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The severity of symptoms varies greatly, but all people with autism have some core symptoms in the areas of:
Social interactions and relationships. Symptoms may include:
- Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
- Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
- Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
- Lack of empathy. People with autism may have difficulty understanding another person's feelings, such as pain or sorrow.
Verbal and nonverbal communication. Symptoms may include:
- Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak. 1
- Problems taking steps to start a conversation. Also, people with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it has begun.
- Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase they have heard previously (echolalia).
- Difficulty understanding their listener's perspective. For example, a person with autism may not understand that someone is using humor. They may interpret the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning.
Limited interests in activities or play. Symptoms may include:
- An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of toys, such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy.
- Preoccupation with certain topics. For example, older children and adults may be fascinated by video games, trading cards, or license plates.
- A need for sameness and routines. For example, a child with autism may always need to eat bread before salad and insist on driving the same route every day to school.
- Stereotyped behaviors. These may include body rocking and hand flapping.
My son is 5 yrs. Since he has been diagnosed as a mild autism .because of this I am facing many problems like he is speech delay ,flickering and main issue is that he is not telling abt his potty .Where he is sitting at same place he do his potty .be'coze of this we are facing allot problems and school people are not considering such kind of problem.
Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA, is the most well-known behavioral intervention. In truth, ABA is something of an umbrella term, with several specific approaches falling under the general heading.
One of these is Discrete Trial Training (DTT), the most deliberate, purest form of ABA. DTT breaks skills or behaviors down into tiny pieces, making a child's success with each piece more likely. It is often used when a therapist wants to teach a new skill or behavior, or encourage one that does not happen very often.
ABA is a key feature of most successful intensive early intervention programs. In her article, Geraldine Dawson lists a number of additional features, including:
A comprehensive curriculum focusing on imitation, language, toy play, social interaction, motor, and adaptive behavior
Sensitivity to developmental sequence (i.e. how skills build on one another)
Behavioral strategies for reducing interfering behaviors
Involvement of parents
Gradual transition to more naturalistic environments
Highly trained staff
Supervisory and review mechanisms
Intensive delivery of treatment (25 hours per week for at least 2 years) started by age 2-4.
When all the correct elements are in place, she writes, "results are remarkable for up to 50% of children."
No, there is no connection between vaccines and autism.
Autism is a condition that affects the brain and makes communicating and interacting with other people more difficult. The cause (s) of autism — also known as autism spectrum disorder (asd) or pervasive developmental disorder (pdd) — is unknown. However, genetics, differences in brain anatomy, and toxic substances in the environment are thought to contribute to children developing the condition.
So how did the idea that vaccines play a role get started? Much of the blame lies with a study published in 1998 that suggested that the mmr (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine, or infection with the naturally occurring measles virus itself, might cause autism. Since then, numerous scientific studies have shown that there is no link between vaccines — or any of their ingredients — and autism. And the research used in that study was found to be false, the doctor who wrote it lost his medical license, and the medical journal that published it retracted the paper (this means that they believe it never should have been published).
Even with the overwhelming evidence that vaccines are safe and effective, some parents still decide not to have their children vaccinated or to delay vaccinations. But this is extremely risky because vaccine-preventable diseases like measles are still very much around. So if an unvaccinated child gets one of these preventable diseases, other people around that child could get very sick.
Sometimes, kids can have a reaction to a vaccine like a mild fever or rash. But it's clear that the risk of serious reactions to the mmr and other recommended vaccines is small compared with the health risks associated with the often-serious diseases they prevent.
If you have concerns about any vaccine recommended for your child, talk to your doctor. Ask about the benefits and risks of each vaccine and why they're so important for safeguarding your child's health.
Many young kids go through a stage between the ages of 2 and 5 when they stutter, repeating certain syllables, words or phrases, prolonging them, or stopping, making no sound for certain sounds and syllables. Stuttering is a form of dysfluency — an interruption in the flow of speech.
In many cases, stuttering goes away on its own by age 5; in others, it lasts longer.
There's no cure for stuttering, but effective treatments are available and you can help your child overcome it.
Experts think that a variety of factors contribute to stuttering, including:
- Genetics about 60% of those who stutter have a close family member who stutters.
- Other speech and language problems or developmental delays.
- Differences in the brain's processing of language: people who stutter process language in different areas of the brain. And there's a problem with the way the brain's messages interact with the muscles and body parts needed for speaking.
- High/increased activity level.
- Rapid rate of speech.