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Dr. Hina Iqbal

Gynaecologist, Pune

300 at clinic
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Dr. Hina Iqbal Gynaecologist, Pune
300 at clinic
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I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Hina Iqbal
Dr. Hina Iqbal is a trusted Gynaecologist in Koregaon Park, Pune. She is currently associated with Sai Seva Nursing Home in Koregaon Park, Pune. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Hina Iqbal on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Gynaecologists from across India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Pune and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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1St Floor,Deccan Tower,Camp, Koregaon Park,Landamrk:-Mahatma Gandhi Bus Stop, PunePune Get Directions
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5 Reasons Behind Missed Periods!

EMDR, FRCOG (LONDON) (Fellow of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists), MFSRH , Diploma in psychosexual therapy, Medical diploma in clinical Hypnosis, Diploma in Evidence Based Healthcare, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
5 Reasons Behind Missed Periods!

It's anything, but difficult to make a hasty judgment when you understand your period is late. In case you're attempting to conceive, you may have this feeling of incredulity. In case you're not, you may feel frustrated or disarrayed in the event that you know it is highly unlikely you could be pregnant. The truth of the matter is, however, the vast majority naturally consider pregnancy, at the time of a late period, it may be the case that or one of numerous different conceivable outcomes.

Here's a summary of the common causes behind a missed period:

  1. Preganancy: Sometimes when you miss your period, the cause maybe exactly what you think you could be pregnant! The initial symptoms of pregnancy such as bloating of the stomach, cramping of stomach, and tenderness in breasts can resemble the feeling that you get before your periods; may create confusion whether you are actually pregnant or if your periods are a little delayed. If your periods are delayed for over 10 days, then it is better to take a home pregnancy test.
  2. StressStress can have several effects on your body such as headaches, acne, weight gain and other issues. Stress can also make you miss your periods. When you are stressed, your body synthesizes stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. These elevated levels force your brain to differentiate between essential and non-essential functions of the body. The blood supply to the muscles of the body can increase while systems such as the digestive system or the reproductive system can be subdued. This results in delayed period.
  3. Excessive exercise: Working out and maintaining fitness is a great thing to do; although when you overdo it, it restricts your body from producing enough oestrogen, the hormone that helps in completing your menstrual cycle. Thus professionals such as ballet dancers, athletes and gymnasts face a higher chance of suffering through amenorrhea (missing periods) for 3-4 months. Also if you work out too much without consuming enough calories, it can cause disruptions.
  4. Illness: When your body is battling a disease such as common cold or even fever, your brain starts concentrating on the functions that are important for the body. This can contribute to missing your period.
  5. Weight: If you lose excessive amount of weight without maintaining a good diet, you can deprive your body from producing oestrogen that helps build up the uterine lining. The same thing happens with eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia. On the contrary, if you are obese, it can result in over production of oestrogen that can stop your ovulation in totality. This may lead to heavy, irregular periods. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
5 people found this helpful

Malnutrition in Hindi - कुपोषण

MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Malnutrition in Hindi - कुपोषण

हमें जिंदा रहने के लि्ए ऊर्जा की जरूरत होती है। ये ऊर्जा हमें भोजन से मिलती है। अगर हमारे खाने में पोषक तत्वों की कमी हो जाए तो हमारे शरीर के साथ हमारे जीवन पर भी खराब प्रभाव पड़ता है। ये हमारे स्वास्थ्य, व्यवहार, मूड के साथ-साथ संपूर्ण विकास को प्रभावित करता है।
अधिकतर लोग यह समझते हैं कि जिन लोगों को पौष्टिक भोजन नहीं मिलता केवल वे ही कुपोषण का शिकार होते हैं। लेकिन पौष्टिक भोजन मिलने के बावजूद अगर आपकी खाने-पीने से जुड़ी आदतें ठीक नहीं हैं तो आप भी कुपोषण के शिकार हो सकते हैं। जैसे हरी सब्जियां अगर भाप में पकाकर खाई जाएं तो इनसे सबसे ज्यादा पोषण मिलता है। लिहाजा हम जो खा रहे हैं, उससे सबसे ज्यादा पोषण किस रूप में मिलेगा उसका ध्यान रखना भी जरूरी है। कुपोषण का खतरा पुरुषों के बजाय महिलाओं में ज्यादा होता है वहीं वयस्कों के बजाय बच्चे इसका शिकार ज्यादा होते हैं।

