgery and Pediatric oncosurgery etc.
More about Dr. Kalpesh Patil
Dealing with a child when it comes to ailments and conditions may be a challenging thing, but for Dr Kalpesh Patil from Pune, it is a mere extension of his cheerful and affable personality. This pediatrics specialist is one who comes with a long line of qualifications, many years of experience and even more in terms of exposure and expertise which have all helped him in building his skill base and knowledge field. This pediatrician is one of the best known specialists in Pune, and is trusted by many parents who immediately take their children to him in case they are not doing well. He has been a successful specialist in Pediatrics for the past 12 years in Pune and has handled a patient base of many ages and age groups, building a bond with them in order to bring out the best from them and thus treat them effectively. He has completed his MBBS, DNS in general surgery with an M Ch in Pediatric Surgery. Further, he has also attained MNAMS or Membership of the National Academy, which is quite a prestigious feat at this young age. With many rave reviews and positive ratings, he is a doctor to reckon with, in case you are looking to cure your child or have a diagnosis conducted. He is adept at vaccination management as well as treatment of problems faced by young children and adolescents. He is also good at new born care and focuses on new born jaundice care as well, which makes him the perfect partner for first time and new parents too.

Info

Education
M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery - G. S. Medical College KEM Hospital, - 2014
MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) - DNB Board, New Delhi - 2011
DNB (General Surgery) - MGM Medical College, - 2009
...more
MBBS - RMC - 2004
Past Experience
2009 - 2009 Assistant Lecturer at Terna Medical College, Nerul
2009 - 2010 Laparoscopic and General Surgeon at Wockhardt -Fortis Group of Hospitals-Mulund
2010 - 2011 Senior Clinical Associate at Hinduja Group of Hospitals
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Professional Memberships
Indian Association of General Surgeon
Member of National board of Medical Sciences
Operated First Time Few Cases Of Inguinal Hernia Repair With Laparoscopy Using New Technique - 2015
...more
Case series of Role of Intravesical Botox in Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder - 2013
Case series of Gracilis Sling in Pediatric Fecal incontinence - 2014
Best Doctor Award Among Fortis Group Of Hospitals - 2010

Location

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DR. KP's Cherubs Child Clinic

Flat no 3,Above Jumbo Kids Nursery, Besides Kaka Halwai Sweets, Parihar Chowk, AundhPune Get Directions
  4.3  (63 ratings)
600 at clinic
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"Very helpful" 3 reviews "knowledgeable" 1 review "Well-reasoned" 2 reviews "Thorough" 1 review

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Food Intolerance in Children: Causes and Symptoms

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Food Intolerance in Children: Causes and Symptoms

Sometimes, during consumption of certain food items many children get itchy throat, eyes, ears, asthma, sneezing, rashes, diarrhea and eczema. This can be due to food intolerance in children. It is a form of allergic disease in children. Every 1 out of 10 children suffer from food intolerance. These days, food allergies are becoming more and more common in children who are allergic to nuts, milk and eggs. In some cases it can also be life threatening. This condition is known as anaphylaxis. Milk and egg allergies are more common throughout the world.

Symptoms of food intolerance:

  1. Bloating

  2. Your bowels start becoming irritable.

  3. Stomach starts to ache.

  4. Cough and cold is a common symptom.

  5. Itchy skin rash

Causes of food intolerance in children:

  1. There are enzymes in your body, which help you to digest the food you consume. Some enzymes in your body are insufficient; which further causes food intolerance in children. For instance, lactose intolerance causes spasms, stomach aches, diarrhea and so on so forth.

  2. Food intolerance can also be caused due to chemicals, such as chemicals present in coffee, tea, cheese and chocolates.

  3. Some food products can also cause food intolerance such as undercooked beans containing aflatoxins can cause extreme stomach infections in children.

  4. Some children are also intolerant to certain food products which have salicylates such as majority of fruits, vegetables, herbs and also additives. Processed food contains a high amount of salicylates.

  5. Children can be allergic to antioxidants like artificial food coloring, artificial flavoring and preservatives.

What to do if you think your child has food intolerance?

  1. Take your child for a skin prick test. In this test, the skin is pricked with a thin needle and when the blood oozes out, supplements of different food products are put in that area. If that particular area becomes reddish and begins to itch, your child has allergy to that certain food product

  2. A blood test should be done. It verifies the level of lgE present in your blood and finds out if your child is suffering from food intolerance or not.

6 people found this helpful

How To Prevent Iron Deficiency In Children?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
How To Prevent Iron Deficiency In Children?

Iron is an essential nutrient and mineral that is required by adults and children alike. Iron helps move oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and helps muscles store and use oxygen. It is especially important for children because it aids development and prevents anaemia. Untreated iron deficiency in children can cause physical and mental delays. It can lead to less healthy red blood cells in the child's blood stream which will cause a delay in the growth of physical and mental faculties.

