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Dr. Anand

Cardiologist, pune

Dr. Anand Cardiologist, pune
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I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family....more
I'm dedicated to providing optimal health care in a relaxed environment where I treat every patients as if they were my own family.
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Hypertension: Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment

lybrate
General Physician, Mumbai
Hypertension: Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment

Hypertension or high blood pressure can be defined as a condition wherein the thrust of the blood against the walls of the arteries is excessively high, thereby increasing chances of health hazards. The amount of blood that is pumped by the heart and the resistance put up by the arteries usually determine one’s blood pressure count. For instance, if the heart pumps excess amount of blood while the arteries shrink, the blood pressure can soar high. High blood pressure or hypertension may give rise to symptoms such as nosebleeds, short breaths or headaches.

Causes:
There are two types of hypertension, one is primary and the other is secondary. For essential or primary hypertension, there is no significant reason and the condition slowly develops over years. The secondary one appears all of a sudden as a result of a repressed condition such as thyroid or kidney problems, defective blood vessels and certain medications such as pain-killers, cold relievers, pills for birth control and others.

Other factors responsible for hypertension are:

  1. Age: The risks increase over the years
  2. Family history
  3. Being obese or overweight
  4. Being physically inactive
  5. Consuming too much of sodium or salt in your diet
  6. Little intake of potassium and Vitamin D in meals
  7. Being subject to high levels of stress
  8. Chronic medical disorders such as diabetes
  9. Alcohol or drug abuse

Treatments:

Medications:

  • Thiazide diuretics can be administered. These help to flush out excess water and sodium from the body in order to reduce excessive volume of blood thrusting against the arteries.
  • Beta blockers: They ease the workload of the heart by opening up the blood vessels.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors help inhibit the production of chemicals narrowing the blood vessels
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are used to obstruct and curb the action of the chemicals contracting the blood vessels
  • Calcium channel blockers help to loosen the blood vessel muscles
  • Renin inhibitors can delay the production of an enzyme called ‘renin’ by the kidneys that increase one’s blood pressure

Lifestyle Changes:

  • One should follow a well-balanced diet that comprises of less salt.
  • There is no substitute to regular exercises. Exercising regularly helps one maintain a balanced body weight that further reduces the chances of this condition.
  • Abstaining from smoking and limiting alcohol intake helps provide that holistic cover to all the treatment modes mentioned above.
4 people found this helpful

Hi. My father is 40 years old. He is getting the pain below the right side of chest. Please provide me with the reasons and remedies.

PG Hom, London, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Hello , having pain below the rights side of the chest is most likely due to liver diseases. You can get a liver profile blood test done for him to ensure that his liver is functioning properly and also get an ultrasound done of hus abdomen in order to rule out any swelling. Let me know the reports and I will be able to guide you further.
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Suffering from High bp which usually remains around 145/80. Taken alopathic medicine for longer time but didn't see any positive results. Need your advice.

MBBS, D.Card(PGDCC)
Cardiologist, Greater Noida
Suffering from High bp which usually remains around 145/80. Taken alopathic medicine for longer time but didn't see a...
Dear Pankaj, Your BP is slightly higher( normal value upto 140/80). you need to change or adjust the dose of BP medicine. Salt restriction in diet, daily exercise & weight reduction will help
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After a very normal stress test last year, the 2D Echo shows mild pulmonary arterial hypertension!I have absolutely no symptoms, am very active physically, just mildly allergic. How can this be possible? The cardiologist cum PH specialist says there is nothing to worry about the echo readings. What do I do?

M.B.B.S. , PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
After a very normal stress test last year, the 2D Echo shows mild pulmonary arterial hypertension!I have absolutely n...
As the age progresses Calcification and hardening of the blood vessels happens Mild pah is a age related change As off now no need to worry Take a antioxidant tablet like oxibe once daily for 3 months and do regular exercises.
2 people found this helpful

I am 45 year old lady. Recently I have chest pain and Dr. Required 2D Echo Report. Report Impression: (1) Normal Study (2) No RWMA (3) No pul Hypertension (4) Advised Clinical correlation to arrive at a diagnosis. Please advise what does it means and what to do?

