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Dr. Deepak Ranade

Neurosurgeon, Pune

700 at clinic
Dr. Deepak Ranade Neurosurgeon, Pune
700 at clinic
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Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Deepak Ranade
Dr. Deepak Ranade is one of the best Neurosurgeons in Paud Road, Pune. You can visit him at Krishna Hospital in Paud Road, Pune. Book an appointment online with Dr. Deepak Ranade and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Neurosurgeons from across India. You will find Neurosurgeons with more than 43 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Neurosurgeons online in Pune and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#2, Anjanwel,Paud Road. Landmark: Prashant Society, PunePune Get Directions
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Sir my child was 12 years old. Three times he suddenly fell on ground without any reason in toilet. Pl explain me why these happen and what can I do about him.

BHMS
Homeopath,
First of all do a ct-scan brain. And consult with a neurologist. I think this might be related to brain. Go n hv a check up.
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my brother had brain hemorrhage in 2003,(when he was just 26 years old) till date he is not able to walk, he can not talk properly, his left side is not working. He can not stand on his own. Please help us.

DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Nagpur
Most of the recovery after stroke, in your case haemorrhagic stroke, occurs within first 3 months. Some patients continue to have further some recovery in first year. After that there is not much improvement. However continue physiotherapy so as to prevent contractures. If there is any tightening in the limbs, it can be managed with some anti spasticity drugs.
2 people found this helpful

Dementia - Easy Tips To Help You Cope With It!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Dementia - Easy Tips To Help You Cope With It!

A lot of things can be done to cope with the initial stages of dementia. A person goes through a wide range of emotions such as fear, denial, frustration, and anger, post the diagnosis. Here is a list of tips that will help a patient with dementia to cope better:

  1. Physical health: For a dementia patient, it is very important to take care of one’s health. A good diet along with regular exercise and adequate rest is a prerequisite to manage this disorder.
  2. Regular check-ups: Regular medical check-ups with the doctor are necessary in this condition. Depression and other mental health problems should be discussed with a professional.
  3. Quit alcohol: Alcohol might give momentary pleasure from the misery, but it has long-standing implications. It reacts with the medicine and creates additional health and memory-related complications.
  4. Allocate time for difficult tasks: With time, it can become difficult to perform even the simplest of tasks. The patient should accordingly schedule the time to perform the tasks which may be difficult to carry out. Adequate breaks should be taken while performing a task to avoid getting fatigued.
  5. Redefine work: If a patient is suffering from dementia is still working, it should be ensured that the work is more manageable from a desk. Planning an early retirement may be a good idea in order to cope with dementia.
  6. Be organised: Keeping track of things can get difficult with time. It, therefore, makes sense to organise all belongings systematically. Putting labels on doors and drawers also help.
  7. Continue pursuing your hobbies: Amidst the difficulty and the depression, it is a good idea to continue doing things that are fun. While such activities might require some assistance from the doctor and family members, this helps the patient to be cheerful and healthy.
  8. Maintain notes: Since dementia is involved with forgetfulness, it makes sense to maintain a diary and keep records of phone numbers, people, appointments, etc.
  9. Communication channel: Maintaining a direct communication channel with family, friends, and relatives is a good idea. Sharing feelings will go a long way in maintaining relations with loved ones.
  10. Support group: Joining a dementia support group can be highly beneficial for the patient. It will not only give the patient company but also make sure that the patient gets a lot of useful information about the disorder. It also helps in keeping the morale up.
  11. Getting ready for the future: Things need to be meticulously planned well in advance to ensure that when the disease progresses, the patient has enough people to look after him. Things such as medical arrangements, financial assets, and property details should be carefully handed over as per the patient's wish. This will ensure a smooth run of the patients’ life when they can no longer take care of themselves. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
2726 people found this helpful

Epilepsy and Depression

Advance Course in Neuro linguistic Programming, Diploma In Dyslexic Studies, Masters In Psychological Counselling
Psychologist, Mumbai
Epilepsy and Depression

Mansi( name changed) is a young 27-year-old epilepsy patient.her seizures are under complete control since the past two years yet her family wonders as to why do she continues to be withdrawn, low on energy and cry's often. Empirical evidence and research have drawn a link with depression post-AED (Antiepilepsy Drugs).

