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Dr. Kunal Das  - Gastroenterologist, Noida

Dr. Kunal Das

87 (11 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Ba...

Gastroenterologist, Noida

22 Years Experience  ·  600 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Get ₹125 cashback on this appointment (No Booking Fee)
Dr. Kunal Das 87% (11 ratings) DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bache... Gastroenterologist, Noida
22 Years Experience  ·  600 - 700 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hello Everybody!<br/><br/>I am Dr. Kunal Das and I am the principal consultant, department of gas...

Hello Everybody!

I am Dr. Kunal Das and I am the principal consultant, department of gastroenterology, endoscopy. I am an expert on endoscopic ultrasound and today will talk about endoscopic ultrasound and its role in various diseases. Endoscopic ultrasound is a new tool which is combining 2 powerful procedures endoscopy and ultrasound. Endoscopic ultrasound was discovered 20 years ago where it was mostly used as the research tool. Endoscopic ultrasound plays a very important role in GI interventions.

Endoscopic ultrasound is basically an endoscope which is of 2 types. Radial and linear scope. The radial scope is one which is more rounded in corrector. It helps to diagnose various diseases like stones, GI. The 2nd type of scope is linear scope in which the plain of endoscopic ultrasound towards the axis of the scope and the advantage of the linear endoscope is that it can be used to with fine needle aspiration and GI interventions. This is used in various diseases. Endoscopic ultrasound is of great utility in the diagnosis of bile duct stones, pancreatic, adenocarcinoma. With this kind of scope these are the most important causes utilizing the end staging of upper GI.

It is the most important scope and diagnostic ability for pancreatic diseases. With newer techniques we can do pancreatic fine needle aspiration, fine needle biopsy which helps us in diagnosis of pancreatic cancers and hence, we can start chemotherapy. Also, there are newer techniques in endoscopic guidance for GI interventions. In angiotherapy, we use endoscopic ultrasound as a guide. We can do fine needle injections of chemotherapy of radiofrequency ablation of pancreatic cancers. Also, newer techniques, US techniques gastroenterostomy, where US guidance use to make a cannal between the stomach and the GI. The gallbladder is accessed from the GI tract and we put in a metallic strength between the gallbladder.

So, in those cases it has been found that it is of great usage instead of gallbladder drainage has been coming out in a great way. So, we find that endoscopic ultrasound is only a research tool. It is important in all of the GI centres so because of its utility diagnostic and therapeutic usage at this time. We also find that in certain cases where there is the mismatch or ERCP which cannot be done. Endoscopic ultrasound is a very important tool in the management of upper GI, like pancreatic cancers, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, chemotherapy. And today it is the essential tool for the management of GI in our practice.

Thank You.

read more
Hello Everyone! <br/><br/>I am Dr. Kunal Das. I am a principal consultant in the department of ga...

Hello Everyone!

I am Dr. Kunal Das. I am a principal consultant in the department of gastroenterology, endoscopy. Today will be talking about liver. Liver is one of the most vital organ in our body. Improper functions of liver causes many serious diseases and may cause death. Liver has got many important functions in the body including proper digestion and processing of food, carbohydrate, fats and protein. It also synthesis absorption of fat in the intestine. And it also synthesis many liver factor which are essential for the normal function of the body. What is the structure of the liver? Liver is the one of the largest organ and it weights around 1.5 kg and ranges from 14-16 cms in our body.

There is the one liver in human body. It is located in the right side of below the rib cage. The liver has 2 nobes, right and left. Hence the liver is enlarged due to any reason like fatty liver or due to alcoholic liver disease. Liver has 2 blood supply vessels. The liver is covered by fibrous tissues. The functional unit of the liver. The liver produces the bile. It gradually merge into a bile duct which drains into a gallbladder and after eating the bile of the gallbladder is secreted into the glutonum of the intestine. The gallbladder is the hollow organ which rise at the edge of the liver. Why it is essential to life. Why liver is essential to life. We eat various quantity and kind of fruits which contain carbohydrates, proteins and fats including minerals and vitamin. We also consume various chemicals and drugs. The processing of the food and converting into energy which all requires for various activities.

The food energy which we consume has to be extended when it is the times of meal. The red blood cells of the body are metabolized for the liver are secreted out. Some of the products for foods can also be reused. Liver also produces bile which helps in digestion of fats and fat-soluble vitamins. What are the functions of the liver in the body? Today we will know. The one of the major function in the body. The primary function of the body is metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates.

