Acidity occurs when the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, more than what is needed for the digestion process. Few common symptoms include - difficulty in swallowing,indigestion,restlessness and so on. There are few simple changes that we can make in our daily living in order to avoid such problems.read more
Hernia: Types, symptoms and treatment
Yeah! Hi, I’m Dr. Nitin Jha, I’m a senior consultant laparoscopic surgeon at Fortis hospital, Noida and I also have a clinic in sector 61 Noida which goes by the name of Agarwal Clinic and today we’ll be discussing about Hernia.
By Hernia we mean that there is a small gap in the muscle of the abdomen wall and through this gap there is a protrusion of the contents which are inside of the abdomen like small intestine or the, even large intestine or the omentum fat and which tries to come out of this hole and as long as they go out and then they come back it’s okay. But the day it gets stuck, you know if you have a swelling in which the swelling refuses to go in, that means it is like an emergency then you have to immediately go to the hospital and get it operated upon.
Now, what is the cause, the basic cause of any hernia is, the weakness in the muscle wall and it can be even sometimes without any cause. That is called as Idiopathic. Now, there are basically there are three types of common hernia that we all encounter. The one is the Inguinal Hernia which are present in the lower part of the abdomen on the left as well as on the right side. Then you have our Umbilical hernia which is a hernia in the umbilicus itself, so that in the umbilicus instead of being a pit it becomes a elevated out pouching and then you have something called Incisional hernia in which after any surgery in the abdomen you can have a small bulge occurring from that incision side which is called basically insicional hernia. So be it any type of hernia the treatment is always surgical only. In contents, the usually, the intestine, the small ball, the large ball or the omentum fat can be the content of the hernia.
Now, What is the problem? Why to get it operated? As long as, as I told you, as long as it comes out and then goes back in, it is okay. But the day it refuses to go back in, that means it has become a bit complicated hernia. It starts with irreducibility, matlab, it doesn’t go back inside. Then there is something called as obstruction in which the intestine gets stuck in that pouch and it causes obstruction of the intestine. That is obstruction to the flow of the contents of the intestine. In that case the abdomen becomes bloated, the patient is not able to pass gas or motion from below and he or she can have a continuous vomiting from up. So, and obviously if the time goes on like this because of a decrease in blood supply of the intestine, the intestine can sometimes become strangulated. In that case it is an emergency and we have to immediately go to the surgeon and get it operated upon because if we give it more time the intestines can lose its blood supply and then we have to do a proper, major, big surgery. In which we have to cut the caught part of the intestine and rejoin the normal part. So, obviously we should definitely avoid this kind of circumstances which increases the cost also and plus it increases the morbidity, the trouble to the patient also.
Talking about surgery we initially had only open surgery, in which a small cut almost of this size used to be given whether it was inguinal or umbilical or incisional, but it had its own problems. The issue was, with open surgery, was you had to have a big incision on the belly. Then the bigger the incision the more the pain. The bigger the incision the more the chances of infection. But usually now we don’t do it by open surgery. We do it by something called laparoscopic surgery, in which there are almost two or three small, small holes of the size of around 5 millimeter or 1 centimeter and through, without cutting open the abdomen, through these small, small holes only the whole surgery is done. So the advantage is the patient becomes alright much faster. He needs to stay in the hospital for lesser number of time. He can be back to his work probably in three to four days. But as the thing is you know is any good thing is costly. Similarly the laparoscopic surgery is costly because the mess and the things which are required to fix the mess to the abdominal wall are costly. But if you compare between these two methods, laparoscopic surgery is far, far, far better than open surgery.