Depression is comorbid with epilepsy.It can proceed epilepsy.It can post an epilepsy attack.Social factors also play a role in its occurrence.

Here it is essential for family members to be empathetic and supportive towards the patient.

I am suffering from polio from 6 years and please tell me how I can control this and what is its prevention?

DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Rajkot
Prevention of polio is vaccination according to govt program right from birth. Once established there is no cure, though it can be managed with physiotherapy. Also contractures of muscles can be treated with surgeries.
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My wife, aged about 46 years is an epileptic and has been taking allopathic medicines for the last 20 years. Recently she has been complaining that she is feeling burning sensation/pain while passing urine. Can any doctor suggest some good homeo remedy for cure without interfering with her regular medicines.

BHMS, MD - Alternate Medicine
Homeopath, Nagpur
Definitely she can be given homoeoapthic medications. But some more details are required to give a right medicines. Till then she can take plenty of water and coconut water.
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I am 17 years old and I am having headache since 2 months and I have consult this problem to my family doctor and he said that you are having problem known as migraine I need you to give my the advice how do I get rid from this problem.

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Do avoid stress anxiety and anticipating the things do regular physical activity and breathing exercises for about 30 minutes regularly have balanced diet best wishes.
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All About Parkison's Disease

MBBS, MHS, MD - Neurology (USA), Fellowship in Epilepsy, Clinical Attachment in Movement disorders
Neurologist,
All About Parkison's Disease

* Should I be afraid of talking to the doctor?
No. Every doctor wants his/her patient to recover as soon as possible. If patients have the right knowledge, they are able to interpret and report their symptoms better. Having this knowledge prevents unnecessary anxiety and greatly facilitates diagnosis and treatment.

It is the duty of every doctor to provide the right information to the patient, and every doctor tries to do this to the best of his/ her ability. Sometimes it is not possible to provide thorough information and answer all questions of a particular patient, because then the doctor will not be able to give adequate time to the next patient. Th is is the main reason behind writing this book. In many cases, patients do not want to talk to their doctor because they are afraid of knowing more about their illness. This is the wrong approach. Knowledge is power. I assure you that having the right knowledge will decrease your anxiety and help you get better.

I do have one suggestion: before going to the doctor, write down all your questions on a piece of paper. Almost all doctors will be very happy to answer your questions if you ask them efficiently.

* Why should I pay attention to my symptoms? just run some tests and you will know what disease I have...
Tests can be helpful, but they cannot diagnose all diseases. Often, no test can detect the small short-circuits in the brain that are responsible for causing seizures. Until very recently, there was absolutely no test that could diagnose parkinson's disease. Tests cannot tell the doctor how you are responding to the medication. For example, in parkinson's the doctor may ask you how you feel in the morning, how long the eff ect of medication lasts, do your arms or shoulders jerk after you take medication, and so on. Each symptom is important for the correct diagnosis and treatment of your condition. You and your immediate family members can provide the doctor with this essential information. If you have difficulty remembering your symptoms, you should note them in a notebook. If you have difficulty describing some of your symptoms, you should make a video recording for 3-5 minutes using a smartphone or digital camera (android, Iphone etc). Such recordings are tremendously helpful for diagnosis and treatment.


* What are the common tests used to diagnose brain diseases?
The three tests most commonly used are:
Mri, ct scan and eeg. Other specific tests have been described in the relevant chapters.
(i) Mri (magnetic resonance imaging) scan:
An mri scan is probably the most important test for diagnosis. It can diagnose many diseases such as a stroke, tumor and inflammation. Mri scanning is done in a big tube shaped machine which is attached to a bed. Th e patient sleeps on the bed for 30-45 minutes. Th e bed slowly moves back and forth through the machine. During this time the machine clicks very detailed pictures of the patient's brain.

Please note that during the scan you may hear some loud whooshing and clicking sounds. Th ese are just the sounds of

Magnets and motors inside the machine, and there is no need to be concerned by these noises. Some people may feel anxious because of the small space within the scanner, and a few people may need medications to decrease this anxiety. Mri scanning is extremely safe; there is usually no health risk. Before the scan, please inform the doctor about any metal inserts or implants (e. G. Heart defi brillator) In your body.