Bile is secreted for digestion of fats and fats soluble vitamins. Also the harmful chemicals and drugs we take need to secreted out of the body by the liver. So, the important function of the liver which can be illuminated are metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Bile production and secretion of cholesterol and drugs, enzyme activation, vitamins and minerals, synthesis of various plasma protein, detoxification and purification. Thank You.

read more

Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Kunal Das
I am currently working as Principal Consultant Gastroenterology at Max-vaishali. I specialise in GI Oncology and Endoscopy procedures like ERCP, Endoscopic Ultrasound. I am an expert in management of acidity, gas, diarrhoea, jaundice patients

Info

Education
DM - Gastroenterology - G B Pant Hospital New Delhi - 2006
MD - Internal Medicine - Maulana Azad Medical College New Delhi - 2001
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery - G B Pant Hospital / Moulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - 1996
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
Governing Council Member of SGEI
Invited Speaker At Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound of Pancreas In 12th Asian Federation In Societies For Ultrasound In Medicine & Biology (AFSUMB) 27th -29th May 2016 Kyoto Japan
Young Investigator Award At The 15th Annual Meeting of The Asia Pacific Association For Study of Liver At Bali, Indonesia
...more
Travel Award For Presentation At 2nd International Symposium On ALPD & Cirrhosis Held At Kobe Japan
Awarded Fellowship of Japanese Society For Ultrasonics In Medicine
Professional Memberships
American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Member Indian Society of Gastroenterology (ISG)
...more
Indian National Association of Study of Liver Disease (INASL)
Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons Edinburgh
Society For Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Location

Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Kunal Das

Noida Endoscopy Center

D-35, Landmark : Near Sai Baba MandirNoida Get Directions
  4.4  (11 ratings)
600 at clinic
...more

Max Super Speciality Hospital

W-3, Sector-1, Dabur Chowk, Landmark : Near Aez Mall & Radisson Blu HotelGhaziabad Get Directions
  4.4  (11 ratings)
700 at clinic
...more
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Bile Duct Blockage - What Can Possibly Lead To It?

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Bile Duct Blockage -  What Can Possibly Lead To It?

Any kind of injury on the surface of the skin is immediately noticed by us, but when something happens to one of our internal organs, it can take a little longer to get to your notice for example, an obstruction in the bile duct. The bile duct is a tubular structure responsible for carrying bile from the liver and gall bladder through the pancreas to the small intestine. This bile helps the digestion process and the absorption of fat. An obstruction in the bile duct can be triggered by a number of factors. 

Causes are: 

  1. Gallstones leading to CBD stones 
  2. Inflammation of the bile ducts 
  3. Cysts 
  4. Traumatic accidents 
  5. Bile duct or pancreatic tumors 
  6. Hepatitis infections 
  7. Cirrhosis or severe liver damage 
  8. Abnormal narrowing of the bile duct 
  9. Chronic Pancreatitis

This can affect anyone, but the people who have a history of gall stones or tumors in the abdomen are at a higher risk of suffering from bile duct obstruction. Chronic pancreatitis, sudden weight loss or obesity can also increase this risk. The symptoms of biliary obstruction include light coloured stool, dark urine, pain in the upper right abdomen, nausea, vomiting and fever. Your doctor will also probably need an X-ray of the bile ducts, blood tests, a hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid scan and ultrasonograph to confirm a diagnosis before they can start treating you for the same.

If not treated in time, bile duct blockages can lead to a dangerous buildup of bilirubin in the body and trigger a number of life threatening diseases. Treatment for biliary obstruction can be through medication or surgery with surgery being the more preferred mode of treatment. It is aimed at resolving the underlying cause of the obstruction and alleviating the blockage. Treatment for biliary obstruction can be two common forms of treatment include a cholecystectomy and ERCP. The former involves the removal of the gall bladder and is suited to obstructions caused by gallstones. The latter is a procedure to remove small stones from the bile duct or place a stent inside the duct.

There are many ways bile duct obstruction can be prevented which first and foremost includes following a healthy lifestyle. If you are overweight, exercise for at least half an hour a day to regulate your weight and reach a healthy BMI. Decrease your intake of sugar and saturated fats as both these can cause gall stones. Also, increase the amount of fibre in your diet. All the above mentioned tips will certainly help you in preventing bile duct obstruction.