Risk factors for iron deficiency in children

Infants and children at highest risk of iron deficiency include:

  1. Babies who are born prematurely or have a low birth weight
  2. Babies who drink cow's milk before age 1
  3. Breast-fed babies who aren't given complementary foods containing iron after age 6 months
  4. Babies who drink formula that isn't fortified with iron
  5. Children ages 1 to 5 who drink more than 24 ounces (710 milliliters) of cow's milk, goat's milk or soy milk a day
  6. Children who have certain health conditions, such as chronic infections or restricted diets
  7. Children ages 1 to 5 who have been exposed to lead
  8. Adolescent girls also are at higher risk of iron deficiency because their bodies lose iron during menstruation.

Symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia

The signs and symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia in children may include:

  1. Pale skin
  2. Fatigue or weakness
  3. Slow cognitive and social development
  4. Inflammation of the tongue
  5. Difficulty maintaining body temperature
  6. Increased likelihood of infections
  7. Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances, such as ice, dirt or pure starch

Prevent iron deficiency in children

Take steps to prevent iron deficiency in your child by paying attention to his or her diet. For example:

  1. Breast-feed or use iron-fortified formula. Breast-feeding until your child is age 1 is recommended. If you don't breast-feed, use iron-fortified infant formula.
  2. Encourage a balanced diet. When you begin serving your baby solids, typically between ages 4 months and 6 months, feed him or her foods with added iron, such as iron-fortified baby cereal. For older children, good sources of iron include red meat, chicken, fish, beans and dark green leafy vegetables. Between ages 1 and 5, don't allow your child to drink more than 24 ounces (710 milliliters) of milk a day.
  3. Enhance absorption. Vitamin C helps promote the absorption of dietary iron. You can help your child absorb iron by offering foods rich in vitamin C, such as melon, strawberries, kiwi, broccoli, tomatoes and potatoes.
  4. Consider iron supplements. If your baby was born prematurely or with a low birth weight or you're breast-feeding a baby older than 4 months and he or she isn't eating two or more servings a day of iron-rich foods, talk to your child's doctor about oral iron supplements.

Make sure that you watch out for the tell tale signs of iron deficiency and take the necessary precautions to avoid the same. If you wish to discuss about any specific child related problem, you can consult a specilized pediatrician and ask a free question.

2571 people found this helpful

i am experiencing a Severe lower abdomen pain n lower back pain with a heavy White watery discharge which is continuous from yesterday morning m using a sanitary pad to avoid the wetness n feeling very low I have taken tab. Buscopan but no improvement.

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
i am experiencing a Severe lower abdomen pain n lower back pain with a heavy White watery discharge which is continuo...
Hi, white watery discharge actually indicates infection. It's called as leucorohea. It may be fungal infection too. Buscopan will just releive spasmodic pain but not cute disease. You must get examined by gynaecologist and start treatment according.
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Why Breast Feeding Is Important For Your Baby?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Why Breast Feeding Is Important For Your Baby?

A baby should be breastfeed for at least the first few months after birth. Breastfeeding has a number of benefits for both the mother and child. Apart from being the best source of nutrition for the baby, it also helps the mother and child bond.

Here are a few benefits of breastfeeding your baby.

  1. Nutrition: No formula can be compared to the nutrition provided by a mother’s milk. The first milk produced by a mother’s breasts is known as colostrum which is rich in antibodies and proteins. Breast milk is made up of the perfect mix of proteins, vitamins and essential fats. It is also easier to digest as compared to formula feeds.
  2. Immunity boost: A mother’s milk is rich in antibodies and helps strengthen the newborn child’s immunity. These antibodies also help lower the baby’s risk of developing asthma or allergies later in life. Babies that are breastfed are also said to have a lower risk of suffering from ear infections, respiratory problems and diarrhoea. It also plays an important role in lowering chances of sudden infant death syndrome. Breastfeeding is also said to protect babies from certain types of cancer in infancy and later stages,
  3. Bonding: While being breastfed, a baby is held close to the mother and has skin to skin contact. This makes the baby feel secure and helps him or her to bond with the mother. For the mother, this process can also help fight postpartum depression and help reconnect with the baby.
  4. Healthy weight: Babies who are breastfed are said to be less likely to develop obesity. This is because breast milk has lower levels of insulin as compared to formula and babies who are breastfed have higher level of appetite and fat regulating hormone called leptin. As they grow, these babies put on a healthy amount of weight, but refrain from overeating and have healthier eating patterns. This helps maintain a healthy BMI and prevents diseases like diabetes etc.
  5. Boosts intelligence: Studies show that babies who were breastfed for the first six months have a higher IQ than those who were not. Thus, breastfeeding is said to play a significant role in cognitive development. There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, breast milk is said to fatty acids that are not available in formulas, Secondly, the emotional bonding between mother and child is also said to contribute towards boosting IQ levels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.
4515 people found this helpful

Bedwetting - Causes And Symptoms

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Bedwetting - Causes And Symptoms

Bedwetting or nocturnal enuresis, refers to the unintentional passage of urine during sleep. Enuresis is the medical term for wetting, whether in the clothing during the day or in bed at night. Another name for enuresis is urinary incontinence. For infants and young children, urination is involuntary. Wetting is normal for them. Usually, most of kids are dry by day 2-3 yrs and dry by night by 3-5 yrs. Daytime control is usually achieved first, while nighttime control comes later. 