MBBS, cc USG
General Physician, Gurgaon
I am 45 year old lady. Recently I have chest pain and Dr. Required 2D Echo Report. Report Impression: (1) Normal Stud...
ECHO report seems to be normal Kindly consult Physician/cardiologist as you are saying that you are having chest pain
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Sir, I am 29 years old male and having problem with my chest. Sometimes I feel pain in left side chest and also gets short breathing and balance disorder of body.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Sir, I am 29 years old male and having problem with my chest. Sometimes I feel pain in left side chest and also gets ...
Dear lybrateuser, - Do regular exercise like walking, jogging, swimming, yoga & deep breathing daily morning - avoid spicy, fried & junk food, also reduce intake of tea, coffee to 1-2 cups per day - take syrup gelusil, 2 teaspoonful half an hour after meals three times a day - check BP, do x- ray chest, ECG to rule out any other problem.
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I am 24 year old student male and I am suffering from heart disease. What I should do to overcome from this?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I am 24 year old student male and I am suffering from heart disease. What I should do to overcome from this?
Hello, share all the reports and prescription sheet of the doctor to know what kind of heart disease you are having? medication: keep taking schwabe's essentia aurea/ thrice daily for 2 weeks. Revert back for further guidance.
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Plz guide me as I'm a sportsman while playing gt hurt in chest ribs by opponents elbow. I took x ray also BT its normal. BT I'm havg pain while running n in deep breath. please guide.

MD - Consultant Physician
Cardiologist, Kolkata
Plz guide me as I'm a sportsman while playing gt hurt in chest ribs by opponents elbow. I took x ray also BT its norm...
It is purely muscular pain take rest a wk. Donot go to sports at present. Take only paracetamol once or twice will help you. You may apply analgesic gel over the area,

Heart Attack Warning Signs

MBBS, DM - Cardiology, MD
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
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Symptoms of Heart Attack

3224 people found this helpful

His BP level is very low and how to shoot up to the normal range naturally. Pls help.

M.B.B.S. , PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
lybrate-user Firstly go and get a echo done Echo will find out ejection fraction of hesrt which maintains the b.p If ef is low then you will be given meds fir that Till that time eat a high salt diet Drink coconut waterand drink plenty of fluids Sodium retains water and increases the b.p.

I m having chest pain since last 15 days. I consult doctor he told to take X-ray and ECG, everything is normal. Pain is during morning time when I wake up. Not only morning but every time when I sleep flat. It's mostly in centre and right side.

MBBS, cc USG
General Physician, Gurgaon
I m having chest pain since last 15 days. I consult doctor he told to take X-ray and ECG, everything is normal. Pain ...
You may be having chest pain due to 1.acidity. 2. severe anxiety 3. muscular problem Local application of Volini gel 1% twice a day for 2-3 day Consult Physician/me for Further Management
2 people found this helpful
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I am 51 male I have diabetes, blood pressure and cervical from 2 years. Now i'm facing pain in joints and I don't get proper sleep as well. I feel my body is not flexible for doing work.

BPT
Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
I am 51 male I have diabetes, blood pressure and cervical from 2 years. Now i'm facing pain in joints and I don't get...
Hi do some stretching exercises and strengthening exercises to get relief from joints pain. And you will b flexible too. To do you r works.
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I am 36 years old . My left side chest is paining (like heart attack) since 1 year. All reports of heart field (tmt, ecg, ecco) are normal . What should I do? There is no pro. Of heart some doctors want me to sicretrist .and some told that it is muscular pain .I m taking all type of treatments of heart, stomach,muscular pain, from 1 year .but no relief tell me . Here is not a doctor to help nobody can understand the problem please help me.