5 Treatment Methods For Dysphagia

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
5 Treatment Methods For Dysphagia

Dysphagia is the difficulty in swallowing food or liquid. Most people suffering from dysphagia are unaware of their medical condition and only realize it in later stages. When not diagnosed and treated in time, it may lead to aspiration pneumonia (lung infection occurring due to food particles or saliva entering the lung), weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition. Some of the symptoms include:

  1. Heartburn
  2. Choking
  3. Drooling
  4. Having the feeling of food getting stuck in the chest or throat.
  5. Food or stomach acid coming back up into the throat
  6. Regurgitation
  7. Hoarseness of the throat
  8. Gagging and coughing while swallowing
  9. Experiencing pain while swallowing

There are two types of dysphagia:

Esophageal Dysphagia:
This is also known as low dysphagia and is the condition in which one can sense food getting stuck in the throat or chest area. The problem lies in the esophagus. Generally, the surgical procedure is required to solve the problem. Some of the causes of low dysphagia include-

  1. Achalasia- lower muscles in the esophagus do not allow food to enter the stomach.
  2. Diffuse spasm- Uncontrolled contractions of the lower esophagus after swallowing food.
  3. Esophageal stricture- Narrowing of the passage of esophagus making it difficult for food to pass. It often leads to GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease).
  4. Esophageal Ring- A narrowing of the lower portion of the esophagus
  5. Scleroderma- Autoimmune disease where it leads to hardening and stiffening of body tissues.

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia:
This is also known as high dysphagia and is the condition where the throat muscles become weak making it difficult to swallow food. Some of the causes for high dysphagia include- stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Zenker’s Diverticulum (a condition in which food particles get accumulated inside a small pouch in your throat) and cancer.


Treatments:
Depending on the type of dysphagia, you will be advised any one of the treatment courses available. It can range from swallowing therapy, dietary changes, feeding tubes and medications to even surgery. The treatment is carried out by a multidisciplinary team. A multidisciplinary team includes- a speech-language pathologist, primary physician, gastroenterologist, dietitian, therapist, radiologist and pharmacist. The treatments for dysphagia include:

  1. Swallowing Therapy- If you are suffering from high dysphagia, you will be referred to speech and language therapists. You will be taught a number of exercises to make the process of swallowing easier and simple.
  2. Dietary Changes- In this method, you will be referred to a dietician or nutritionist. You will be advised a well-balanced and healthy diet that may include more liquid and semi-liquid food.
  3. Feeding Tube- When swallowing becomes extremely difficult and the patient is at risk of suffering from malnutrition and dehydration, the patient is usually fed through a nasogastric tube which passes through the nose and into the stomach. PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy) tube which is directly implanted in your stomach.
  4. Dilation- People suffering from low dysphagia have to undergo surgery. One of the methods is dilation. Through endoscopy, images of inside the throat is taken and a small balloon is inserted.
  5. Botulinum Toxin (Botox) - One of the causes for low dysphagia is achalasia. In such cases, botulinum toxin is used to relax and weaken the stiff and hardened muscles of the esophagus.

These were some of the treatment options for dysphagia that prove it is treatable and can be cured easily. Generally, dysphagia occurs in older people and babies. Whatever may be the cause, the main purpose of the treatment of dysphagia is to make the patient go back to oral feeding.

3 people found this helpful

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - What To Expect

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - What To Expect

Irritable bowel syndrome which is referred to as IBS, in short, is a set of health symptoms that occur at the same time. These symptoms include abdominal pain, changes in bowel movements such as diarrhoea and constipation. You may experience these symptoms in the digestive tract without noticing any visible signs. An irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that occurs as a result of interactions with the brain and the gut; this is related to functional gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, irritable bowel syndrome is a type of functional gastrointestinal disorder. The problems can result in the gut-turning extremely sensitive. This alters how the muscles contract in the bowel movements. There are certain home remedies that you can adopt in order to gain some relief from irritable bowel syndrome which is as follows:

  1. A Fiber-Rich Diet: Fiber-rich food items can provide relief from a case of constipation. But at the same time it can cause gas, and in case you are a person already suffering from gas, it will increase it. It can lead to cramping as well. Once you start having fiber-rich food items such as beans, vegetables and fruits, try to gradually increase the amount in your daily diet. If you want to avoid the discomforting feeling of bloating and gas you can take fiber supplements instead. Also, make sure that stay miles away from food items that show even the slightest chance of triggering your symptoms.
  2. Time Matters: Skipping meals is never a good idea when it comes to your health. Also, make sure that you eat your meals at a fixed time every day. This practice will keep your bowel in proper functioning order. For patients suffering from frequent episodes of diarrhoea, eating small portions of food every few hours is a good option and for people suffering from constipation eating bigger portions of high-fiber foods will be extremely beneficial to facilitate smooth movement of the food through the intestines.
  3. Exercise Every Day: Exercising every day is a very healthy practice that ensures a healthy mind and body. Exercising not only stimulates body functions such as contractions of the intestines but also de-stresses you and relieves you from depressive thoughts.
  4. Include Probiotics: According to recent studies, it has been found that Probiotics can aid in providing relief from symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Probiotics are termed as ‘good bacteria’ that normally reside in the intestines and can also be found in yoghurt. There are also dietary supplements available that contain a considerable amount of Probiotics.
3163 people found this helpful

