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Dr. Saurabh Juneja  - Cardiologist, Faridabad

Dr. Saurabh Juneja

88 (241 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thora...

Cardiologist, Faridabad

28 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Dr. Saurabh Juneja 88% (241 ratings) MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chir... Cardiologist, Faridabad
28 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hi! I'm Dr. Saurabh Juneja, Chief Cardiac Surgeon at Metro Heart Institute and Multispeciality at...

Hi! I'm Dr. Saurabh Juneja, Chief Cardiac Surgeon at Metro Heart Institute and Multispeciality at Faridabad.

I will be speaking today on emphasizing the importance of prevention of coronanry artery disease. As we know coronary artery disease has emerged the biggest cause of death in the entire population. It causes more deaths than cancer also. So we should know about it and how to prevent it if possible. The younger population between 20 to 40 is being seen more and more getting effected by this scourge of coronary artery disease of which is like an epidemic in India. Because of the lifestyle changes, because of diabetes, because of smoking and because of the lifestyle which the younger generation adopts the stressful lifestyles and the stress with the corporate jobs. This causes tall and the heart. So we should try to reduce the risk factors which are very important in preventing possible coronary artery disease. So we can start with a very basic test like the blood pressure test which should be less than 140 systolic and 90 diastolic. Ideal should be 130 by 80. And how to reduce blood pressure and ensure that it doesn’t increase, a healthy lifestyle of fruit and vegetables and less of processed and fast foods will ensuring a normotensive patient and regular exercise at least 30 minutes of exercise, some kind of aerobic exercise 5 days a week is important for achieving this heart rate. How will you know that what exercise you are doing is adequate? Your heart rate you should be able to feel your heart beating, it should be fast enough and you will also be sweating at that time. So that is that will be a rough idea to know that yes this exercise is what you are doing is helpful. Just strolling is not helpful, it’s better than sitting on the couch but it’s not helpful. The second figure which we should know about is Cholesterol. Cholesterol should be checked. This cholesterol should be less than 200, the triglycerides should be less than 150, the good cholesterol the HDL should be more than 40 and the LDL should be less than 130 in a normal person or if in a diabetic should be less than 70. So again a healthy diet will ensure that yes the cholesterol is within the range. If it’s more than we can identify and treat accordingly by medications. Another factor is controlling the sugar, fasting sugar should be less than 110, and also knowing your body mass index is also helpful i.e. the ration of your weight and the height which should be less than 25. If it’s more than 25 one comes under over weight and if it comes more than 28 then one comes under obese. So they are more predisposed to heart disease. Smoking is a definite know, smoking per cig increases the risk of heart attack by at least double and when stopping smoking will reduce the chances of heart attack by 50%. So the importance of smoking cannot be overemphasized. So I would like to again emphasize that yes prevention and early detection of heart disease is very important and if we can identify any risk factor which are there or any problem which is there then we can you know prevented and treated accordingly by medications or timely stenting or bypass surgery.

So we should all get our heart checked and prevention is better than cure that is our mantra.

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Personal Statement

I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
More about Dr. Saurabh Juneja
Practicing in Metro Heart Institute Faridabad, Dr. Saurabh Juneja is a well-known cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon and has over 27 years of experience in the field. Holding an MBBS from the University Of Delhi, he went on to get his MS - General Surgery and MC in Cardiothoracic Surgery from the same institution. He currently practices at the renowned METRO hospital in Faridabad and also provided consultations at the Metro Heart Institute -Faridabad. Dr. Saurabh Juneja holds prestigious memberships at the Indian Association of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeons (IACTS). His diagnoses are always sought upon by his colleagues and some of his specialties include - Coronary Bypass Surgery, Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery, Treatment Of Restenosis and Vascular Surgery Treatment. He is one of the most reputed cardiac surgeon of the Delhi NCR region and has consistently won many positive reviews from his patients. He is comfortable with the languages Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi and English and his fees come to INR 600 at the Clinic in Faridabad. If you are in the NCR region an appointment with him can be easily booked online.

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Education
MBBS - University Of Delhi - 1990
Master of Surgery - General Surgery - University of Pune - 1995
Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery) - University Of Delhi - 1998
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Marathi
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Punjabi
Professional Memberships
Indian Association of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgeons (IACTS)

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Metro Heart Institute with Multispeciality

Sector-16/A, Near Sunflag HospitalFaridabad Get Directions
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500 at clinic
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Abnormal Increase In Heartbeat - Common Causes Behind It!