My specialty is doing the same surgery which is usually done by all other laparoscopic surgeons by three or four small, small cuts, I do it by only one single cut. So, especially with a uncomplicated simple hernia of the anteroapical wall, be it incisional or be it umbilical or super umbilical hernias which is commonly referred as ventral hernia. They are done by single incision only. That means I just put a small cut almost of this size around 1 to 1.5 centimeters size in the left part of the abdomen and through this same incision we conduct the whole surgery. So, the patient has not three small cuts but only one small cut. That’s the advantage of single incision laparoscopic surgery. So, you can consult me at my clinic in
So, you can consult me at my clinic in sector 61 Noida, Agarwal Clinic C122 and, otherwise you can also meet me in Fortis hospital Noida. Plus you can take an appointment via Lybrate and we’ll be glad to discuss your problems, thank you.read more
Hi, I’m Dr Nitin Shah. I’m a senior consultant at Fortis hospital, Noida. I’m a laparoscopic surgeon. I do all sorts of abdomen surgeries. Today we are going to be talking about the gallbladder disease, in which there are stones formed in the gallbladder. We need to understand that patients can initially be absolutely asymptomatic. The patient can have no pain or any discomfort. Many times it is detected by routine health examinations when the patient undergoes an ultra sound of the abdomen.
The initial stages after asymptomatic, the patient starts having little bloating in the abdomen which is commonly referred as gas and acidity. So people have a tendency of neglecting it and keep on taking some antacid or pantocid or Digene and this kind of stuff to suppress the symptoms. So after dyspepsia, the patient starts having pain in the abdomen. This pain can initially very simple pain. It can even progress into severe pain. It starts usually in the pre-gastric region, upper abdomen and goes to the back. This is very typical of a bilicuric and increases after any fatty meal like any extra oily friend. This kind of stuff when we eat, the patient has more pain and then depending on the severity of the inflammation, even patients are known to have pus in the gallbladder, thereby, increasing the mobility of the disease.
Some stones can slip from the gallbladder into the bile duct thereby obstructing the bile duct and producing something that is called obstructive jaundice. In which the patient has severe pain and has visible jaundice also. These stones not only block the bile duct but also can block the pancreas duct thereby causing something called as gall stone pancreatic. So, this is another very severe problem. As we all know, gall bladder cancer is quite common these days. In 4% of the cases, the gall stones are the causes of gallbladder cancer. So, for a simple disease like a gall bladder stone, if not treated at the immediate time this can land up into very very severe problems. now once the diagnosis is confirmed it is a simple surgery called as lap coly cystectomy in which we remove the gallbladder in very small three to four cuts that is called the laparoscopic surgery. The same surgery was previously done with a big cut that’s called the laparotomy, cutting open the whole abdomen and then removing the gall bladder. Now it is done by three or four small cuts. In fact, my specialization is getting the same surgery done by a single incision in the ablycus. In which there is one cut in the navel and no cut anywhere else in the abdomen and hence the surgical cut is hardly seen. Probably, even after two months, the surgeon will also not be able to make out whether any surgery is done on the patient or not. The scar is hardly seen and it is very cleverly hidden in the ablycus.
So, for any further information or any question that you want to ask I am available at lybrate.
You can log onto lybrate or even text me or video chat with me on lybrate and I will be more than happy to clear all your doubts regarding any surgical disease and help you in the best way I can.
Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified General Surgeons in India. You will find General Surgeons with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find General Surgeons online in Noida and Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Kidney Stones Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Corn Removal Procedure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Varicose Vein Laser Treatment
Hernia Repair Surgery
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Treatment Of Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dvt
Male Breast Reduction Treatment
Prostate Laser Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery
Vascular Surgery Treatment
Accident Injuries Treatment
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Patient Review Highlights
He is very talented and seasoned doctor. Fortis Hospital Noida has all the latest technology in place to handle severe cases. I am so much benefitted with his treatment, that i am perfectly fine now. All of sudden I developed this gallstones and didn't know what to do. I searched this Nitin Jha online and saw his reviews. In order to diagnose my problem completely he asked me a number of questions. The staff was very attentive to my needs.
Due to my hernia i was feeling very depressed and had no hope. I was suffering from hernia, but the symptoms were not very visible. From quite some time i was suffering from pain, but never gave much importance to it. I stareted feeling pain then I chose to consult Dr Nitin Jha. On the very first day he identified my problem and started the treatment which benefitted me alot.