The age at which bladder control is expected varies considerably. Some parents expect dryness at a very early age, while others not until much later. Such a time line may reflect the culture and attitudes of the parents and caregivers.

Factors that affect the age at which wetting is considered a problem include the following:

  1. The child's gender: Bedwetting is more common in boys.
  2. The child's development and maturity
  3. The child's overall physical and emotional health. Chronic illness and/or emotional and physical abuse may predispose to bedwetting.

Causes

No one knows for sure what causes bed-wetting, but various factors may play a role:

  1. A small bladder: Your child's bladder may not be developed enough to hold urine produced during the night.
  2. Inability to recognize a full bladder: If the nerves that control the bladder are slow to mature, a full bladder may not wake your child, especially if your child is a deep sleeper.
  3. A hormone imbalance: During childhood, some kids don't produce enough anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) to slow nighttime urine production.
  4. Stress: Stressful events, such as becoming a big brother or sister, starting a new school, or sleeping away from home, may trigger bed-wetting.
  5. Urinary tract infection: This infection can make it difficult for your child to control urination.
  6. Sleep apnea: Sometimes bed-wetting is a sign of obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which the child's breathing is interrupted during sleep.
  7. Diabetes: For a child who's usually dry at night, bed-wetting may be the first sign of diabetes.

A structural problem in the urinary tract or nervous system. Rarely, bed-wetting is related to a defect in the child's neurological system or urinary system.

Symptoms

  1. Wetting during the day
  2. Frequency, urgency, or burning on urination
  3. Straining, dribbling, or other unusual symptoms with urination
  4. Cloudy or pinkish urine, or blood stains on underpants or pajamas
  5. Soiling, being unable to control bowel movements
  6. Constipation

Most kids are fully toilet trained by age 5, but there's really no target date for developing complete bladder control. Between the ages of 5 and 7, bed-wetting remains a problem for some children. After 7 years of age, a small number of children still wet the bed.

When to see a doctor: Most children outgrow bed-wetting on their own, but some need a little help. In other cases, bed-wetting may be a sign of an underlying condition that needs medical attention.

Consult your child's doctor if: 

  1. Your child still wets the bed after age 7
  2. Your child starts to wet the bed after a few months or more of being dry at night
  3. Bed-wetting is accompanied by painful urination, unusual thirst, pink or red urine, hard stools, or snoring
  4. Self-Care at Home

Here are some tips for helping your child stop wetting the bed. These are techniques that are most often successful

  1. Reduce evening fluid intake.
  2. The child should urinate in the toilet before bedtime.
  3. A system of sticker charts and rewards works for some children.
  4. Make sure the child has safe and easy access to the toilet.

Some believe that you should avoid using diapers or pull-ups at home because they can interfere with the motivation to wake up and use the toilet. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

6 Ways To Help Your Child's Language Development!

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
6 Ways To Help Your Child's Language Development!

The role of parents in language development of children is a primary one. Basically, it will be a one way communication as babies will not respond, but that should not deter you from speaking to them. It has been shown that talking to children early on helps them to talk faster and learn more words. The number of words a child hears is directly proportional to the amount of vocabulary he/she will be able to master.

6 ways to help your baby learn speaking:

  1. Let them listen a lot: Children learn speaking by listening first. So more and more words they will listen, so do they will speak. Make sure your child comes in contact with children in the peer group and plays with them as with the help of their friends they can learn many words.
  2. Read a book: You should start reading to your child as early as possible. The type of book is not as important as you may use, various touch and feel books such as graphic novels. Initially, you may start with board books and then move on to picture books and finally to story books. It helps in increasing the child's vocabulary.
  3. Talk as much as you can: Part of a child's ears and brain that respond to sound are developed since birth, so even though talking to your baby may not make much sense, talking to them enhances their development of speech. The infant absorbs the words which facilitates speaking.
  4. Look for cues: If the child is interested in something such as a book or a toy, then engage with the child on that subject. Encourage him/her to ask questions and interact as much as possible. These interactions help in enhancing the child's language skills.
  5. Limit television: Using television to teach vocabulary to your child is not as effective as talking directly. The primary reason is that characters in television do not react to your child's cues. This does not allow the child interact, which results in reduced language learning.
  6. Treat ear infections early: It is important to treat ear infections early as this causes hearing problems which in turn delays language learning. Consulting a pediatrician to get treatment for ear infections of your child is advisable. You should see to it that the child is being administered medications at regular intervals.
4351 people found this helpful

Depression in Children - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Depression in Children - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Depression in children is not a very uncommon phenomenon. But if the feeling of sadness persists over a period of time with little or no change to their behavior, then it can be seen as a symptom of depression. Children who are suffering from depression need immediate and utmost care as negligence may cause severe long term effects on the child. Read on to find more about them.