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Abnormal Increase In Heartbeat - Common Causes Behind It!

Postural Tachycardia Syndrome or POTS, what this condition entails is a sudden and abnormal increase in the heart beat of an individual, causing them difficulty in breathing, dizziness, and even blackouts.
There are some factors that can trigger the situation and stem the sudden rise in the heart beat. Meeting with a medical expert may help bring the situation under control.

What is Postural Tachycardia Syndrome?
Postural Tachycardia Syndrome or POTS is a cardiovascular condition that is caused due to the sudden shift from an upright position to a supine position or vice versa. It is this sudden increase in heartbeat of an individual that is referred to as Tachycardia.

The longer you overlook this condition, the bigger is the trouble you are putting your health in. This is when it becomes extremely important for you to get in touch with a medical expert, who can offer you perfect consultancy, diagnose the causes and also find a result for the same.

What Causes POTS?
According to medical specialists, there are some factors that this condition stems from and it all differs from one person to the other. Some of the most common causes of the condition are-

  1. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome
  2. Faulty Gene
  3. Poisoning
  4. Amyloidosis
  5. Lupus
  6. Diabetes
  7. Sarcoidosis
  8. Siogren’s Syndrome
  9. Cancer

Signs of Postural Tachycardia Syndrome:
There are multiple signs that indicate that an individual is stricken by Postural Tachycardia Syndrome. Some of the more common signs and symptoms include:

  1. Orthostatic Hypotension: Orthostatic Hypotension refers to the sudden increase in the heart beat by at least 30 beats per minute, within or after 10 minutes of rising up from a sitting or lying down position. Though the condition increases the heart rate, it does not trigger any drop or rise in blood pressure. Certain medications used to diminish this effect often extend some side effects, such as lightheadedness, palpitation, difficulty to breath, discomfort in the chest, weakness, heaviness in the chest area, nausea, cognitive difficulties and also stain on the vision.
  2. Effects in Response to Postural Change: Almost one-third of the people with Postural Tachycardia Syndrome are noticed to faint as a result of the increased heartbeat, almost 40 beats minutes, instead of the chance in postural position. Other symptoms under this head include a headache, migraine, disturbance in sleep, fatigue, acrocyanosis or blood pooling in feet, etc.
  3. Ehlers- Danlos Syndrome (EDS): Sometimes POTS is found to coexist in an individual with other conditions, such as EDS. This condition makes an individual prone to dislocation of bones, greater laxity in skin, loose- clicking joints, chronic fatigue, reduced level of tolerance towards any exercise, etc. According to medical specialists, though these are common symptoms of POTS, there might also be other signs. These signs and symptoms differ from one person to the other.

When Should You Consult a Doctor?
The moment you experience a POTS attack or for that matter notice some of the symptoms of the condition, it is time for you to consult a medical expert. The doctor will give you valued consultation, as well as diagnose the condition properly, thus finding the best treatment and suitable medication for you. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2961 people found this helpful

Best Ways Coronary Artery Disease Can Be Prevented!

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Best Ways Coronary Artery Disease Can Be Prevented!

The heart pumps pure blood to all parts of the body through a network of arteries. These are thicker in the beginning and become finer and thinner as they reach the various organs. These arteries are lined by a layer of epithelial tissues and as blood flows through them, the heavier cholesterol / fat molecules settle down along the walls.

This attracts more and more fat molecules to settle down.  This is known as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Over a period of time, the vessels circumference reduces and the blood supply to the target organ reduces. This impacts proper functioning of these organs and when this happens to the major organs like the heart, kidney or the brain, conditions like stroke or thrombosis or heart attack can occur.

This condition, known as coronary artery disease, is becoming a major cause of deaths.  While that is the bad news, the good news is that it is largely lifestyle dependent, and if steps are taken, it can be prevented, and in the early stages, the damage completely reversed.

Preventive measures:

1. Diet: A low-fat, high-fiber, heart-healthy diet consisting of Omega-3 fatty acids is recommended by doctors, especially to people who are prone to develop heart disease.  This also requires reduced salt, increased unsaturated fats, reduced triglycerides and reduced sugar.  Include loads of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds and fish oils. Include multivitamins or other supplements after checking with your doctor.

2. Exercise:  Regular exercise in any form increases the efficiency of the circulatory system, keeps the cholesterol levels in check and helps in blood pressure management.  Exercise in any form is advisable, based on individual preference. A moderate physical activity of 30 to 45 minutes per day is advisable.