I am really grateful as Dr Nitin's hemorrhoids treatment has give me a ray of hope. I never get sick, but then last year i started developing these symptoms. I was shocked to experience the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Many people gave very positive feedback for thisdoctor. He is quite knowledgeable doctor. With the help of his treatment , I am feeling so great.
My father developed an overnight chest pain, we doubting it for a heart attack took him to the nearest hospital ie Fortis Hospital in Noida sec 62. There he was treated by Dr Nitin jha and it turned out to be a case of acidity.Doctor nitin is experienced, responsible, knowledgeable and concerned doctor. thanks to him for being calm and composed.
I used to suffer from night cramps which became a bad dream for me. I could not sleep properly. I consulted Dr Nitin Jha who is a well known doctor in Noida. He treated my cramping issue. Though it took time for getting completely cured but I am absolutely fine now. I am gkad that I visited him for the treatment.
I was diagnosed with the problem of Anal Fissure. I went to dr Nitin Jha at Fortis Hospital in Noida for my treatment. In the very first sitting, he clearly told us the problem and the what the treatment procedure will be in future.I am so much benefitted with his treatment, that i am perfectly fine now.
Though he is very experienced surgeon, but for fistula treatment I won't recommend him.
Amazing nice doc he is
S R Bist
For people recovering from a back surgery, constipation is quite common and causes discomfort or pain. There are several aspects of a back surgery which may lead to constipation. They include anaesthesia, changes in diet, stress and the use of some pain relieving medicines.
- The symptoms of constipation are:
- Pain and bloating in the abdomen.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Hard stools and the inability of bowel movement.
Ways to prevent constipation:
Here are several simple ways by which you can prevent or minimize pain or discomfort due to constipation after a back surgery.
- You should increase your daily activities as early as possible after a back surgery. You should walk regularly.
- You must reduce the use of narcotic medicines and use only what is needed for controlling pain. Narcotic medicines slow bowel movement and cause constipation. Use non-narcotic pain relieving medicines to prevent constipation.
- You can use fiber laxatives, stool softeners or combination products after a back surgery to prevent constipation.
- Drinking a lot of water and non caffeinated fluids is very important. You should also have apple cider juice and prune juice, which are effective natural laxatives.
- You should eat natural fiber-rich food for intestinal stimulation. These include whole grains, cereals, fresh fruits and vegetables. It is best to avoid cheese, meat and processed food. Instead of large meals, you must have frequent, small meals throughout the day.
Medicines for constipation:
Non prescription medicines can be taken for preventing or treating constipation after a back surgery.
Here is a list of some effective medicines that relieve constipation:
- Bulk fiber laxatives, which add bulk to stool and encourage water to stay in the colon. These medicines need up to three days to show effect.
- Stool softeners or emollient laxatives help in softening stool by making fluids mix with them.
- Stimulant laxatives take action by stimulation of bowel contractions for moving stool out. They are effective and start working very quickly.
- Combination laxatives perform the functions of laxatives and stool softeners together.
- Suppositories also perform the dual function of stool softening and acting as laxatives. The colon gets contracted, and stool is pushed out and as the stool gets softer, it can pass easily.
- Enemas perform the function of bowel movement stimulation. Liquids are injected into the rectum, up into the colon. This stimulates the colon, and stool is passed.
Constipation occurs commonly in patients after undergoing a back surgery. This may cause utter discomfort and pain. You should take proper precautions and remedies in case of constipation after a back surgery.
Acidity occurs when the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, more than what is needed for the digestion process. Few common symptoms include - difficulty in swallowing,indigestion,restlessness and so on. There are few simple changes that we can make in our daily living in order to avoid such problems.
It is a type of surgery, which involves the usage of small tubes, surgical instruments and video cameras for operations through small incisions or cuts in your body.