Mri test machines are of various strengths such as 1.5 tesla, 3 tesla and so on. Mri machines with a higher number (for example 3 tesla) take better pictures. This book was written in 2015, at this time the highest resolution mri available in india was 3 tesla.

(ii) Ct (computerized tomography) scan:
The CT Scan machine looks just like the mri machine. It has a bed that moves back and forth slowly while the machine takes a picture of your brain.

CT scan has a few advantages over mri:
(i) It is less expensive. An mri may cost around 5000-7000 rupees, while a ct scan usually costs around 1000 inr (indian rupees).
(ii) It can be done very quickly. An mri may take 1 hour or more, but a ct scan can be completed in 10-15 minutes.

Unfortunately, CT scanning has some significant disadvantages:
- The picture obtained by a ct scan is not as clear as that obtained by an mri. The difference in quality is striking: it is like the diff erence between a black-and-white tv from the 70s and the new lcd televisions available today.

- CT-Scan exposes your body to radiation.
Radiation is bad for your body, and especially a baby's body. Therefore, pregnant women should never have a ct scan. Ct scan is commonly used during emergencies. When a patient comes to the emergency room, a rapid ct scan may be done to look for emergencies which may need immediate surgery such as bleeding inside the brain. An mri is usually done the next day, when the patient is more stable.

If you have already had an mri, then usually you do not need a ct scan. Th ere are a few rare conditions (e. G. Calcification in brain) which are seen better on a ct, but these are very uncommon.

(iii) Eeg (electro-encephalo-graphy):
Our brain functions because of electric currents traveling from one place in the brain to another. An eeg measures this electric current.

To do this test, small pieces of wire are stuck to the head using glue. These wires are then connected to an amplifi er and the electrical activity in the brain is recorded. The machine itself does not send any current to the brain. It only records current. Therefore, there is no pain or discomfort, and this is an extremely safe test. Anyone can have this test, including pregnant women, babies and very sick patients. Th is test is most often used for evaluating seizures. An eeg is also used in cases where the patient is unconscious for a long time, without a clear reason.


1. Doctor, my hand keeps shaking. It stops shaking only at night. Why is this happening?
The shaking of your hands is called a tremor. There are many causes of hand tremor. Th e most common causes are essential tremor and parkinson's disease. If you have essential tremor, your hands will shake more when you try to do something. For example, writing may become very diffi cult or water may fall down when you try to drink form a glass.

If you have parkinson's disease, the tremor is maximum when your hands are resting and doing nothing. For example, when you are sitting on a chair and watching tv comfortably, the hand starts shaking. Besides these common causes, there are other causes. For example, shaking of the hand (s) can begin after a small stroke near an important part of the brain called the red nucleus or in a condition called dystonia which causes contraction of the hand muscles without any clear reason some medications (see list), severe anxiety and very excessive tea/coff ee can cause hand shaking. Finally, there are diseases that have symptoms exactly like parkinson's disease.

Therefore, I need to examine you carefully. Based on observing you so far, I think there is a possibility that you may have parkinson's disease.


2. Parkinson's! I have heard this is an extremely serious illness! is this disease fatal?
No. Parkinson's disease is not fatal. Yes, but it is important to treat parkinson's disease promptly. Th e diagnosis of parkinson's disease is often missed. If not treated on time, patients with parkinson's disease are significantly restricted in their day-to-day activities, practically becoming disabled if treatment is delayed for a long time.

Secondly, if left untreated, patients with parkinson's disease can have frequent falls causing serious injuries including fractures and head injuries. Hence the diagnosis and treatment of parkinson's disease should be done as soon as possible.


3. What causes parkinson's disease?
Our brain runs on electricity and chemicals. If there is too much or too little of a particular chemical in your brain, it causes a disease. Parkinson's disease is caused by the reduction of a chemical called dopamine in our brain.

Dopamine is produced in the back of our brain, in a part called the mid-brain. It is then transported forwards and is widely distributed throughout the entire brain. It fi res up the movement centers of our brain, and helps them communicate better with one another. In parkinson's disease the cells in the midbrain producing dopamine gradually

Die. No one quite understands why this happens. Then effect is that the movement centers of the brain don't Communicate well with one another, and this produces the various symptoms of parkinson's disease.