3. Smoking: This is one of the major risk factors for smoking, and quitting or controlling smoking is one of the best methods to prevent coronary artery disease.

4. Alcohol consumption:  While moderate alcohol consumption is believed to be healthy for the heart, excessive alcohol consumption is a strict no-no.  Binge drinking especially is shown to cause heart attacks.

5. Weight management: Check with your doctor on what is ideal BMI for you and work out a plan to keep your weight under check.

6. Regular medications: If you are on blood pressure or diabetes medications, ensure you do not miss them.  Keep a constant check to ensure your readings are managed well.

7. Watch out:  Ask your doctor if there are specific symptoms that you need to watch out and seek medical support if you see any of them.

Coronary disease is not treatable fully, but can be prevented and managed effectively to improve the overall quality of life.

2789 people found this helpful

Menopause And Heart Attack - What Is The Link?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Menopause And Heart Attack - What Is The Link?

Menopause is an inevitable biological occurrence in every woman's life. It is a period when the menstrual cycle ceases permanently. Menopause brings about a sea of changes. From hormonal imbalance to insomnia to emotional breakdown and depression, the complications are many. Menopause is also found to increase the risk of certain health conditions, one of which includes heart problems and a heart attack. In this article, we will discuss the link between menopause and heart problems (including a heart attack) and the possible preventive measures.

The connection between menopause and a heart attack
As opposed to many beliefs, menopause, by no means is a diseased condition. It is a natural phenomenon that strikes every woman, usually after the age of 50. With menopause, there is also a dip in the level of estrogen hormone. Estrogen is an important female hormone that goes a long way in protecting women from various cardiovascular disorders.

It plays a pivotal role in the proper relaxation and dilation of the blood vessels to ensure the flow of blood to the heart remains unaltered.

Estrogen acts a catalyst, resulting in a significant increase in the level of the "Good Cholesterol" or HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) and a dip in the level of the "Bad Cholesterol or LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein).

  1. With a fall in the estrogen level, the concentration of LDL rises with a considerable dip in the HDL level.
  2. The higher the level of LDL, the more the chances of a heart problem, especially a heart attack.
  3. The LDL present in excess can adhere to the walls of the blood vessels and cause its blockage.
  4. The condition can also result in arterial blockage.
  5. Further, in the absence (or lesser concentration) of estrogen, the walls of the heart tends to lose its flexibility and elasticity to a great extent.

All these conditions can spell doom for the heart triggering a heart attack or other cardiovascular disorders.

Preventive Measures

  1. After the age of 50, it is essential to go for regular health check-ups.
  2. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle as much as you can. Exercise and physical activities, even for 30 minutes daily can make a difference. Obesity can play a significant role in triggering heart problems. Thus, it is essential to keep the body weight within control.
  3. Your diet can also influence the overall health. Try and avoid foods that are rich in trans and saturated fats (doughnuts, cakes, pastries, cookies, margarine, frozen and creamy drinks, animal fats, to name a few). Go for a diet rich in folic acid (Avocados, dark green vegetables, citrus fruits, lentils, nuts, peas), whole grains, fish, fibers.
  4. The link between smoking and heart diseases need no special mention. Quit smoking if you want to keep the heart healthy and disease-free.
  5. Problems will always be there. Don't overstress yourself with the same. Spend quality time with family and loved one (day outs, short trips, and vacations).
  6. Never skip the prescribed medicines, unless advised by the attending physician.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2626 people found this helpful

How Eating Right Can Help In Controlling High Blood Pressure?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
How Eating Right Can Help In Controlling High Blood Pressure?

Health experts do believe, and are promoting the same nowadays, that eating right is the best step to control high blood pressure other than regular medications. Who knows, if you are strong enough to control your lifestyle and eating habits, you may not need a long term medication after some time. The blood pressure may lower down naturally with improving health and weight.

Factors that elevate blood pressure in the body.

Before suggesting the right eatables for lowering the blood pressure, let’s look at the conditions which actually increase the blood pressure. They are:

  1. A coronary heart disease

  2. Stress

  3. Anxiety

  4. Work pressure or family and relationship troubles

  5. Obesity

  6. Cholesterol

  7. Other medical conditions like diabetes, depression, etc.

  8. Pregnancy

Each one has a toll on the body with resultant High Blood Pressure. With eating right you may gain a lot of control on the body.

Eating Right-

Here are some quick tips on eating right:

  1. Avoid excess salt intake. The more salt you take, the more sodium your body gets, and as a result BP elevates. When you eat readymade snacks, packaged foods and drinks with preservatives, check the nutritional information. Most of them contain high sodium. You may stop the intake of such foods or restrict them completely.