Even though laparoscopy is a very popular form of surgery, there are quite a few myths associated with it, which are:
- Myth: If you've undergone multiple abdominal surgeries in the past, you can't opt for a laparoscopy: The truth is that you can go for a laparoscopy even if you've gone through multiple surgeries previously, irrespective of the location or size of the previous incisions. This is done through the use of a special instrument, called a microlaparscope that enables safe entry into the abdomen of the patient.
- Myth: If you're overweight or underweight, you can't undergo a laparoscopy: No matter if you're obese or too thin, you can still undergo a laparoscopy as the tools used for this surgical procedure are available in different lengths and sizes, and can be adjusted as per the body type of the patient before the incision is made.
- Myth: The images taken through a laparoscope are of poor quality: This is not true. In fact, the visuals obtained through a laparoscope are clearer and much more accurate when compared to those obtained via an open surgery. The visuals of a video laparoscopy provide a detailed magnification of even those parts of the area that are inaccessible by the human eye.
Though different people experience the surgery differently due to difference in health conditions, there are some points everyone should know about a laparoscopic surgery.
- The problems that laparoscopy addresses: Conditions like ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disorders are generally treated using laparoscopic surgery. Moreover, laparoscopy is also used to remove the gallbladder, appendix, patches of endometriosis or detect adhesions, fibroids and cysts. Also a biopsy of the organs inside the abdomen can be done through laparoscopy.
- The duration of your stay in hospital: Usually performed on an outpatient basis (release on the same day as the surgery), a laparoscopic surgery may require you to stay overnight at the hospital if your condition requires a complex or lengthy surgery. Moreover, if the doctor feels that a bowel resection or partial bowel resection needs to be performed, you may have to stay at the hospital for a few days.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Obesity is unarguably one of the most regularly discussed topics around the world. A major section of the world's population is suffering from a variety of obesity related problems. There are a number of natural methods to check obesity; however, several medical surgeries are gaining popularity among the masses with instant results to reduce weight.
Here is a list of the most common types of weight loss surgeries:
1. Gastric sleeve surgery: This surgery is performed where removal of a large part of the stomach takes place. A long pouch is created, which connects the small intestine with the oesophagus. The pouch gets stapled and after that the other parts of the stomach are reduced. In some cases, an additional step is taken for reinforcement of the staple line.
Gastric sleeve reduces the size of the stomach and a patient will feel full after eating lesser amount of food. Because a portion of the stomach is reduced, lesser amount of hunger causing hormones are produced. The patient will therefore feel less hungry.
2. Gastric bypass surgery: This is another effective weight loss surgery, which reduces the patient's stomach size, resulting in reduced appetite. The intestines are rearranged, which makes the body absorb fewer minerals. While performing this surgery, the stomach is cut and stapled to create a pouch.
The remaining stomach is attached to the small intestine's top portion, and the small intestine is cut and attached to the pouch as well. After this, the end portion of the small intestine is connected with the non-pouch part of the stomach and is attached to the roux limb bottom. This makes the stomach's digestive juices to meet the food present in the intestines.
3. Duodenal switch: This surgery reduces the stomach size in patients, which leads to decreased appetite or craving for food. Fewer hormones, which cause hunger, are secreted and the rearrangement of the intestine causes the body to absorb minimal minerals or calories.
A part of the stomach is removed and a pouch is created. The small intestine's top portion is cut off, but the duodenum is kept attached to the stomach. The small intestines are cut, and the part attached to the large intestine called colon is connected with the duodenum. Finally, the loose end of the small intestine gets attached to the small intestine to enable digestive juices to mix with food.
4. Lap band surgery: By this surgery, a band is wrapped around the upper middle section of the stomach which squeezes the stomach. Thus a smaller section of the stomach is created above the band which fills up very quickly while having food. The patient feels full by eating less. A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band is used.
There are many different weight loss surgeries. Most of them aim at reducing the capacity of the stomach, so that the person eats less food.
These Gallstones don’t cause any problems in most cases. But prompt treatment is required if stones block ducts and cause infections and inflammation in the pancreas. This may lead to the removal of the gallbladder through a surgery, known as cholecystectomy, which further includes techniques such as laparoscopic (keyhole) cholecystectomy or open surgery.