4. Ok so what are other symptoms of parkinson's?
You already know one symptom shaking of the hands while resting. There are many other symptoms in patients with parkinson's disease and recognizing them is often very easy:
- Their muscles are often stiff and become inflexible, but they often do not complain about it. Th ey may complain that they are not able to do some things such as comb their hair.
- They are very slow in doing everything. They walk very slowly. They often bend forward while walking.
- They have difficulty turning around when they are walking.
- Sometimes they can get stuck in one position. Often this happens while walking, but may happen while doing something else.
- In later stages, they can fall frequently.
- Their friends may notice that their face has become expressionless and they just appear to stare off without blinking into distant space.

All patients do not have all of these symptoms. Some patients experience just the shaking of hands; other people experience just the muscle stiffness and so on. Often as people get older, more and more of the dopamine producing cells are destroyed and patients start developing more symptoms. But it takes years for this to happen and it may not happen in all people. In some patients, parkinson's disease remains restricted to just a few symptoms.


5. Ok doctor, thankfully I seem to be having just the hand shaking at this time. But other than the symptoms you just described, I am having other symptoms. I am always constipated, I cannot sleep well, and my saliva keeps dribbling from my mouth. Is it possible that these symptoms are also related to parkinson's disease?
Yes. It is not just possible but very likely that all these symptoms are due to parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is recognized by all doctors as a disease affecting movement. But in addition to movement problems, patients can have many other problems.

These are frequently not recognized, even by physicians, and therefore left untreated. If recognized and treated (and simple treatments are available for many of these symptoms), their resolution can significantly improve the patient's quality of life. It is important that your doctor should think about other diseases too. For example

If you have back pain, it is important that the doctor should think about arthritis of the back, if you have impotence your doctor should think about diabetes etc. But in many cases, no other cause can be found - these problems are due to parkinson's disease. About 10-20 years ago, even doctors did not know about these complications of parkinson's disease. It is a matter of great pride for me that I had the opportunity to receive training from the world-famous indian professor who is at the forefront of research regarding these symptoms: Dr. Kallol ray chaudhuri at king's college hospital in london.


6. How can you be sure that I have parkinson's disease?
A better patient history and examination will help me to confirm my diagnosis. We need to rule out other problems which look like parkinson's disease. Certain drugs may produce symptoms that are very similar to parkinson's disease (see list). Make sure you are not taking these medications, and avoid these medications in the future.

There are a few other diseases which have almost the same symptoms at parkinson's disease. Their names are complicated! these include diseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy (psp), multiple systems atrophy (msa) and cortico- basal degeneration (cbd)! th names are not very important the important thing is that there are other diseases that look just like parkinson's disease. Some of these diseases are identified by your doctor by looking for small clues on your exam: such as your blood pressure and the way your eyes move. Now let me tell you something very frankly even after a very detailed history and meticulous examination, the diagnosis may not be clear in some patients, even to the best of doctors in the best of institutions.


7. So isn't there a test for parkinson's disease?
Unfortunately, there is no test for parkinson's disease which can prove it with 100% accuracy. An mri (see information for everyone section) can be helpful to rule out some other diseases e. G. Multiple strokes, and 
Therefore many doctors get an mri in patients with parkinson's disease. There is one test that can be helpful. It

Is called the dat scan. The dat scan is abnormal in parkinson's disease, but it is also abnormal in some other diseases that look like parkinson's disease! therefore it is helpful only in certain cases. There are a few other tests like a cardiac scan (mibg scan), but these are only available at a few research centers, and again, do not help to completely rule out other diseases.


8. But. That is very concerning. What you are saying is that in some patients the diagnosis remains unclear?
You are correct. In most cases, the diagnosis of parkinson's disease can be made with certainty. But about 10% of patients have an uncommon mixture of symptoms so that no doctor, no blood test, no investigation can confidently determine if the patient has parkinson's disease or if he/she has another, similar disease. In such cases, most doctors explain the situation to the patients, and give them anti- parkinson's medications such as levodopa. Usually, a dramatic improvement is seen if the patient has parkinson's disease. If a patient takes an adequate quantity of Levodopa for 4-6 weeks and there is no clinical improvement, it is very unlikely that he has parkinson's disease.