MBBS
General Physician, Trivandrum
I am 36 years old . My left side chest is paining (like heart attack) since 1 year. All reports of heart field (tmt, ...
You maybe most probably suffering from gastritis or gastro esophageal reflux disease. You have to avoid spicy and fried foods. Also avoid junk food and fast food. If your problems are worse, you need to take an ecg and take medications. Consult me in private for prescription medications.
3 people found this helpful
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I suddenly felt uneasy at night after being normal measured my BP, it was high so I took pill to make BP normal and couldn't sleep properly. And in morning again I measured my BP and it is still high 210/130. What should I do now and are there chances that I had Heart Attack at night.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Mumbai
I suddenly felt uneasy at night after being normal measured my BP, it was high so I took pill to make BP normal and c...
Dear Mr. lybrate-user.all you need is immediate treatment to control your B.P.since it is severe. First line of treatment in this scenario must be to control B.P.you may need anti hypertensive medicines. Do not try any thing else, once your B.P. Is controlled, you can go for investigations to find the cause of hypertension, get your below given investigations done ,Blood Investigations: Renal (Kidney profile) ,Lipid profile, Blood Sugar. Also get your ECG & 2D echo done. One more thing high Blood pressure does not necessarily mean that you had heart attack, so do not worry about it. Once you get investigations done and results are available, then we can think about further treatment. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful
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Sometime I feel pain in my Heart. Pain Starts suddenly anytime and. SLOWLY came down after sometime. What is the Problem? Tell me The Suggestion What can I do related to this Problem?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bundi
Sometime I feel pain in my Heart. Pain Starts suddenly anytime and. SLOWLY came down after sometime.
What is the Prob...
Do not panic. Initially take shivakshar paachan chooran and gashar vati 1 tsp - 2 tab with warm water after meals. Tarunikusumakar chooran 1 tsp at night with warm water. Do it for one to two weeks.
2 people found this helpful
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My chest pain from few months so what I do sir? When I running fast then my chest pain suddenly.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
My chest pain from few months so what I do sir? When I running fast then my chest pain suddenly.
For your age it could be due to stress and anxiety.Avoid stress.Take one tablet of crocin 500mg sos after food upto a maximum three times daily at the time of chest pain.Sometimes it could be due to costochondritis.Get your self examined by doctor
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I am suffering from agoraphobia is there any cure. When I go outside alone my heart races this happen because of once panic attack in bus.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I am suffering from agoraphobia is there any cure. When I go outside alone my heart races this happen because of once...
Hello, Lybrate user, Under agoraphobia one becomes panic to visit crowd, certain place, to use public transportation. Owing to fear and anxiety. This is a sort of social anxiety, can be taken care of by homoeopath, well with a little change in life style. Most of d. Cases r influenced with stress & anxiety. Please, carry on d under noted norms to check your problem - *.Tk, plenty of water ,free from contaminants to eliminate toxins, regulate metabolism to preventing constipation. - *Go for meditation to reduce stress, anxiety,to nourish cells, tissues & to calm your nerve to ease your problem. - * Tk, apples, carrots, cheese, papaya, grapes, ripened mangoes, milk, ginger, garlics,onion, almonds, walnuts, spinach, fish,nuts, regularly - *Take, homoeo medicines which acts gently & rapidly without any adverse effect, there of. @ Five phos 6x-4 tbs ,thrice. Avoid, caffeine, nicotine,alcohol, junk food, exposure to dust, scorching Sun. Report, fortnightly, Your feedback will highly b appreciated for further, follow up. Tk, care.
6 people found this helpful
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My father 58 years before 8 years they got open heart surgery and after that they have bp and diabetes. The problem is, their foot doesn't feel pain if they walk on fire also they don't fall pain.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
My father 58 years before 8 years they got open heart surgery and after that they have bp and diabetes. The problem i...
Continue with medicines but it looks like diabetes is not controlled, reason the nerves of feet are not responding to fire or to pain. Get her checked thoroughly.
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My blood pressure is becoming very high. I am feeling unwell. Please give me some suggestions, not medicine so that I became healthy and well. Thank you.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Ambala
My blood pressure is becoming very high. I am feeling unwell. Please give me some suggestions, not medicine so that I...
Dear, To control & maintan BP normal these are best methods to follow:.• Do physical exercise like jogging, running or brisk walk for atleast 20-30 minutes. • Maintain your cholesterol level to normal & eat least amount of butter, cream or fatty things. • Eat less amount of pickle, salt and fast food as they contain high sodium levels. • Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking. • Take less amount of caffine containing coffee, tea or cold drinks because caffine causes increase BP. • Drink 8 to 10 glass of water daily • Take 6 to 8 hrs of sleep daily. Do not take too much stress. • Do long breathing pranayams (Anulom- Vilom, Bhramari) daily for 10 - 15 minutes. It will reduce your stress level in your body. • Eat healthy diet such as green leafy vegetables, fruits. • Take 5 ml of GULAB Jal added in a glass of water daily once a day.
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