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My brother started stammering from 1 year. During speaking he stops eventually in front of someone else as well as family members. Due to this he lost his confidence in himself and now he even do not want to talk to Anyone freely. He fears that if he will speak he will stammer and will be laughed at by others. During stammering he sometimes pronounces a word longer than actual time Or sometimes he eventually stops during speaking and says that the word seems that it will not come from his mouth at that point of time. So I request you to give me suggestion on what I should do for my brother. Thank you.
Fully in tension feeling so much depressed cause of studies and financial problem in my home any cure or advice for it.
An intense fear for anything is called as phobia. Fear and phobia are different to explain in simple terms person feeling anxious and nervous while doing something is fear and failure to attempt to do the work and staying back is phobia. In phobia they have intense fear that make the person to always keep away from exposing to the situation.
The most common symptoms of phobia are:
Trembling or shivering and shaking of body.
Rapid breathing or sometimes difficulty in breathing
Increased heart rate and chest tightness.
Hot or cold flushes
Psychological or emotional effects include:
Anxiety and fear
Detachment from self and environment
Looking for ways to escape from facing the situation
Going crazy or sometimes even loss of control
Overacting to avoid facing the situation.
Consider for treatment and self help of phobia if you have most of the above symptoms in an extreme state. Intense fear, anxiety, interference or avoidance of normal routine and phobia for at least more than 6 months needed to be treated with utmost care.
Treatment and Self help:
Identify your fear level and intensity really helps you to work for the ways to relieve from phobia. Identify the symptoms you experience during fearful situation and work on it to overcome the symptoms.
Learn and practice deep breathing relaxation technique and practice to do few simple deep breathing relaxation exercises.
Face the negative thoughts with courage. In phobia you may overestimate the fearful situation and underestimate your potential to overcome it. Challenge your negative thoughts is the good way of self help.
Make yourself prepared and expose yourself to the fearful situation.
Frame your frame ladder and try to climb each ladder with utmost care and confidence.
- Practice regularly. The more you practice exposing to the situation sooner you get relieved from the fear and phobia. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
I am suffering from schizophrenia for past 9 years with ongoing medicines still do not have mental peace. What basic precautions should I take to get rid off schizophrenia?
I need to stop smoking and do cleansing my body is this good to start with Spirulina capsule does it has any side infect.
From last 2 years or so I have a partial loss of very recent memory.Like don't remember current movies I have watched clearly or the story.Get blank at times.Even face problem with dates and numbers to some extent.Though it is not serious but want to know if this wont get aggravated and what to do.No issues with past memories.
I think my memory power goes down, even I can't remember the name of some people sometimes. How can I increase my memory power? Any natural treatment?
1. Mother 63 years old 2. Two (2) years back undergone bypass 3.she forgets things and she is thinking more 4.she is feeling not good by thinking some thing which is not correct. Example, brother told me something to do and why he told me like that I should be in the house I don't like this 5.she use to ask any question like your children are there one time after sometime she will ask the same question what is the problem where to show for diagnosis she takes less food, water.
My weight is around 135 kgs and due to depression i eat abnormally.I also find very hard to takes breaks in between two meals.What should i do to control my weight.I need to tell you that i have diabetes & hypertension as well.
I am suffering from head heaviness from last 15 days. During this I became unable to concentrate. please help me.
Hello Dr. I always feel depressed, tensed irritation and serious looking at everything I do not know what to do ?
Chronic anxiety and confusion are very dangerous for health? Due to chronic anxiety and confusion I have a sleep disturbance, vomiting feeling, and weight loss, digestive disorder, dull looking face. If I keep on taking such chronic anxiety and confusion, is it possible for me to get diabetes and heart attack in long run? I'm male, underweight, age-29, height-170.
I have some forgetfulness problem after joining of my new company it was developing day by day hope can I over come from that. Only the office related documents and important activities.