These medications cause clinical improvement in about 1/3rd of all patients with the other diseases such as msa, psp etc. However, this improvement is not as dramatic as the improvement seen in parkinson's disease and frequently does not last as long. As the years go by, other symptoms develop (such as urinary problems, eye movement problems and falling) and a more definite diagnosis can be made on the basis of repeat examination.

9. Hmm. Doctor, there must be several medicines for parkinson's. If the parkinson's is caused by a lack of dopamine, shouldn't consuming dopamine help to reduce the symptoms of the parkinson's?
Yes, there are many medications and yes you are correct providing extra dopamine to the brain is one of the best ways to make the symptoms better. I have provided a list of these medications, but it is worth highlighting two of them: levodopa is the oral form of dopamine. It is converted into dopamine when it goes inside the brain. Th is is usually the fi rst medication that is started. It is available in standard, dispersible and extended-release

Preparations. Young patients with very mild symptoms of parkinson's disease are given a diff erent kind of medication initially. These medications are called dopamine agonists. Th ere are 3 dopamine agonist medications: pramipexole, ropirinole, and rotigotine. Th ey are available in standard and extended release preparations.


10. So, what you are saying is that the dose of parkinson's medications does not stay constant throughout life?
You are correct. Parkinson's disease often progresses as patients grow older. Some symptoms change and become less prominent but on the whole the symptoms become more severe. Th is progression is probably caused by gradual death of more and more cells producing dopamine. Very few people have side eff ects due to these based on the symptoms that develop, the medications. Often, parkinson's disease dose of parkinson's medication may need progresses as patients grow older and new to be changed, or new medications may be given. For example, if you have trouble sleeping at night, then the doctor can ask you to take an extra levodopa pill at night or an extended release ropnirole pill. If the benefi cial effect of levodopa is not lasting for as long as it used to, the doctor may ask you to take entacapone with the levodopa. If you have constipation the doctor will prescribe a laxative and so on. Sometimes it may take a few trials of different medications over 1-2 weeks to find the right combination that works for you. Parkinson's is not a deadly disease. Th ere are many medications for parkinson's. Th e doctor needs to have precise information about the patient's symptoms in order to prescribe the right medications. In parkinson's disease, the doctor needs help from his/her patient. It is essential to record your symptoms accurately and visit your doctor regularly, every 3 to 6 months.


11. Doctor, you are saying that frequently the dose of levodopa needs to be increased. But what happens if too much levodopa gets into the person's brain?
Yes, this can happen but it is not life-threatening. When there is excessive dopamine in the brain, the body starts moving too much. Often there are small jerks in the neck, shoulders and sometimes in the leg. If you are a fan of michael jackson, you have seen break-dancing. Th ese excessive movements look like break-dancing. Th e medical term

For these excessive movements is dys-kinesias. It is very important for you to be aware of them and remember the word: dys-kinesias. Often, dys-kinesias are at their maximum 1-2 hours after you take levodopa. If you have trouble recognizing these movements, you should take a video of any suspicious movements on your smartphone and show it to your doctor. In the early stages of parkinson's disease, dys-kinesias are only seen when the

Levodopa dose is very high. But in more advanced stages, they may be seen at lower doses and giving the patient an adequate dose of levodopa without producing dyskinesias may become diffi cult. At this stage, some dyskinesias may need to be tolerated. If you are suff ering from dyskinesias, you can reduce the dose of levodopa that you are

Taking. But this may result in some of the symptoms of parkinson's disease (slowness, rigidity, freezing etc) to reappear. Another way in which dyskinesias may be reduced is by giving you amantadine.


12. I am getting it now, doctor. This is like a weighing scale isn't it? too little levodopa causes the parkinson's disease symptoms to come back, and too much levodopa action causes dyskinesias.
Yes! th at is absolutely right. In the initial stages, balancing this weighing scale is very easy. But after 10, 15 or in some cases 20 years, balancing this scale becomes diffi cult. After taking levodopa, many patients improve but also get dyskinesias. It becomes impossible to fi nd a levodopa dose that causes improvement without producing dyskinesias. Th erefore, at this stage, some dyskinesias may need to be tolerated as long as you are able to function satisfactorily.