Although it is a less vital organ, the body can cope up even after removal.
Procedure of surgery:
- The surgery involves removal of gallbladder and gallstones through several incisions in the abdomen. In order to see clearly, the surgeon inflates the abdomen with air or carbon dioxide.
- A lighted scope attached to a video camera is inserted into one incision near the belly button. The video monitor is used as a guide for inserting other surgical instruments into the other incisions to remove the gallbladder.
- Intraoperative cholangiography is the X-ray procedure which shows the anatomy of bile ducts. This is done before the surgeon removes the gallbladder.
- Bile flows from the liver through the common bile duct after the surgery into the small intestine. As the gallbladder has been removed, the gallbladder can no longer store bile between meals but has no effect or little effect on digestion.
- In case of open surgery, the surgeon reaches the gallbladder through a large, single incision in the abdominal wall.
Complications after gallbladder surgery:
This surgery carries some degree of risk like any other surgery. Complications such as internal bleeding, infection, injury to nearby digestive organs, injury to the bile duct and injury to blood vessels.
Types of gallstones:
There are three main types of gallstones. They are
- Mixed stones: They are made up of cholesterol and salts. They tend to develop in batches.
- Cholesterol stones: Mainly made of cholesterol, which is crucial to many metabolic processes. They can grow large enough to block the bile ducts.
- Pigment stones: The colour of bile is greenish-brown, due to some particular pigments.
Medical factors to consider before cholecystectomy:
The most important factor is a consideration of your medical history. This is because the pre-existing conditions influence decisions on surgery and anaesthetic and information about any bad reactions or side effects from any medications would be helpful for surgery.
Self-care after the surgery:
Taking rest is the most important thing after surgery. Avoid things such as heavy lifting and physical exertion. The usual recovery period after the surgery is one week.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
With the recent number of breast cancer cases on the rise, it is important that we should get the examination done on a regular basis as a preventive measure. Even if someone is suffering from it, it is important that we should make an effort and learn about.
If you have breast cancer then a surgery will be part of your treatment. Based on the condition, surgery will be carried out due to any of the following reasons:
1. To remove the cancerous tissues from the breast
2. To reconstruct the breast once the cancer is removed
3. To check whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes below the arm
4. To treat symptoms of cancer that has progressed to an advanced stage
Breast cancer surgery may be classified into two types
1. Mastectomy: Mastectomy involves removing the entire breast; tissues in the adjoining region may also be removed. A double mastectomy is a procedure where both the breasts are removed.
2. Breast-conserving surgery: In this surgery, only parts of the breast affected by cancer are removed. The area of the breast that is to be removed will depend on the severity of the cancer. Some healthy tissues may also be removed in this surgery.
Usually, if a woman is in the initial stages of cancer then she may opt for the latter as it entails removing parts of the breast. They may also undergo radiation therapy along with these surgeries.
For checking if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes below the arm, the lymph nodes are removed from the body. Once they are removed, they are studied under a microscope to check if it has spread, if yes then the extent of their damage. This procedure is carried out along with the surgery to remove the cancer.
Once the mastectomy procedure is completed, you can opt for a breast reconstruction surgery to rebuild the area. You may opt for this procedure at the time of breast cancer removal or at a later stage. If you are considering breast reconstruction surgery then you should discuss it with your surgeon.
Surgery is sometimes not used to treat cancer, but in slowing the progression of cancer or even reducing its symptoms.It is important you talk to your surgeon before the procedure to understand the goal of the surgery.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Thyroid surgery is performed with the partial or complete removal of the thyroid gland when the patient is diagnosed with thyroid cancer, abnormal cyst formation, goitre, hyperthyroidism or painful thyroid nodules. There are 3 types of thyroid surgery which are performed – lobectomy (removal of part of the thyroid gland), subtotal thyroidectomy (characterized by the removal of the whole thyroid gland but presence of some of the thyroid tissues) and total thyroidectomy (removal of the whole thyroid gland and thyroid tissues).