Symptoms:
Symptoms that indicate childhood depression vary. Some of the different symptoms which indicate depression are:

  1. Social withdrawal
  2. Irritability
  3. Feeling of worthlessness
  4. Difficulty in concentrating
  5. Reduced ability to function during events
  6. Continuous feelings of sadness
  7. Physical complaints

Causes:

  1. Depression in children can be caused due to the combination of a multitude of reasons.
  2. Children from a family history of depression are more likely to be suffering from depression. â€‹Similarly, if the parents suffer from depression then it is more than likely that the child will also suffer from depression.
  3. Children from conflicted families or children and teens who are prone to substance or alcohol abuse can suffer from depression.
  4. Reasons such as physical health, environment, genetic vulnerability or biochemical disturbance can lead to depression.

Treatment:
The treatment process of depression in children is similar to that of adults and can be treated with psychotherapy and medication. If your child is depressed consult a general physician who after his or her diagnosis may refer you to a psychiatrist. The medical specialist will recommend psychotherapy.

In some instances, a child suffering from depression maybe be suicidal. Parents are advised to be vigilant and observe certain behavioral changes that the child may have adapted to or suddenly switched to.
Some of the signs are mentioned below:

  1. Changes in eating, sleeping or activities
  2. Isolating oneself even from family
  3. Talking of suicide, feeling helpless or hopeless
  4. Increased risk taking behavior
  5. Substance abuse
  6. Giving away possessions

Sessions at first and then opt for antidepressant medication if no significant progress is seen. The best results often result from a combination of prescribed medication along with multiple sessions of psychotherapy.

1 person found this helpful

Celiac Disease in Children - Tips to Deal With it!

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Celiac Disease in Children - Tips to Deal With it!

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease caused due to intolerance to the protein called gluten found in common foods like wheat, barley, and rye. The exact reason for the disease is not known, but gluten attacks the small finger-like projections in the intestine called the villi, which help absorb nutrients during the digestion, leading to malnourishment.

Onset of the disease is usually once the child has started on solid foods and can include diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, underweight, skin rashes, anemia, mouth sores, etc. Diagnosis usually happens with a detailed discussion and checking the level of antibodies against gluten in the blood. In rare cases, an intestinal biopsy may also be required. Once confirmed, the following are ways to manage celiac disease.

Dietary changes: Avoiding gluten-containing foods is the first step to treating celiac disease. These are common food substances like wheat and barley. In some cases, the entire family may choose to or need to take this diet, just to provide moral support to the child.

  1. Breads, cakes (made from wheat)
  2. Creamed or breaded vegetables
  3. Processed meats
  4. Dry roasted nuts (as agents used in processing could have wheat)
  5. Fried chicken
  6. Pastas
  7. French fries (that are coated in flour)
  8. Spreads, soft cheeses, and dips
  9. Salad dressings
  10. Gravies and sauces (including some tomato and meat sauces)
  11. Soup mixes and canned soups
  12. Crab or other seafood
  13. Malt or malt-flavored drinks (usually made from barley)
  14. Modified food starch (modified corn starch is OK; modified wheat starch is not)
  15. Nondairy creamer
  16. Soy sauce and soy sauce solids (may be fermented with wheat)
  17. Wheat-free products (may contain barley or rye flour)
  18. Yogurts containing wheat starch

Read the labels of foods to ensure they are free of gluten. Organic/natural food stores and health food stores contain wide range of gluten-free products that can be used with minimal effect on the child's food habits.

Eating out: Just because the child has celiac disease, eating out is not ruled out. Carefully choosing what to eat is suggested. Also, letting the chef know is a good idea, as most chefs will prepare something safer for the child.

Cross-contamination: Avoid cross-contamination: In schools or in cases where the child could potentially eat from other children's boxes, make sure the child is well informed and ensure he does not eat from other kids' lunch boxes. It is also a good idea to keep the class teacher and a couple of his close friends informed of the child's condition.

Most children are easy to educate and adapt well to the changes required, knowing very well that it is for their own good. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.

4043 people found this helpful

12 Signs Your Child Is Not Eating Properly!

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
12 Signs Your Child Is Not Eating Properly!

