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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
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Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
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What is an Appendectomy?
An appendectomy (which is sometimes referred to ‘appendicectomy’) is the surgical elimination of the organ known as the appendix. Appendectomy is mostly performed as an emergency surgical procedure, when patients suffer from appendicitis.
How is Appendectomy Performed?
Appendectomy can be performed both as an open operation as well as laparoscopically. An appendectomy is most often performed laparoscopically, if the diagnosis is in doubt, or if the patients feel that they need to hide their telltale surgical scars near their umbilicus or in the pubic hair line.
However, although laparoscopic appendectomy has its cosmetic advantages, and its recovery time is a little quicker, this procedure is more expensive than conventional open surgery.
Conventional Open Appendectomy
In the conventional open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision which is less than 3 inches in length in the lower right section of the abdomen. Once the infected appendix is identified, the surgeon separates the infected appendix from its surrounding tissues and removes it surgically from the cecum (an intraperitoneal pouch that forms the junction of the small and large intestine). After that, the cecum is closed and is returned back into the abdomen. In the end, the muscle layers and the skin are sewn together and the incision is closed.
Laparoscopic Appendectomy (LA)
While performing appendectomy laparoscopically, which is also known as LA, four incisions of 1 inch in length are made in the abdomen. One incision is made near the umbilicus, while another one is made in an appropriate region between the umbilicus and the pubis. The other two incisions, which are even smaller in size, are made in the right side of the lower abdomen. The surgeon then passes the camera and special laparoscopy instruments through these openings and after identifying, frees the appendix from its surrounding tissues. Next, the appendix is removed from the cecum and the site of its former attachment is sewed. The infected appendix is removed from the body of the patient through any one of the two 1 inch incisions. In the end, the laparoscopic instruments are removed and the incisions are sutured and closed. During this whole procedure, the intraperitoneal space is filled with medical grade carbon dioxide gas, to inflate the abdomen, which is released after the surgery.
Recovery Time For Appendectomy
The recovery time for appendectomy depends on and varies with the type of procedure and anesthesia used during the surgery. While laparoscopic appendectomy can be done on an outpatient basis so that the patients can recover back at home, an open surgical procedure will require an overnight or even longer hospital stay.
Normally patients after appendectomy can resume their normal daily activities within a few days. However, for full recovery, it may take four to six weeks. Patients are advised to avoid strenuous activities during this period of time.
Risk and Long Term Consequences of Removing the Appendix-
While wound infections are the most common complications of this surgery, formation of an abscess in the area of the surgical incision and also in the area close to the removed appendix has also been noticed as an aftermath of appendectomy.
Other rare complications may include lack of intestinal peristalsis (ileus), gangrene of the bowel, injuries to the internal organs and infections in the peritoneal cavity (peritonitis).
Major long-term consequences of appendectomy include increased risks of bowel obstruction, stump appendicitis (infection in the retained portion of the appendix still stuck with the cecum) and development of incisional hernia at the site of the scar.
I am 22 years old. My husband do sex with me 10 To 12 Days before. He does not insert his penis in my vagina hole. But touches my vagina lips like structure once with is penis. Only he is doing sex without inserting penis in vagina Then he ejaculates on my stomach during he hole intercourse he dint insert penis in my vagina because We do not want pregnancy. But I have my period date on 27 march and now its 29 march still I do not get periods pls help. Me I am confused. Whether its preg or not?
Hi, I am 24 year years old. Married since 11 months. 10 months back I came to know that I have a thyroid (Hyperthyroidism) problem so I am having tablet Thyrox-50 daily and it is in control. And my periods are also irregular. 3 months I took the treatment to regularize that periods by having birth control pills (Yasmeen tablet 21 tablet. After stopping the treatment I got my periods after 40 days. Again after 20 days days I got one more time. Now also the process is in same sequence like 40 and 20. From past 7 months we are trying for pregnancy still I don't conceive. Kindly tell me any suggestions for me to conceive. Because My husband doesn't know about my irregular periods and thyroid problem. I did the scanning also my uterus is clean and my ovaries are in correct size only. And I am having Iron (hb-10.5) and folic acid tablet also. Kindly suggest any treatment for me to become pregnant as soon as possible. Kindly reply me soon.