The surgery is performed on the patient under local anaesthesia with a small cut over the skin and the subsequent compression of the tissues and muscles to expose the thyroid gland for operation. The factors on which recovery depends mainly include the age of the patient, the type of surgery performed and the extent to which the cancer has spread.
Here are the reasons because of which thyroid surgery is performed:
- Surgery might be performed if there is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, known as goitre, which obstructs common functions such as chewing foods, breathing and talking because of throat blockage.
- Surgery is a go-to respite for people suffering from hyperthyroidism as this disorder is impossible to diagnose by means of medications or radioactive iodine. Hyperthyroidism occurs because of a side-effect of another disorder called Grave’s Disease. This disease makes the antibodies attack the thyroid gland, as a result of which the gland tends to overproduce hormones.
- The most common reason for getting a thyroid surgery is the presence of abnormal cysts or nodule formation in the thyroid gland. While most of the nodules are usually non-malignant in nature, some of them can be cancerous. The benign nodules can also cause significant obstruction with normal bodily functions if they are not treated on time.
Like any other major surgery, thyroid surgery has its own share of risks, which are:
- Severe bleeding, infection and allergic reactions to local anaesthetics.
- Significant damage to the parathyroid glands (which are responsible for controlling the calcium level of the body) and the laryngeal nerves (situated adjacently to the vocal chords).
These risks can be prevented by prescribed dosage of supplements. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Ever heard of that phrase “I can taste bile at the back of my mouth”? It is generally used to express disgust. However, in medical parlance, ‘bile’, the English synonym for disgust, plays an important role in the digestive system. It helps in the digestion of fats (breaks the fats down to smaller particles) and contains the waste products of the blood. Bile is secreted from the gallbladder which is a small organ (sac-shaped) present below the liver.
Gallbladder surgery is carried out to treat gallbladder related problems such as gallbladder stones. Presence of gallstones in the gallbladder can hamper bile production. The symptoms that you may experience include feeling unwell and fatigued, the color of the skin turning yellow and an intense tummy ache. The first method of treatment for gallstones is to dissolve them with the help of natural means. However, if this does not work, then gallbladder surgery is done.
A pre-surgery assessment is carried out by the doctor a few weeks prior to the surgery. A general health check and blood tests are carried out to determine the procedure of the surgery. Your concerns regarding the surgery are addressed by the doctor; he/she also advises you on how to prepare for your surgery.
Gallbladder surgery can be performed in two ways; an open surgery or a laparoscopic surgery. The type of surgery you will undergo will depend on your tests.
- Laparoscopic surgery: In this procedure, an incision is made on the belly button (naval region). Following this, two or three other incisions are made on the right side of the stomach. Carbon dioxide is then pumped into the stomach to make the abdomen inflated and a laparoscope is then inserted to see the insides of the abdomen. Through the other incisions, surgical instruments are inserted to remove the gallbladder. Once the removal procedure is completed, the carbon dioxide is pumped out and the incisions are closed.
- Open surgery: In an open surgery, a larger incision (as compared to laparoscopic surgery) is made in the abdomen, right below the ribs. The gallbladder is removed using surgical instruments and then the incision is closed.
- Post-surgery: In case of laparoscopic surgery, the recovery period is shorter; around two weeks. An open surgery, on the other hand, requires a longer recovery period of 6-8 weeks. You can live a normal life without the gallbladder, as the bile will then directly travel to the digestive system. Mild symptoms of diarrhea and bloating may be experienced. However, they should be temporary and subside within a few days.
Have you undergone a thyroid removal surgery recently or planning to go for one, then you should know some important things that should be kept in mind. After undergoing the surgery, it is essential that you should allow your body some time to recover. Your health care provider will educate you regarding the activities and exercises that can help in recovering from the surgery faster. It is worthy of mention here that the recovery process is dependent on the extent and type of surgery you have undergone. It would generally take a longer time to recover from traditional surgery than minimally invasive procedure.