Spitting up, refusing to try new foods and occasionally turning up their noses at feeding times, is normal but consistently refusing food and water, vomiting and allergies may indicate an underlying medical condition that requires attention. Common feeding problems that affect infants include sucking, prolonged chewing without swallowing, holding food in their mouth and grabbing food. Infants who are unable to close their mouths in order to keep food inside may also be said to be suffering from feeding problems.

Feeding problems could be triggered by medical conditions like a cleft palate, premature birth, respiratory problems, low birth weight etc. or by non-medical reasons such as the child’s feeling of being unloved or stressed. Symptoms of feeding problems vary from infant to infant. However, some of the common symptoms exhibited are:

  • Problems with chewing

  • Excessive drooling

  • Refusing to eat foods or drink liquids

  • Long feeding times

  • Coughing or gagging while feeding

  • Difficulty with breast or bottle feeding

  • Nasal stuffiness while eating

  • Poor weight gain

  • Recurring respiratory infections

  • Vomiting or excessive spitting up of food

  • Arching the back while feeding

  • Disinterest in feeding

Though feeding problems are minor in most cases, it is important to consult a doctor if this behaviour continues over a period of time. This is because the child may be suffering from an underlying medical condition or could be at an increased risk of suffering from dehydration, aspiration and lung problems. It could also lead to delayed physical and mental development, speech problems and cognitive issues.

Feeding problems are addressed in many different ways. The first step to dealing with feeding problems is to change the texture and temperature of food being given to the baby. In addition, try changing the posture of the baby while feeding.

In some cases, mouth exercises may be needed to strengthen the mouth muscles. Chewing exercises and tongue movement may also help reduce feeding problems.

Encourage your infant to try different types of food by including different textures in their daily meals. Alternating food textures and liquids can make it easier for the infant to swallow the food. Do not force your child to eat in a hurry but let him or her take their own time.

In cases where the infant is not gaining weight, the doctor may suggest nutritional changes and a specific diet to help gain weight. In emergency cases, hospitalisation may also be required and your baby may be given a feeding tube to ensure he or she receives adequate nutrition.

4052 people found this helpful

Diarrhea - How to Treat it in Children?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Diarrhea - How to Treat it in Children?

Diarrhea occurs when the body is expelling germs out of it. An episode of diarrhea can last anywhere from a couple of days to a week. Dehydration, cramps, vomiting, nausea and fever often accompany diarrhea. Usually, children tend to get diarrhoea more than adults.

Diarrhea treatment according to causes behind it

  1. Treating diarrhea due to infection: Some common causes of diarrhea include infection from rotavirus, salmonella (a type of bacteria) and rarely giardia (a type of parasite). In children, virus is a common cause of diarrhea. Besides watery or loose stools, viral gastroenteritis infection symptoms include fever, headache, stomach ache and vomiting. Gastroenteritis diarrhoea can last for 5-14 days. During this time, fluid loss must be prevented. In younger children, oral rehydration solution (ORS) or breast milk is enough. Just feeding them water won’t replenish the potassium, sodium and other nutrients they lose. Older children, to prevent fluid loss, can be given ORS and popsicles to counter dehydration and vomiting.
  2. Treating diarrhea due to medications: Antibiotics or laxatives can cause diarrhea in children. If the diarrhea is mild, make sure your child is hydrated. If the antibiotics are causing diarrhoea, you need to continue medication, but do consult a doctor immediately.
  3. Treating diarrhea due to food poisoning: When it comes to food poisoning induced diarrhea, the same method as countering infection-induced diarrhea should be followed. Keep your child hydrated and call your doctor.

Diarrhea and children - recognising dehydration

The most serious complication of diarrhea is dehydration, especially if the diarrhea is severe. Severe dehydration is critical as it can cause brain damage, seizure, even death. Your child may need immediate medical attention, if you notice the following symptoms:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Sticky, dark mouth
  3. Dark yellow urine
  4. No or few tears when crying
  5. Dry, cool skin
  6. Loss of energy

When should you visit a doctor

Diarrhea resolves within a few days, but it can have serious complications. Call your doctor if you notice signs such as:
1. Looks very sick
2. Diarrhea has persisted for more than 3 days
3. Your child is less than 6 months old
4. Your child is vomiting bloody yellow or green fluid
5. Seems dehydrated
6. The fever reads above 105 degree Fahrenheit
7. Bloody stools
8. Rashes
9. Stomach pain persists for more than 2 hours
10. Infrequent urination

4361 people found this helpful

Don't Understand Why Baby Is Crying?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Don't Understand Why Baby Is Crying?

All babies cry sometimes. It's perfectly normal. Most small babies cry for between one hour and three hours each day.

Your baby can't do anything for herself and relies on you to provide her with the food, warmth and comfort that she needs. Crying is your baby's way of communicating any or all of those needs and ensuring a response from you.