कुपोषण के लक्षण 
कुपोषण का सबसे प्रमुख लक्षण वजन कम होना है। अगर आपका वजन तीन महीने के अंदर बिना डायटिंग के 10 फीसदी कम हो रहा है तो आप कुपोषण के शिकार हैं। इसके अलावा थकान, आलस, खून की कमी, सांस लेने में दिक्कत आदि भी कुपोषण के लक्षण हैं। 

कुपोषण की वजह 
शरीर को पोषक तत्व खाने से ही मिलते हैं। जब खाने में पोषक तत्वों की कमी होने लगती है तो शरीर पर इनका असर दिखने लगता है। इन मुख्य वजहों पर डालें नजर...

1. खाने में पोषक तत्वों की कमी- 
आप पेटभर खाना खा रहे हैं फिर भी अगर कुपोषण का शिकार होते जा रहे हैं तो मेन्यू पर ध्यान देने की जरूरत है। बहुत संभव है कि आपके खाने में पोषक तत्वों की कमी हो। कई खाद्य पदार्थ स्वादिष्ट होते हैं लेकिन हमारे शरीर में पोषक तत्वों की कमी को पूरा नहीं कर पाते। अगर आप इस तरह का खाना खाने की आदत बना लेते हैं तो कुपोषण का शिकार हो जाएंगे।
2. असंतुलित खाना- 
हमारे शरीर को उम्र और आयु के हिसाब से पोषण की अलग-अलग मात्रा की जरूरत होती है। मान लिया आप आधा ग्लास दूध पीते हैं और आपके शरीर को एक ग्लास दूध की जरूरत है तो पोषण अधूरा रह जाएगा। अगर भोजन में पोषण की मात्रा जरूरी स्तर से कम होती है और लगातार काफी समय तक ऐसा ही कम पोषक तत्वों वाला भोजन किया जाए तो कुपोषण की संभावना बढ़ जाती है।
3. अनुपयुक्त भोजन - 
अलग आयुवर्ग, कार्य-शीलता, जीवन की अलग-अलग अवस्था और महिला और पुरुष की जरूरत के हिसाब से शरीर को अलग-अलग मात्रा में पोषण की जरूरत होती है। उदाहरण के लिए सामान्य वयस्क और एक खिलाड़ी के शरीर को अलग पोषक तत्वों की जरूरत होगी वैसे ही एक गर्भवती महिला और सामान्य महिला की जरूरतें अलग होती हैं।
4. आर्थिक कारण और जागरूकता की कमी- 
कुछ लोगों की आर्थिक स्थिति इतनी अच्छी नहीं होती किि वे पोषक खाना खा सकें। वहीं कुछ लोग सिर्फ पेट और स्वाद के लिए खाना खाते हैं और पोषक तत्वों की जरूरत को दरकिनार कर देते हैं।
5. पर्याप्त नींद न लेना- 
आपको ये पढ़कर हैरानी होगी लेकिन पर्याप्त नींद न लेने से भी कुपोषण की समस्या पैदा हो सकती है। सामान्य वयस्क को रोजाना आठ घंटे की नींद जरूरी होती है। नींद की कमी होने से मेटाबोलिज्म गड़बड़ा जाता है। ऐसे में पोषक खाना खाने के बावजूद शरीर पोषण को अवशोषित नहीं कर पाता और धीरे-धीरे कुपोषण का शिकार बन जाता है।

लें संतुलित आहार 
संतुलित आहार में कार्बोहाइड्रेट, विटामिन, आयरन, फाइबर, फैट, खनिज पदार्थ, पानी और प्रोटीन यह सात तत्व मौजूद होते हैं। 