  2. Avoid oily and junk food. Avoid food with unsaturated or trans fats. These kinds of foods straightaway add to the fat deposits of the body, and make you obese or more obese. In such cases, the obesity and increased weight build a pressure on the heart to pump more, thus elevating blood pressure.

  3. Avoid excess caffeine. Caffeine comes in the body through coffee, tea, and aerated drinks. These beverages when restricted to only 1-2 intakes per day may help you lower the BP.

  4. Quit smoking, as this puts excess pressure on the lungs to breathe and thus the heart to pump.

  5. Avoid alcohol intake in excess amounts. Drinking more alcohol or frequent drinking can elevate BP.

Besides there are some good foods that can always help to lower or control BP. They are:

  • Plain, fat-free yoghurt or Greek yoghurt

  • White beans

  • Pork tenderloins

  • Small fishes like Tilapia

  • Bananas

  • Oats

  • Broccoli

  • Bell Peppers

These food items are designed by nature to reduce blood pressure or normalize blood pressure in the body. Hence, if you are trying heart and soul to eat right, then try these in your daily food to see positive results. Besides, exercising and reducing weight are the two other important steps to take, which complement the healthy diet and eating habits to lower the blood pressure with or without medication.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2893 people found this helpful

Heart Attack - Signs You Should Watch Out For!

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Heart Attack - Signs You Should Watch Out For!

With recent lifestyle changes, more and more people, younger in age, are falling prey to heart attacks. While some silently suffer the attack during their sleep and never wake up, others have symptoms which they dismiss as acidity or muscular pain and ignore them. There are multiple media programs that are trying to create awareness about how to identify a heart attack. If done at the right time, there is a good chance that the person can be saved.

What is a Heart Attack?

The blood vessels gradually narrow, reducing the blood flow to the target organs. This reduces the efficiency of the target organ, and if this happens to be the heart, it is known as a heart attack. The area that should ideally receive blood does not, leading to its “death.” If the damage is not severe, it can be reversed. However, if this attack happens in one of the critical areas of the heart, it can even be fatal.

Symptoms to watch for: Very few attacks happen suddenly. Most start slowly and progress, and if identified on time, a life can be saved. The episode takes about an hour, and if you are well-versed with the symptoms, it could help identify the condition correctly and save a life. Most people use antacids and muscle relaxants to ease the situation, which does provide immediate relief, but not a proper cure.

  1. Chest discomfort: There is a central pain which is constant, nagging, and has a squeezing like sensation. This causes discomfort and most often, this pain is in the center of the chest area, which lasts for just a few minutes. Sometimes the pain can go and come back. This pain radiates down into the arm, up into the neck area, and also into the jaw and is almost always indicative of a heart attack.

  2. Short of breath: With chest pain, there is always shortness of breath which the person will experience. This is due to reduced oxygen levels in the body.

    • Associated symptoms include fatigue, exhaustion, nausea, dizziness, light-headedness.

    • There is almost always profused sweating where the person breaks into a cold sweat.

    • If the attack happens during sleep, the person may be snoring and may feel as if something is choking his airway.

    • Due to reduced return of blood from the peripheral organs, there could be swelling of the feet and ankles.

  3. Irregular heart beat: If there is irregular heart beat (palpitations) very often, talk to your doctor about it.

When you suspect a person of having a heart attack, check for these signs. Very often, a heart attack is detectable and can be managed with timely intervention. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2716 people found this helpful

Treating the Modern Scourge of Coronary Heart Disease

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Play video

Hi! I'm Dr. Saurabh Juneja, Chief Cardiac Surgeon at Metro Heart Institute and Multispeciality at Faridabad.