It's sometimes hard to work out what your baby is telling you. But in time you will learn to recognize what your baby needs. And as your baby grows she'll learn other ways of communicating with you. She'll get better at eye contact, making noises and smiling, all of which reduce her need to cry for attention.


In the meantime, if your baby is difficult to soothe, she may be trying to say:

I'm hungry

Hunger is one of the most common reasons that your newborn baby will cry. The younger your baby is, the more likely it is that she's hungry.

Your baby's small stomach can't hold very much, so if she cries, try offering her some milk. She may be hungry, even if her last feed doesn't seem very long ago. It's likely that you will be feeding often and regularly in the first day or so to help your breastmilk to come in anyway. If you are formula feeding your baby she may not be hungry if she has been fed within the last two hours.

I need my nappy changed

Your baby may protest if her clothes are too tight or if a wet or soiled nappy is bothering her. Or she may not mind if her nappy is full and may actually enjoy the warm and comfortable feeling. But if your baby's tender skin is being irritated, she will most likely cry.

I'm too cold or too hot

Your baby may hate having her nappy changed or being bathed. She may not be used to the feeling of cold air on her skin and would rather be bundled up and warm. But you will soon learn how to perform a quick nappy change if this is the case.

Take care not to overdress your baby, or she may become too hot. She will generally need to wear one more layer of clothing than you to be comfortable.

Use sheets and cellular blankets as beddings in your baby's cot or moses basket. You can check whether your baby is too hot or too cold by feeling her tummy. If her tummy feels too hot, remove a blanket, and if it feels cold, add one.

Don't be guided by your baby's hands or feet, as they usually feel cool. Keep your baby's room at a temperature of between 22 and 25 degrees c depending on the weather.

If your baby is co-sleeping with you, contact with your body will elevate her skin temperature so she's likely to be warm. Is she is using a cot, place her down to sleep on her back with her feet at the end of the cot. That way she can't wriggle too far down under the blankets and become too hot.

I need to be held

Your baby will need lots of cuddling, physical contact and reassurance to comfort her. So it may be that she just wants to be held. Try a baby sling to keep her close to you, perhaps swaying and singing to her while you hold her.

You may be worried about spoiling your baby if you hold her too much. But during the first few months of her life that's not possible. Small babies need lots of physical comfort. If you hold your baby close she may be soothed by hearing your heartbeat.

I'm tired and need a rest

Often, babies find it hard to get to sleep, particularly if they are over-tired. You will soon become aware of your baby's sleep cues. Whining and crying at the slightest thing, staring blankly into space, and going quiet and still are just three examples.

If your baby has received a lot of attention and cuddles from doting visitors, she may become over-stimulated. Then, when it comes to sleeping, she'll find it hard to switch off and settle. Take your baby somewhere calm and quiet to help her to settle down. Read more on establishing good sleeping habits.

I need something to make me feel better

Be aware of changes in your baby. If she's unwell, she'll probably cry in a different tone to her usual cry. It may be weaker, more urgent, continuous, or high-pitched. And if your baby usually cries a lot but has become unusually quiet, it may be a sign that she's not well.

Nobody knows your baby as well as you do. If you feel that there may be something wrong with her, speak to your doctor and discuss your concerns. Call the doctor if your baby has difficulty breathing through the crying, or if the crying is accompanied by a fever, diarrohea, or constipation.

I need something. But I don't know what

Sometimes you might not be able to figure out what's wrong when your baby cries. Many newborns go through patches of fretfulness and are not easily comforted. The unhappiness can range from a few minutes of hard-to-console crying to several hours at a stretch, an almost constant state of crying that is sometimes called colic. Colic is defined as inconsolable crying for at least three hours a day, for at least three days a week.

Many parents find it very difficult to cope with a baby who has colic, and it can put a strain on the whole family. There is no magic cure for colic, but it rarely lasts for more than three months.

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All About Child Bedwetting

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
All About Child Bedwetting

Bedwetting, also known as Nocturnal Enuresis, can be referred to as the unintended and involuntary urination during sleep. Enuresis, being a medical term, stands for wetting, whether during the day in full clothing or at night in bed. For young children and infants, urination is certainly involuntary. It is worth note that children who wet their beds are not actually being disobedient or lazy.

Child Bedwetting can be classified into two types- Primary and Secondary

Primary Bedwetting

It has been continuing since the phase of early childhood without a halt; which means the child bed-wets every night.

Causes:

  1. The child is unable to hold urine over the length of the night.

  2. The child cannot wake up in case his or her bladder is almost full..

  3. The child has been taught poor toilet habits as he/she puts off urinating for hours during the day.

Secondary Bedwetting

Secondary bedwetting can be an indication of a repressed medical or emotional condition.