13. So doctor, you told me what happens when there is too much dopamine action in the brain. What if the there is too little dopamine action in the brain? What if levodopa just stops working?
Levodopa never stops working. But it may become less effective, and its effect may become short-lived. Th ere could be many reasons for levodopa to become less eff ective. These are listed separately the most important reason is that the patient may not be taking the levodopa on an empty stomach. As parkinson's disease advances, the eff ect of levodopa lasts for a shorter duration of time. Here is a somewhat typical story from such a patient. Remember, this happens only in few cases:
Taking the tablet helps me only for a short time. When I wake up in the morning, my feet contract, twist and become painful.


14. I understand. It must be difficult at that stage to find the right combination of medications. What if the situation worsens further?
Yes. And I think it is vital for patients to understand this. Frequently, with the right combination of medications the patient can get better. But it can take some time to find the right combination; sometimes even 3-4 trials of diff erent combinations may be required. If a patient gives up hope and gives up in the middle of these trials, the only possible outcome is progressive deterioration of the patient's health.

Sometimes, inspite of repeated adjustments, a good combination of medications cannot be found. But remember this situation arises 10-20 years after the parkinson's symptoms have been detected. Many parkinson's

Patients do not have to face this situation. If the right combination of medicines could not be found even after many trials, then still there is one solution. Brain surgery. Th en I take my morning dose of levodopa

And feel good. Sometimes I get some dyskinesias, but I don't complain about them because I am feeling good. But only an hour or 1.5 hours later, the symptoms of parkinson's disease start coming back. I become slower and slower, and then freeze. I get better again when I take levodopa, but I can't keep taking levodopa every hour!

I understand. It must be difficult at that stage to fi nd the right combination of medications. What if the situation worsens further?

Yes. And I think it is vital for patients to understand this. Frequently, with the right combination of medications the patient can get better. But it can take some time to fi nd the right combination; sometimes

Even 3-4 trials of different combinations may be required. If a patient gives up hope and gives up in the middle of these trials, the only possible outcome is progressive deterioration of the patient's health. Sometimes, inspite of repeated adjustments, a good combination of medications cannot be found. But remember this situation arises 10-20 years after the parkinson's symptoms have been detected. Many parkinson's patients do not have to face this situation. If the right combination of medicines could not be found even after many trials, then still there is one solution. Brain surgery. A proper mixture of medications may help this situation as well. I had given you an
Example of this earlier: entacapone can prolong the eff ect of levodopa.


15. Doctor. Brain surgery? are you kidding me? this is a big deal. By the way, what is this surgery called?
I know brain surgery is a big deal. This surgery is called deep brain stimulation, or this is a brain surgery, but a relatively dbs

If your symptoms are well controlled with medications, no doctor in their right mind would recommend you to have surgery. But in a few patients, medications no longer produce adequate improvement. Either the improvement lasts for a very short time, or the medication produces such dramatic dyskinesias that giving an adequate dose is impossible.

Approximately, 70% of such patients benefit from this surgery. The improvement is very significant, but dbs does not make all symptoms of parkinson's disease magically disappear. It is very important to have realistic expectations from the surgery. The improvement seen after surgery is batteries last for about 5 years, and can be Replaced when required.


16. Well. How is this surgery done?
This is a brain surgery, but a relatively minor one. A metal frame is usually attached to the patient's head. A very small hole (approximately 1 cm in diameter) is made in the head, and a thin (1 to 1.5 mm thick) wire is inserted through it. The wire is pushed into a very particular part of the brain called the sub-thalamic nucleus. Th e same process is repeated on the other side and another small wire is inserted. These wires are then connected to a small battery (a square of approx. 3 inch) that is kept in the skin below the chest. No part of this device can be seen from the outside, and any scars on the head are usually covered by hair in a few weeks. Th e device is usually turned on 4 weeks after the surgery. On an average, most.


17. I see. Doctor, does DBS cure all symptoms of parkinson's disease?
No. DBS surgery improves only those symptoms which improve after levodopa.

- Dbs surgery prolongs the eff ect of levodopa, decreases dyskinesias, improves slowness of movement, hand shaking, muscle stiff ness and in general makes the patient much more functional. However, symptoms that do not get better after levodopa such as freezing and falling usually do not get better after dbs.