Role Of Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Play video

Hello Everybody!

I am Dr. Kunal Das and I am the principal consultant, department of gastroenterology, endoscopy. I am an expert on endoscopic ultrasound and today will talk about endoscopic ultrasound and its role in various diseases. Endoscopic ultrasound is a new tool which is combining 2 powerful procedures endoscopy and ultrasound. Endoscopic ultrasound was discovered 20 years ago where it was mostly used as the research tool. Endoscopic ultrasound plays a very important role in GI interventions.

Endoscopic ultrasound is basically an endoscope which is of 2 types. Radial and linear scope. The radial scope is one which is more rounded in corrector. It helps to diagnose various diseases like stones, GI. The 2nd type of scope is linear scope in which the plain of endoscopic ultrasound towards the axis of the scope and the advantage of the linear endoscope is that it can be used to with fine needle aspiration and GI interventions. This is used in various diseases. Endoscopic ultrasound is of great utility in the diagnosis of bile duct stones, pancreatic, adenocarcinoma. With this kind of scope these are the most important causes utilizing the end staging of upper GI.

It is the most important scope and diagnostic ability for pancreatic diseases. With newer techniques we can do pancreatic fine needle aspiration, fine needle biopsy which helps us in diagnosis of pancreatic cancers and hence, we can start chemotherapy. Also, there are newer techniques in endoscopic guidance for GI interventions. In angiotherapy, we use endoscopic ultrasound as a guide. We can do fine needle injections of chemotherapy of radiofrequency ablation of pancreatic cancers. Also, newer techniques, US techniques gastroenterostomy, where US guidance use to make a cannal between the stomach and the GI. The gallbladder is accessed from the GI tract and we put in a metallic strength between the gallbladder.

So, in those cases it has been found that it is of great usage instead of gallbladder drainage has been coming out in a great way. So, we find that endoscopic ultrasound is only a research tool. It is important in all of the GI centres so because of its utility diagnostic and therapeutic usage at this time. We also find that in certain cases where there is the mismatch or ERCP which cannot be done. Endoscopic ultrasound is a very important tool in the management of upper GI, like pancreatic cancers, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, chemotherapy. And today it is the essential tool for the management of GI in our practice.

Thank You.

2823 people found this helpful

How To Prevent Liver Damage?

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Play video

Hello Everyone!

I am Dr. Kunal Das. I am a principal consultant in the department of gastroenterology, endoscopy. Today will be talking about liver. Liver is one of the most vital organ in our body. Improper functions of liver causes many serious diseases and may cause death. Liver has got many important functions in the body including proper digestion and processing of food, carbohydrate, fats and protein. It also synthesis absorption of fat in the intestine. And it also synthesis many liver factor which are essential for the normal function of the body. What is the structure of the liver? Liver is the one of the largest organ and it weights around 1.5 kg and ranges from 14-16 cms in our body.

There is the one liver in human body. It is located in the right side of below the rib cage. The liver has 2 nobes, right and left. Hence the liver is enlarged due to any reason like fatty liver or due to alcoholic liver disease. Liver has 2 blood supply vessels. The liver is covered by fibrous tissues. The functional unit of the liver. The liver produces the bile. It gradually merge into a bile duct which drains into a gallbladder and after eating the bile of the gallbladder is secreted into the glutonum of the intestine. The gallbladder is the hollow organ which rise at the edge of the liver. Why it is essential to life. Why liver is essential to life. We eat various quantity and kind of fruits which contain carbohydrates, proteins and fats including minerals and vitamin. We also consume various chemicals and drugs. The processing of the food and converting into energy which all requires for various activities.

The food energy which we consume has to be extended when it is the times of meal. The red blood cells of the body are metabolized for the liver are secreted out. Some of the products for foods can also be reused. Liver also produces bile which helps in digestion of fats and fat-soluble vitamins. What are the functions of the liver in the body? Today we will know. The one of the major function in the body. The primary function of the body is metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates.

