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Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis
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I mornings are not your cup of tea and you have to wake up for work, it already proves difficult for you to function properly. Throw into that mix an inability to move your bowels and your whole day is ruined for good. Constipation is primarily a huge discomfort in the pit of your stomach. You feel like you want to empty yourself and you run to the loo only to be disappointed once again. If you can’t relieve yourself you might end up feeling bloated and experience abdominal aches, passing stool might just prove to be the hardest activity while running back and forth from the loo always feeling as if there is some unfinished business with your bowel movements. The normal frequency of bowel movements in adults is 1 to 2 per day and children may end up with 3 to 4 a day. If you are constipated the movement becomes restricted to just 3 a week or even less.
There are a number of reasons behind constipation - the number one being not drinking enough water or not including enough roughage in your diet or if you lead a sedentary life. There are three categories into which constipation is broken into: primary, secondary and congenital. However, constipation does not have to rule your life, in fact here are some treatments you can avail of to combat it and lead a happier life:
- Eating habits: You need to include roughage in your diet for it weighs your stool down and makes it easier for you to eliminate it from your body. Roughage rich food items include beans, berries, green vegetables, mushrooms, whole grain foods, cereal and muesli and nuts. Consult a dietitian to learn how much fibre intake is required for you daily, don’t rush it as a sudden increase may lead to gas. Also, keep yourself hydrated, drink lots of water throughout the day as it will soften your stool allowing for easy passage.
- Exercise: Daily exercise facilitates muscle movement in your intestines. Doing abdomen based exercises like crunches and push ups will not only affect your entire system but also help make your stomach muscles more flexible and accommodating to easy bowel movements. Additionally, don't force your bowel movement and take as much time as you need in the loo until the flow occurs naturally.
- Laxatives: This is a method employed in the more severe cases of constipation. You will be given fibre supplements, lubricants, stool softeners, osmotics and stimulants. These will help add mass to your stool and help the stool move more easily through your colon and contract your intestinal muscles for easier processing.
A chronic condition, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine that exhibits symptoms such as bloating, abdominal cramps, gas and diarrhea. The symptoms of IBS can be controlled by making lifestyle changes such as incorporating certain modifications to your diet and reducing or managing stress levels. For severe symptoms, you may require medications.
The symptoms of IBS can vary; some of them are:
- Bloated stomach
- Abdominal cramps
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Presence of mucus in the stool
- Some other severe symptoms of IBS include sudden loss of weight and rectal bleeding.
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but there are certain factors that may act as triggers. There are muscles lining the walls of the intestine that relax and contract in a proper rhythm, thus allowing the passage of food through the intestine. In case of IBS, these contractions tend to be irregular, resulting in gas, bloating and diarrhea.
Some of the factors that can trigger this condition are:
- Hormones: Hormonal changes can play a role in triggering IBS. For a woman, the symptoms can worsen during her menstrual cycles.
- Stress: Studies show that symptoms of IBS considerably increase if you are subject to increased stress levels over a prolonged period of time.
- Foods: Certain foods such as spices, chocolate, milk and broccoli can act as triggers.
- Other Disorders: In some cases, other underlying conditions such as bacterial overgrowth or infectious diarrhea can cause IBS.
The initial step to manage the symptoms of this condition is to make prompt changes in your diet, such as eliminating spicy foods and dairy products, at least till the symptoms subside. It is advised to resort to medications only if the dietary changes fail to yield results.
The various treatments are:
- Anti-diarrheal Medications: Anti-diarrheal medication such as ‘loperamide’ is used to control and manage diarrhea.
- Fiber Supplements: Certain fiber supplements such as ‘methylcellulose’ and ‘psyllium’ can help in managing constipation.
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed only if the symptoms result from bacterial overgrowth in the intestine.
Colitis is characterized by an inflammation of the large intestine (colon). It is generally caused due to the reduced blood supply, autoimmune reactions (wherein the immune system erroneously starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues) and infections in the large intestine.
Symptoms of colitis
- Presence of blood traces in the stool.
- Tenesmus (constant urge to empty the bowels) is also quite common
- Occurrence of abdominal pain in regular intervals, thus resulting in diarrhea
- Constant abdominal pain
- Fever and sudden chills throughout the day
Types of colitis
- Inflammatory bowel disease: This condition is characterized by inflammation of the intestines or all the parts of one’s digestive tract
- Microscopic colitis: This involves inflammation of the large intestine (colon), resulting in a cramping sensation that can be painful
- Chemical colitis: This condition is caused due to prolonged exposure to certain harsh chemicals which results in intestinal swelling and inflammation
- Ischemic colitis: The most common form of colitis, this occurs mainly due to an insufficient blood supply to the large intestine
Diagnosis of colitis
- Stool - Routine and microscopy
- Stools - Culture & sensitivity
- Sigmodoscopy or Colonoscopy
- CT scan - Abdomen
Treatment for colitis
- Medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be recommended to ease the pain
- The drug ‘Loperamide’ can control diarrhea. However, this should not be consumed if there is presence of blood in the stool
- Colitis reduces your appetite. Thus, it is important to maintain a healthy diet in this regard. Avoid consuming dairy products or high fiber foods because they further inflame the large intestine.