- Approximately 5% of patients can have serious complications such as stroke, seizure and infection. But most of these problems are cured with medications. Only 1% of these patients have permanent problems from these complications, such as permanent weakness of one side of the body. Other symptoms that we talked about e. G. Sleep problems may get better after dbs. I conducted an audit of sleep symptoms after dbs during my time in london at king's college hospital, and found that there is

Significant, but non-dramatic, improvement in many patients.

Two problems can become worse after DBS:
(i) Severe psychiatric problems such as severe depression and hallucinations and
(ii) Severe diffi culties of thinking and memory. If any of these problems are severe, dbs is usually not off ered to the patient. If a patient has severe psychiatric problems and is under treatment, dbs may be considered in the future if they completely resolve.


18. Okay doctor, what are the risks of this surgery?
Th ere is a small amount of risk involved in any surgery. Since dbs surgery is relatively minor, the risk is low but is not non- existent.
- The risk of death is less than 1%
- Approximately 5% of patients can have serious complications such as stroke, seizure and infection. But most of these problems are cured with medications. Only 1% of these patients have permanent problems from these complications, such as permanent weakness of one side of the body.
- A few patients have minor problems such as problems in wire connections or a non-functioning battery. Th ese are easily corrected. In short, about almost 90-95% of patient do not have any complications during or after the surgery, and the risk of death or permanent problems is very small (lts 2%).


19. Can the doctor guarantee a significant benefi t after DBS surgery?
No. No doctor in the world can guarantee Improvement after dbs. Th at being said, improvement happens in most patients as long as they are carefully selected. Before off ering you option of surgery, the doctor will give you a large dose of levodopa and make sure that your symptoms improve significantly. He/she will tell you that this is the maximum benefit that you may get after dbs, and try to set realistic expectations so that you are not disappointed after the surgery. Often the surgery is followed by a period of temporary improvement, even before the battery is switched on. This improvement Goes away in a few weeks. Th is is expected and you should not be disappointed - this is a good sign. After the battery is switched on, it may take between 3-6 months to achieve the optimal balance between your dbs and medications. During this time, your symptoms will improve gradually. But you should be patient if your symptoms

Have not improved within 1-2 months there is a good chance they will improve with further dbs adjustments. Most patients improve after dbs surgery, but a few people do not improve. Th e reason why these people do not benefit from dbs surgery is unknown, and this is being vigorously researched in the us, uk and other countries. Read more here

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What is the medicine of migraine and how to make my pennis in correct direction it is turn to right.

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
What is the medicine of migraine and how to make my pennis in correct direction it is turn to right.
Migraine is a disorder characterised by headache, specifically affecting one side of the head (i.e. unilateral side). Migraine headaches are mostly throbbing or pulsating in nature. Common accompanying symptoms are nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and noise. The intensity of a migraine headache may vary from moderate to severe. Homeopathy offers excellent scope for treating migraine. Homeopathic medicines for migraine are reliable and safe. They offer effective treatment for migraine. In fact, they work wonders for acute migraine attacks or even chronic migraine. Homeopathic medicines for migraine are selected as per individual case. Individual symptoms are studied in detail and the appropriated medicine prescribed. Homeopathic medicines identify and attack migraine at the root. Migraines with or without aura respond wonderfully well to Homeopathic medicines. Top ranked Homeopathic medicines for migraine are Belladonna, Glonoinum, Iris Versicolor, Epiphegus and Nux Vomica.you can consult me for homoepathic treatment without side effects.
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My father age 74, had right side head injury in road accident 3 months back. Presently left hand is partially not working. Ct scan report shows slight bleeding. Can this be cured by medication or surgery is required. Please guide me.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
All depends on size of bleed. Mostly surgery is not required and bleed gets absorbed over a period of time. Power may improve with time continue physiotherapy.
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Hi There, from last 1 year I am feeling little heavy in the left side I am afraid it might be a Brian tumor please guide me further I really doubt it but I tried to search about brain tumor on the internet but symptoms do not really match at all and also suffer from anxiety, fears from last few years is there a chance I am feeling heavy because of anxiety or there might be some specific problem? Please Help.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Faridabad
Hi There, from last 1 year I am feeling little heavy in the left side I am afraid it might be a Brian tumor please gu...
Dear lybrate-user, Brain tumour is almost impossible in your case. Most common cause of headache in your age is chronic tension type headache (CTTH). CTTH is a peri cranial muscle problem. It will improve significantly on medication. So don't worry, good treatment are the just consult psychiatrist. All d best.
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I have spastic diplegia due to cerebral palsy by birth. Locomotor disability. How to get rid of this disability.