Causes:

  1. Infection of the urinary tract can cause irritation and pain along with a strong urge to urinate.

  2. People suffering from diabetes need to urinate frequently.

  3. Any injury or abnormality of the nervous system can take a toll on the neurological balance that fundamentally controls urination

  4. A peculiarity in the muscles or other organs that are involved in urination can be the reason behind bedwetting.

How to address the problem of bedwetting?

  1. Motivational Therapy: This involves parents motivating their children to reinforce their sense of self-control over bed-wetting.

  2. Moisture alarms that can detect wetness in the child’s trousers while sleeping and sound an alarm bell to wake the child up.

  3. Tricyclic anti-depressants that lower the amount of urine produced by the kidney.
3977 people found this helpful

Health Quote of the Week

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Health Quote of the Week

Be a role model for your kids. If you want them to eat healthy, eat healthy yourself.

Health Quote of the Week

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Health Quote of the Week

Don't reward children with t. V, video games, candy or snacks for a job well done.

Health Quote of the Week

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Health Quote of the Week

If your child isn't hungry, don't force a meal or snack.

My baby boy 1 year 1 month. I use to feed with boiled powdered oats. Is it good for him or not. One of my friend said oats shouldn't feed 1 year babies. Can I stop feeding oats. Pls tell me.

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
My baby boy 1 year 1 month. I use to feed with boiled powdered oats. Is it good for him or not. One of my friend said...
Hi, that's right what have you heard but if baby is tolerating feeds and passing motions daily with soft consistency and if you are able to capable of managing the hydration of the baby then you should not be worried and can continue with the same. Of any further help is needed can revert back.
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Which medicine should be taken in urinary tract infection. Please tell the medicine.

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Which medicine should be taken in urinary tract infection. Please tell the medicine.
hi, thanks for query, for urinary tract infection, antibiotics or simple oral bladder anti spasmodic can be useful but those are prescribed as per complete clinical and urine examination so kindly come up with detailed presentation of complaints. regards.
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Establishing good sleep habits: newborn to three months

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Establishing good sleep habits: newborn to three months

How should I encourage good sleep habits between birth and three months?

Your baby can develop good sleep habits from as early as six weeks. This is the point at which he starts to develop his natural circadian rhythms or the process that helps regulate his sleep-wake cycle. Here are a few tactics you can use to help your baby to settle.

Recognise the signs that mean he's tired

For the first six weeks to eight weeks, your baby probably won't be able to stay up for more than two hours at a time. If you wait much longer than that to put him down, he'll be overtired and won't nod off easily.

During your baby's first three months, learn the signs that he's sleepy, such as:

Rubbing his eyes
Flicking his ear with his hand
Faint, dark circles under his eyes
Whining and crying
Staring blankly into space
Yawning and stretching a lot
Losing interest in people and his toys
Becoming quiet and still

He may also turn his face away from moving objects or people, or bury his face in your chest.

If you spot these or any other signs of sleepiness, try putting your baby down in his cot or Moses basket. Don't worry, you'll soon come to recognise your baby's daily rhythms and patterns, and spot the cues that mean he's ready for a nap.

Show your baby the difference between night and day

Once your baby is about two weeks old, you can begin to show him the difference between night and day.

In the daytime, when he's alert:

Change his clothes when he wakes, to show him that it's the start of a new day.
Play, talk and interact with him as much as you can.
Make daytime feeds social. Chat and sing as you feed him.
Keep the house and his room light and bright.
Let him hear everyday noises, such as the radio or the washing machine.
Wake him gently if he nods off during a feed.

At night-time:

Change him into his pyjamas to show him that it's the end of the day.
Try not to speak to him when you feed him.
Keep lights and noises low.

All this should help your baby to start to understand that night-time is for sleeping.

Give your baby a chance to fall asleep on his own

When your baby's around three months old, he should be able to fall asleep on his own. Of course, this doesn't mean that he will! to encourage your baby to settle himself to sleep, put him down when he's sleepy but still awake. If you prefer, you can stay with him until he drifts off to sleep, but be prepared to do the same every time he wakes at night.

How you settle your baby to sleep is important. If you feed or rock your baby to sleep every night for the first eight weeks, he may expect the same later on.

Some experts advise against rocking or feeding your baby to sleep, but it's up to you to decide what sort of routine best suits you and your baby.

If you want to establish a consistent bedtime routine, it's a good idea to adopt the same strategy every night

Establishing good sleep habits: newborn to three months

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune

 

How should I encourage good sleep habits between birth and three months?

Your baby can develop good sleep habits from as early as six weeks. This is the point at which he starts to develop his natural circadian rhythms or the process that helps regulate his sleep-wake cycle. Here are a few tactics you can use to help your baby to settle.