- Colectomy (surgically removing a part of the whole of the colon) is recommended in the most severe of cases.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Your digestive organs together comprise one of the most important systems in your body. You have to be very careful about everything in your body as sometimes the most common digestive disorders, having the most common symptoms, can be seriously threatening as well. A number of different health issues can be related to problems with your digestive system, therefore you need to be very careful about your health and track any symptom which indicates a digestive disorder.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
According to various studies, around 10-15% of the population faces the problem of irritable bowel syndrome in their lives, with almost twice as many women than men. This usually happens when there is a change in the functioning of the GI tracts. Constipation and diarrhea both can be observable problems in people with an Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Abdominal pain, changes in the bowel habits, cramping and other discomforts can be symptoms of IBS.
One of the most common diseases which affect around 2 million people in the US alone is Celiac Disease. This disease manages to damage the small intestine and also intrudes in the process of absorbing nutrients from the food. People affected by this disease are usually intolerant of various food products like wheat and barley among other items. Seizures, fatigues, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain and more can be symptoms of celiac disease.
Crohn’s disease is categorized under an inflammatory bowel disease. This disease can affect any part of the GI tract ranging from the mouth to the anus. The reason for Crohn’s disease is largely unknown but observing symptoms like abdominal pain, skin rashes, diarrhea, and inflammation of the eye, weight loss, fever and more should be immediately checked by the doctors. People who smoke tobacco are two times more likely to develop this disease than those who do not smoke tobacco.
Women are more likely to get affected by gastroparesis than men as the process of emptying food from the stomach to the small intestine is slowed down and this is already a slow process in the case of women. Diabetes along with intestinal surgery and nervous system diseases are often the cause of this problem. Pain in the stomach, lack of appetite, bloating of the abdominal region are all symptoms of this disorder. This disorder can be a chronic disease in many cases and immediate diagnosis and treatment are suggested on observing the symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
I am adult of 39 years feel pain while passing stool and blood during passage of stool from part and also feel pain in lower abdomen pimples also appear outer anus please provide suggestion.
I am 31 year old lady, I want to ask is there any possibility or treatment to overcome from celiac disease, as I am suffering from this for past 2 years. I am unable to gain weight because of gluten free diet, kindly tell me how to gain weight with this diet?
Good evening sir. Sir meri problem ye h ki mujhe din me 2 ya 3 bar laterin jana padta h har baar lgta h ki pet ekdm saaf ho gya h lekin fr kbi kbi pressure bn jata h.
Taking a balanced diet not only helps in maintaining overall health also helps in curing indigestion. The right mix of carbohydrate, protein, water, fat, vitamin, salt and fiber is important for the body to function well. Apart from maintaining a healthy diet, it is also essential to refrain from food that triggers indigestion.
Here is a list of worst food for digestive health:
- Dairy Products: Dairy Products contain a protein called the casein. This protein can be highly allergic and inflammatory. Its strong insulin response can hold up fat and makes someone look fatter than his usual self. Lactose, the carbohydrate found in milk is extremely difficult to digest. If you are lactose intolerant, you should make it a point to stay away from dairy products such as kefir and yogurt to ensure smooth digestion.
- Gluten: This protein molecule is found in barley and wheat. Gluten is extremely difficult to break and has the capability to create a lot of damage. The unbroken molecules of gluten cause inflammation and bloating. People, who have GI issues, should definitely eschew gluten to ensure food digestion.
- Sugar: Patients suffering from indigestion should stay away from sugar related products such as candy, cake and crackers. Intake of sugar product increases the rate of inflammation, feeds harmful bacteria and suppresses the immune system. No wonder it is one of the worst food to consume, if you are suffering from indigestion.
- Fake fats: Fake fats are extremely difficult to digest and make the cell membranes more rigid. It can also show symptoms such as cramps, loose stools and bloating.
- Gums: Guar and xanthan gum are proved to be responsible for causing colitis. People with bowel disease are strongly suggested to stay away from gums and thickeners in order to avoid indigestion.
- Soy: Soy possesses protein inhibitors. It is an enzyme that restricts digestion. The carbohydrate content of the soy does not get recognized by the GI system. This leads to bloating, cramps and gas.
- Nightshade vegetables: Vegetables such as potato, bell pepper and tomatoes contain a compound called solanine. The latter is known to be responsible for indigestion. People with a compromised GI should not consume these vegetables at all.
- Red Dye: May fast food item contain a red dye which is known to decrease the production of energy, disturb nerve signaling and is an inflammatory agent.
- Sweeteners: Fake sweeteners show GI symptoms such as bloating and gas. Replacing this with sugar is not at all a good idea since it causes indigestion over a period of time.
- Legumes and beans: Legumes and beans contain compounds called saponins and lectins respectively. They are a major cause of a leaky gut and inflammation. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!