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Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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Are there any chance to get pregnant 2 days before periods, if me and my husband had physical contact and he has ejaculated.
Hello Sir/Madam, I am 22 Year Old. My Query about my Periods. Usually, My dates held on 19 -20 in the month but in March after sex, I take a pill of Unwanted -72, again periods held on 2-3 on April. I take a pill of unwanted -72 on 27 April again. So I want to know which dates will be periods held on because of 2-3 may I haven't. Please help.
My wife menstrual cycle date is 20 date, what is the safe period for sex for not getting pregnancy, and how many condoms should be used for not getting pregnancy.
Hi mam my last periods date is January 15 till I did not get periods. I took b hgc test and it showed 0.17 as result, am I pregnant now.
I have done sex with my partner during my ovulation period without using condom so he ejaculated semen in my vagina but I have inserted cu-t in june 2016 so is there any risk of pregnancy I had also checked my iud it was on place before sex.
Hi doctor I had Pcos problem and started taking treatment and this is 3rd cycle of ovulation induction but again it failed and I couldn't conceive this time as well.
Had a c-section seven months ago. Is it safe for me to start exercising on cross trainer now. My age is 38 and weight 69.
It is gastrointestinal bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, commonly defined as bleeding arising from the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. Blood is often observed in vomit (hematemesis) or in stool (melena). Upper gastrointestinal bleeding denotes a medical emergency and typically requires hospital care for primary diagnosis and treatment. The incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding is 50-150 individuals per 100,000 annually. Depending on its severity, it carries an estimated mortality risk of 11%.
The causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding are as follows:
Esophageal causes (gastrorrhagia):
- Esophageal varices
- Esophageal cancer
- Esophageal ulcers
- Mallory-Weiss tear
- Duodenal causes
- Duodenal ulcer
- Vascular malformation, including aorto-enteric fistulae
- Hematobilia or bleeding from the biliary tree
- Hemosuccus pancreaticus or bleeding from the pancreatic duct
- Severe superior mesenteric artery syndrome
The signs and symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding are as follows:
- Hematemesis - Vomiting of blood
- Melena - Blood in the stool
- Hematochezia - Passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools
- Syncope - Loss of consciousness (fainting)
- Presyncope - State of lightheadedness, muscular weakness, blurred vision, and feeling faint
- Dyspepsia – IndigestionEpigastric painHeartburnDiffuse abdominal pain
- Dysphagia - Difficulty in swallowing. Weight lossJaundice - Yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera
The diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding is made when hematemesis is present. In the absence of hematemesis, an upper source of GI bleeding is likely in the presence of at least two factors among - Black stool, age < 50 years or blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio 30 or more
If these findings are absent, consider a nasogastric aspirate to determine the source of bleeding. If the aspirate is positive, an upper GI bleed is greater than 50%, but not high enough to be certain. If the aspirate is negative, the source of a GI bleed is likely lower. The accuracy of the aspirate is improved by using the Gastroccult test. Also, the following diagnostic tests are done:
- Orthostatic blood pressure
- Complete blood count with differential counts
- Hemoglobin level
- Type and crossmatch blood
- Basic metabolic profile, BUN,
- Coagulation profile
- Serum calcium
- Serum gastrin
- Chest radiography
- Nasogastric lavageAngiography (if bleeding persists and endoscopy fails to identify a bleeding site)
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be managed in the following ways:
- Airway management and fluid resuscitation using either intravenous fluids and or blood
- Medications to stop the bleeding (Proton-pump inhibitors are often given in the emergency)
- Surgical intervention
- Treating the consequences (like anemia) that the bleeding may have caused
- Precautions are taken to prevent rebleeding
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