Recognise the signs that mean he's tired

For the first six weeks to eight weeks, your baby probably won't be able to stay up for more than two hours at a time. If you wait much longer than that to put him down, he'll be overtired and won't nod off easily.

During your baby's first three months, learn the signs that he's sleepy, such as:

Rubbing his eyes
Flicking his ear with his hand
Faint, dark circles under his eyes
Whining and crying
Staring blankly into space
Yawning and stretching a lot
Losing interest in people and his toys
Becoming quiet and still

He may also turn his face away from moving objects or people, or bury his face in your chest.

If you spot these or any other signs of sleepiness, try putting your baby down in his cot or Moses basket. Don't worry, you'll soon come to recognise your baby's daily rhythms and patterns, and spot the cues that mean he's ready for a nap.

Show your baby the difference between night and day

Once your baby is about two weeks old, you can begin to show him the difference between night and day.

In the daytime, when he's alert:

Change his clothes when he wakes, to show him that it's the start of a new day.
Play, talk and interact with him as much as you can.
Make daytime feeds social. Chat and sing as you feed him.
Keep the house and his room light and bright.
Let him hear everyday noises, such as the radio or the washing machine.
Wake him gently if he nods off during a feed.

At night-time:

Change him into his pyjamas to show him that it's the end of the day.
Try not to speak to him when you feed him.
Keep lights and noises low.

All this should help your baby to start to understand that night-time is for sleeping.

Give your baby a chance to fall asleep on his own

When your baby's around three months old, he should be able to fall asleep on his own. Of course, this doesn't mean that he will! to encourage your baby to settle himself to sleep, put him down when he's sleepy but still awake. If you prefer, you can stay with him until he drifts off to sleep, but be prepared to do the same every time he wakes at night.

How you settle your baby to sleep is important. If you feed or rock your baby to sleep every night for the first eight weeks, he may expect the same later on.

Some experts advise against rocking or feeding your baby to sleep, but it's up to you to decide what sort of routine best suits you and your baby.

If you want to establish a consistent bedtime routine, it's a good idea to adopt the same strategy every night

Symptoms of Child Aphasia - Can It Be Treated?

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Symptoms of Child Aphasia - Can It Be Treated?

Child Aphasia is complex disorder that is caused by damage to parts of the brain that controls language and speech. This disorder affects the child's ability to express herself through words and understand the speech of other people. The severity of the problem depends on the extent of the damage as well as the location of the damage. Since this is not a birth disorder, therefore, you should be much more careful as so you notice that your kid is facing language disorder. A speech pathologist can diagnose language disorders and teach your child strategies to help.

What are the leading symptoms of aphasia in kids?

  1. Not understanding speech is one of the most common symptoms. Most patients cannot understand spoken or written language. Typically in these cases, the patient suffers from fluent Aphasia, which is caused by damage to the left temporal lobe of the brain. The patient's speech might seem meaningless and incoherent with lots of unnecessary words being used. The child usually becomes upset when people don't understand what he is saying.
  2. Patients suffering from this disorder also have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding language and they often take more time to communicate. Only short sentences are used by these patients with words often left out, making the sentence sound incomplete. Such children suffer from non-fluent Aphasia where they understand what others are saying, but cannot communicate or speak well themselves. Their speech is almost similar to that of telegraphic languages that are usually followed by those toddlers who are just learning how to speak.
  3. Some children suffering from Aphasia might have trouble repeating words even though they don't have problem understanding what others are saying. These children suffer from conduction Aphasia and will be able to reproduce only parts of a sentence, if asked to repeat.
  4. Children affected with this disorder may see to be not listening to you or ignore you.
  5. Such kids might also have behavioral problems and may not be able to keep up with their friends and classmates. They will also suffer from forgetfulness.

Causes of Aphasia: The leading cause of Aphasia is brain injury, brain infection, brain tumour or abscess or bleeding in the brain.

Diagnosis of the disease: The disorder is diagnosed by a speech therapist who assesses the condition with a variety of tools to figure out the extent of damage. Its best to take your child to a paediatric speech pathologist who is an expert in treating children with brain injuries. The child will then be assessed on auditory comprehension, verbal expression, reading and writing ability and functional communication.

Treatment: There are many people who think that the speech trouble cannot be treated, but they are completely wrong. There are various ways to treat Aphasia. The younger the patient the better the chances of recovery since the brain is not that developed to handle specific functions in kids as in adults. The treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and the goal that is to be achieved. Factors behind this trouble need to be determined first otherwise the perfect treatment cannot be decided. Some of the most prominent factors are aphasia type, brain-injury cause, age, brain-lesion size and positioning and others.

Some of the leading tips that can be applied as per Association of National Stroke are as follows:

  1. Using props can be helpful in getting across messages.
  2. Speaking slowly and staying calm while speaking.
  3. Drawing pictures or words on paper for communication.
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