I will be speaking today on emphasizing the importance of prevention of coronanry artery disease. As we know coronary artery disease has emerged the biggest cause of death in the entire population. It causes more deaths than cancer also. So we should know about it and how to prevent it if possible. The younger population between 20 to 40 is being seen more and more getting effected by this scourge of coronary artery disease of which is like an epidemic in India. Because of the lifestyle changes, because of diabetes, because of smoking and because of the lifestyle which the younger generation adopts the stressful lifestyles and the stress with the corporate jobs. This causes tall and the heart. So we should try to reduce the risk factors which are very important in preventing possible coronary artery disease. So we can start with a very basic test like the blood pressure test which should be less than 140 systolic and 90 diastolic. Ideal should be 130 by 80. And how to reduce blood pressure and ensure that it doesn’t increase, a healthy lifestyle of fruit and vegetables and less of processed and fast foods will ensuring a normotensive patient and regular exercise at least 30 minutes of exercise, some kind of aerobic exercise 5 days a week is important for achieving this heart rate. How will you know that what exercise you are doing is adequate? Your heart rate you should be able to feel your heart beating, it should be fast enough and you will also be sweating at that time. So that is that will be a rough idea to know that yes this exercise is what you are doing is helpful. Just strolling is not helpful, it’s better than sitting on the couch but it’s not helpful. The second figure which we should know about is Cholesterol. Cholesterol should be checked. This cholesterol should be less than 200, the triglycerides should be less than 150, the good cholesterol the HDL should be more than 40 and the LDL should be less than 130 in a normal person or if in a diabetic should be less than 70. So again a healthy diet will ensure that yes the cholesterol is within the range. If it’s more than we can identify and treat accordingly by medications. Another factor is controlling the sugar, fasting sugar should be less than 110, and also knowing your body mass index is also helpful i.e. the ration of your weight and the height which should be less than 25. If it’s more than 25 one comes under over weight and if it comes more than 28 then one comes under obese. So they are more predisposed to heart disease. Smoking is a definite know, smoking per cig increases the risk of heart attack by at least double and when stopping smoking will reduce the chances of heart attack by 50%. So the importance of smoking cannot be overemphasized. So I would like to again emphasize that yes prevention and early detection of heart disease is very important and if we can identify any risk factor which are there or any problem which is there then we can you know prevented and treated accordingly by medications or timely stenting or bypass surgery.

So we should all get our heart checked and prevention is better than cure that is our mantra.

2987 people found this helpful

I apparently have no medical condition. But I got my lipid profile done. Serum Cholesterol - 276, HDL 46, triglycerides 195, VLDL 39, LDL 191. The person at hospital told me I can get heart attack. What medication should I take. What should I do to reduce and get optimum levels. What foods to take and avoid. Pl suggest. Also Is heart attack around the corner?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
I apparently have no medical condition. But I got my lipid profile done. Serum Cholesterol - 276, HDL 46, triglycerid...
Take healthy low cholesterol diet with lot of green veg and fruits, more fibre in diet, avoid processed foods, excercise rot after 2 months, stop smoking if you do.
1 person found this helpful
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CPR - How To Do It Right?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
CPR - How To Do It Right?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is an activity that should be learnt by everybody. It’s a skill that comes handy at the time of the crisis. Owing to the fact that 90 percent of the overall cardiac related conditions occur outside the hospital, learning CPR becomes essential. A person with the knowledge of CPR can save the life of a patient in those crucial seconds when life hangs in the balance. Here is a brief know how about CPR and the way it is done:

Before CPR is started:
It is necessary to tap the patient on the shoulder and ask if he is fine. If the answer is not in the affirmative, seeking medical help is the best possible alternative. If medical help such as ambulance is out of reach, starting the CPR is the best possible way to go.

CPR for children above 9 years:
The patient should be laid on their back and the person intending to give the CPR should kneel next to the shoulder and neck of the patient. The heel of one hand should be placed to the center of the chest of the patient. The heel of the other hand should be placed over the lace and first fingers together. The elbow of the person intending to give the CPR should be kept straight and the shoulder should be aligned directly over the hands. Thus, begins the process of compression as hard as possible. The aim should be to compress at least 100 times within a single minute. The chest should be given the chance to arise fully in between each compression. One small hat tip in this regard is to give the CPR in the disco mode. One beat at a time.

CPR for infants and children below 9 years:
Before starting the CPR, the head should be tilted backward and the chin should be lifted upward to open the passage for the airway. In case the breathing is absent, either of the below-mentioned rescue breaths should be applied:

  1. For a child, the nose should be shut and mouth should be completely sealed.
  2. For an infant, the seal is applicable on the mouth and the nose both.

This should be followed by blowing in the mouth till the chest has a visible rise. There should at least be 30 chest compressions given to the patient within a minute. While For a child the chest should be pushed with one or two hands, for an infant, the chest should be pushed with no more than three fingers. The above steps should be repeated three to four times.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3368 people found this helpful

Aortic Valve Stenosis - How Can It Be Treated?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Aortic Valve Stenosis - How Can It Be Treated?