What to do right after the surgery?
In the days following the surgery, you are required to take care of the incision area. You may or not be allowed to take a bath depending on the dressing on the wound. You are likely to experience slight swelling around the scar. Even though this is normal, you should report to your doctor without further delay. The scar may start feeling hard three weeks after the surgery, and you may apply an unscented moisturizer to prevent dryness while healing.
When to start daily activities after the thyroid gland removal surgery?
You are free to resume most of the normal activities the day following the surgery. But you should wait for at least 10 days or until your doctor allows you to engage in physically strenuous activities. Your throat is likely to feel sore for a couple of days. You can also take an over-the-counter pain medicine like acetaminophen or ibuprofen for relieving soreness. In case these drugs are not offering desired relief, your doctor may prescribe you to take narcotic pain medicine. It is a common outcome of the thyroid removal surgery to develop hypothyroidism. In case this happens to you, your doctor may recommend you to take some form of levothyroxine for bringing down the hormone levels.
Is there any physical restriction after the thyroid removal surgery?
Most surgeons recommend that patients should limit all sorts of physically strenuous works after the thyroid removal surgery. This is recommended for reducing the risk of postoperative neck hematoma and breaking open of the wound closure. These limitations are temporary and brief and are generally followed by a quick transition to unrestricted activity. You are free to take part in heavy lifting or swimming or other exercises two to three weeks after the surgery.
Is it possible to lead a normal life after the thyroid removal surgery?
Once you have recovered from the effects of thyroid surgery, you can do anything you feel like. Post-surgery your thyroid levels will be monitored through regular follow-ups. If the surgery were carried out for thyroid cancer, your doctor would also check for recurrence of cancer during your visits. It is essential to stick to this schedule and report if you notice any suspicious changes or experience discomfort so that proper care can be given and you can lead a normal life. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!
Inguinal Hernia is the most common hernia in the abdominal region. With the introduction of the laparoscopic surgery in the 1900s, inguinal hernias also came to be operated through this technique, also known as keyhole surgery.
The area to be operated is accessed through a few small incisions, and a thin tube is inserted, through which instruments are inserted into this space and the desired operation is performed. The tube also has light at the one end, and the operator works through the other end.
- Reduced postoperative hospital stay
- Reduced chances of postop pain and infection
- Quicker return to routine work
- Expensive than an open surgery
- Need for general anesthesia in most cases
- Longer operative duration
- Requires a more skilled person
- Recurrent hernias
- Symptomatic patients
- Incarcerated hernias, more than reducible hernias
- Younger patient age group
- Acute medical conditions like respiratory infections
- Poorly controlled diabetes
- Previous abdominal surgery patients
What to expect: In sequence, bear in mind the following when going in for a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.
- Talk to your doctor about the condition and the operation in detail
- Be clear about how long you will have to stay in the hospital, the actual procedure, what will change for you, etc.
- Get admitted to the hospital the previous day if general anesthesia is planned
- The operation is likely to last for a few hours
- Hernia is a weak abdominal wall, through which muscle pushes itself through and sometimes protrudes
- What is done during the surgery is to remove the hernia sac and push hernia back into the abdomen
- The weakened abdominal muscles are then pushed back and sewn into place using a mesh
- This also helps prevent recurrence of hernia
- If topical anesthesia is going to be used, then the patient can be driven home by someone else the same day after recovering from anesthesia (4 to 6 hours)
- Postoperative antibiotics for infection and analgesics for pain control should be strictly adhered to
- The bandages over the incisions should be dry; can shower after a day, no bathing for 3 to 4 days
- Recovery time would be about 1 to 2 weeks, after which light activity can be resumed
- Mild exercise can be resumed, based on doctor’s advice
- Given the area affected, it would be up to 4 weeks of complete recovery to get back to routine
- Laparoscopic hernia repair is associated with less pain postop than open surgical cases
- Post-operation checks should be per the surgeon’s advice. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.