  • कार्बोहाइड्रेट साबुत अनाज, फल, सब्जियों और फलियां वाले खाद्य पदार्थों में पाया जाता है। 
  • विटामिन ताजा फलों, सब्जियों, अंडे आदि से प्राप्त कर सकते हैं। फाइबर सिर्फ कब्ज ही नहीं, डाइबिटीज, अस्थमा, ह्रदय रोग और कैंसर को दूर भगाने में भी सहायक होते हैं। इनसे शरीर की प्रतिरोधक क्षमता मजबूत होती है। 
  • पॉलीअनसेचुरेटेड स्रोतों जैसे - जैतून के तेल, नट्स और मछली में संतृप्त वसा पाई जाती है। 
  • सब्जियां खनिज और विटामिन पाने का सबसे आसान तरीका है। ऐसे में रोज के भोजन में ज्यादा से ज्यादा सब्जियों को शामिल करें। हरी पत्तेदार सब्जियों के साथ विभिन्न रंगों की सब्जियों से आपको अलग-अलग पोषक तत्व मिल जाते हैं। पालक, बीन्स, ब्रोकली आदि ज्यादा से ज्यादा खाएं।
  • नियमित रूप से कम से 8-10 गिलास पानी का सेवन करना चाहिए।
  • मछली, मांस, अंडा, पनीर और दालें प्रोटीन का सबसे अच्छा स्त्रोत हैं।

ये उपाय भी अपनाएं- ड्राई फ्रूट्स और जूस भी शरीर को पोषक तत्व प्रदान करते हैं। अपने साथ किशमिश, काजू, अखरोट और मूंगफली रखें। इन्हें स्नैक्स के तौर पर खाएं।

8 people found this helpful

Ayurveda and Couple Counselling

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Ayurveda and Couple Counselling

Holistic science is taking centre stage once again, after their decline in the past centuries since the advent of contemporary medicine. Ayurveda is one such area that helps in reaching and curing the root cause of the ailment that a person may be facing. Couples facing problems or relationships problems are one such area that is also a part of this ancient Indian life science. Let us find out more about Ayurvedic Couple Counselling.

Transformation: Ayurveda seeks to reach the root cause of a problem and transform the life of the patient by dealing with the said problem. For couples, one of the most basic problems is that of stagnation. With the help of the transformation function, Ayurveda helps the two partners in finding a basis for dealing with the old by bringing in the new. In this kind of counselling, couples are usually asked to find something new in each other and things that they can do together to break from the same old routine. This creates a sense of excitement and makes for shared experiences.

Meditation: In Ayurveda, the couple undergoing counselling is usually asked to practice meditation together. This helps in grounding the couple as one unit as they breathe in and out together and get initiated through the path of meditation. With this, a union of the mind, the body and spirit can be possible on several levels where the couple can understand, guide and evolve with each other. When meditation is practiced by the couple together, it is a deeply connecting ritual that also builds intimacy on a whole other level of commitment and togetherness.

Intuition: All people go through change. When we marry, we are young and we subsequently grow old and older with each other. The objective is to grow old together rather than changing to a degree where one partner does not understand or relate with the other. So, as per Ayurveda, it is difficult to align with each other using a sense of intuition that will help in nurturing each other through change, rather than growing apart. This sense of intuition will also bring about better adaptability and adjustment.

Flow of Energy: The main energy between couple is emotion, which can be regulated with Chakra Healing. The play of emotions between two people is what binds together. But this where the subtle balance has to come about so that one does not get overwhelmed with the other. With the help of couples counselling in Ayurveda, the couple will be taught to channel the flow of energy in a positive way to manifest in understanding, good sexual relations, and harmony in cohabitation.

Some unique herbal combos, absolutely safe, are decided by Ayurveda doctor on the basis of feedback, if required. Being open with each other is the key to being happy with couple counselling in Ayurveda.