The heart is a wonderfully designed pump that takes care of proper functioning of the body. There are two separate channels, through which pure and impure blood flows through. Blood flow in these two designated networks is one-sided completely and controlled by valves. There are 2 sets of valves as below:

  1. Aortic and pulmonary valves which controls blood flow from the ventricles to the aorta and to the lungs respectively
  2. The mitral and tricuspid valves control blood flow from the atria (upper chambers) to the ventricles (lower chambers).

These valves are meant to be elastic and fibrous and open and close freely to allow for blood flow. Due to various reasons, they can become stenosed (hard and narrow) and depending on which valve is affected, complications arise accordingly.

The aortic valve is extremely important in that its proper functioning ensures that pure, oxygenated blood reaches various parts of the body. Due to various reasons, this valve may not open and/or close properly. Some causes include calcium deposits, advanced age, rheumatic fever, endocarditis, etc. With age or deposits, the valve opening can become narrow and reduce the amount of blood flowing into the aorta. The following symptoms and complications arise out of this.

  1. The heart needs to put extra pressure to pump out blood into the aorta
  2. The left ventricle therefore grows thicker
  3. The symptoms will take a long time to manifest, as the heart will work on alternate measures, but after a certain point, symptoms will show up including chest pain, fatigue with minimal exertion, shortness of breath, and racing heartbeats.
  4. As the heart has its own compensating mechanisms, symptoms show up when the condition is much serious. Therefore, onset of these symptoms requires immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis: This could be diagnosed with routine medical exam when the heart is being checked or it could only be diagnosed when the symptoms are seen as above. Treatment is easier in the earlier case, and requires more rigorous attention.

Management: If the stenosis is mild and was detected on routine exam, then it needs to be monitored periodically. Surgery is usually not done, unless it is very severe. However, preventive measures can be taken including

  1. Avoiding over-exertion
  2. Heart-healthy diet can be taken to prevent further damage
  3. Reduce sodium intake
  4. Quit smoking

If the stenosis is severe, then surgery is the only definitive treatment measure. Valve surgery can be either a

  1. Balloon valvuloplasty – the valve opening is enlarged
  2. Replacement – valve replacement is usually done as an open heart surgery.

Though aortic stenosis is a serious condition, it is also rare and can be managed by adopting an overall healthy lifestyle.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3257 people found this helpful

Signs Of A Heart Attack!

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Signs Of A Heart Attack!

Heart attacks often show some visible signs for concern. While many may not face the chest-clutching moment, there are other symptoms that are hard to miss. In fact, some heart attack symptoms are not even related to the chest. People suffering from cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure or above the age of 60 should especially be more careful about these symptoms. Here is a list of few alarming signs and symptoms of a heart attack:

  1. Discomfort in the chest: This is the most visible and common signs of a heart attack. A blocked artery can lead to a heart attack with symptoms such as tightness, pressure and intense pain in the chest. The discomfort typically last for a minute or longer. It must be kept in mind that a heart attack is entirely possible without feeling any pain whatsoever.
  2. Heartburn, nausea, stomach pain and indigestion: Many people reportedly face these symptoms before a heart attack. It is more likely for a woman to face these symptoms compared to a man. These conditions can happen in isolation as well. But a combination of these symptoms to a person suffering from blood pressure, high cholesterol should be taken seriously.
  3. The pain slowly shifts to the arm: This is another classic example of a heart attack. A symptom that starts from the left side of the body and radiates down. Even a constant and dull pain in the arm has resulted in heart attacks for many patients.
  4. Feeling of light-headedness: A sudden feeling of lightheadedness along with an acute chest pain is a very good sign of a heart attack. This symptom necessarily indicates that the blood pressure of the person has suddenly decreased and the heart is not able to pump enough blood.
  5. Jaw or throat pain: Jaw or throat pain by itself is nowhere related to the heart. Going by common beliefs, it can arise from sinus, muscular issue or simply a cold. Medical science states otherwise. If an ongoing chest pain spreads towards jaw or throat, it can well be an ensuing heart attack. Seeking immediate medical attention is necessary in such cases.
  6. Snoring: Loud snoring that sounds like choking or grasping can be a sign of sleep apnea. This is a condition when an individual stop breathing for few seconds making the heart pump more blood. If the condition persists, a doctor might suggest doing a sleep pattern analysis using a CPAP machine to identify if there is any possible threat of a heart attack.
  7. A persistent cough: A long lasting cough that produces pink mucus can be a very visible sign of a heart failure. This is the condition when the heart can’t keep pace with the demands of the body. This should be immediately reported to a doctor. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
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