I am 29 years old. I am taking medicine for bipolar disorder for 18 months. operate chrono 300 mg, dipwell 10 mg. I am 92 kg unable to loose weight. Kindly tell me way and how can I stop medicine. I have thyroid also taking eltroxin 50th mg.
My father drink regularly due to which some problems are occurred. I want they do not drink so what can I do.
I am very weak in remembering things which results bad for my academic please suggest some exercise.
So what is going wrong in a brain that hears noises that others don’t?
Interestingly enough, the same brain areas that activate when people hear real noise also light up in schizophrenics during hallucinatory episodes. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans, several studies have found increased activation in Broca’s area (link is external) (a language processing region) and in the primary auditory cortex (link is external) in schizophrenics as they “hear” voices that aren’t real.
But more answers lead to more questions. In this case, why are there abnormal activation of auditory- and speech-related brain regions in the absence of sound?
It may have something to do with brain structure: That tiny part of the brain that is so critical to processing auditory information in humans, the primary auditory cortex, is often smaller in schizophrenic individuals. Across multiple fMRI studies (link is external), researchers have found that reduced volume of the anterior superior temporal gyrus (which contains part of the auditory cortex) in schizophrenics is correlated with increased severity of hallucinatory episodes.
Another structural deficit found in schizophrenics is a weak connection between certain brain regions, specifically between the frontal and temporal lobes. This means that “certain groups of neurons, such as those responsible for producing and receiving language, may begin to function autonomously, beyond the control or influence of other brain systems,” writes Ralph Hoffman (link is external), a professor of psychiatry at Yale University. “It is as if the string section of the orchestra suddenly decided to play its own music, disregarding everyone else.”
Branislava Curic-Blake and colleagues (link is external) (2013) investigated this idea by scanning schizophrenic patients as they performed a task requiring inner speech processing: Subjects were shown two-syllable words on a screen and had to indicate whether the stress was located on the first or second syllable by pressing a button. In order to complete the task, subjects sounded out the words in their heads—effectively activating both inner speech production and language perception regions, according to a previous fMRI study. (link is external) The researchers found that subjects with a history of hallucinations demonstrated reduced connectivity from Wernicke’s area (language processing) to Broca’s area (speech production) relative to the control group.
This disconnect may explain the brain’s confusion of internally generated thoughts with external voices. Hoffman proposes that hyperactivity in the left frontal lobe combined with a weakened connection may lead to Broca’s area “dumping” language into Wernicke’s area—a part of the brain that normally receives speech information from the outside. A passing thought may be experienced as a whisper in one’s ear.
To test this theory, Hoffman and colleagues (link is external) have experimented with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a noninvasive method that can inhibit small regions of the brain by producing light electric currents—in this case, reducing the hyperactivity of Broca’s area and portions of the temporal lobe. Although results are preliminary, most patients treated with TMS seem to experience relief from their auditory hallucinations, with improvements lasting anywhere from two months to a year. If validated in larger-scale studies, TMS could become an alternative treatment option.
Schizophrenia is a highly stigmatized illness (link is external). Most of us don’t understand hallucinations or delusions—and we are scared of what we don’t understand. We associate “hearing voices” with insanity. But the sounds that schizophrenic people hear are just as real to them as the sound of your child chattering about her day or the car beeping outside. And for them, the noise doesn’t stop.
Once we recognize the neural basis of schizophrenia, we become more compassionate. We begin to grasp the helplessness and confusion that schizophrenic individuals face as they deal with symptoms they have no control over—voices, paranoia, disorganized speech, apathy. And we can take more steps toward supporting those afflicted with this debilitating disease. Burke, who is vice president of the nonprofit group Stigma Fighters (link is external), says the stigma surrounding schizophrenia is particularly demoralizing. “As soon as something terrible happens in the news, that’s the first thing people point to, saying ‘They probably had voices that told them to do it,’” she explains.
“But the truth is, the majority of us are not violent people at all. Giving people with mental illness a voice is the most important thing. Getting us to speak up will create change.”