MD - Alternate Medicine, BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
I have spastic diplegia due to cerebral palsy by birth. Locomotor disability. How to get rid of this disability.
Please consult a homeopathic doctor for this. Your condition requires a proper consultation. It will take time but you will definitely get results. You can either find a local doctor or you can consult me online.
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I am 26 years old. I came to know that I have been suffering with NMO spectrum disease. Can I be normal? Treatment continues from last two 3 months.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Hyderabad
Yes, nmo has good treatments and you would improve. It is an auto-immune disease disease, and treatments are aimed at reducing the antibody levels.
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seizure control - important do's and don't

M.Sc - Psychology, MBA (Healthcare)
General Physician, Kangra

Any patient who is having seizures or epilepsy should take medicines regularly. A patient who has seizures and on medicine should be seizure-free for a minimum of two years before tapering of dosage. Most of the patients who become seizure free for few months or a year tries to decrease their dose on their own and sometimes stop it, that increases their chance of recurrence of seizures. It's very harmful because it affects their natural history of the disease and the seizures which could be controlled on single drug become drug resistant seizures. When a patient is considered for tapering of dosage. His drug is tapered slowly over few months.

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I am suffering from multiple sclerosis since 3 yrs. I became weak. Am not abel to work as well. Am taking medications regular exercise even though am facing same.

MSc in Orhopedic Physiotherapy (UK), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Bangalore
Hi lybrate-user Medications and physical therapies can be complemented by alternative treatment. The physiotherapist evaluates and addresses the body’s ability to move and function, with particular emphasis on walking, strength, balance, posture, fatigue, and pain. PT might include stretching, range-of-motion and strengthening exercises, gait training, and training in the use of mobility aids (canes, crutches, scooters and wheelchairs) and other assistive devices. The ultimate goal is to achieve and maintain optimal functioning and prevent unnecessary complications such as de-conditioning, muscle weakness from lack of mobility, and muscle contractures related to spasticity. Please contact a Physiotherapist to start with Rehabilitation.
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What will be the cost of surgery for hydrocephalus (aqueduct stenosis) approximately, and what is success rate % of this surgery Patient details: female child, 5 years old. Please advise.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
If you have money problem than get the operation done in government hospital and apart from the success rate the child should undergo surgery
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I was washing clothes one day nd my legs were shivering. I do not knw why it happens. Is it weakness or any deficiency?

B.H.M.S
Homeopath, Lucknow
May be due to wrong posture while washing clothes .if again same condition ocuurs then go for ur blood sugar be checked . Sometime low sugar causes such symptoms.
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Can a migraine last for a week or More and can tenseón headaches cause nausea feeling toó or no?

M.Ch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Gandhidham
Migraine usually lasts for 24 hours. But complicated Migraine may last longer. Tension headache doesn't cause nausea or vomiting.
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I am 47 years male since one month I am suffering from numbness entire left part of the body skull to foot.

Dip. SICOT (Belgium), MNAMS, DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Hi thanks for your query and welcome to lybrate. I am Dr. Akshay from fortis hospital, new delhi. If you are having numbness in whole one half of your body, then it urgently requires an evaluation from a neurophysician for detailed examination and maybe mri brain done. Do not hesitate to contact me if you need any further assistance. Thanks & regards
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Please enlist/name the foods and activities that can trigger a migraine attack. Also please tell if there is any treatment for chronic migraines. I am suffering from migraine for about 17 years.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Peanuts, soya, walnuts, deep fried food, reused oil, mustard oil, sour and spicy food, fermented food are some of the common triggers for migraine. Sun exposure, looking at bright light, irregular food habits are some of the activities that cause migraine yes ayurveda has treatment for chronic migraine. We initially reduce the frequency and the intensity of attacks and then finally cure it. This requires co operation from your side too in terms of following the prescribed diet and lifestyle modifications internal medications will be prescribed in addition to a therapy called nasya - where a few drops of medicated oil is instilled through the nostrils.
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