Bile is secreted for digestion of fats and fats soluble vitamins. Also the harmful chemicals and drugs we take need to secreted out of the body by the liver. So, the important function of the liver which can be illuminated are metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Bile production and secretion of cholesterol and drugs, enzyme activation, vitamins and minerals, synthesis of various plasma protein, detoxification and purification. Thank You.

2787 people found this helpful

Different Gastrointestinal Problems In Women

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Different Gastrointestinal Problems In Women

The gastrointestinal system starts from the oral cavity and ends at the anus where undigested food is eliminated from the body. The esophagus, small intestine, large intestine and rectum along with organs like salivary glands, pancreas, liver and the gall bladder are all part of the gastrointestinal system. The gastrointestinal problems affect women differently than men. The symptoms which are observed in women are different than the symptoms observed in men. Some of the major areas where the women’s gastrointestinal system works differently than men’s are in the stomach, esophagus, colon and other areas.

Stomach
The process of emptying food from the stomach seems to be slower in women than in men which can be the reason why women experience nausea and bloating more than men. Another problem which affects women more than men is gastritis which causes inflammation of the stomach. Patients often take aspirin-like compounds as a quick solution for reducing the inflammation; however, this may lead to irritation in the stomach lining which can eventually lead to ulcers. Consulting a doctor is therefore advised before taking any step.

Esophagus
Esophagus is another organ which works differently for men and women. For women, especially premenopausal women, the muscle squeezes shut strenuously to make sure that the stomach juices and food stay in the stomach. Women tend to have heartburn more often than men; however, women are less likely to damage their esophagus in comparison to men.

Gallbladder Issues in Women
The process of emptying from the gallbladder is also slower in women than in men. Men are less likely to develop gallstones than women. The problem of developing gallstones is often heightened for women who are pregnant. This is usually the reason why more women develop gallstones after pregnancy. There are a number of symptoms which indicate a gallbladder disease. Any pain in the upper abdominal after eating or nausea and vomiting can indicate the risk of gallbladder diseases.

Liver and Small Intestine Issues
For the liver and small intestine, women secrete different enzymes than men. Enzymes from the liver and small intestines help in breaking down any medications they take, in the body. Since the enzymes work differently for both men and women, women handle the medications differently which either has little or too much effect on them. So patients must consult their doctors before starting any medication. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3233 people found this helpful

Dyspepsia - Ways It Can Be Controlled!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Dyspepsia - Ways It Can Be Controlled!

Dyspepsia is a disorder of the stomach that is characterized by pain in the upper part of the stomach. It is not a single disorder but a collection of symptoms such as nausea, burping and bloating. It results when the acid of the stomach comes in contact with the mucosa of the digestive tract. These acids cause a breakdown of the mucosa leading to inflammation and irritation which leads to indigestion. It may also result from eating disorders or certain medications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of this disorder tend to occur mostly after consuming food and drink. In some cases, the symptoms tend to go away after eating or drinking. The symptoms of dyspepsia are -

  1. You may feel bloated on a regular basis
  2. You may experience discomfort in your stomach
  3. Loss of appetite
  4. You may experience constant burping
  5. You may feel nauseous
  6. Symptoms of heartburn
  7. You may also experience chest pain and breathing difficulties
  8. You may be affected by jaundice

Causes
The various causes of dyspepsia are -

  1. Irritable bowel syndrome which hampers the movement of food through the intestines
  2. If you are unable to properly digest dairy products
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease that results in reflux of the acids of the stomach
  4. Any inflammation of the gall bladder
  5. Various medicines such as aspirin, steroids and antibiotics may lead to dyspepsia
  6. If you suffer from depression or anxiety then it may lead to dyspepsia
  7. Excess consumption of chocolate, coffee and alcohol

Dyspepsia may be controlled by modifying your lifestyle. Some of the changes that you may make are -

  1. Don't sleep immediately after eating, wait for at least two hours before you go to bed
  2. Avoid spicy foods as they tend to aggravate symptoms of dyspepsia
  3. Space out your meals, eat multiple smaller meals instead of few large ones
  4. Restrict smoking and alcohol consumption
  5. Lose weight as being overweight may lead to dyspepsia
  6. Avoid wearing tight clothes 
  7. Exercise on a regular basis to keep your body healthy and maintain optimal weight levels

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2713 people found this helpful

Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Common Factors That Can Trigger It!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Common Factors That Can Trigger It!