3901 people found this helpful

Hello mam. I want to ask that after every unprotected sex if we take contraceptive pills such as i-pill, so what kind of problems we will face in present and future? And, if we have taken it 8-9 times then does we face any problems after the marriage or not.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello mam. I want to ask that after every unprotected sex if we take contraceptive pills such as i-pill, so what kind...
Dear lybrate-user kindly do not take ipills again and again as they are very very harmful for your body. It is having tremendous side effects on hormonal system of body on which everything depends including you future pregnancy and period regularities just to namesome. Thereare very many other ways to prevent pregnancy. God bless.
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Can you explain me about safe period sex for not becoming pregnant. Without use of condoms or any other measures measures is it possible to avoid pregnancy.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Can you explain me about safe period sex for not becoming pregnant.
Without use of condoms or any other measures meas...
Afe periods is considered from 8th to 19th counting from 1st day of cycle for the period of 28 days. This method is unreliable if you have irregular periods.
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Women's Health

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Women's Health

Drinking lots of water - atleast 2 litres everyday - everyday during periods helps in maintaining the water level in your body and fastens the digestive process while taking care of the hormonal changes.

4 people found this helpful

M.B.B.S,C.C.A,D.C.A,AASECT,FPA,AAD,M.I.M.S
General Physician,
"Nightcaps (Drinking alcohol before bed) give you the worst sleep ever!

Any alcoholic beverage (generally brandy, wine, beer, bourbon etc) consumed before bedtime is known as a nightcap. You may have a nightcap thinking you’ll get better sleep, but did you know that it’s actually responsible for giving you a disrupted sleep pattern? Nightcaps may gradually start interfering with your sleeping quality, causing you to wake up sooner than you want.

How do nightcaps adversely affect your sleeping pattern?

Recently, a study conducted by the University of Melbourne revealed the fact that alcohol before bedtime can give you the worst sleep ever. In this study, several volunteering adults were neurologically monitored in a lab for a few days. Half of them were asked to have nightcaps, while the other half was instructed to drink non-alcoholic beverages. After completing their observation, the researchers reached the conclusion that though alcohol resulted in greater number of sleeping hours, it left the participants feeling dehydrated and less refreshed in the morning due to fragmented sleep. This is because the sleep induced by nightcaps is very shallow, and having nightcaps regularly can result in less restorative sleep.

The side-effects of nightcaps

Ruining your sleep is not the only ill effect nightcaps have on your health. Nightcaps give rise to other issues too, like snoring and night sweats. Moreover, consuming alcohol before falling asleep also weakens your immune system, damages your memory, speeds up the ageing process, results in nightmares, and causes headaches and insomnia. In fact, regular nightcaps are bad for your heart too.

4 ways how you can prevent alcohol from affecting your sleep pattern

Nonetheless, if you want to include a bit of alcohol to your dinner, it can be done in the correct way to ensure that it doesn’t affect the quality of your sleep. You can follow these simple rules to minimise the ill effects of nightcaps:

1. Stick to the three hour rule: Ensure that you drink alcohol at least 3 hours prior to sleeping.

2. Limit yourself to a fixed amount: Always consume alcoholic beverages in moderation and try to limit yourself to only one or two drinks every day.

3. Sleep early: Try to avoid staying awake longer than you usually do as this adds up to alcohol’s abilities of disturbing your sleep.

4. Increase your water intake: Prevent your body from getting dehydrated by the effect of alcohol by consuming at least one glass of water for each glass of alcohol. Additionally, don’t forget to sip a few glasses of water after waking up in the morning.

Sleep is important for your overall well being, so try not to compromise with it by consuming nightcaps regularly, especially after knowing about its devastating effects.

If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'Consult'.

To get more such tips and ask health-related questions from trusted doctors of India, download Lybrate App on your smartphone today. http://lybr.at/app-pz. Enjoy Healthy Living
6 people found this helpful

Hi I have PCOD problem. Now I want conceive twins. Which pills is helpful to produce superovulation.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
Pcos generally have ovulation problems, and there are no medicines which can confirm that you will have twins. Follicular study is done from 9th day of your cycle on alternate days which shows which day exactly you are ovulating. See a gynaecologist for this.
1 person found this helpful
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My wife is 8 month pregnant yesterday we did sex after she got bleeding, it may any problem? Please answer soon we have hesitate to inform our parents.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Karnal
An ultrasound is must at this stage. You should consult a gynecologist as soon as possible .you don't afford to lose a precious child just because of hesitation. Best of luck.
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