Starting from top of the thumb press all points downwards and move towards the base of index finger. Move upwards by pressing all points till top and come towards base of index finger. Similarly press other fingers also. Also press all points in the palm. You can press with blunted edge of a pen. Do the same with other hand daily twice. The benefits are many. All sorts of pains go away.
I am pregnant with 30 weeks now. My lmp was 8 nov 2015. I am o - and m husband is o. This is my first pregnancy and I have done ict on 23 may it came negative result. I visited rml hospital there they did not advice for taking rho gam shot now. They said after delivery your baby will be tested then if she is o then you will given rho gam shot. But on net I read it is given after 28 weeks and also after delivery. So I am confuse to go for rml doc advise by not taking shot before delivery. please advise what to do.
I am 30 years old .me and my wife had sex during her period of 5th day. Without using safety and I should not on her vagina outside the vagina is there any chance to get pregnancy.
I am 27 year old married woman. I want a baby, I am trying since 6-7 months. But couldn't conceive. I am frustrated. please tell me what medicine or vitamins I should take to get pregnant fast.
A fun-tastic bond with food
Quite contrary to popular belief, children between 2 and 12 years of age do not require much nutrition as the growth rate is the lowest. Your child will explore as much as you will encourage, so these are testing times for both – children as well as parents.
The second phase of childhood life, as far as nutrition is concerned, includes toddlers, preschoolers and young school-going children – the children between the age of 2 years and 12 years years. Your child, unlike the early days of infancy and adolescence, does not grow rapidly; there are occasional growth spurts this phase of your child’s life is not as nutritionally demanding as the other two phases.
Heredity plays a vital role in the growth of your child. However, your child must receive optimum nutritional support to ensure they reach their potential to grow physically and mentally. This nutritional phase plays a vital role in your child's growth so pay close attention to what you are going to read hereafter.
Keep up with your child’s nutritional needs
Children in this are typically very active. They run. They play. They follow you. They explore things around them. They are, therefore, in need of a constant supply of energy. They require a balanced diet with four to five mid-sized meals a day instead of three large meals like we adults prefer. Your child in this age group also needs vitamin c, and a. One serving of citrus fruits, tomatoes, guava will meet the requirement for vitamin c and carrots, papaya, sweet potatoes, and leafy greens such as spinach will serve your child vitamin a that it will need.
Let the meals be a fun activity
Beginning when the child learns to sit upright and walk, the child can pick things up and put it in the mouth. That's where you should start allowing the child to self-feed, and by the age of two years, your child should be able to self-feed. It will be messy in the beginning – fruit juices and pieces of food dribbling from the mouth, hands and arms covered in food and your child trying to eat off the plate.
Allow your child to participate in the journey of its food – take your child to the market for shopping of food items; let them help you in preparing the food at home, and make the process fun for your child. Children love to make dough balls, help mash potatoes, or knead the dough. Be a sport and let the child develop a relationship with its food. Your child will develop likes and dislikes, but support your child in choosing at least one food item from each group, every day. Feeding the child should be fun and not a chore for your child and you or its caretaker.
Your child is turning into a ‘person’
Your children in this age group may not want to eat all the time; however, they may want to eat wrong food all the time. Fussy eating creeps into our lives at this age. It is therefore essential to help your child make a choice and a healthy choice at that. Present your child a variety of healthy food options and let your child choose. The key here is presenting healthy food options and not what you think is right for the child. For example, let the child choose between dry fruits and fruits and a sugar candy.
Remember, the food at home should be in keeping with your tradition and culture. It is essential to experiment while staying relevant. Cook and serve home-cooked, locally available, fresh and colourful food to your child. It is best to make food appealing to the child – different colours, textures, and a bit of surprise too will help in keeping your child engaged at the mealtimes. Try smaller frankie rolls instead of serving roti and sabzee on the side, or kheer with natural sweeteners such as fruit pulps instead of sugar, for example. Or make salad balls with small portions of salads wrapped in green leaves – blanched spinach wrapping warm, peas-tomato-carrot salad. Your child will enjoy eating such foods.
You will not need any form of nutrition-supplements if your child eats a balanced diet daily. Remember, it is your responsibility to give your child a balanced diet. If your child builds a positive and fun-filled bond with food, it will eat a balanced diet and learn to make healthy food choices early in life.