A chronic condition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine that exhibits symptoms such as bloating, abdominal cramps, gas and diarrhea. The symptoms of IBS can be controlled by making lifestyle changes such as incorporating certain modifications to your diet and reducing or managing stress levels. For severe symptoms, you may require medications.

Symptoms
The symptoms of IBS can vary; some of them are:

  1. Bloated stomach
  2. Abdominal cramps
  3. Flatulence
  4. Constipation or diarrhea
  5. Presence of mucus in the stool
  6. Some other severe symptoms of IBS include sudden loss of weight and rectal bleeding.

Causes
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but there are certain factors that may act as triggers. There are muscles lining the walls of the intestine that relax and contract in a proper rhythm, thus allowing the passage of food through the intestine. In case of IBS, these contractions tend to be irregular, resulting in gas, bloating and diarrhea.

Some of the factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Hormones: Hormonal changes can play a role in triggering IBS. For a woman, the symptoms can worsen during her menstrual cycles.
  2. Stress: Studies show that symptoms of IBS considerably increase if you are subject to increased stress levels over a prolonged period of time.
  3. Foods: Certain foods such as spices, chocolate, milk and broccoli can act as triggers.
  4. Other Disorders: In some cases, other underlying conditions such as bacterial overgrowth or infectious diarrhea can cause IBS.

Treatment
The initial step to manage the symptoms of this condition is to make prompt changes in your diet, such as eliminating spicy foods and dairy products, at least till the symptoms subside. It is advised to resort to medications only if the dietary changes fail to yield results.

The various treatments are:

  1. Anti-diarrheal Medications: Anti-diarrheal medication such as ‘loperamide’ is used to control and manage diarrhea.
  2. Fiber Supplements: Certain fiber supplements such as ‘methylcellulose’ and ‘psyllium’ can help in managing constipation.
  3. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed only if the symptoms result from bacterial overgrowth in the intestine.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2805 people found this helpful

Constipation - Possible Ways It Can Be Managed!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Constipation - Possible Ways It Can Be Managed!

Constipation is primarily a huge discomfort in the pit of your stomach. You feel like you want to empty yourself and you run to the loo only to be disappointed once again. If you can’t relieve yourself you might end up feeling bloated and experience abdominal aches, passing stool might just prove to be the hardest activity while running back and forth from the loo always feeling as if there is some unfinished business with your bowel movements. The normal frequency of bowel movements in adults is 1 to 2 per day and children may end up with 3 to 4 a day. If you are constipated the movement becomes restricted to just 3 a week or even less.

There are a number of reasons behind constipation - the number one being not drinking enough water or not including enough roughage in your diet or if you lead a sedentary life. There are three categories into which constipation is broken into primary, secondary and congenital. However, constipation does not have to rule your life, in fact there are some treatments you can avail to combat it and lead a happier life:

  1. Eating habits: You need to include roughage in your diet for it weighs your stool down and makes it easier for you to eliminate it from your body. Roughage rich food items include beans, berries, green vegetables, mushrooms, whole grain foods, cereal and muesli and nuts. Consult a dietitian to learn how much fibre intake is required for you daily, don’t rush it as a sudden increase may lead to gas. Also, keep yourself hydrated, drink lots of water throughout the day as it will soften your stool allowing for easy passage.
  2. Exercise: Daily exercise facilitates muscle movement in your intestines. Doing abdomen based exercises like crunches and push ups will not only affect your entire system but also help make your stomach muscles more flexible and accommodating to easy bowel movements. Additionally, don't force your bowel movement and take as much time as you need in the loo until the flow occurs naturally.
  3. Laxatives: This is a method employed in the more severe cases of constipation. You will be given fibre supplements, lubricants, stool softeners, osmotics and stimulants. These will help add mass to your stool and help the stool move more easily through your colon and contract your intestinal muscles for easier processing.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3065 people found this helpful

Colitis - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Noida
Colitis - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to the reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.

Symptoms of colitis

  1. Presence of blood traces in the stool.
  2. Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
  3. Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
  4. Constant abdominal pain
  5. Fever and sudden chills throughout the day

Types of colitis

  1. Inflammatory bowel diseaseThis condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
  2. Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
  3. Chemical colitis:  This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
  4. Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine

Diagnosis of colitis

  1. Stool - Routine and microscopy 
  2. Stools - Culture & sensitivity 
  3. Sigmodoscopy or Colonoscopy 
  4. CT scan - Abdomen

Treatment for colitis

  1. Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
  2. The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
  3. Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
  4. Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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